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Lesson 2 Adventure Sports and Leadership Training

This is the second lesson for CBSE Grade XII students of Physical Education. All new topics included

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Lesson 2 Adventure Sports and Leadership Training

  1. 1. An introduction to Digital Marketing March 2013
  2. 2. An introduction to Digital Marketing March 2013
  3. 3. 2 Chapter 2 2.1 Meaning and objective of Adventure Sports 2.2 Types of Activities-Camping, Rock Climbing, Tracking, River Rafting and Mountaineering 2.3 Material Requirement and Safety Measures 2.4 Identification and Use of Natural Resources 2.5 Conservation of Environment 2.6 Creating Leaders through Physical Education
  4. 4. 3 2.1 Meaning of Adventure Sports . • Outdoor sports or Activity in which the participants compete in a natural Environment, more against themselves than against others
  5. 5. 4 Objective of Adventure Sports . 1. To make effort to minimise pollution factors and uplift natural environment 2. To get information about the area and its topography 3. To develop sense of togetherness, team effort and leadership abilities 4. To improve physical fitness
  6. 6. 5 Objective of Adventure Sports . 5. To provides recreation, excitement and thrill 6. To improve bonding with nature 7. To face the challenges against adverse situations effectively 8. To encourage creativity 9. To improve social relations
  7. 7. 6 2.2 Types of Activities A. Camping B. Rock Climbing C. Trekking D. River Rafting E. Mountaineering
  8. 8. 7 Camping • Outdoor recreational activity • Spend few days away from the routine life in the lap of nature along with colleagues, friends or member of any group • Types of Camping:  Back Packing  Tent Packing  Canoe Camping  Recreational Vehicle Camping  Survivalist Camping
  9. 9. 8 Objectives of Camping • To develop self confidence and satisfaction • To develop skills of self-expression and communication • To develop healthy personal relationship with others • To provide an opportunity to students to be independent and self-discipline • To develop the qualities of responsibility and leadership • To develop team spirit and a sense of belonging to the camp
  10. 10. 9 Rock Climbing • Participants climbs up, down or across natural rock formation • Physically and mentally demanding sport which tests strength, endurance, agility and balance • Types of Rock Climbing:  Free Climbing  Bouldering  Sport Climbing  Aid Climbing  Solo Climbing  Lead Climbing  Traditional Climbing
  11. 11. 10 Trekking • It is a long adventurous journey undertaken on foot in areas where common means of transport are not available • Trekkers use natural resources • Trekkers should not disturb or spoil the nature • Trekkers carry important materials like tent, sleeping bags, food supply, ropes, safety kits etc with them
  12. 12. 11 Motivation for Trekking • Meet the challenges of the trek • Enjoy the beauty of nature • Spiritual pilgrimage like Amarnath, Vaishno Devi shrine • Sense of achievement • Physical fitness
  13. 13. 12 Types of Trekking • Easy Trekking • Moderate Trekking • Strenuous Trekking • Difficult Trekking
  14. 14. 13 River Rafting • It is a challenging recreational outdoor activity in which a raft is used for transport in water • It is considered as an extreme sport • It involves use of a raft for navigation through rough and untamed water rush of a river.
  15. 15. 14 River Rafting: Grades of Difficulty • Grade I: very small areas, easy waves, mainly flat water. No manouevering required • Grade II: Some rough water. There may be some rocks. Some manouevering required • Grade III: There may be difficult passages. Due to bubble, the water may look white. Requires significant manouevering. Experienced and strong paddling skills are required.
  16. 16. 15 River Rafting: Grades of Difficulty • Grade IV: There may be large waves and rocks. Requires sharp manouevering & experience. • Grade V: Extremely difficult level. Large waves, large rocks and large volume of water. Requires very precise manouevering. Participants with advanced experience should attempt • Grade VI: Rafters can expect to face huge waves. Demands great physical and mental toughness. Can cause serious injury or death.
  17. 17. 16 Mountaineering • It is a risky adventure sport • It is considered as an extreme sport • It requires a lot of planning & equipment • It requires:  Physical fitness  Endurance  Determination  Ascending and descending skills over snow clad peaks in extremely hostile conditions
  18. 18. 17 2.3 Material required for Camping • Tents • Sleeping bags • Lanterns • First aid kit • Drinking water • Food Supplies • Fuel • Camp Chairs
  19. 19. 18 Safety Measures for Camping • Pack a first aid kit for any emergency • Learn the ABC’s of treating emergencies. Attend to a victim until medical help arrives • Get the weather report before leaving for camping • Reach the campsite with enough daylight to check over the complete site • Avoid areas of natural hazards • Build fire in safe areas and keep it separate
  20. 20. 19 Safety Measures for Camping • Never use a flame inside the tent. Use a flash light instead of candle • Close the entrance of the tent while entering or leaving • Don’t leave the waste products in open area. Recycle them. • Beware when encountering Wildlife • Maintain the cleanliness around campsite • Make sure to extinguish fire completely • Beware of poisonous plants
