Cataloging Street Art Wendy Cullings, Tamara Kemp and Julia Martin LIS 653-03 Dr. Pattuelli
How do you describe this?
What’s a good MARC “500” notes field for this? Multi-colored writing in spray paint on wall with drip effects?
Cataloging Street Art in Institutions Faceted Classification System for Graffiti Art Styles
Graffiti art at the Brooklyn Museum of Art <ul><li>A typical label would be written like this: Subway Door Michael Tracy a...
Graffiti Art Styles: a classification system and theoretical analysis by Lisa Gottlieb, 2008 “ This book describes the dev...
<ul><li>Based on Panofsky’s theories of Iconography </li></ul><ul><li>Working Model – tested by 30 catalogers </li></ul><u...
Faceted Classification System for Graffiti Art Styles <ul><li>Style Notation  Style Name </li></ul><ul><li>A1C2F3I5J2K2 Ab...
Facets and Foci <ul><li>A.  Legibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A1. Illegible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A2. Partially Legibl...
Dortmund -  E1G1M1 <ul><li>E1 = Hard Only Letter Outlines </li></ul><ul><li>G1 = Uniform Letter Strokes </li></ul><ul><li>...
TFP (The Fantastic Partners crew) - A2B3H2I3L3M2 <ul><li>A2 = Partially Legible </li></ul><ul><li>B3 = At least 5 colors <...
The Vandal Squad Cataloging Graffiti as Vandalism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNyQKXCooSQ
Online Booking System Arrest Worksheet  <ul><ul><li>Not intended to catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not intended for ar...
Location of Offense/Arrest Info <ul><ul><li>Time/Date/Address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exact Location </li></ul></ul><ul...
Arresting Officer <ul><ul><li>Name/Rank/ID’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Duty/In uniform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prim...
Defendant Information/Perpetrator  <ul><ul><li>Name/birth date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nickname/Alias </li></ul></ul><u...
Narrative <ul><ul><li>Description of art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further description of details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
to release or  not to release <ul><ul><li>Legal information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unsolved cases </li></ul></ul><...
Cataloging Street Art on The World Wide Web
Street Art on the Web=Vast <ul><li>There are MANY sites that claim to be the best collections of Street Art photos on the ...
graffitiphotoposts.org
Photo Archives <ul><li>Other photo archives are more helpful as far as cataloging is concerned </li></ul><ul><li>Artcrimes...
artcrimes.com www.artcrimes.com
http://www.artcrimes.com/index/usa.html
http://www.artcrimes.com/alabama/alabama_2.html
Pros  <ul><li>A photo archive tends to have very high quality images </li></ul><ul><li>Images are collected from all over ...
Cons <ul><li>No context is given for the image </li></ul><ul><li>Although the general location is given, no specific addre...
Street Art Blogs <ul><li>There are MANY blogs that attempt to catalog and contextualize Street Art on the web </li></ul><u...
www.thescenicsidewalk.wordpress.com
www.blog.vandalog.com
www.streetsy.com
www.woostercollective.com
The Best Blog <ul><li>By far, the best and most well-known blog for Street Art is the Wooster Collective </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>… Atlanta, Barcelona, Berlin, Bologna, Chicago, Dublin, Eindhoven, Ghent, Leipzig, London, Los Angeles, Lyon, Manc...
Many Problems <ul><li>As you can see from this ridiculous list of categories, the Wooster Collective cataloging system has...
The Best Street Art Website. <ul><li>The best site on the web to catalog street art is  www.streetartlocator.com   </li></...
Web 2.0 <ul><li>Users generate the content by logging on, uploading photos, and filling in pertinent information about the...
www.streetartlocator.com
http://www.streetartlocator.com/comment.php?location=826
http://www.streetartlocator.com/profile.php
Problems with the Web <ul><li>Like everything on the internet, pictures and catalogs of Street Art are only as good as the...
Bibliography <ul><li>Archive. (date unknown). Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Graffiti Photos website:  http://graffiti.photop...
Bibliography cont. <ul><li>IRDG. (2008).  Iconclass Illustrated Libertas Edition.  Retrieved May 4, 2009 from Web site:  h...
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Cataloging Street Art

  1. 1. Cataloging Street Art Wendy Cullings, Tamara Kemp and Julia Martin LIS 653-03 Dr. Pattuelli
  2. 2. How do you describe this?
  3. 3. What’s a good MARC “500” notes field for this? Multi-colored writing in spray paint on wall with drip effects?
