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Linked Art: Sustainable Cultural Knowledge through Linked Open Usable Data

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An introduction to Linked Art - why we need it, what it is, and how it works. A great starting point if you're interested in linked open usable data in cultural heritage, especially art museums.

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Linked Art: Sustainable Cultural Knowledge through Linked Open Usable Data

  1. 1. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Linked Art: Sustainable Cultural Knowledge through Linked Open Usable Data https://linked.art/ Robert Sanderson Director for Cultural Heritage Metadata robert.sanderson@yale.edu @azaroth42
  2. 2. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Why do we need Linked Art? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/usability Cultural Heritage data needs to be FAIR: • Findable – Persistent identifier and metadata • Accessible – (Persistently) retrievable • Interoperable – Uses shared standards, links out • Reusable – Accurate, open license and standards Linked Art provides a Standards based metadata profile Linked Art is designed for Usabilty and ease of implementation, which are prerequisites for Sustainability
  3. 3. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu What is Data Usability? … usability is the degree to which [a thing] can be used by specified consumers to achieve [their] quantified objectives with effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction in a quantified context of use. who what how where Usability is dependent on the Audience https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/usability “ ”
  4. 4. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu With thanks to Patrick Hochstenbach, @hochstenbach Who is the Audience for LOD?
  5. 5. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu LOUD: Easy to Use … by Developers!
  6. 6. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu The API is the Developers’ User Interface When it comes to APIs, developers are your users. The same principles of user- centred-design apply to the development and publication of APIs (simplicity, obviousness, fit-for-purpose etc) http://apiguide.readthedocs.io/en/latest/principles/empathy.html “ ”
  7. 7. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu W3C Priority of Constituencies In case of conflict, consider … https://www.w3.org/TR/html-design-principles/ “ ” users … over authors … over implementers … over theoretical purity. Developers Data Editors Tool Builders Ontology
  8. 8. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Trade Off: Usable vs Complete
  9. 9. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Target Zone
  10. 10. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Sustainability: Progressive Enhancement
  11. 11. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Progressive Enhancement • Data for: Humans - Strings • Separate entities, with searchable textual descriptions • Data for: Machines - Structured • Entities with machine-processable, comparable values • Data for: The Graph - d’Stributed • Entities are connected (within and across systems) • Data for: Research - Stringent • Sufficient accuracy and comprehensiveness to answer research questions from aggregated data Human Machine Graph Research
  12. 12. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu • Conceptual Model • Abstract way to think about the world, holistically, consistently and coherently • Ontology • Shared set of terms to encode that thinking in a logical, machine-actionable way • Vocabulary • Curated set of sub-domain specific terms, to make the ontology more concrete encodes refines Model Ontology Vocabulary Abstraction Standards
  13. 13. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu encodes refines specialized by available by Model Ontology Vocabulary Profile API Implementation Standards A Profile is a selection of appropriate abstractions, to encode the scope of what can be described. An API is a selection of appropriate technologies, to give access to the data managed using the profile.
  14. 14. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Linked Art Profile • Domain: Cultural Heritage, especially Artworks • Model: CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model • Ontology: RDF encoding of CRM 7.1, plus extensions • Vocabulary: Getty AAT, plus minimal extensions • Format: JSON-LD with 10 primary document boundaries • Target: 90% of the use cases with 10% of the effort https://linked.art/
  15. 15. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Conceptual Model From 50,000 Feet what when who where / how
  16. 16. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu 5 “Main” Entity Types • Human Made Object: A distinct physical thing that could be touched • Linguistic Object: Content in a human language that could be read/heard • Visual Item: Content with an identified appearance that can be seen • Digital Object: A digital thing that exists on a computer • Set: An identifiable grouping of zero or more entities
  17. 17. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu 5 “Connected” Entity Types • Person: A human, alive or dead • Group: One or more Persons, or other Groups, that act collectively • Place: A geospatial extent, describable with coordinates • Concept: A conceptual thing, often used to characterize or classify • Events, Provenance, Exhibitions: An event or activity that occurred at some point in time
  18. 18. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Model by Example
  19. 19. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  20. 20. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Object Type
  21. 21. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  22. 22. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Title
  23. 23. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  24. 24. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Identifier / Accession Number
  25. 25. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  26. 26. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Dimension Statement
  27. 27. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  28. 28. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Data for Machines: Comparable Values
  29. 29. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  30. 30. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  31. 31. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  32. 32. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  33. 33. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Data for the Graph: Linking Entities
  34. 34. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  35. 35. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  36. 36. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu
  37. 37. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Why? How did European Artists paint the American West during the 1800s? Yosemite Valley, Glacier Point Trail, Albert Bierstadt, 1873 https://artgallery.yale.edu/collections/objects/4964
  38. 38. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Model
  39. 39. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Values from Data
  40. 40. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Reconciled Entities
  41. 41. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Enriched from External Authorities
  42. 42. Introduction to Linked Art @azaroth42 robert. sanderson @yale.edu Thank You! Discussion?

An introduction to Linked Art - why we need it, what it is, and how it works. A great starting point if you're interested in linked open usable data in cultural heritage, especially art museums.

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