SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 15
HIV/AIDSINADOLESCENTS
SMRITI
M.Sc.
H.D.C.S.
 HIV
 HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes
AIDS.
 It attacks the immune system that gives our bodies ability
to fight infections.
 It destroys a type of white blood cell that fight disease.
 AIDS
 It stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and it is
a final stage of HIV infection.
 It means that the virus has weakened the immune system to
the point at which the body has difficult time fighting
infections.
 Within 2-4 weeks after HIV infection, many, people experience flu-
like symptoms, This is called “Acute retroviral syndrome” (AR)
Symptoms can include: Fever ,Swollen gland, Sore throat, Rash,
Fatigue, Muscles and joint aches and pain, Headache.
 After the early stage of HIV infection, the disease moves into a
stage called the “clinical latency” stage. “Latency” means a period
where a virus is developing in a person without producing
symptom.
 During this late stage of HIV infection, person have the following
symptoms: Rapid weight loss, Recurring fever or profuse night
sweats etc.
 HIV can transmitted in the
following ways:
 Having unprotected vaginal, anal,
or oral sex with a person who has
HIV.
 Injecting drugs with a syringe that
has already been used by a
person who has HIV.
 Sharing infected needles for body
piercing and Blood products.
 HIV test is important to ensure you
access essential treatment early and
counselling about how to prevent
onward transmission of the infection.
 Enzyme-linked immunosorbent
assay (ELISA). This test is usually the
first one used to detect infection
with HIV.
 Western blot. This test is more
difficult than the ELISA to perform,
but it is done to confirm the results
of two positive ELISA tests.
 Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This
test finds either the RNA of the HIV
virus or the HIV DNA in white blood
cells infected with the virus.
 People living with HIV have faced
violent attacks been rejected by
families and communities been
refused medical treatment and even
in some reported cases denied the
last rites before they die.
 It is difficult to educate people about
how they can avoid infection.
 Negative attitudes from health care
staff have generated anxiety and fear
among many people living with HIV
and AIDS.
 A major factor that distinguishes
HIV/AIDS from another chronic or
terminal illness is the stigma.
 The Adolescent Education Programme was one of the key
policy initiatives of NACP.
 AEP is implemented by the Department of Education in
collaboration with the State AIDS Prevention and Control
Societies.
 The Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) aims at:
 Co-curricular adolescence education in classes 9th -11th .
 Curricular adolescence education in classes 9th -11th and life
skills education in classes 1st - 8th .
 Inclusion of HIV prevention education in pre-service and in-
service teacher training and teacher education programmes.
 Inclusion of HIV prevention
education in the programmes for
out-of-school adolescents and
young persons, and
 Incorporating measures to
prevent stigma and discrimination
against learners/students and
educators and life skills education
into education policy for HIV
prevention.
 Under the programme, teachers
and peer educators are trained,
who, in turn, conduct the
programme amongst the student
community.
NACO IN ACTION
 National AIDS Control Organisation’s work and programme
has objectives of bringing about HIV prevention and
providing treatment to people living with HIV.
 NACO establishes an interface with the health service
organisations through meetings, seminars and training
programmes in sensitising and training healthcare
providers for prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS.
 Through the State AIDS Prevention and Control Societies
(SACS) and various NGOs, NACO guides prevention
programme at state, district and village level that reaches
out to health workers, high risk groups, bridge population
and particularly women.
 Red Ribbon Club is a voluntary on-
campus intervention programme for
students in educational institutions.
 It is initiated and supported by the
SACS and implemented through multi-
sectoral collaboration, particularly
using the services of cadre officers of
the State’s NSS.
 The club is proposed to be established
in every school and college to provide
youth with access to information on
HIV/AIDS and voluntary blood donation.
 The club also works towards promotion
of life skills to bring about behavioural
change among the youth. Already RRCs
are established in more than 16,000
schools and colleges.
 Research conducted in AIIMS (2012) -
major findings of study was the appalling disparity between
the sexes at different levels, their association with HIV and
its impact on their daily lives.
 This transient population (10-14 yrs) is extremely
important as not only do they constitute the new
generation of infected individuals who are native and
dependent on others for care, but also require specialized
intervention strategies owing to the unique nature of the
infection.
 It was observed that the
proportion of adolescent boys
seeking the services of the ICTC
was more as compared to that of
girls.
 Age is important risk factor for
the HIV/AIDS.
 Special developmental issues for
teenagers regarding HIV exposure.
 please tell your friends and families
about it, make sure the facts are
properly relayed. Ensure human rights
are preserved and stigma is avoided.
 professionals concerned with
adolescents can help reduce HIV
transmission among youth by
supporting the adoption of programs
that hold promise for reducing
adolescent unprotected sex.
 Suggest a hierarchy of recommended
behaviors that identifies abstinence as
the best, or preferred method but also
provides information about sexual risk
reduction strategies, without placing
one approach above another.
 BOOK:
Sharma. Namita. (2007). Know Hiv/Aids. Hiv/aids In women and
children of india. New Delhi: Pearl Books. (pp.1-14).
 WEBSITE:
http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/signs-and-
symptoms/
p://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3701354
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-india.htm#sthash.Lilf3o3D.dpuf
http://www.pamf.org/parenting-teens/sexuality/stds/hiv-
aids/aids.html#top
http://www.naco.gov.in/NACO/Quick_Links/Youth/School_Age
_Education_Program_SAEP/
THANK YOU

