SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 28
Air temperature – pertains to the
hotness and coldness of the air.
Thermometer (minimum & maximum
temperature) – instrument used to
measure the minimum and maximum
atmospheric air temperature that easily
fluctuates on a given period of time.
How is the air heated?
 Air is heated directly form the sun, by
conduction from the heated objects on
Earth and by convection.
 If you walk barefoot on the cement [pavement
and the nearby ground on a hot day, you will feel
cement hotter than the nearby ground.
Why is this so?
- Substances have different specific heats (refers to
the amount of heat absorbed by 1 gram of a
substance to raise the temperature by 1 degree).
Cement has higher specific heat than soil.
Air Pressure – force exerted by air per
unit area of surface.
- Higher temperature = low
pressure and vice versa.
 local winds formed by unequal heating of land and
sea.
 Water has high specific heat so it takes longer to heat
it.
 Two types:
 Sea breeze
 Land breeze
 Movement of air from sea o land
during the day where the cooler air
over the sea rushes toward the
land to occupy a part of the space
emptied by the rising of warm air.
 At daytime, air above the ground
gets warmer and rises, leaving the
space below it less dense forming
low pressure over the land.
 Movement of air from land to
sea during the night where the
warmer air over the sea creates a
low pressure and the cooler air
from the land rushes to the sea.
 During nighttime, the land easily
loses heat and the air above
becomes cooler that that over
the sea.
 wind systems produced when there is temperature
and pressure difference between continents and
oceans.
 Heavy rains that occur when there is no typhoon may
be due to monsoons.
 Northeast monsoon
 Southwest monsoon
 experienced during November
to February when it’s winter in
mainland Asia.
 Cold wind from China blows
toward the Pacific and passes
over the Philippines.
 It brings heavy rains on the
eastern part of the country.
 experienced during June to
October when it’s summer in the
North.
 Wind from the south passes
over the oceans picking up
moisture and brings continuous
rain as they passes over the
Philippines.
 cool air that moves
horizontally toward the
equator.
 Region where the northern hemisphere trade winds meet the southern
hemisphere trade winds.
 Above this region, very high cumulonimbus clouds with showers and
thunderstorms are observable.
 It is not stationary. It moves southward and northward over the
Philippines during May and October.
 It is found north of the Philippines when it’s summer in the northern
hemisphere and south od the equator during winter.
 Produced naturally when the Sun’s radiation or
lightning strikes the oxygen molecule and
separates it into oxygen radical. The radical
attaches itself to molecular oxygen to form
ozone.
 It rises up to the stratosphere’s ozone layer.
This is known as photochemical reaction.
 If ozone is produced near the surface of the
Earth, then it is considered a pollutant.
 One serious atmospheric problems
 It is caused by nitrogen oxides from jet engines, CFCs or
chlorofluorocarbons from refrigerants and aerosols.
 These substances produce free radicals which react with ozone by clearing
away one oxygen atom [O] producing oxygen molecule [O2] thereby
destroying ozone[O3]. The ozone filters the UV rays from the sun’s
radiation.
 UV rays cause major problems to the health such as sunburn, suppression
of immune system, skin cancer, cataract, and physiological change due to
DNA changes.
- An important phenomenon which results in the
heating of the atmosphere.
 Structure made only of glass
where the temperature and
humidity inside is regulated
for delicate our-of-season
plants grow well especially
during winter.
 the same principle may be applied
to an atmospheric environment with
high concentration of greenhouse
gases.
 The presence of more water vapor
and carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere prevents the escape of
the long wave infrared, but allows
the passage of the short wave.
 This traps the heat wave thereby
increasing the temperature in the
environment.
Effects of the increase in atmospheric
temperature:
may melt polar ice caps
result in flooding and increased water
level in bodies of water
Effects a climate change wherein natural
calamities worsen and occur more often
 caused by the presence of greenhouse gases like carbon
dioxide [CO2], methane [CH4], nitrous oxide [NO],
chlorofluorocarbon [CFC], and water [H2O] vapor.
 These gases are infrared-absorbing gases that traps infrared
rays instead being back to space.
 This may cause melting of polar ice cap which may result rise
of ocean levels, increased climatic temperature that may affect
ocean currents, weather patterns, and agriculture.

