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Myths and TruthsAbout Leadership and Your Leadership Development            Ron Riggio, Ph.D.             Kravis Leadershi...
1. Are LeadersBorn or Made?
Thank You.Have a Great Conference!
Made    Studies of identical twins  suggest that  leadership isabout 2/3 “made” and about 1/3      “born”                I...
…But, what about?          Taller candidates winning the          election?          Extroverts are more likely to be     ...
2. True or False?Leadership and ManagementAre Fundamentally Different.
False           “Managers do things right,          leaders do the right things”Managers have supervisoryresponsibilities ...
3. True or False?Leaders Lead and Followers Follow
False                                     Exemplary  Both leaders       The best     followers share AND followers     lea...
4. Who Leads Better:   Men or Women?
Women                   Women tend to have:        More“transformational”                             Greater             ...
5: True or False?Most Leadership DevelopmentPrograms Don’t Really Work.
False         A recent analysis of 100 years of        leadership development programs               shows that they work ...
Developing Your Leadership 3 Steps to Making You a Better Leader
Developing Your Leadership Step 1: Motivation to Lead and to Develop   – Many elements apply to both leaders and     exemp...
Step 2: A Model to Guide Your LeadershipDevelopment: Transformational LeadershipWhat is Transformational Leadership?    Tr...
Components of TransformationalLeadership              Components              1. Inspire           2. Be a Positive       ...
Components of TransformationalLeadership  1. Inspire    (Inspirational Motivation)    The best leaders are inspirational. ...
Components of TransformationalLeadership  2. Be a Positive Role Model    (Idealized Influence)  KEY: “Walk the Talk”
Components of TransformationalLeadership  3. Connect & Communicate    (Individualized Consideration)  KEY: Determine Feeli...
Components of TransformationalLeadership  4. Challenge    (Intellectual Stimulation)  KEY: Challenge Assumptions  KEY: Enc...
RECAP: TransformationalLeadership                       Inspire1. Inspire2. Be a Positive                 Role   Role Mode...
Step 3: How to Develop YourPersonal Leadership Self-Awareness is CRITICAL    – Self-Analysis: What do you want to develop?...
KEY POINT:          Personal vs. Team        Leadership Development• Developing yourself as a leader is different  from de...
Leadership & Ethics:“Effective” Leadership vs.    “Good” Leadership
Good Leaders…(as opposed to effective leaders)  • do the right things vs. simply getting    things done  • are “responsibl...
How to think about “good” or“ethical” leadership?Virtue ethics:     4 Cardinal Virtues:  Aristotle                  PRUDEN...
Prudence • Good Leaders Possess Wisdom:   – They consider different sides or viewpoints   – They solicit advice and counse...
Fortitude • Good Leaders (and Followers) are   Courageous   – They have passion   – They persevere and persist   – They ha...
Temperance • Good Leaders are Temperate and   Practice Moderation:   – They have emotional intelligence (they rein     in ...
Justice • Good leaders are Fair and Just:   – They give credit when credit is due   – They don’t take credit for others’ i...
Summary & Conclusions • Leadership is complex, but critical to   effective organizations (and careers) • Both leaders and ...
“Leadership is a journey… Conclusion                   …not a destination”“Leadership is a journey…                       ...
Thank You.Have a Great Conference!
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Myths & Truths About Leadership & Your Leadership Development

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UPA International Conference 2012
June 4, 2012
Opening keynote by Professor Ron Riggio

Published in: Business, Education
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Myths & Truths About Leadership & Your Leadership Development

