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Digital Manuscripts and   Interoperability Across Repositories    Benjamin Albritton, Stanford University Libraries   Robe...
Overview• Background• From Silo to Interoperable Repository: Interoperability at the Image  Level• Medieval Manuscripts: T...
Digital Manuscript Interoperability for                   Tools and RepositoriesOverview:Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funde...
Current State: A World of SilosRoman de la Rose   Parker on the Web   e-codices   And so on…
Silos: What you can do           • Access data from a single repository           • Use the tools that repository supports...
Silos: What you can’t do                    • Access data from any other repositories                    • Use any other t...
Defining Interoperability• Break down silos• Separate data from applications• Share data models and  programming interface...
Designing Modular Repositories and Tools3rd-Party                    Annotation                                           ...
Designing Modular Repositories and Tools3rd-Party                    Annotation                                           ...
Designing Modular Repositories and Tools                                 Image     Image   Transcription   Annotation     ...
Infrastructure: Library and Application Interoperability   •   Digital “stacks”   •   Repository manifest   •   Applicatio...
Motivating QuestionsMany implicit assumptions:   • What is a Manuscript?   • What is its relation to a facsimile?   • What...
The Information-Dense Page
Working with Surrogates
Naïve Approach: Transcribe Images Directly
Naïve Approach:                 Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR
Naïve Approach:                   Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR   Fold A Open
Naïve Approach:                   Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR   Fold A Open     Fold A and B Open
Naïve Approach:                   Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR   Fold A Open     Fold A and B Open   f. iiiV
Canvas Paradigm• A Canvas is an empty space in which to build up a display• Makes explicit that the image is a surrogate
Technology: Open Annotation• http://www.openannotation.org/• Focus on interoperable sharing of annotations     • Web-centr...
Open Annotation Model• Annotation (a document)• Body      (the ‘comment’ of the annotation)• Target    (the resource the B...
OAC Annotations to Paint Images
OAC Annotations to Paint Text
Multiple Images: Morgan 804
Transcription: Morgan 804
Fragments: Cod Sang 1394
Musical Manuscripts: Parker CCC 008
Missing Pages: Parker CCC 286
Rebinding: BNF f.fr. 113-116
ImplementationsDemos!   • Morgan 804       • http://www.shared-canvas.org/impl/demo1/   • Worldes Blisce       • http://ww...
SummaryModel:Canvas paradigm provides a coherent solution to modeling the layout ofmedieval manuscripts    • Annotations, ...
Thank You                                    Benjamin Albritton                                        blalbrit@stanford.e...
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Florence2

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Presentation for the workshop: Medieval Cultures on the Web. Interoperability Through Text and Manuscript Databases. Florence, 7-9 March 2012

