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Euromed2018 Keynote: Usability over Completeness, Community over Committee

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Discussion of cultural heritage issues around usability and prioritization with completeness, and focus on bringing together communities rather than small and transient committees. Focus on Linked Open Usable Data, Annotations, JSON-LD, IIIF and Linked.Art.

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Euromed2018 Keynote: Usability over Completeness, Community over Committee

  1. 1. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Usability over Completeness, Community over Committee Dr. Robert Sanderson Semantic Architect J. Paul Getty Trust @azaroth42 EuroMed 2018, International Conference on Digital Heritage October 29th – November 3rd 2018, Cyprus
  2. 2. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Usability? … usability is the degree to which [a thing] can be used by specified consumers to achieve [their] quantified objectives with effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction in a quantified context of use. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/usability “ ”
  3. 3. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Usability? … usability is the degree to which [a thing] can be used by specified consumers to achieve [their] quantified objectives with effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction in a quantified context of use. Usability is dependent on Audience Happiness https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/usability “ ”
  4. 4. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Digital Cultural Heritage … is the use of digital media in the service of preserving cultural or natural heritage. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_heritage “ ”
  5. 5. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Digital Cultural Heritage
  6. 6. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Digital Cultural Heritage … is the process of enabling networked access to usable digital representations of tangible, intangible and natural cultural heritage resources. “ ” Digital is a Means not an End
  7. 7. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Experiential Impact
  8. 8. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Digital Heritage Non-rivalrous Use/consumption by an individual does not reduce use by others Consistency is Good Experience is better if the product reuses known interaction patterns Fewer is Better Having few highly functional and usable digital products improves community and sustainability Rivalrous Use/consumption by one individual reduces simultaneous use by others Diversity is Good Experience is better if the resource is novel, innovative and emotive More is Better Having many diverse cultural heritage resources available improves impact to the user
  9. 9. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu angry tableflip? (╯ರ ~ ರ)╯︵ ┻━┻
  10. 10. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Digital Heritage❤ Common Goal: Consistent, collaborative digital interfaces used to access many diverse collections, for a wide variety of use cases. We Need Connected, Usable Information Standards
  11. 11. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Linked Open Data http://5stardata.info/en/
  12. 12. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu With thanks to Patrick Hochstenbach, @hochstenbach Who is the Audience for LOD?
  13. 13. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Developers!
  14. 14. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu The API is the Developers' User Interface When it comes to APIs, developers are your users. The same principles of user- centred-design apply to the development and publication of APIs (simplicity, obviousness, fit-for-purpose etc.) http://apiguide.readthedocs.io/en/latest/principles/empathy.html “ ”
  15. 15. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu W3C Priority of Constituencies In case of conflict, consider … https://www.w3.org/TR/html-design-principles/ “ ” users … over authors … over implementors … over theoretical purity.
  16. 16. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu W3C Priority of Constituencies In case of conflict, consider … https://www.w3.org/TR/html-design-principles/ “ ” users … over authors … over implementors … over theoretical purity. Developers Data Editors Tool Builders Ontology
  17. 17. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu
  18. 18. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Usable (API) vs Complete (Model)
  19. 19. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Target Zone
  20. 20. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Make Complex Things Possible…
  21. 21. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu And Simple Things Easy
  22. 22. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Usable Linked Open Data https://linked.art/loud/
  23. 23. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Usability is Dependent on Audience Usage is a metric for quantifying Usability. Breadth of usage requires Community Illustrative Digital Communities: • JSON-LD • Open / Web Annotation • IIIF • Linked Art
  24. 24. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu RDF: Not In My Back Yard! Image By Z22 - https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30929934Title: http://manu.sporny.org/2012/nuclear-rdf/
  25. 25. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu JSON-LD 10% - 22% of all websites have JSON-LD data (schema.org) json api xml api https://trends.google.com/trends/explore?date=all&q=json%20api,xml%20api (Oct 2018) https://w3techs.com/technologies/details/da-jsonld/all/all (Nov 2017) http://webdatacommons.org/structureddata/2017-12/stats/stats.html
  26. 26. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu JSON-LD 1.1 Update https://www.w3.org/2018/json-ld-wg/
  27. 27. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu https://www.w3.org/TR/annotation-model/
  28. 28. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu
  29. 29. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu
  30. 30. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu International Image Interoperability Framework https://iiif.io
  31. 31. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu A Community that develops APIs, implements them in Software, and exposes interoperable Content
  32. 32. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Image API
  33. 33. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu AoE with highlights Presentation API
  34. 34. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu I want to compare objects
  35. 35. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF Community: Consortium • Artstor • Bayerische Staatsbibliothek • La Bibliothèque nationale de France • British Library • Brown University • Cambridge University • Cornell University • École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne • Europeana Foundation • Folger Shakespeare Library • J. Paul Getty Trust • Göttingen State and University Library • Harvard University • Indiana University • Johns Hopkins University • Kansai University • Kyoto University • Leiden University • MIT Libraries • National Gallery of Art • National Institute of Informatics • Nasjonalbiblioteket (National Library of Norway) • National Library of Israel • National Library of Poland • National Library of Scotland • National Library of Wales • Oxford University (Bodleian Library) • Princeton University Library • Smithsonian Institution • Stanford University • University of Edinburgh • University of Hong Kong • University of Pennsylvania • University of Tokyo • University of Toronto • Vatican Library • Wellcome Trust • Yale University / Yale Center for British Art
  36. 36. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Linked Art A Linked Open Usable Data model for cultural heritage resource descriptions, collaboratively designed to work across organizations, that is easy to publish and enables a variety of consuming applications. Design Principles: • Focus on Usability! • Solve real use cases from real data • Development is iterative refinement https://linked.art/
  37. 37. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Linked Art Collaboration Some organizations working to formalize the model and APIs • J. Paul Getty Trust • Rijksmuseum • Louvre • Metropolitan Museum of Art • Smithsonian Institution • MoMA • V&A • NGA (US) • Philadelphia Art Museum • Indianapolis Art Museum • Frick Collection • Harvard University • Princeton University • Yale Centre for British Art • Oxford University • Academia Sinica • ETH Zurich • FORTH • Zeri Foundation (U. Bologna) • Canadian Heritage Info. Network • American Numismatics Society • Europeana
  38. 38. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Usability + Community = Sustainability Usage Community Funding Grant / Project Institutional
  39. 39. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Neglect? https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/09/brazil-rio-de-janeiro-museum-fire/569299/
  40. 40. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Not in Europe … ?
  41. 41. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Not in Europe … ?
  42. 42. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Key Insights to Take Home Usability Usability is the happiness of the audience with a product, in this case the API to your data Data’s Audience: Developers The audience for data is developers, who will build software that use it. API is the developers’ User Interface JSON-LD JSON-LD is a proven technical solution, adopted by many large CH and related communities Access not Preservation Digital Cultural Heritage enables access, not just preservation. Usage requires Usability by Audience Usage is from Community Developers are part of a broader community of end users with information needs Sustainability Usage and Community ease funding justification, and help transition from grants to core, ensuring sustainability
  43. 43. @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu IIIF: Interoperabilituy Usability > Completeness Community > Committee @azaroth42 rsanderson @getty.edu Thank You! Robert Sanderson rsanderson@getty.edu @azaroth42 With thanks to: David Newbury, Lily Pregill; IIIF Editors; Eleanor Fink, Duane Degler; Dan Brickley, Gregg Kellogg, Benjamin Young

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