More Related Content

What's hot

Little ice age
Little ice ageLittle ice age
Little ice age
lukebudi
 
The Little Ice Age
The Little Ice AgeThe Little Ice Age
The Little Ice Age
84tommy
 
Ch 3, section 2 Climate
Ch 3, section 2  ClimateCh 3, section 2  Climate
Ch 3, section 2 Climate
John Hext
 
Weather Revision Part 2
Weather Revision Part 2Weather Revision Part 2
Weather Revision Part 2
missm
 
The Little ice age
The Little ice ageThe Little ice age
The Little ice age
chantelh1990
 

What's hot (20)

Global Warming
Global WarmingGlobal Warming
Global Warming
 
Temperature and its vertical distribution in ocean water
Temperature and its vertical distribution in ocean water Temperature and its vertical distribution in ocean water
Temperature and its vertical distribution in ocean water
 
The Little Ice Age
The Little Ice AgeThe Little Ice Age
The Little Ice Age
 
Chapter 2
Chapter 2Chapter 2
Chapter 2
 
Rainfall in Pakistan
Rainfall in PakistanRainfall in Pakistan
Rainfall in Pakistan
 
Little ice age
Little ice ageLittle ice age
Little ice age
 
Weather
WeatherWeather
Weather
 
The Little Ice Age
The Little Ice AgeThe Little Ice Age
The Little Ice Age
 
Ch 3, section 2 Climate
Ch 3, section 2  ClimateCh 3, section 2  Climate
Ch 3, section 2 Climate
 
Global warming Group 3
Global warming Group 3Global warming Group 3
Global warming Group 3
 
Heat waves
Heat wavesHeat waves
Heat waves
 
Weather Revision Part 2
Weather Revision Part 2Weather Revision Part 2
Weather Revision Part 2
 
Weather Mountain Lore
Weather  Mountain LoreWeather  Mountain Lore
Weather Mountain Lore
 
Climatology
ClimatologyClimatology
Climatology
 
Ch 2 GW 2 Slides - Impacts of Climate Change
Ch 2 GW 2 Slides - Impacts of Climate ChangeCh 2 GW 2 Slides - Impacts of Climate Change
Ch 2 GW 2 Slides - Impacts of Climate Change
 
Little ice age
Little ice ageLittle ice age
Little ice age
 
Clear Concept Of Oceanic Temperature
Clear Concept Of Oceanic Temperature Clear Concept Of Oceanic Temperature
Clear Concept Of Oceanic Temperature
 
Presentation on horizontal differences of Temperature
Presentation on horizontal differences of TemperaturePresentation on horizontal differences of Temperature
Presentation on horizontal differences of Temperature
 
The Little ice age
The Little ice ageThe Little ice age
The Little ice age
 
4.1 -- BIO
4.1 -- BIO4.1 -- BIO
4.1 -- BIO
 

Similar to Breezes

Weather Part 1
Weather Part 1Weather Part 1
Weather Part 1
parrc
 
Weather and climate
Weather and climateWeather and climate
Weather and climate
Ara Lucas
 
Energy transfer in the atmosphere and oceans
Energy transfer in the atmosphere and oceansEnergy transfer in the atmosphere and oceans
Energy transfer in the atmosphere and oceans
mgcimariam
 
Atmosphere 15
Atmosphere   15Atmosphere   15
Atmosphere 15
llaub
 

Similar to Breezes (20)

Air 1_AA.pptx
Air 1_AA.pptxAir 1_AA.pptx
Air 1_AA.pptx
 
Chapt15 lecture
Chapt15 lectureChapt15 lecture
Chapt15 lecture
 
Ch 15 ed
Ch 15 edCh 15 ed
Ch 15 ed
 
Weather and climate- CSEC Geography
Weather and climate- CSEC Geography Weather and climate- CSEC Geography
Weather and climate- CSEC Geography
 
This are the Factors Affecting climate.pptx
This are the Factors Affecting climate.pptxThis are the Factors Affecting climate.pptx
This are the Factors Affecting climate.pptx
 
Naturalists at Large - Weather and Us
Naturalists at Large - Weather and UsNaturalists at Large - Weather and Us
Naturalists at Large - Weather and Us
 