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Florence2

  1. 1. Digital Manuscripts and Interoperability Across Repositories Benjamin Albritton, Stanford University Libraries Robert Sanderson, Los Alamos National LaboratoryWorkshop: Medieval Cultures on the Web. Interoperability Through Text and Manuscript Databases Florence, 9 March 2012
  2. 2. Overview• Background• From Silo to Interoperable Repository: Interoperability at the Image Level• Medieval Manuscripts: The Complex Use-Case• SharedCanvas• Implementation and Demos
  3. 3. Digital Manuscript Interoperability for Tools and RepositoriesOverview:Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded numerous manuscript digitizationprojects over several decadesAll had in common: • Inability to share data across silos to satisfy scholarly use • Inability to leverage existing infrastructure • No sustainability model for data or accessGoal: • Interoperability between repositories and tools
  4. 4. Current State: A World of SilosRoman de la Rose Parker on the Web e-codices And so on…
  5. 5. Silos: What you can do • Access data from a single repository • Use the tools that repository supports • See images in the way that repository allows • See curated descriptions of the material • See approved additional material • Search within a single repository • Browse within a single repositoryParker on the Web
  6. 6. Silos: What you can’t do • Access data from any other repositories • Use any other tools • See images any other way • Contribute or correct descriptions (often) • Add additional material or comments (often) • Search across repositories unless federated search has been implementedParker on the Web
  7. 7. Defining Interoperability• Break down silos• Separate data from applications• Share data models and programming interfaces• Enable interactions at the tool and repository level
  8. 8. Designing Modular Repositories and Tools3rd-Party Annotation Image Image Discovery Tool X? Transcription Analysis ViewerToolsRepositoryUser Image Viewer DiscoveryInterface Metadata (Canonical)Repository Image Data (Canonical)
  9. 9. Designing Modular Repositories and Tools3rd-Party Annotation Image Image Discovery Tool X? Transcription Analysis ViewerToolsRepositoryUser Image Viewer DiscoveryInterface Metadata (Canonical)Repository Image Data (Canonical)
  10. 10. Designing Modular Repositories and Tools Image Image Transcription Annotation Discovery Tool X? Analysis Viewer Image Viewer Discovery Metadata (Canonical) Image Data (Canonical)
  11. 11. Infrastructure: Library and Application Interoperability • Digital “stacks” • Repository manifest • Application programming interface • Linked-data technologies (SharedCanvas data model)
  12. 12. Motivating QuestionsMany implicit assumptions: • What is a Manuscript? • What is its relation to a facsimile? • What is the relation of a transcription of a facsimile to the original object?What does this mean for digital tools?• How do we rethink digital facsimiles in a shared, distributed, global space?• How do we enable collaboration and encourage engagement? Ms MurF: 10.5076/e-codices-kba-0003
  13. 13. The Information-Dense Page
  14. 14. Working with Surrogates
  15. 15. Naïve Approach: Transcribe Images Directly
  16. 16. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR
  17. 17. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR Fold A Open
  18. 18. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR Fold A Open Fold A and B Open
  19. 19. Naïve Approach: Multiple RepresentationsCCC 26 f. iiiR Fold A Open Fold A and B Open f. iiiV
  20. 20. Canvas Paradigm• A Canvas is an empty space in which to build up a display• Makes explicit that the image is a surrogate
  21. 21. Technology: Open Annotation• http://www.openannotation.org/• Focus on interoperable sharing of annotations • Web-centric and open, not locked down silos • Create, consume and interact in different environments• “Annotation” • Scholarly commentary about the manuscript • Painting resources on the SharedCanvas• Hardest part: Define what an Annotation is! • "Aboutness" is key to distinguish from general metadataA document that describes how one resource is aboutone or more other resources, or part thereof.
  22. 22. Open Annotation Model• Annotation (a document)• Body (the ‘comment’ of the annotation)• Target (the resource the Body is ‘about’)
  23. 23. OAC Annotations to Paint Images
  24. 24. OAC Annotations to Paint Text
  25. 25. Multiple Images: Morgan 804
  26. 26. Transcription: Morgan 804
  27. 27. Fragments: Cod Sang 1394
  28. 28. Musical Manuscripts: Parker CCC 008
  29. 29. Missing Pages: Parker CCC 286
  30. 30. Rebinding: BNF f.fr. 113-116
  31. 31. ImplementationsDemos! • Morgan 804 • http://www.shared-canvas.org/impl/demo1/ • Worldes Blisce • http://www.shared-canvas.org/impl/demo2/ • Selected Walters Museum Manuscripts • http://www.shared-canvas.org/impl/demo4/ • T-PEN: Transcription in an interoperable environment • http://t-pen.org/TPEN
  32. 32. SummaryModel:Canvas paradigm provides a coherent solution to modeling the layout ofmedieval manuscripts • Annotations, and Collaboration, at the heart of the modelImplementation: • Distribution across repositories for images, text, commentary • Consistent methods to access content from many repositories • Encourages tool development by experts in the fieldThe SharedCanvas model implemented by distributed repositories brings thehumanists primary research objects to their desktop in a powerful, extensibleand interoperable fashion
  33. 33. Thank You Benjamin Albritton blalbrit@stanford.edu @bla222 Robert Sanderson rsanderson@lanl.gov azaroth42@gmail.com @azaroth42 Web: http://lib.stanford.edu/dmm http://www.shared-canvas.org/ Paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1104.2925 Slides: http://slidesha.re/AcknowledgementsDMSTech Group: http://dmstech.group.stanford.edu/Open Annotation Collaboration: http://www.openannotation.org/

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