  4. 4. Cataloging Street Art in Institutions Faceted Classification System for Graffiti Art Styles
  5. 5. Graffiti art at the Brooklyn Museum of Art <ul><li>A typical label would be written like this: Subway Door Michael Tracy aka Tracy 168 American, born 1958 Spray paint on metal door, two-sided 74x20 1/2 in (1880 x 52.1 cm) </li></ul><ul><li>1999.57.21a-b Gift of Carrol Janus and Conrad Janus </li></ul><ul><li>Of 50+ graffiti entries: </li></ul><ul><li>classification is not assigned (40) </li></ul><ul><li>classification is listed as 'Painting' (17) </li></ul><ul><li>Not all categories are complete in TMS </li></ul><ul><li>When untitled the fake title is either type or place as in Untitled Collage or Untitled Bronx </li></ul><ul><li>pseudonyms are always given if the artist has one </li></ul>
  6. 6. Graffiti Art Styles: a classification system and theoretical analysis by Lisa Gottlieb, 2008 “ This book describes the development of a faceted classification system for graffiti art styles designed to enable non-experts to identify the style of a graffiti art piece by distinguishing certain visual characteristics.”
  7. 7. <ul><li>Based on Panofsky’s theories of Iconography </li></ul><ul><li>Working Model – tested by 30 catalogers </li></ul><ul><li>14 styles, 13 facets with 41 foci </li></ul><ul><li>Styles, facets and foci developed with help of 11 experts (both practitioners and art historians) </li></ul><ul><li>functionality follows the model of 2 classification systems: ICONCLASS and Karen Markey’s thematic catalog for Northern European artworks </li></ul>Notation (Code) Textual Correlate (Meaning) 25H1123 rock-formations 41A12 castle 47D31 windmill 73C7455 'house built upon a rock; house built upon sand' « doctrine of Christ on love, etc. (Matthew 7:24-27; Luke 6:47-49)
  8. 8. Faceted Classification System for Graffiti Art Styles <ul><li>Style Notation Style Name </li></ul><ul><li>A1C2F3I5J2K2 Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>A2B3H2I3L3M2 TFP (The Fantastic Partners crew) </li></ul><ul><li>A3B1C2D1E1G1I2J2K1M1 Silvers </li></ul><ul><li>A3C2D2E1F3G2H2M1 CTK (Crime Time Kings) </li></ul><ul><li>A3G1H1I1J2K1L6M1 Pichador </li></ul><ul><li>B2D2E1F3H2I3J1K1M1 Semi-wild </li></ul><ul><li>B3D2E1F3G2H1I2J1K1L2M1 Los Angeles Cholo-based </li></ul><ul><li>C2D2H3I2J2K2 Swedish Train </li></ul><ul><li>D2E1H2I3J2L5M1 Neo Classic American Freight </li></ul><ul><li>D2F3G2H3K1L2M1 East Coast Piecing Style </li></ul><ul><li>D3E3F3H3J2K2M1 No-neg </li></ul><ul><li>D4E2J2L1L2M1 Dimensional </li></ul><ul><li>E1G1M1 Dortmund </li></ul><ul><li>E1I5J1M1 Wild </li></ul>
  9. 9. Facets and Foci <ul><li>A. Legibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A1. Illegible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A2. Partially Legible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A3. Legible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Number of Colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B1. 2 colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B2. At least 3 colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B3. At least 5 colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Symmetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C1. Symmetrical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C2. Asymmetrical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Dimensionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D1. 2-D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D2. 2-D with 3-D effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D3. Relief Effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D4. 3-D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E. Letter Outlines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E1. Hard only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E2. Implied </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E3. Interrupted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E4. None </li></ul></ul>F. Linearity F1. Curved only F2. Straight only F3. Curved and straight G . Letter Strokes G1. Uniform G2. Varied H. Negative Space H1. Exaggerated H2. Standard H3. Limited I. Letter Overlap I1. None I2. Minimal I3. Standard I4. Interlocking I5. Intertwined J . Use of Arrows J1. Integral J2. Not integral K. Letter Shape Consistency K1. Consistent K2. Inconsistent L. Fill Effects L1. Directional highlights L2. Fades L3. Fill shapes L4. Scrub fills L5. Shines L6. None M. Fill Consistency M1. Consistent M2. Inconsistent
  10. 10. Dortmund - E1G1M1 <ul><li>E1 = Hard Only Letter Outlines </li></ul><ul><li>G1 = Uniform Letter Strokes </li></ul><ul><li>M1 = Consistent Fill </li></ul>
  11. 11. TFP (The Fantastic Partners crew) - A2B3H2I3L3M2 <ul><li>A2 = Partially Legible </li></ul><ul><li>B3 = At least 5 colors </li></ul><ul><li>H2 = Standard Negative Space </li></ul><ul><li>I3 = Standard Letter Overlap </li></ul><ul><li>L3 = Fill shapes </li></ul><ul><li>M2 = Inconsistent Fill </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Vandal Squad Cataloging Graffiti as Vandalism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNyQKXCooSQ
  13. 13. Online Booking System Arrest Worksheet <ul><ul><li>Not intended to catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not intended for art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artist description (Perp.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Means </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equiptment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patterns of behavior </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Location of Offense/Arrest Info <ul><ul><li>Time/Date/Address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exact Location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Streets/Intersection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corner: N/E;S/E;N/W;S/W </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Side of Bldg./Subway car </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Id # of subway car </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is bldg property of nyc board of ed.? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers of Associates </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Arresting Officer <ul><ul><li>Name/Rank/ID’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Duty/In uniform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Force Used/type </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Defendant Information/Perpetrator <ul><ul><li>Name/birth date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nickname/Alias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex/Height/Weight/Race </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye color/Hair Color/Hair length/Citizenry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Subway System/Time entered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement made by perp during commission of offense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method of flight </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Narrative <ul><ul><li>Description of art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further description of details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Might outline how the graffiti was discovered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Might give timeline of interaction with artist </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. to release or not to release <ul><ul><li>Legal information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unsolved cases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Photos taken against the artists will/without permission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art in public places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graffiti as rebellion </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Cataloging Street Art on The World Wide Web
  20. 20. Street Art on the Web=Vast <ul><li>There are MANY sites that claim to be the best collections of Street Art photos on the web </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of these sites are fairly useless in terms of cataloging, they simply house photos with no explanation, address, or even date indicating when the photo was taken </li></ul><ul><li>An example of this is www.graffitiphotoposts.org </li></ul>
  21. 21. graffitiphotoposts.org
  22. 22. Photo Archives <ul><li>Other photo archives are more helpful as far as cataloging is concerned </li></ul><ul><li>Artcrimes.com is a collaboratively run site where artists and civilians can submit photos of graffiti that they have taken. </li></ul><ul><li>The “About Us” section of the site indicates that only the information that is known for sure about provenance is included. </li></ul>
  23. 23. artcrimes.com www.artcrimes.com
  24. 24. http://www.artcrimes.com/index/usa.html
  25. 25. http://www.artcrimes.com/alabama/alabama_2.html
  26. 26. Pros <ul><li>A photo archive tends to have very high quality images </li></ul><ul><li>Images are collected from all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Their system usually gives the visitor the name of the artist </li></ul>
  27. 27. Cons <ul><li>No context is given for the image </li></ul><ul><li>Although the general location is given, no specific address is provided, meaning that someone who sees the image on the web would have no idea how to revisit it </li></ul><ul><li>No date is provided for the image or art. </li></ul><ul><li>Street Art and graffiti are often very time sensitive, dates are very important </li></ul>
  28. 28. Street Art Blogs <ul><li>There are MANY blogs that attempt to catalog and contextualize Street Art on the web </li></ul><ul><li>As with most things on the internet, there are good examples of this, and very, very bad examples of this. </li></ul><ul><li>Some good blogs: The Scenic Sidewalk ( www.thescenicsidewalk.wordpress.com ), Vandalog ( www.blog.vandalog.com ), Streetsy ( www.streetsy.com ), The Wooster Collective (www.woostercollective.com) </li></ul>
  29. 29. www.thescenicsidewalk.wordpress.com
  30. 30. www.blog.vandalog.com
  31. 31. www.streetsy.com
  32. 32. www.woostercollective.com
  33. 33. The Best Blog <ul><li>By far, the best and most well-known blog for Street Art is the Wooster Collective </li></ul><ul><li>Although attempts to talk to them directly failed, their classification system is apparent from their website </li></ul><ul><li>Their archive is searchable by date, reaching back to January 2003, or category: 3D, activism, advertising, animation, art, artists in the media, best of 2005, billboard liberations, books, calls for entry, cardboard, catchin’ up with, chalk, city guides, collecting, craftism, crafts, crap, creative database, crimes, crowd art, culture jamming, diggin’, divider, education, environmental, essentials, event reports, events, Amsterdam, </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>… Atlanta, Barcelona, Berlin, Bologna, Chicago, Dublin, Eindhoven, Ghent, Leipzig, London, Los Angeles, Lyon, Manchester, Melbourne, Milan, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, New York, Paris, Portland, Rome, San Francisco, San Jose, Sao Paolo, Seattle, Shanghai, Sidney, Tokyo, Vancouver, Wasington, Fashion, Fences, Film, Five Tips, Fun, Galleries, Games, Geek Graffiti, Give Em’ Props!, Graffiti, Graffiti Projects, History, Holiday, How To…, Illustration, Interviews, Issues, Legal, Magazines, Maps, Marketing, Masthead, Mobile, Murals, Museums, Painting, Performance, Photography, Podcast, Politics, Print, Products, Projections, Roundtable, Sculpture, Site Announcements, Special Editions, Stencils, Stickers, Strange and Bizarre, Street Signs, Street Stencils, Technology, Terminology, Toys, Train Monikers, Trains, Travelogues, Travels, Tributes, Video, Vintage, Vitals, Walls, Websites, Wheatepastes, Wooster in the Media, Wooster on Paper, Wooster on Spring, Writings. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Many Problems <ul><li>As you can see from this ridiculous list of categories, the Wooster Collective cataloging system has many problems. </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: Someone uploads a blog entry, usually with photos, at the bottom of the entry the time of posting appears as well as the category it has been placed in. The date appears at the top. </li></ul><ul><li>Their system presents several issues: While it is not the best way to catalog, they at least have a system, many other blogs list nothing other date and maybe location of the work. Also from the diverse list of categories, it is obvious that a traditional cataloging system would not be the answer for Street Art. </li></ul>
  36. 36. The Best Street Art Website. <ul><li>The best site on the web to catalog street art is www.streetartlocator.com </li></ul><ul><li>Streetartlocator uses an interactive map to pinpoint the location of Street Art worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>The site also classifies things by category and assigns a color to each different category </li></ul><ul><li>The categories are: Graffiti, Gallery, Painting, Stickers, Stencil, Sculpture, and Installation </li></ul><ul><li>Clicking on the tags on the map brings up a photo of the Street Art as well as the relevant information (artist, location, medium, etc.) </li></ul>
  37. 37. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Users generate the content by logging on, uploading photos, and filling in pertinent information about their street art or images of street art </li></ul><ul><li>The site is also fully searchable by either location or description and title </li></ul><ul><li>There is also a blog with artist interviews and street art events </li></ul><ul><li>The site is unique in that it covers all aspects of the street art world, from graffiti to galleries </li></ul>
  38. 38. www.streetartlocator.com
  39. 39. http://www.streetartlocator.com/comment.php?location=826
  40. 40. http://www.streetartlocator.com/profile.php
  41. 41. Problems with the Web <ul><li>Like everything on the internet, pictures and catalogs of Street Art are only as good as the people who maintain them </li></ul><ul><li>If pictures are incorrectly labeled or attributed, there is no one to check the facts </li></ul><ul><li>Online archives are as impermanent as the Street Art itself </li></ul><ul><li>The solution to this problem is still unknown </li></ul>
  42. 42. Bibliography <ul><li>Archive. (date unknown). Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Graffiti Photos website: http://graffiti.photoposts.org/index.php?x=browse&pagenum=1 </li></ul><ul><li>Art Crimes: The Writing on the Wall. (1994-2009). Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Art Crimes: The Writing on the Wall website: http://www.artcrimes.com/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Bark, Sandra. (2009). The Scenic Sidewalk. Retrieved May 3, 2009, from The Scenic Sidewalk: A Catalog of Street Art website: http://thescenicsidewalk.wordpress.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Dobkin, Jake. (2009). Streetsy. Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Streetsy: Daily Street Art Photography website: http://streetsy.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Gallagher, Brian Thomas (2006, February 24) Spray My Name, Spray My Name, This American Life Podcast Retrieved at: http://www.thisamericanlife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?sched=1121 </li></ul><ul><li>Gottlieb, L. (2008). Graffiti Art Styles : a classification system and theoretical analysis. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Handselecta” (contributor) (2007, February 15) ”Vandal Squad”, (Audio) Spray My Name, Spray MY Name , This American Life Podcast Retrieved at : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNyQKXCooSQ </li></ul><ul><li>Home. (2009). Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Street Art Locator website: http://www.streetartlocator.com/index.php . </li></ul>
  43. 43. Bibliography cont. <ul><li>IRDG. (2008). Iconclass Illustrated Libertas Edition. Retrieved May 4, 2009 from Web site: http://www.iconclass.nl/libertas/ic?style=index.xsl </li></ul><ul><li>Keough, B. (2002). Documenting diversity: developing special collections of underdocumented groups. Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services 26, 241-251. Retrieved through WilsonWeb database. </li></ul><ul><li>Martin, Christopher (Public Defender) personal communication. April 30, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Masilamani, R. (2008). Documenting Illegal Art: Collaborative Software, Online Environments and New York City’s 1970s and 1980s Graffiti Art Movement. Art Documentation 27 (2), 4-14. Retrieved through WilsonWeb database. </li></ul><ul><li>Rivera, J. (2008). Vandal squad: Inside the New York City Transit Police Department, 1984-2004 . Brooklyn, NY: PowerHouse Books. </li></ul><ul><li>RKD. (n.d.). Iconclass Official Homepage. Retrieved May 4, 2009 from Iconclass Web site: http://www.iconclass.nl/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Rushmore, Michael “RJ”. (2009). Blog Home. Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Vandalog website: http://blog.vandalog.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wooster Collective. (2009). Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Wooster Collective website: http://www.woostercollective.com/ </li></ul>

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