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Knowledge Organization Lis 653 Spring 2017 Class Posters

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Knowledge Organization Lis 653 Spring 2017 Class Posters

  1. 1. A cooperative of museums, libraries and archives has been formed to both develop administrative structure and turn the prototype search tool into a permanent platform SNAC prototype tool is currently available at http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/sna c/search
  2. 2. Marginalization in the Dewey Decimal Classification SystemHilary Baribeau, Kevin Cosenza, Heather V. Hill & Megan Westman LIS 653-01 Knowledge Organization | Dr Cristina Pattuelli | Spring 2017 Research Questions To examine marginalization and the Dewey Decimal Classification System, we identified the following central research questions: 1. Does DDC address the needs of marginalized user groups? 2. What are some of the groups that are not well represented or supported by DDC? 3. Are there consistent issues related to DDC and these groups or do the challenges vary widely based on the population? Marginalized Communities -Most materials in “History”, “Other”, “Miscellaneous”, placing these communities on the outside of national identity -Lack of tribal distinction/reference to unique sovereignty, sign of colonial bias/ignorance -Materials inaccessible to indigenous communities, both as a public resource and as a knowledge organization system -Still associate with terms such as Primitive -Christianity has 230-280 in the DDC, Islam has only 297 -Muslim-majority countries have issues with their collections -Indonesia had 4 separate conferences: suggestions not widely used -Libraries use other systems in conjunction w/ DDC or alter it - Trans & intersex people have historically been considered monsters, medical anomalies, and sexual deviants - New entry at 306.768, “Transgenderism and intersexuality,” under the larger heading 306.76 “Sexual orientation, transgenderism” in 23rd edition - DDCS could improve terminology, placement, & connection to LGBTIQ+ community - Children were not allowed in libraries when DDC was created - Accessibility issues: decimals, fiction vs nonfiction, concept separation -Adult belief in transference is prioritized over child’s needs - Efforts to improve kids classification include varying subject organization (Dewey-Lite, Genrifying) and ditching DDC entirely (Metis, BISAC). Method & Framework We consulted existing research and examined how DDC interacts with four communities: Muslims, indigenous populations, trans and intersex individuals, and children. In comparing these communities, we identified three major similarities in the failure of the DDC to address needs: We use these factors to frame our discussion of the problems DDC presents for these communities. Conclusion Knowledge Organization systems are not static; they are living documents which evolve based on social and academic discourse. They are powerful representations of socio-cultural thought processes. DDC should make more of an effort to include marginalized communities in the development of knowledge organization in order to address outdated biases. 1. HISTORICAL CONTEXT 2. ACCESS 3. AUTHORITY & AGENCY Muslims Indigenous Populations Trans and Intersex Individuals Children Nutt, A. E. (2016). Becoming Nicole: The transformation of an American family. New York, NY: Random House. 306.76/80973 Too long Non- fiction SCAN THE QR CODE FOR A FULL LIST OF OUR REFERENCES Sexual orientation, transgenderis m Conflates sexuality & sex/gender Sunni and Shi’a under one number Not specific enough to be clear Young, E. (1998). The lost horse: A chinese folktale. San Diego, CA: Silver Whistle. 398.2095102 A catch-all classificati on Not an accurate representati on
  3. 3. Sara Magin_41841_assignsubmission_file_Poster .pptx
  4. 4. Linked Open Data Linked data was developed to allow deeper and more complex connections to be made between ideas and keywords. By linking data, one idea can be connected to countless others. This is especially true if data is left open and available for use. Linked open data has the potential to entirely remake the web into a much more complex and intuitive utility. Unique Resource Identifiers underpin linked open data by appending to each entity/item a unique and persistent name (or identifier). This makes possible disambiguation of entities with the same name and provides authority control across spelling variations and different languages (e.g. Rome, Roma, Рим, 羅馬) BIBFRAME is a catalog system launched in 2011 by the Library of Congress, intended to make bibliographic information more accessible throughout the library community and beyond by using linked data standards. LOD: BIBFRAME Eric Toole, Sara Magin & Melisa McCarthy LIS 653- Spring ‘17 -Berners-Lee T. (2006-07-27). Linked Data - Design Issues. Retreived from https://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html -Berners-Lee, T. (2009, February). The Next Web. Retrieved April 1, 2017, from https://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web -Dean, J.W. (2013). Charles A. Cutter and Edward Tufte: Coming to a library near you via BIBFRAME. In the Library with a Lead Pipe. Retrieved from http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2013/charles-a-cutter-and- -Guerrini, M., & Possemato, T. (2013). Linked data: a new alphabet for the semantic web. JLIS.it, 4(1), 67-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-6305 -Hellman, S., Lehmann, J. & Auer, S. (2012). Linked-Data Aware URI Schemes for Referencing Text Fragments. In A. ten Tejie, J. Volker, et. al (Ed.s) Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management: 18th International Conference (pp. 175-184). New York, NY: Springer Publishing. http://jens- lehmann.org/files/2012/ekaw_nif.pdf -Heath, T., Hepp, M., and Bizer, C. (2009). Linked Data -- The Story So Far. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems, Vol. 5(3), pp. 1-22.http://linkeddata.org/docs/ijswis-special-issue -Konopic, M. (2016, September 29). DBPedia. Retrieved April 1, 2017, from http://wiki.dbpedia.org/ -Kroeger, A. (2013). The road to BIBFRAME: The evolution of the idea of bibliographic transition into a post-MARC future. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 51. Retrieved from https://www.dropbox.com/s/1b2dtzwuvbxvwzg/Kroeger.pdf?dl=0 -Miller, E. & Ogbuji, U. (2012) Bibliographic framework as a web of data: Linked data model and supporting services. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/pdf/marcld-report-11-21- 2012.pdf -Mukherjee, S., Yang, G., Tan, W., & Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2003). Automatic discovery of semantic structures in HTML documents. In Seventh International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, 2003. Proceedings. (pp. 245–249 vol.1). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDAR.2003.1227667 -Overview of BIBFRAME. (n.d.) Library of Congress. Retrieved from https://www.loc.gov/bibframe/docs/bibframe2-model.html FURTHER READING:OVERVIEW IDENTIFIERS: URI’s