  1. 1. Myths and TruthsAbout Leadership and Your Leadership Development Ron Riggio, Ph.D. Kravis Leadership Institute Claremont McKenna College
  2. 2. 1. Are LeadersBorn or Made?
  3. 3. Thank You.Have a Great Conference!
  4. 4. Made Studies of identical twins suggest that leadership isabout 2/3 “made” and about 1/3 “born” If not, then we are wasting our time on leadership development.
  5. 5. …But, what about? Taller candidates winning the election? Extroverts are more likely to be chosen as leaders? Males are more likely to be chosen as leaders? Charisma? Don’t some people have a “gift” for leadership?
  6. 6. 2. True or False?Leadership and ManagementAre Fundamentally Different.
  7. 7. False “Managers do things right, leaders do the right things”Managers have supervisoryresponsibilities that demand Effective leadership is about leadership and effective both managing and leading. leaders need to manage.
  8. 8. 3. True or False?Leaders Lead and Followers Follow
  9. 9. False Exemplary Both leaders The best followers share AND followers leaders are in creatingtogether create also the best leadership– the leadership followers co-production of leadership
  10. 10. 4. Who Leads Better: Men or Women?
  11. 11. Women Women tend to have: More“transformational” Greater More concern for qualities participation in ethical leadership(esp. relationship- higher education building skills)
  12. 12. 5: True or False?Most Leadership DevelopmentPrograms Don’t Really Work.
  13. 13. False A recent analysis of 100 years of leadership development programs shows that they work Some approaches are better than others, but improvement typically occurs The key is motivation to develop and time invested
  14. 14. Developing Your Leadership 3 Steps to Making You a Better Leader
  15. 15. Developing Your Leadership Step 1: Motivation to Lead and to Develop – Many elements apply to both leaders and exemplary followers – Commitment: Realize that leadership development is hard work
  16. 16. Step 2: A Model to Guide Your LeadershipDevelopment: Transformational LeadershipWhat is Transformational Leadership? Transformational leadership occurs when one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality. -James MacGregor Burns Two meanings: Includes an element of ethics/morality 1. Transforming organizations / groups 2. Transforming followers (into leaders)
  17. 17. Components of TransformationalLeadership Components 1. Inspire 2. Be a Positive Role Model 3. Connect & Communicate 4. Challenge
  18. 18. Components of TransformationalLeadership 1. Inspire (Inspirational Motivation) The best leaders are inspirational. KEY: The Power of Positive Expectations & the Pygmalion Effect KEY: Inspire Commitment to the Shared Mission
  19. 19. Components of TransformationalLeadership 2. Be a Positive Role Model (Idealized Influence) KEY: “Walk the Talk”
  20. 20. Components of TransformationalLeadership 3. Connect & Communicate (Individualized Consideration) KEY: Determine Feelings & Needs KEY: Check-in Regularly
  21. 21. Components of TransformationalLeadership 4. Challenge (Intellectual Stimulation) KEY: Challenge Assumptions KEY: Encourage Innovation
  22. 22. RECAP: TransformationalLeadership Inspire1. Inspire2. Be a Positive Role Role Model C&C Model3. Connect & Communicate Challenge4. Challenge Transformational Leadership
  23. 23. Step 3: How to Develop YourPersonal Leadership Self-Awareness is CRITICAL – Self-Analysis: What do you want to develop? • Get Feedback (either formal or informal) • Build in Self-Reflection Time Throughout the Process – Set Clear and Measurable Self-Development Goals • Assess Goal Attainment; Celebrate “Small Wins” – Choose Methods That Fit YOU! • (e.g., Formal Courses; Mentoring/Coaching, etc.) • Consider Finding a Learning Partner
  24. 24. KEY POINT: Personal vs. Team Leadership Development• Developing yourself as a leader is different from developing your team’s leadership capacity• Realize that leadership – at the team level – involves the co-production of leadership• Realize the strength of the transformational leadership model (developing your personal leadership and your followers/colleagues)
  25. 25. Leadership & Ethics:“Effective” Leadership vs. “Good” Leadership
  26. 26. Good Leaders…(as opposed to effective leaders) • do the right things vs. simply getting things done • are “responsible leaders” • limit “collateral damage” • develop followers • leave the team and the organization better off than they found it
  27. 27. How to think about “good” or“ethical” leadership?Virtue ethics: 4 Cardinal Virtues: Aristotle PRUDENCE FORTITUDE • Or WISDOM • Or COURAGE TEMPERANCE JUSTICE • Or MODERATION • Or FAIRNESS
  28. 28. Prudence • Good Leaders Possess Wisdom: – They consider different sides or viewpoints – They solicit advice and counsel – They deliberate and use good judgment
  29. 29. Fortitude • Good Leaders (and Followers) are Courageous – They have passion – They persevere and persist – They have a strong sense of right and wrong – They aren’t afraid to stand up for or to their leaders
  30. 30. Temperance • Good Leaders are Temperate and Practice Moderation: – They have emotional intelligence (they rein in their emotions, and express appropriately – They possess HUMILITY – They know their deficiencies and limitations (important for leader development)
  31. 31. Justice • Good leaders are Fair and Just: – They give credit when credit is due – They don’t take credit for others’ ideas or efforts – They are unselfish – They treat others well
  32. 32. Summary & Conclusions • Leadership is complex, but critical to effective organizations (and careers) • Both leaders and followers need leadership (co-production) • Leadership CAN be developed
  33. 33. “Leadership is a journey… Conclusion …not a destination”“Leadership is a journey… …not a destination” Your journey begins today Your journey begins TODAY.
  34. 34. Thank You.Have a Great Conference!

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