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

R t i ppt
R t i pptR t i ppt
R t i ppt
 
Prevention Of HIV/AIDS
Prevention Of HIV/AIDSPrevention Of HIV/AIDS
Prevention Of HIV/AIDS
 
HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDSHIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
 
Communicable diseases
Communicable diseasesCommunicable diseases
Communicable diseases
 
Malaria
MalariaMalaria
Malaria
 
HIV AIDS
HIV AIDSHIV AIDS
HIV AIDS
 
HIV AND AIDS AWARENESS
HIV AND AIDS AWARENESS  HIV AND AIDS AWARENESS
HIV AND AIDS AWARENESS
 
HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDSHIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
 
Hiv aids- epidemiology
Hiv aids- epidemiologyHiv aids- epidemiology
Hiv aids- epidemiology
 
Influenza
InfluenzaInfluenza
Influenza
 
AIDS
AIDSAIDS
AIDS
 
WORLD AIDS DAY
WORLD AIDS DAYWORLD AIDS DAY
WORLD AIDS DAY
 
Aids presentation
Aids presentationAids presentation
Aids presentation
 
Smallpox
SmallpoxSmallpox
Smallpox
 
Smallpox
Smallpox Smallpox
Smallpox
 
Rubella (German Measles)
Rubella (German Measles)Rubella (German Measles)
Rubella (German Measles)
 
Smallpox disease
Smallpox diseaseSmallpox disease
Smallpox disease
 
Tetanus
TetanusTetanus
Tetanus
 
Polio vaccine
Polio vaccinePolio vaccine
Polio vaccine
 
Influenza
InfluenzaInfluenza
Influenza
 

Similar to Red ribbon hiv aids in adolescents

The concept of HIV AIDS and nutrition for community development and social w...
The concept of HIV AIDS  and nutrition for community development and social w...The concept of HIV AIDS  and nutrition for community development and social w...
The concept of HIV AIDS and nutrition for community development and social w...RiberatusPhilipo
 
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)Stephanie Laurete
 
Infection Cycle
Infection CycleInfection Cycle
Infection CycleKim Moore
 
Key Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind Kulkarni
Key Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind KulkarniKey Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind Kulkarni
Key Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind KulkarniParvez Pathan
 
ASSIGNMENT ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1
ASSIGNMENT  ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1ASSIGNMENT  ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1
ASSIGNMENT ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1Sarah Adams
 
Pres W A D
Pres W A DPres W A D
Pres W A Draghu123
 
ayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdf
ayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdfayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdf
ayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdfPoojaYashiSingh
 
HIVinterventionstrategy
HIVinterventionstrategyHIVinterventionstrategy
HIVinterventionstrategyKelly Garcia
 
Hivaids sachin bhatt
Hivaids sachin bhattHivaids sachin bhatt
Hivaids sachin bhattSachin Bhatt
 
Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024
Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024
Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024Motahar Alam
 
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME (NACP)
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME  (NACP)NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME  (NACP)
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME (NACP)ManjeetKaur132
 

