Parker Keio 2011: Interoperable Manuscript Framework

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Parker Keio 2011: Interoperable Manuscript Framework

  1. 1. An Interoperable Framework for Medieval Manuscript Presentation Robert Sanderson rsanderson@lanl.gov Los Alamos National Laboratory Benjamin Albritton blalbrit@stanford.edu Stanford University http://lib.stanford.edu/dmm http://www.shared-canvas.org/ This research is funded, in part, by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 1Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  2. 2. Overview•  Background•  Silo to Interoperable Repository•  Motivation•  SharedCanvas: •  Model by Example •  Implementation and Demos An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 2 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  3. 3. Digital Manuscript Interoperability for Tools and RepositoriesOverview:Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded numerous manuscriptdigitization projects over several decadesAll had in common: •  Inability to share data across silos to satisfy scholarly use •  Inability to leverage existing infrastructure •  No sustainability model for data or accessGoal: •  Interoperability between repositories and tools An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 3 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  4. 4. Current State: A World of SilosRoman de la Rose Parker on the Web e-codices And so on… An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 4 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  5. 5. Silos: What You Can Do •  Access data from a single repository •  Use the tools that repository supports •  See images in the way that repository allows •  See curated descriptions of the material •  See approved additional material •  Search within a single repository •  Browse within a single repositoryParker on the Web An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 5 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  6. 6. Silos: What You Can’t Do •  Access data from any other repositories| •  Use any other tools •  See images any other way •  Contribute or correct descriptions •  Add additional material or comments •  Search across repositoriesParker on the Web An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 6 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  7. 7. Current State: Silo Applications Parker on the Web Christine Roman de de la Pisan Rose User E- DIAMM codices Online Froissart An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 7Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  8. 8. Defining Interoperability•  Break down silos•  Separate data from applications•  Share data models and programming interfaces•  Enable interactions at the tool and repository level An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 8 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  9. 9. Designing Modular Repositories and Tools 3rd-Party Annotation Image Image Discovery Tool X? Transcription Tools Analysis Viewer Repository User Image Viewer Discovery Interface Metadata (Canonical)Repository Image Data (Canonical) An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 9 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  10. 10. Designing Modular Repositories and Tools 3rd-Party Annotation Image Image Discovery Tool X? Transcription Tools Analysis Viewer Repository User Image Viewer Discovery Interface Metadata (Canonical)Repository Image Data (Canonical) An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 10 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  11. 11. Designing Modular Repositories and Tools Image ImageTranscription Annotation Discovery Tool X? Analysis Viewer Image Viewer Discovery Metadata (Canonical) Image Data (Canonical) An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 11 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  12. 12. Infrastructure: Library and Application Interoperability•  Digital stacks•  Repository manifest•  Application programming interface•  Linked-data technologies (SharedCanvas data model) An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 12 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  13. 13. Motivating QuestionsMany implicit assumptions: •  What is a Manuscript? •  What is its relation to a facsimile? •  What is the relation of a transcription of a facsimile to the original object?What does this mean for digital tools?•  How do we rethink digital facsimiles in a shared, distributed, global space?•  How do we enable collaboration and encourage engagement? Ms MurF: 10.5076/e-codices-kba-0003 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 13 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  14. 14. VisionDigital surrogates enable remote research•  Improve preservation of original, and digital preservation of surrogate•  Promotes collaboration via shared annotations and descriptionsA collaborative future:•  Rich landscape of interconnected repositories, with seamless user interfaces•  Improve efficiency and usability through open, shared development BNF f.fr 113, folio 1 recto An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 14 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  15. 15. Naïve Approach: Transcribe Images DirectlyBut how to align multiple images, pages without images, fragments… ?! An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 15 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  16. 16. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 16 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  17. 17. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR Fold A Open An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 17 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  18. 18. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR Fold A Open Fold A and B Open An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 18 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  19. 19. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR Fold A Open Fold A and B Open f. iiiV An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 19 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  20. 20. Canvas Paradigm•  A Canvas is an empty space in which to build up a display•  A SharedCanvass top left and bottom right corners correspond tothe equivalent corners of a folio An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 20 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  21. 21. Technology: Open Annotation•  http://www.openannotation.org/•  Focus on interoperable sharing of annotations •  Web-centric and open, not locked down silos•  Annotation used for: •  Scholarly commentary about the manuscript •  Painting resources on the SharedCanvas•  Hardest part: Define what an Annotation is! •  "Aboutness" is key to distinguish from general metadata A document that describes how one resource is about one or more other resources, or part thereof. An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 21 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  22. 22. Open Annotation Model•  Annotation (a document)•  Body (the ‘comment’ of the annotation)•  Target (the resource the Body is ‘about’) An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 22 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  23. 23. OAC Annotations to Paint Images An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 23Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  24. 24. OAC Annotations to Paint Text An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 24Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  25. 25. Transcription: Morgan 804 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 25Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  26. 26. Transcription: Morgan 804 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 26Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  27. 27. Fragments: Cod Sang 1394 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 27Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  28. 28. Musical Manuscripts: Parker CCC 008 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 28Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  29. 29. Missing Pages: Parker CCC 286 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 29Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  30. 30. Rebinding: BNF f.fr. 113-116 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 30Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  31. 31. SharedCanvas: Data Model An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 31Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  32. 32. ImplementationsDemos! •  Morgan 804 •  http://www.shared-canvas.org/impl/demo1/ •  Worldes Blisce •  http://www.shared-canvas.org/impl/demo2/ •  Selected Walters Museum Manuscripts •  http://www.shared-canvas.org/impl/demo4/ •  T-PEN: Transcription in an interoperable environment •  http://t-pen.org/TPEN An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 32 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  33. 33. SummaryModel:Canvas paradigm provides a coherent solution to modeling the layoutof medieval manuscripts •  Annotations, and Collaboration, at the heart of the modelImplementation: •  Distribution across repositories for images, text, commentary •  Consistent methods to access content from many repositories •  Encourages tool development by experts in the fieldThe SharedCanvas model implemented by distributed repositoriesbrings the humanists primary research objects to their desktop in apowerful, extensible and interoperable fashion An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 33 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  34. 34. Thank You Robert Sanderson rsanderson@lanl.gov azaroth42@gmail.com @azaroth42 Benjamin Albritton blalbrit@stanford.edu @bla222 Web: http://lib.stanford.edu/dmm http://www.shared-canvas.org/ Paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1104.2925 Slides: http://slidesha.re/ AcknowledgementsDMSTech Group: http://dmstech.group.stanford.edu/Open Annotation Collaboration: http://www.openannotation.org/ An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 34 Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  35. 35. Repeated Zones: Frauenfeld Y 112 An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 35Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England
  36. 36. List/Aggregations for Ordering An Interoperable Framework for Digital MSS 36Parker Library, 9th of September 2011, Cambridge, England

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