Weather
WeatherWeather
Weather
 
Weather
WeatherWeather
Weather
 
Weather Part 1
Weather Part 1Weather Part 1
Weather Part 1
 
Weather and climate
Weather and climateWeather and climate
Weather and climate
 
Weather
WeatherWeather
Weather
 
Climate
ClimateClimate
Climate
 
Energy transfer in the atmosphere and oceans
Energy transfer in the atmosphere and oceansEnergy transfer in the atmosphere and oceans
Energy transfer in the atmosphere and oceans
 
Weather and climate 7C
Weather and climate 7CWeather and climate 7C
Weather and climate 7C
 
Weather.climate edited
Weather.climate editedWeather.climate edited
Weather.climate edited
 
Air sea interaction
Air sea interactionAir sea interaction
Air sea interaction
 
Atmosphere 15
Atmosphere   15Atmosphere   15
Atmosphere 15
 
Weather patterns in the phillipines
Weather patterns in the phillipinesWeather patterns in the phillipines
Weather patterns in the phillipines
 
Atmosphere
AtmosphereAtmosphere
Atmosphere
 
Temperature radiation climatology-Climatology Chapter
Temperature radiation climatology-Climatology ChapterTemperature radiation climatology-Climatology Chapter
Temperature radiation climatology-Climatology Chapter
 

More from YhanzieCapilitan (20)

Responsible parenthood
Responsible parenthoodResponsible parenthood
Responsible parenthood
 
The atmosphere
The atmosphereThe atmosphere
The atmosphere
 
Gravity
GravityGravity
Gravity
 
Maternal health concerns
Maternal health concernsMaternal health concerns
Maternal health concerns
 
Energy
EnergyEnergy
Energy
 
Heat energy
Heat energyHeat energy
Heat energy
 
Pagtukoy at pagtugon sa epekto ng migrasyon
Pagtukoy at pagtugon sa epekto ng migrasyonPagtukoy at pagtugon sa epekto ng migrasyon
Pagtukoy at pagtugon sa epekto ng migrasyon
 
Friction
FrictionFriction
Friction
 
Dating, courtship, and marriage
Dating, courtship, and marriageDating, courtship, and marriage
Dating, courtship, and marriage
 
Periodic table
Periodic tablePeriodic table
Periodic table
 
Kinematic equations
Kinematic equationsKinematic equations
Kinematic equations
 
Magkasingkahulugan at magkasalungat
Magkasingkahulugan at magkasalungatMagkasingkahulugan at magkasalungat
Magkasingkahulugan at magkasalungat
 
Velocity
VelocityVelocity
Velocity
 
Teenage concerns
Teenage concernsTeenage concerns
Teenage concerns
 
Sound energy
Sound energySound energy
Sound energy
 
Velocity
VelocityVelocity
Velocity
 
Teknolohiya
TeknolohiyaTeknolohiya
Teknolohiya
 
Mangrove swamps
Mangrove swampsMangrove swamps
Mangrove swamps
 
Electron configuration
Electron configurationElectron configuration
Electron configuration
 
Light energy
Light energyLight energy
Light energy
 

Recently uploaded

MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
nhezmainit1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology VI semester.pdf
Pharmaceutical Biotechnology VI semester.pdfPharmaceutical Biotechnology VI semester.pdf
Pharmaceutical Biotechnology VI semester.pdf
 
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptxAnalyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
 
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptxWhat is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
 
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
 
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
 
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptxHMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................
 
Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdfRich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
 
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
 
ESSENTIAL of (CS/IT/IS) class 07 (Networks)
ESSENTIAL of (CS/IT/IS) class 07 (Networks)ESSENTIAL of (CS/IT/IS) class 07 (Networks)
ESSENTIAL of (CS/IT/IS) class 07 (Networks)
 
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
 
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategiesMajor project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
 
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical PrinciplesTrauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
Trauma-Informed Leadership - Five Practical Principles
 
80 ĐỀ THI THỬ TUYỂN SINH TIẾNG ANH VÀO 10 SỞ GD – ĐT THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH NĂ...
80 ĐỀ THI THỬ TUYỂN SINH TIẾNG ANH VÀO 10 SỞ GD – ĐT THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH NĂ...80 ĐỀ THI THỬ TUYỂN SINH TIẾNG ANH VÀO 10 SỞ GD – ĐT THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH NĂ...
80 ĐỀ THI THỬ TUYỂN SINH TIẾNG ANH VÀO 10 SỞ GD – ĐT THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH NĂ...
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 