Similar to Red ribbon hiv aids in adolescents (20)

Aids project
Aids projectAids project
Aids project
 
Essay On Aids Awareness
Essay On Aids AwarenessEssay On Aids Awareness
Essay On Aids Awareness
 
HIV-AIDS.pdf
HIV-AIDS.pdfHIV-AIDS.pdf
HIV-AIDS.pdf
 
The concept of HIV AIDS and nutrition for community development and social w...
The concept of HIV AIDS  and nutrition for community development and social w...The concept of HIV AIDS  and nutrition for community development and social w...
The concept of HIV AIDS and nutrition for community development and social w...
 
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
 
AIDS
AIDSAIDS
AIDS
 
Infection Cycle
Infection CycleInfection Cycle
Infection Cycle
 
HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
 
Key Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind Kulkarni
Key Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind KulkarniKey Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind Kulkarni
Key Facts over HIV by Dr. Milind Kulkarni
 
HIV/AIDS | AS16
HIV/AIDS | AS16HIV/AIDS | AS16
HIV/AIDS | AS16
 
Dec 1
Dec 1Dec 1
Dec 1
 
ASSIGNMENT ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1
ASSIGNMENT  ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1ASSIGNMENT  ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1
ASSIGNMENT ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) 1
 
Pres W A D
Pres W A DPres W A D
Pres W A D
 
ayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdf
ayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdfayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdf
ayu.health-AIDS awareness and its importance.pdf
 
Lecture 14 hiv aids
Lecture 14 hiv aidsLecture 14 hiv aids
Lecture 14 hiv aids
 
Lecture 14 hiv aids
Lecture 14 hiv aidsLecture 14 hiv aids
Lecture 14 hiv aids
 
HIVinterventionstrategy
HIVinterventionstrategyHIVinterventionstrategy
HIVinterventionstrategy
 
Hivaids sachin bhatt
Hivaids sachin bhattHivaids sachin bhatt
Hivaids sachin bhatt
 
Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024
Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024
Epidemiology of HIV & AIDS.pptx presentation 2024
 
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME (NACP)
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME  (NACP)NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME  (NACP)
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME (NACP)
 

More from Smriti Singh

Mental illness and mental retardation ppt
Mental illness and mental retardation pptMental illness and mental retardation ppt
Mental illness and mental retardation pptSmriti Singh
 
Teenage pregnancy....
Teenage pregnancy....Teenage pregnancy....
Teenage pregnancy....Smriti Singh
 
Prenatal development ppt (2) final
Prenatal development ppt (2) finalPrenatal development ppt (2) final
Prenatal development ppt (2) finalSmriti Singh
 
Universal design-for-learning
Universal design-for-learningUniversal design-for-learning
Universal design-for-learningSmriti Singh
 

More from Smriti Singh (7)

Mental illness and mental retardation ppt
Mental illness and mental retardation pptMental illness and mental retardation ppt
Mental illness and mental retardation ppt
 
Marxism
MarxismMarxism
Marxism
 
Teenage pregnancy....
Teenage pregnancy....Teenage pregnancy....
Teenage pregnancy....
 
Prenatal development ppt (2) final
Prenatal development ppt (2) finalPrenatal development ppt (2) final
Prenatal development ppt (2) final
 
Apgar score
Apgar scoreApgar score
Apgar score
 
Time out aba
Time out  abaTime out  aba
Time out aba
 
Universal design-for-learning
Universal design-for-learningUniversal design-for-learning
Universal design-for-learning
 

Recently uploaded

Advance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are Heard
Advance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are HeardAdvance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are Heard
Advance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are HeardVITASAuthor
 
Field exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdf
Field exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdfField exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdf
Field exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdfMohamed Miyir
 
Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...
Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...
Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...mauryashreya478
 
办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书
办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书
办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书zdzoqco
 
arpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and education
arpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and educationarpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and education
arpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and educationNursing education
 
SARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTS
SARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTSSARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTS
SARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTSNehaSaini499770
 
Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...
Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...
Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...The Lifesciences Magazine
 
FAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptx
FAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptxFAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptx
FAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptxMumux Mirani
 
TEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESS
TEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESSTEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESS
TEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESSPeterJamesVitug
 
EMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
EMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass DestructionEMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
EMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass DestructionJannelPomida
 
The future of change - strategic translation
The future of change - strategic translationThe future of change - strategic translation
The future of change - strategic translationHelenBevan4
 
Back care and back massage. powerpoint presentation
Back care and back massage. powerpoint presentationBack care and back massage. powerpoint presentation
Back care and back massage. powerpoint presentationpratiksha ghimire
 
Professional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your Home
Professional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your HomeProfessional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your Home
Professional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your HomeEarwax Doctor
 
Globalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od Dove
Globalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od DoveGlobalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od Dove
Globalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od Doveagatadrynko
 
unit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptx
unit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptxunit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptx
unit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptxBkGupta21
 
『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书
『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书
『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书rnrncn29
 
Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?
Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?
Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?HelenBevan4
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Kidney Transplant At Hiranandani Hospital
Kidney Transplant At Hiranandani HospitalKidney Transplant At Hiranandani Hospital
Kidney Transplant At Hiranandani Hospital
 
Advance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are Heard
Advance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are HeardAdvance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are Heard
Advance Directives and Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patient Voices Are Heard
 
Field exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdf
Field exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdfField exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdf
Field exchange, Issue 72 April 2024 FEX-72.pdf
 
Check Your own POSTURE & treat yourself.pptx
Check Your own POSTURE & treat yourself.pptxCheck Your own POSTURE & treat yourself.pptx
Check Your own POSTURE & treat yourself.pptx
 
Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...
Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...
Information about acne, detail description of their treatment by topical and ...
 
办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书
办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书
办理西安大略大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大UWO文凭证书
 
arpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and education
arpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and educationarpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and education
arpita 1-1.pptx management of nursing service and education
 
SARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTS
SARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTSSARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTS
SARS Cov-2 INFECTION AND ITS EMERGING VARIANTS
 
Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...
Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...
Importance of Assessing Level of Consciousness in Medical Care | The Lifescie...
 
FAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptx
FAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptxFAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptx
FAMILY in sociology for physiotherapists.pptx
 
TEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESS
TEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESSTEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESS
TEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION AND AWARENESS
 
EMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
EMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass DestructionEMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
EMS Response to Terrorism involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
 
The future of change - strategic translation
The future of change - strategic translationThe future of change - strategic translation
The future of change - strategic translation
 
Back care and back massage. powerpoint presentation
Back care and back massage. powerpoint presentationBack care and back massage. powerpoint presentation
Back care and back massage. powerpoint presentation
 
Professional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your Home
Professional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your HomeProfessional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your Home
Professional Ear Wax Cleaning Services for Your Home
 
DELIRIUM psychiatric delirium is a organic mental disorder
DELIRIUM  psychiatric  delirium is a organic mental disorderDELIRIUM  psychiatric  delirium is a organic mental disorder
DELIRIUM psychiatric delirium is a organic mental disorder
 
Globalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od Dove
Globalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od DoveGlobalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od Dove
Globalny raport: „Prawdziwe piękno 2024" od Dove
 
unit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptx
unit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptxunit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptx
unit-3 blood product B.Pharma 3rd year .pptx
 
『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书
『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书
『澳洲文凭』买莫道克大学毕业证书成绩单办理澳洲Murdoch文凭学位证书
 
Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?
Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?
Leading big change: what does it take to deliver at large scale?
 

