INSECT, VECTOR AND RODENT CONTROL
SPIDER, FLIES TICKS, MITE,LICE,FLEE
Presented by: Presented to:
MD SHAMIM AKHTAR Mrs. IFFAT NASEEM
MD UMAM JAMIA HAMDARD
MD NUMANI HASAN
MBA(HM) 4th SEM
INSECT, VECTOR AND RODENT
• To educate the public and minimize the potential
for human disease caused by vectors.
• Vectors are insects, ticks, rodents, some birds and other
animals that can transmit disease and cause discomfort
in humans. Control of these pests reduces the incidence
of disease in the public.
Spiders are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs
that inject venom.
An eight-legged predatory arachnid with an unsegmented body consisting of a
fused head and thorax and a rounded abdomen. Spiders have fangs which inject
poison into their prey, and most kinds spin webs in which to capture insects.
• Muscle pain or cramping
• Reddish to purplish color or blister
• Increased sweating
• Difficulty breathing
• High blood pressure
• Nausea and vomiting
• Anxiety or restlessness
• Inspect or shake out any clothing, shoes, towels, or equipment before use.
• Wear protective clothing such as a long-sleeved shirt and long pants, hat,
gloves, and boots when handling stacked or undisturbed piles of materials.
• Minimize the empty spaces between stacked materials.
• Remove and reduce debris and rubble from around the outdoor work areas.
• Trim or eliminate tall grasses from around outdoor work areas.
• Store apparel and outdoor equipment in tightly closed plastic bags.
• Keep your tetanus boosters up-to-date (every 10 years). Spider bites can
become infected with tetanus spores.
• House flies are the commonest and most familiar of all insects which live
close to man.
• The common housefly (domestic) is mouse gray in color. The body is
divided in to a head, thorax and abdomen.
• The housefly does not bite. It is attracted to food by its sense of smell.
The diseases causes by the flies are mainly
4. Loose motions
Communicable disease are spread by flies.
The elimination of the breeding places and overall improvement in the
environ-mental sanitation on a community-wide basis is the best way to
control houseflies. A’ clean house with clean surroundings is the best
answer to the fly problem.
Insecticides such as, D.D.T. B. H. C. Parricides, Baits etc. should be
applied to control the houseflies. D.D.T. or B.H.C. may be applied indoors
or outdoors using hand or power sprayers.
In certain cases sticky fly papers are used to control the house flies.
Protection against flies
Screening of houses, food markets, restaurants and all other similar
establishments will give considerable relief from houseflies. But this, is
expensive for general use.
It is difficult to achieve fly control without the willing co-operation of the
These small, parasitic creatures feed off the blood of animals and humans
and, more importantly, spread diseases
Ticks don’t fly, and they don’t blow in the wind. They live in tall grass and
either crawl up or fall onto their hosts.
1. Lyme Disease
2. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
4. Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis
On a person, mites can live for as long as 1-2 months. Off a person, scabies
mites usually do not survive more than 48-72 hours. Scabies mites will die if
exposed to a temperature of 50 C (122 F) for 10 minutes.
Avoid contact with infected person.
An infestation of body lice occurs when a certain type of lice invade the body
and clothing. Lice are parasitic insects that feed on human blood and can infect
the head, body, and pubic area.
There are three types of lice that infect humans:
• Head louse(Pediculus humanus capitis)
• Body louse(Pediculus humanus corporis)
• Plouse (Pthirus pubis)
• Intense itching (pruritus).
• Rash caused by an allergic reaction to body lice bites.
• Red bumps on the skin.
• Thickened or darkened skin, usually near the waist or groin, if the lice have
been there for a long time.
Fleas are small biting, jumping insects that live in the fur of many different
animals. Cat and dog fleas are the most likely fleas to affect humans
• Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
• Sharp needles like pain on skin.
• Small pink spots on body
• Body aches
Pets, yards, and homes should be kept free of fleas.
Eliminate places where wild animals can find shelter.
Take personal precautions.
Do Not Relocate Animals
Eliminate all food sources.