AS Sociology: Interpretivism


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AS Sociology: Interpretivism

  1. 1. Interpreting the Interactionists
  2. 2. Defining Interactionists <ul><li>Interactionists favour an interpretivist approach. </li></ul><ul><li>The Interpretivists approach is where they take a micro-level view of society, focusing on small scale face to face interaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Use qualitative data. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Qualitative data? <ul><li>Qualitative data gives a 'feel' for what something is like. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What it feels like to get good news; good A-level results. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>finding out that your boyfriend/girlfriend want to break up with you. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why is the Qualitative method preferred by Interactionists? <ul><li>Qualitative data gathered from participant observations aims to give us a sense of what it feels like to be a member of a particular group. This can also be done through in-depth interviews giving us the 'in their shoes' experience which is why it is preferred by the Interactionists who want to focus on a micro-level view of society. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is the Benefit of the Qualitative method? <ul><li>It can provide very rich descriptions of people's feelings and experiences. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How is Interactionism different from other methods? <ul><li>They prefer the interpretive approach which </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rejects the idea of an objective social reality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>says we construct reality through the meanings we create in our interactions with others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interprets the actions of individuals in society. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Summary <ul><li>Interactionists look at society on a MICRO scale [this means that they look at society on a small scale]. They do not want to generalise their ideas to the whole of society. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Summary Conclusion <ul><li>- Interactionists study how people behave in small scale situations. For example they would not look at what education does for the whole of society, but they would look at one class in a school and look at how the teachers and pupils treat each other. They would then look at how this affects exam results. </li></ul><ul><li>- Interactionists are interested in looking at how people interact with each other [i.e. how people behave with each other] in different situations, e.g. in school, at home and at work. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Check Your Learning <ul><li>What is the main thing Interactionists study? </li></ul><ul><li>What scale do Interactionists study society on? </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretivists prefer quantitative research methods. </li></ul><ul><li>How are Interactionists different from other theorists? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you describe what qualitative approach is? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the benefit of using the qualitative approach? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Answers <ul><li>Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Micro </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul><ul><li>They prefer the interpretive approach. </li></ul><ul><li>A method which gives a feel for something, like being 'in their shoes'. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides very rich descriptions of people's feelings and experiences. </li></ul>