Red ribbon hiv aids in adolescents

  • 2.  HIV  HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes AIDS.  It attacks the immune system that gives our bodies ability to fight infections.  It destroys a type of white blood cell that fight disease.  AIDS  It stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and it is a final stage of HIV infection.  It means that the virus has weakened the immune system to the point at which the body has difficult time fighting infections.
  • 3.  Within 2-4 weeks after HIV infection, many, people experience flu- like symptoms, This is called “Acute retroviral syndrome” (AR) Symptoms can include: Fever ,Swollen gland, Sore throat, Rash, Fatigue, Muscles and joint aches and pain, Headache.  After the early stage of HIV infection, the disease moves into a stage called the “clinical latency” stage. “Latency” means a period where a virus is developing in a person without producing symptom.  During this late stage of HIV infection, person have the following symptoms: Rapid weight loss, Recurring fever or profuse night sweats etc.
  • 4.  HIV can transmitted in the following ways:  Having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with a person who has HIV.  Injecting drugs with a syringe that has already been used by a person who has HIV.  Sharing infected needles for body piercing and Blood products.
  • 5.  HIV test is important to ensure you access essential treatment early and counselling about how to prevent onward transmission of the infection.  Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). This test is usually the first one used to detect infection with HIV.  Western blot. This test is more difficult than the ELISA to perform, but it is done to confirm the results of two positive ELISA tests.  Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This test finds either the RNA of the HIV virus or the HIV DNA in white blood cells infected with the virus.
  • 6.  People living with HIV have faced violent attacks been rejected by families and communities been refused medical treatment and even in some reported cases denied the last rites before they die.  It is difficult to educate people about how they can avoid infection.  Negative attitudes from health care staff have generated anxiety and fear among many people living with HIV and AIDS.  A major factor that distinguishes HIV/AIDS from another chronic or terminal illness is the stigma.
  • 7.  The Adolescent Education Programme was one of the key policy initiatives of NACP.  AEP is implemented by the Department of Education in collaboration with the State AIDS Prevention and Control Societies.  The Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) aims at:  Co-curricular adolescence education in classes 9th -11th .  Curricular adolescence education in classes 9th -11th and life skills education in classes 1st - 8th .  Inclusion of HIV prevention education in pre-service and in- service teacher training and teacher education programmes.
  • 8.  Inclusion of HIV prevention education in the programmes for out-of-school adolescents and young persons, and  Incorporating measures to prevent stigma and discrimination against learners/students and educators and life skills education into education policy for HIV prevention.  Under the programme, teachers and peer educators are trained, who, in turn, conduct the programme amongst the student community.
  • 9. NACO IN ACTION  National AIDS Control Organisation’s work and programme has objectives of bringing about HIV prevention and providing treatment to people living with HIV.  NACO establishes an interface with the health service organisations through meetings, seminars and training programmes in sensitising and training healthcare providers for prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS.  Through the State AIDS Prevention and Control Societies (SACS) and various NGOs, NACO guides prevention programme at state, district and village level that reaches out to health workers, high risk groups, bridge population and particularly women.
  • 10.  Red Ribbon Club is a voluntary on- campus intervention programme for students in educational institutions.  It is initiated and supported by the SACS and implemented through multi- sectoral collaboration, particularly using the services of cadre officers of the State’s NSS.  The club is proposed to be established in every school and college to provide youth with access to information on HIV/AIDS and voluntary blood donation.  The club also works towards promotion of life skills to bring about behavioural change among the youth. Already RRCs are established in more than 16,000 schools and colleges.
  • 11.  Research conducted in AIIMS (2012) - major findings of study was the appalling disparity between the sexes at different levels, their association with HIV and its impact on their daily lives.  This transient population (10-14 yrs) is extremely important as not only do they constitute the new generation of infected individuals who are native and dependent on others for care, but also require specialized intervention strategies owing to the unique nature of the infection.
  • 12.  It was observed that the proportion of adolescent boys seeking the services of the ICTC was more as compared to that of girls.  Age is important risk factor for the HIV/AIDS.
  • 13.  Special developmental issues for teenagers regarding HIV exposure.  please tell your friends and families about it, make sure the facts are properly relayed. Ensure human rights are preserved and stigma is avoided.  professionals concerned with adolescents can help reduce HIV transmission among youth by supporting the adoption of programs that hold promise for reducing adolescent unprotected sex.  Suggest a hierarchy of recommended behaviors that identifies abstinence as the best, or preferred method but also provides information about sexual risk reduction strategies, without placing one approach above another.
  • 14.  BOOK: Sharma. Namita. (2007). Know Hiv/Aids. Hiv/aids In women and children of india. New Delhi: Pearl Books. (pp.1-14).  WEBSITE: http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/signs-and- symptoms/ p://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3701354 http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-india.htm#sthash.Lilf3o3D.dpuf http://www.pamf.org/parenting-teens/sexuality/stds/hiv- aids/aids.html#top http://www.naco.gov.in/NACO/Quick_Links/Youth/School_Age _Education_Program_SAEP/