Breezes

  • 1.
  • 2. Air temperature – pertains to the hotness and coldness of the air. Thermometer (minimum & maximum temperature) – instrument used to measure the minimum and maximum atmospheric air temperature that easily fluctuates on a given period of time.
  • 3. How is the air heated?  Air is heated directly form the sun, by conduction from the heated objects on Earth and by convection.
  • 4.  If you walk barefoot on the cement [pavement and the nearby ground on a hot day, you will feel cement hotter than the nearby ground. Why is this so? - Substances have different specific heats (refers to the amount of heat absorbed by 1 gram of a substance to raise the temperature by 1 degree). Cement has higher specific heat than soil.
  • 5. Air Pressure – force exerted by air per unit area of surface. - Higher temperature = low pressure and vice versa.
  • 6.  local winds formed by unequal heating of land and sea.  Water has high specific heat so it takes longer to heat it.  Two types:  Sea breeze  Land breeze
  • 7.  Movement of air from sea o land during the day where the cooler air over the sea rushes toward the land to occupy a part of the space emptied by the rising of warm air.  At daytime, air above the ground gets warmer and rises, leaving the space below it less dense forming low pressure over the land.
  • 8.  Movement of air from land to sea during the night where the warmer air over the sea creates a low pressure and the cooler air from the land rushes to the sea.  During nighttime, the land easily loses heat and the air above becomes cooler that that over the sea.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.  wind systems produced when there is temperature and pressure difference between continents and oceans.  Heavy rains that occur when there is no typhoon may be due to monsoons.  Northeast monsoon  Southwest monsoon
  • 12.  experienced during November to February when it’s winter in mainland Asia.  Cold wind from China blows toward the Pacific and passes over the Philippines.  It brings heavy rains on the eastern part of the country.
  • 13.  experienced during June to October when it’s summer in the North.  Wind from the south passes over the oceans picking up moisture and brings continuous rain as they passes over the Philippines.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.  cool air that moves horizontally toward the equator.
  • 17.  Region where the northern hemisphere trade winds meet the southern hemisphere trade winds.  Above this region, very high cumulonimbus clouds with showers and thunderstorms are observable.  It is not stationary. It moves southward and northward over the Philippines during May and October.  It is found north of the Philippines when it’s summer in the northern hemisphere and south od the equator during winter.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.  Produced naturally when the Sun’s radiation or lightning strikes the oxygen molecule and separates it into oxygen radical. The radical attaches itself to molecular oxygen to form ozone.  It rises up to the stratosphere’s ozone layer. This is known as photochemical reaction.  If ozone is produced near the surface of the Earth, then it is considered a pollutant.
  • 21.
  • 22.  One serious atmospheric problems  It is caused by nitrogen oxides from jet engines, CFCs or chlorofluorocarbons from refrigerants and aerosols.  These substances produce free radicals which react with ozone by clearing away one oxygen atom [O] producing oxygen molecule [O2] thereby destroying ozone[O3]. The ozone filters the UV rays from the sun’s radiation.  UV rays cause major problems to the health such as sunburn, suppression of immune system, skin cancer, cataract, and physiological change due to DNA changes.
  • 23.
  • 24. - An important phenomenon which results in the heating of the atmosphere.
  • 25.  Structure made only of glass where the temperature and humidity inside is regulated for delicate our-of-season plants grow well especially during winter.
  • 26.  the same principle may be applied to an atmospheric environment with high concentration of greenhouse gases.  The presence of more water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere prevents the escape of the long wave infrared, but allows the passage of the short wave.  This traps the heat wave thereby increasing the temperature in the environment.
  • 27. Effects of the increase in atmospheric temperature: may melt polar ice caps result in flooding and increased water level in bodies of water Effects a climate change wherein natural calamities worsen and occur more often
  • 28.  caused by the presence of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide [CO2], methane [CH4], nitrous oxide [NO], chlorofluorocarbon [CFC], and water [H2O] vapor.  These gases are infrared-absorbing gases that traps infrared rays instead being back to space.  This may cause melting of polar ice cap which may result rise of ocean levels, increased climatic temperature that may affect ocean currents, weather patterns, and agriculture.