  21. 21. 20 Material Required for Rock Climbing • Helmet for protection • Belay Devices • Belay Gloves • Harness or a set of straps for fastening • Rubber climbing shoes • Rappel devices • Climbing ropes • Carabiner or hooks with safety lock
  22. 22. 21 Safety Measures for Rock Climbing • Before starting climbing , check that climber’s and belaye’s harness buckles are doubled back • Before starting climbing always check knots • While climbing a rock always wear a helmet • Ensure that the climbing is long enough to reach the anchors • While belaying, always pay attention to the leader of the group • Take some time with each step • Check knots, harness buckle, belay etc frequently
  23. 23. 22 Material Required for Trekking • Tent • Sleeping bag • Jacket • Raincoat • Trekking Shoes • Trekking Rod • Backpack • Water bottle • First Aid kit • Food material and Cooking utensils
  24. 24. 23 Safety measures for Trekking • Avoid trekking during rainy season • Check the weather report before heading for a trekking trip • To prevent insect bite wear full sleeve shirt and full pant • Check and double check all the necessary items before starting the trip • Don’t eat leaves, flowers etc while trekking as it may be poisonous
  25. 25. 24 Materials Required for River Rafting • Life jacket or vest • A swim suit. • Additional clothing ( T-shirts, shorts ) • Sun glasses • Helmet • Sunscreen Lotions • First aid box • Personal medication • Sun shade or cap • Plastic bag for wet clothing • Waterproof bag
  26. 26. 25 Safety Measures for River Rafting • Only good swimmers should go for river rafting • Wear life jacket and helmet • Get information about the classification of the river • Check the equipment to make sure that everything is in place and nothing has become defective • End your trip before darkness • Drink plenty of liquid during and after the rafting
  27. 27. 26 Mountaineering Equipment • Slings • Pulleys & Ascenders • Ice axe, hammer • Camming Devices • Mountaineering boots • Crampons • Backpacks • Mountaineering poles • Ropes and rope bags
  28. 28. 27 Mountaineering Equipment • Snow Shoes • Sunglasses • Sun hats • Face mask • Light Gloves, Mild Gloves & Heavy Gloves • Personal first aid kit • Lip screen, Sun screen • Helmets • Headlamp
  29. 29. 28 Safety Measures for Mountaineering • Dehydration is common occurrence , hence drink lot of water • Good physical fitness is a must • Be aware of your surroundings • Be mindful of fellow mountaineers • In very low temperature one may fall prey to hypothermia, so stay dry and warm • Check for weather reports • Carry your personal medication and first aid kit
  30. 30. 29 2.4 Identification & Use of Natural Resources • Renewable Natural Resources • Sunlight • Air • Wind • Non-Renewable Natural Resources • Minerals • Fossil Fuels • Forest • Wild life
  31. 31. 30 Use of Natural Resources • Water • Most significant natural resource • Wastage of water should be avoided • Recycling of water in toilets, irrigation • Natural Gas • Minimise use by finding alternate methods
  32. 32. 31 Use of Natural Resources • Fossil Fuels • Limited amount available on earth • Renewable resources like solar, hydro power may be used for car & other vehicles • Forest • Uncontrolled felling of trees/ deforestation • Expansion of agriculture land, commercial plantation, over grazing, dam projects, mining, adventure tourism and tourism • Use of wood in construction
  33. 33. 32 2.5 Conservation of Environment 1. Meaning of Conservation of surroundings or Environment 2. Suggestions for Conservation of Surroundings or Environment a) Conservation of Forests b) Conservation of Water c) Conservation of Energy d) Conservation of Food
  34. 34. 33 2.5 Conservation of Environment • Sustainable use as well as management of natural resources such as wildlife, water, air, energy and earth deposits • Educating Environmental Sciences • Rigorous Environmental Laws • Implementing Rules • Proper Guidance • Checking Pollution • Eco-friendly gadgets • Planting Trees • Associating with organization
  35. 35. 34 2.6 Creating Leaders Through Physical Education • Meaning and Definition of Leadership a) Leadership is a process of influencing the activities of an organised group for any goal achievement b) Leadership is the quality which enables the person to take initiative and guide others in performing some required task c) The capacity to rally people for common purpose
  36. 36. 35 Leadership Qualities 1. Energetic 2. Friendliness and Affection 3. Decisiveness 4. Technically Skilled 5. Intelligent 6. Teaching Skill 7. Creative 8. Interest in Research
  37. 37. 36 Leadership Qualities 9. Good Health 10.Dedication and Determination 11.High Motor Capacity 12.Respect for other People 13.Social 14.Logical and Decision Maker 15.Morality and Loyalty 16.Good Communicator
  38. 38. 37 Process for Creating Leaders Through Physical education 1. Identify the students with different skills like motivating team, communication , planning and observe their progress 2. Identify the new students with leadership quality and provide them opportunity to lead
  39. 39. 38 Process for Creating Leaders Through Physical education 3. Approach for improving leadership skills a. Give various responsibilities of an event b. Provide leadership training c. Provide regular opportunity to improve d. Recognise their achievement by facilitating them at different forums 4. Have faith and confidence in your students if they faulter