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Criticism on Modernism.pptx

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Criticism on Modernism.pptx

  1. 1. CRITICISM ON MODERNISM Group six
  2. 2. What is Modernism? • Modernism in architecture is an architectural movement or an architectural style based upon new innovative technologies of construction, particularly the use of glass, steel, and reinforced concrete; the idea that form should follow function (functionalism); an embrace of minimalism; and rejection of ornament. • It emerged at the end of the 19th century from revolutions in technology, engineering, and building materials, and from a desire to break away from historical architectural styles and to invent something that was purely functional and new.
  3. 3. • The Berlin Philharmonic Hall (Hans Scharoun, 1956-63) • The Sydney Opera House ( John Utzon, 1957-73)
  4. 4. Modernism Architecture has these features generally: • Little or no ornamentation • Factory-made parts • Man made materials such as metal and concrete • Emphasis on function • Rebellion against traditional styles • Clean lines
  5. 5. So, What are the Pros About Modernism? • Multi stylistic inspiring, activating creativity and imagination of the designer and also future designer. • Well functional Since form follows function, they give emphasis to function rather than forms
  6. 6. … pros continued • Use of building materials that are stronger, lighter and taller.  Glass ( Transparent, can be recycled, UV stable, easily molded, aesthetic) Steel (elastic and ductile in factories, high tensile strength, durable) Concrete (high compressive strength, easily molded, high availability) • Asymmetrical designs Modern architects played around with large, smooth shapes and asymmetrical compositions that were cleanly planed and lacked any additional decoration.
  7. 7. How About the Cons of Modernism? • Cultural influence Geometrical abstraction is imposed on the natural and traditional landscapes of countries and their societies, thus violently destroying the urban and cultural fabrics of the past. • Aesthetical Value One of the major characteristics of modernism architecture is that they have little or no ornaments. This in turn has an impact on its aesthetics. • High Energy consumption Buildings in modernism architecture utilize a huge amount of energy both before & during their construction through their life span.
  8. 8. … cons continued • Limitations due to building materials Glass (Brittle, affected by alkali ions, traps heat, needs regular cleaning) Steel (susceptible for corrosion, low compressive strength, reactive for temperature changes) Concrete(low tensile strength, massive, not sustainable (5% of world total carbon emission.)
  9. 9. ANY QUESTIONS? Thank you

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