  5. 5. METADATA FOR ARCHIVES AND SPECIAL COLLECTIONS Alex Vastola & Ryan Marino EAD EAD (Encoded Archival Description) was first created in 1998 and is an XML (Extensible Markup Language) document written as a group of XML elements, or “tags,” with all the content written within the root element tag: <ead></ead>.   MPEG-7 MPEG-7 was created in 2002 by the Motion Picture Coding Experts ground to provide interoperability among systems and applications used in generation, management, distribution, and consumption of audiovisual descriptions. Figure 2. Example of an EAD tag written out for the element quantity. Figure 1. The minimum tags required for an EAD file written within the root element tag of <ead></ead>. Knowledge Organization LIS-653-02 Professor Pattuelli Spring 2017 Figure 3. Relation between the different tools and elaboration process of MPEG-7. Figure 4. Audio Engineering Society Inc Standards and Information Documents. PBCore A PBCore was created in 2005 by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting to help broadcasters and related communities manage audiovisual assets such as archives, libraries, and independent producers. Figure 5. Visual representation of the PBCore schema. AES-57-2011 AES-57-2011 was created in 2011 by the Audio Engineering Society for the purpose of creating structural and administrative metadata for archival storage and preservation of audio elements. References Schema Documentation for VideoMD. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.loc.gov/standards/amdvmd/htmldoc/videoMD.html Relation between different tools and elaboration process of MPEG-7. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mpeg7image2.svg AES Standard » AES57-2011: AES standard for audio metadata - Audio object structures for preservation and restoration. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.aes.org/publications/standards/search.cfm?docID=84 Hanson, C. (2016, December 12). Your EAD primer: Part I. [Blog Post] Retrieved from https://hacklibraryschool.com/2016/12/12/your-ead-primer-part-1 Society of American Archivists, Technical Subcommittee for Encoded Archival Description. (2015). Encoded archival description tag library, version ead3 / prepared and maintained by the technical subcommittee for encoded archival description of the society of American archivists. Chicago: Society of American Archivists. Writing EAD elements The present Society of American Archivists tag library for EAD3 (released in 2015) consists of 165 different elements to describe an archival finding aid. If the element is unknown, it should remain empty, but if it is known, it should be written.
  6. 6. METADATA FOR ARCHIVES AND SPECIAL COLLECTIONS Alex Vastola & Ryan Marino EAD EAD (Encoded Archival Description) was first created in 1998 and is an XML (Extensible Markup Language) document written as a group of XML elements, or “tags,” with all the content written within the root element tag: <ead></ead>.   MPEG-7 MPEG-7 was created in 2002 by the Motion Picture Coding Experts ground to provide interoperability among systems and applications used in generation, management, distribution, and consumption of audiovisual descriptions. Figure 2. Example of an EAD tag written out for the element quantity. Figure 1. The minimum tags required for an EAD file written within the root element tag of <ead></ead>. Knowledge Organization LIS-653-02 Professor Pattuelli Spring 2017 Figure 3. Relation between the different tools and elaboration process of MPEG-7. Figure 4. Audio Engineering Society Inc Standards and Information Documents. PBCore A PBCore was created in 2005 by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting to help broadcasters and related communities manage audiovisual assets such as archives, libraries, and independent producers. Figure 5. Visual representation of the PBCore schema. AES-57-2011 AES-57-2011 was created in 2011 by the Audio Engineering Society for the purpose of creating structural and administrative metadata for archival storage and preservation of audio elements. References Schema Documentation for VideoMD. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.loc.gov/standards/amdvmd/htmldoc/videoMD.html Relation between different tools and elaboration process of MPEG-7. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mpeg7image2.svg AES Standard » AES57-2011: AES standard for audio metadata - Audio object structures for preservation and restoration. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.aes.org/publications/standards/search.cfm?docID=84 Hanson, C. (2016, December 12). Your EAD primer: Part I. [Blog Post] Retrieved from https://hacklibraryschool.com/2016/12/12/your-ead-primer-part-1 Society of American Archivists, Technical Subcommittee for Encoded Archival Description. (2015). Encoded archival description tag library, version ead3 / prepared and maintained by the technical subcommittee for encoded archival description of the society of American archivists. Chicago: Society of American Archivists. Writing EAD elements The present Society of American Archivists tag library for EAD3 (released in 2015) consists of 165 different elements to describe an archival finding aid. If the element is unknown, it should remain empty, but if it is known, it should be written.

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