A2 soc science review

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A2 soc science review

  1. 1. Name: __________________________ Date: ____________________________ A2 Review of All Things Science & Sociology RelatedSection 1: Fill in the Gapsinterpretations verifiable consciousnessscience hypotheses controlledmeanings natural replicatedTask: Using the words listed above, complete the following list of criticisms made of positivism byinterpretive sociologists:1.Sociology never can nor should try to be a __________.2.Sociologists can rarely produce the kinds of __________________conditions for study such as those of the scientist’s laboratory.3.Research findings are not _______________________ by other sociologists as the research situation can never be precisely ____________.4.It is impossible to quantify human behaviour in the same way as ______________ phenomena.5.Human beings have ________________ and may react to the researcher in different ways.6.The ____________________ that people attach to events and actions are internal and cannot be directly measured.7.Human action depends on individual ________________.8.The design of ______________ to test imposes the views of the researcher on what is discovered.Section 2: Topic Questions1)What does Durkheim mean by social facts?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________2)Why do Positivists favour macro or structural explanations of behaviour?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. 2. Name: __________________________ Date: ____________________________ A2 Review of All Things Science & Sociology Related________________________________________________________3)According to Interpretivists, what is the subject matter of sociology?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________4)What is meant by verstehen and why do Interpretivists favour its use?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5)Explain the difference between verificationism & falsificationism.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________6)What does Kuhn mean by a paradigm?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________7)Explain what Kuhn means when he says that in normal science, scientists engage in puzzlesolving.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________8)According to Realists, what is the difference between open and closed systems?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  3. 3. Name: __________________________ Date: ____________________________ A2 Review of All Things Science & Sociology RelatedSection 3: Research ActivityTask: In pairs, find out about two other theories that have been falsified and how this was done.For example:1. Investigate the theory of alchemy (turning base metal into gold).2. Investigate the theory of the body ‘humours’ as the basis of medicine.Theory 1:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Theory 2:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  4. 4. Name: __________________________ Date: ____________________________ A2 Review of All Things Science & Sociology Related________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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