Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

A2 Realism


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

A2 Realism

  1. 1. A2 Chapter 4 Conclusion Realism, Science & Sociology
  2. 2. Realism <ul><li>Realist names to know: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russell Keat & John Urry (1982) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They stress link between sociology & certain kinds of natural sciences due to the degree in control of variable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They talk about two different types of systems to be researched: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Realism: Open Systems <ul><li>These are systems in which the researcher cannot control or measure all the variables. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, the researcher cannot make precise predictions about an outcome. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meteorologists cannot predict with 100% accuracy the outcome of weather due to too many variables, complexity and it being too large scale to study in a laboratory. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Realism: Closed Systems <ul><li>A situation where the researcher can control and measure all the relevant variables. </li></ul><ul><li>This sort of system lends well to the goal set out by Popper, which argues we should try to make ‘precise predictions’ in sociology. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laboratory experiments such as used in chemistry or physics. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Realism and its link with Sociology <ul><li>Realists argue Sociologists study open systems that are too complex to make exact predictions. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot predict crime rates precisely as there are too many variables involved– most which cannot be controlled, measured or even identified. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Realism: Butterfly Effect <ul><li>Refers to an idea that even the variables such as the beating of a butterfly’s wing could have knock on effects creating minute atmospheric changes that could ultimately contribute to creating dangerous weather storms, such as tornados! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Underlying Structure