Made Studies of identical twins suggest that leadership isabout 2/3 “made” and about 1/3 “born” If not, then we are wasting our time on leadership development.
…But, what about? Taller candidates winning the election? Extroverts are more likely to be chosen as leaders? Males are more likely to be chosen as leaders? Charisma? Don’t some people have a “gift” for leadership?
2. True or False?Leadership and ManagementAre Fundamentally Different.
False “Managers do things right, leaders do the right things”Managers have supervisoryresponsibilities that demand Effective leadership is about leadership and effective both managing and leading. leaders need to manage.
3. True or False?Leaders Lead and Followers Follow
False Exemplary Both leaders The best followers share AND followers leaders are in creatingtogether create also the best leadership– the leadership followers co-production of leadership
Women Women tend to have: More“transformational” Greater More concern for qualities participation in ethical leadership(esp. relationship- higher education building skills)
5: True or False?Most Leadership DevelopmentPrograms Don’t Really Work.
False A recent analysis of 100 years of leadership development programs shows that they work Some approaches are better than others, but improvement typically occurs The key is motivation to develop and time invested
Developing Your Leadership 3 Steps to Making You a Better Leader
Developing Your Leadership Step 1: Motivation to Lead and to Develop – Many elements apply to both leaders and exemplary followers – Commitment: Realize that leadership development is hard work
Step 2: A Model to Guide Your LeadershipDevelopment: Transformational LeadershipWhat is Transformational Leadership? Transformational leadership occurs when one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality. -James MacGregor Burns Two meanings: Includes an element of ethics/morality 1. Transforming organizations / groups 2. Transforming followers (into leaders)
Components of TransformationalLeadership Components 1. Inspire 2. Be a Positive Role Model 3. Connect & Communicate 4. Challenge
Components of TransformationalLeadership 1. Inspire (Inspirational Motivation) The best leaders are inspirational. KEY: The Power of Positive Expectations & the Pygmalion Effect KEY: Inspire Commitment to the Shared Mission
Components of TransformationalLeadership 2. Be a Positive Role Model (Idealized Influence) KEY: “Walk the Talk”
RECAP: TransformationalLeadership Inspire1. Inspire2. Be a Positive Role Role Model C&C Model3. Connect & Communicate Challenge4. Challenge Transformational Leadership
Step 3: How to Develop YourPersonal Leadership Self-Awareness is CRITICAL – Self-Analysis: What do you want to develop? • Get Feedback (either formal or informal) • Build in Self-Reflection Time Throughout the Process – Set Clear and Measurable Self-Development Goals • Assess Goal Attainment; Celebrate “Small Wins” – Choose Methods That Fit YOU! • (e.g., Formal Courses; Mentoring/Coaching, etc.) • Consider Finding a Learning Partner
KEY POINT: Personal vs. Team Leadership Development• Developing yourself as a leader is different from developing your team’s leadership capacity• Realize that leadership – at the team level – involves the co-production of leadership• Realize the strength of the transformational leadership model (developing your personal leadership and your followers/colleagues)
Leadership & Ethics:“Effective” Leadership vs. “Good” Leadership
Good Leaders…(as opposed to effective leaders) • do the right things vs. simply getting things done • are “responsible leaders” • limit “collateral damage” • develop followers • leave the team and the organization better off than they found it
How to think about “good” or“ethical” leadership?Virtue ethics: 4 Cardinal Virtues: Aristotle PRUDENCE FORTITUDE • Or WISDOM • Or COURAGE TEMPERANCE JUSTICE • Or MODERATION • Or FAIRNESS
Prudence • Good Leaders Possess Wisdom: – They consider different sides or viewpoints – They solicit advice and counsel – They deliberate and use good judgment
Fortitude • Good Leaders (and Followers) are Courageous – They have passion – They persevere and persist – They have a strong sense of right and wrong – They aren’t afraid to stand up for or to their leaders
Temperance • Good Leaders are Temperate and Practice Moderation: – They have emotional intelligence (they rein in their emotions, and express appropriately – They possess HUMILITY – They know their deficiencies and limitations (important for leader development)
Justice • Good leaders are Fair and Just: – They give credit when credit is due – They don’t take credit for others’ ideas or efforts – They are unselfish – They treat others well
Summary & Conclusions • Leadership is complex, but critical to effective organizations (and careers) • Both leaders and followers need leadership (co-production) • Leadership CAN be developed
“Leadership is a journey… Conclusion …not a destination”“Leadership is a journey… …not a destination” Your journey begins today Your journey begins TODAY.