Gender Equality as aSubsidiary Objective of Swedish Transport Policy - What Has Happened Since 2001? Åsa Vagland, VINNOVA Transportforum 2011
Disposition of the Presentation• Background – before the objective in 2001• What happened between 2001 and 2004?• What has happened since 2004?• Analysis and conclusions• What will happen next?
Background Before the Objective1994 National directive to analyse gender equality1998 Transport Policy for Sustainable Development1999 Gender Equality Council for Transport and IT (Jämit)2001 Infrastructure for a Long-term Sustainable Transport System
BackgroundThe Transport Policy Objectives “The overall objective is to ensure socially,economically efficient and long-term sustainable transport resources for the public and industry throughout Sweden”Six subsidiary objectives: Accessibility, regionaldevelopment, transport quality, traffic safety,environment and gender equality
Background Gender Equality in the Transport System“The transport system shall be designed so that it meets both men’s and women’s transport requirements. Women and men shall have the sameopportunities to influence the construction, design and management of the transport system, and their values shall be given equal weight.”
2001-2004 After the Decision 2001Commissions to SIKA and the transport agencies:• Intermediate Objectives• Effects of Infrastructure Measures• Proportion men/women in working groups• Analyse men’s and women’s usage and impact on development and managementObjective developed about distribution of powerand influence within every mode of transport.
Since 2004What Has Happened Since2004?• On the political arena• Governmental briefs and guidelines
Since 2004On the Political Arena• Governmental bill on gender equality, 2006• ”New” government, 2006• Reorganisation of the transport sector• Governmental bill on transport policy, 2006• Governmental bill on transport policy, 2009
Since 2004Government Bill on TransportPolicy 2006• Gender mainstreaming - all other subsidiary objectives should be analysed through a gender perspective• Intermediate objective on representation in steering committees
Since 2004Government Bill on TransportPolicy 2009• New transport policy decision adopted• The overall objective kept the same• New structure on objectives: – Functional objective: Accessibility – Impact objective: Health, safety and environment
Since 2004Functional Objective:Accessibility“The design, function and use of the transportsystem will contribute to provide everyonewith basic accessibility of good quality andfunctionality and to development capacitythroughout the country. The transportsystem will be gender equal, meeting thetransport needs of both women and menequally.”
Since 2004Governmental Briefs andGuidelines• 1997-2008 same briefs and similar annual guidelines: defined assignments analysing their efforts towards the objectives• 2009: shorter, less detailed annual guidelines, no special assignments stated
Analysis and Conclusions• Political decision• Awareness• Effects of new governments
AnalysisThe Political Decision in 2001Was Essential• It started the gender mainstreaming process within the transport sector in Sweden• The transport agencies would never have come this far without the objective• The commissions in the guidelines forced the transport agencies to report back• More mature discussion 2005 and onwards
AnalysisHaving Said That…• Effects of the objective difficult to measure and on a long-term perspective• The present transport system is the result of investments made over long time• Today’s transport system is explained by the values and needs of the past politicians and planners.
AnalysisTransport Agencies Are AwareThat …• It makes a difference who is involved in the processes of planning, designing and maintaining• Knowledge and competence is needed when working towards gender equality
AnalysisMen/Women in ExecutiveBoards 2004 and 2008 Source:SIKA
AnalysisMen/Women in SteeringCommittees 2004 and 2008 Source:SIKA
AnalysisMen/Women Managers in theTransport Agencies, 2008 Source:SIKA
AnalysisEffects of the New Government• New transport objectives• Rephrasing governmental guidelines• Reorganisation of the transport sector How will this effect the gender equality?
AnalysisThe New Transport Objectives• The subsidiary objective on gender equality is no longer valid.• What effect will this have on the gender equality in the transport sector?• How much will the gender equality perspective influence the future infrastructure plans?• Will the transport agencies continue the work towards gender equality?
AnalysisRephrasing the guidelines• Without objectives and annual assignments to report to the Government …• … the whole governing structure for the governmental agencies is changed• The long-term effects are not known yet!
AnalysisReorganisation of theTransport Sector• Depending on the new governmental briefs and the executive board for the new transport agency…• … the way the transport agencies have worked could change• also how the knowledge and competence on gender mainstreaming are taken onboard in the new organisation
What Will Happen In theFuture?• What decisions will future Governments and Parliaments take?• Is it possible to reintroduce a gender equality objective again?• Is it desirable to reintroduce it?• Do Sweden still need a gender equality objective within the transport sector?
Thank you for your attention! Åsa Vagland + 46 8 473 30 65 asa.vagland@VINNOVA.se