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The strategic action plan to strengthen the conservation and use of Mesoamerican plant genetic resources in adapting agriculture to climate change


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Marleni Ramirez, Bioversity International Regional Director for the Americas, presented at the international conference Enhanced genepool utilization - Capturing wild relative and landrace diversity for crop improvement, in Cambridge, UK, 16-20 June 2014.
The Strategic Action Plan to Strengthen the Conservation and Use of Mesoamerican Plant Genetic Resources in Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change (SAPM) is a ten-year road map to strengthen conservation, access and use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in Mesoamerica, as a strategic element for food security and agricultural adaptation to climate change and other threats.
The plan is available in English and Spanish

Published in: Environment, Science, Technology
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The strategic action plan to strengthen the conservation and use of Mesoamerican plant genetic resources in adapting agriculture to climate change

  1. 1. Action Plan to Strengthen Conservation and Use of PGRFA M. Ramirez, Regional Director, Americas Office June 16-20, 2014
  2. 2. Why?
  3. 3. 3 - Severe climatic events: Mesoamerica is highly vulnerable to climate change - Interdependence: adaptation of agriculture to new climates will need materials found beyond national frontiers - Opportunities: native PGRFA represent present and future options for access to adapted seeds; within framework of the International Treaty
  4. 4. What?
  5. 5. What is the SAPM? • A roadmap to strengthen the conservation and use of native plant genetic resources of Mesoamerica strategic for the adaptation of agriculture to climate change. • Focused on 10 Mesoamerican crops important for local and global food security, with potential to generate income. • Developed through a systematic analysis of relevant information + broad consultation with regional stakeholders resulting in the identification of a key set of activities (87) to be implemented in the next decade.
  6. 6. How?
  7. 7. Diagnostic assessment and Gap analysis • Dataquality • Impactof CC on potential distributionof studyspecies • Gapsin colllection • Identifyingpromisingmaterial • In Situ Conservation • Stateof genebanksand germplasmcollections • Seed systems • Plant breeding • Use of climateinformation • National and regional legislationin Biodiversityand PGRFAA • Mechanismsof disseminationof varieties and seeds • SAN, CC, Disasterresponse • Training
  8. 8. Focus genepools • Baseline study focused on 10 genepools considered representative for agriculture in Mesoamerica: 26 crop species and >350 CWR • Zea, Phaseolus, Manihot, Ipomoea, Cucurbita, Amaranthus, Capsicum, Carica, Persea, Tripsacum • Section based on: -Crop types: grains, tubers, horticultural, trees, fodder -Treaty annex and non-annex -Regional priority crops -Important for food security, diets and income generation
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. Participatory and consultative process 144 farmers 17 national genebanks (>70% of all known) 3 meetings: >100 representatives of >40 institutions
  14. 14. Outputs
  15. 15. Six thematic components
  16. 16. Institutional genebanks (National, private, experimental stations, universities…) Community seedbanks Regional genebanks CIAT, CIMMYT, CIP… International Genebanks
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. Some outcomes
  20. 20. 20 • Political engagement: adopted by Ministers of Agriculture through Central American Agricultural Council (CAC) • Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA): plan to guide activities + political follow-up • Several single and multi-country initiatives inside and outside Latin America • reform national seed legislation of Guatemala, collection missions to fill gaps • national committee on PGRFA of Honduras use as roadmap • Countries in Asia, Africa and South-America, FAO commision PGRFA: use plan as guide • International Treaty: priority funding for activities implementing plan
  21. 21. Thank you