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Hiv aids

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Hiv aids

  1. 1. HIV-AIDS
  2. 2.  BASIC STRUCTURE
  3. 3. HIV AIDS CONTENTS:• INTRODUCTION • TYPE • SIGN N SYMPTONS • TRANSMISSION • DETECTION
  4. 4.  • • Definition AIDS is not a disease, it’s a syndrome When the immune system become weakened by HIV, the illness progresses to AIDS.
  5. 5.  HIV • Human immunodeficiency virus • H- infects only human beings • • I- immunodeficiency virus weakens the immune system & increases the risk of infection V- virus that attacks body
  6. 6.  • AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome • A- acquired, not inherited • I- weakens the immune system • D- creates deficiency • S- group of illness taking place at
  7. 7.  • • INTRODUCTION AIDS is caused by HIV, a very fragile RNA, a type of retro virus which is like other micro organism lives inside the leaving cell of the body. Outside body it doesn’t survive for more than half and hour.
  8. 8.  TYPES • There are two types of HIV virus • HIV-1 • HIV-2 • HIV-1 is present all over the world & in India more than 80% of population is affected by it.
  9. 9. HIV-2 • It is mainly found in Africa and also in India. Some people are affected by both the viruses. people only affected with HIV-2 lives longer than those infected with HIV-1 & the chances of transmission of HIV-2 is rear.
  10. 10.  SIGN N SYMOTONS • Unexplained fever • Unexplained diarrhea • • •  Click to edit the outline text format  Persistent cough Unexplained fatigue & weight loss(more than 5 kg) White dots in mouth Second Outline Level − Third Outline Level  Fourth Outline Level − Fifth Outline Level
  11. 11.  TRANSMISSION
  12. 12.  • • • • Transmit through Unprotected intercourse with infected person. Transfer of infected blood Infected mother to her baby during pregnancy Use of infected needles & instruments without sterilization.
  13. 13.  • Does not transfer Touching hands/shaking hands through • Shearing bathroom • Coughing, saliva, sneezing • Eating together or shearing utensils • Swimming pools • Shearing cloths
  14. 14.  • • General care Adequate rest & diet rich in proteins and vitamins Infected person Should not donate blood • Use protection • Avoid eating outside food • Give up smoking, alcohol, tobacco etc
  15. 15. • Regular exercise • Support from family and public Can live 1-2 years longer.
  16. 16.  • Detection There are various test available for detection of HIV-AIDS • Spot test • Western blot (WB) test • CD4 & viral load test
  17. 17.  HIV disease HIV can direct infect the : • Brain(HIV dementia) • Gut (wasting) • Heart(cardiomyopathy)
  18. 18.  EPIDEMOILOGY
  19. 19.  HIV estimated in India
  20. 20.  • Impact of global HIV Negative economic impact on country • Overstrained healthcare systems • Decreasing life expectancy • Reversal of child survival gains • Increasing number of orphans
  21. 21. • Always carry your tool kit with you!
  22. 22.  • • • CONCLUSION Remember AIDS does not discriminate cast, creed, religion, education or social status. Prevention of AIDS is our joint responsibility Education and awareness is only weapon in our hand..
  23. 23. WORLD AIDS DAY:-
  24. 24. THANK YOU

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