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Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Fall 2010


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Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Fall 2010

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  3. 3. What YOU can do with UGC in the Library<br />Anna Cory-Watson, Danielle Friedman Kalan, Sara Richardson and Jessica Schneider<br />LIS 653-03, Fall 2010<br />LIBRARIES TODAY<br />SHORT-TERM GOALS<br />LONG-TERM GOALS<br /><ul><li>Catching up to Web 1.0
  4. 4. Compatibility with available platforms
  5. 5. Gauging patrons’ needs and abilities
  6. 6. Building awareness and excitement among staff
  7. 7. Identify potential large-scale crowdsourcing projects
  8. 8. Patron-generated multimedia projects
  9. 9. Develop and implement library-specific UGC cataloging platforms
  10. 10. Creating a catalog that is more searchable, shareable, tag-able, and web-integrated
  11. 11. Encourage UGC through existing platforms and social media
  12. 12. LibraryThing
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  14. 14. Begin to educate patrons on the benefits of contributing content
  15. 15. Monitor and modify as needs arise
  16. 16. Introduce multimedia content to library websites</li></li></ul><li>PKM: Personal Knowledge Management<br />Hilary Clark, Meghan Constantinou, and Marina Kastan<br />Pratt Institute, LIS 653-03, Fall 2010<br />What is PKM?<br /><ul><li>PKM is a subset of Personal Information Management (PIM) that deals with finding</li></ul>and keeping activities.<br /><ul><li>PKM helps people to make sense of the information they “acquire, organize, maintain, retrieve, use, and control.”</li></ul>(Jones & Teevan, 2007, p. 3)<br />Why do we need PKM?<br /><ul><li> Information overload
  17. 17. To maximize efficiency
  18. 18. To determine what we know
  19. 19. To determine what we lack</li></ul>PKM Research<br /><ul><li>“Keeping Found Things Found”http://kftf.ischool.</li></ul><br />(co-founded by William Jones and Harry Bruce, ISchool, University of Washington)<br />Issues and Concerns<br /><ul><li>Information fragmentation: Multiple, parallel PKM tools can aggravate, rather than alleviate fragmentation.
  20. 20. Privacy: Digital tools have increased the amount of personal information that we store and transmit.</li></ul>Future of PKM<br /><ul><li> Integrated systems for searching and storing information (e.g. Google™)</li></ul>References: <br /><ul><li> Jones, W. (2008). Keeping found things found: The study and practice of personal information  management. Burlington, MA: Morgan Kaufmann.
  21. 21. Jones, W. & Teevan, J. (Eds.). (2007). Personal information management. Seattle: University of  Washington.
  22. 22. Razmerita et al. (2009). Personal knowledge management: The role of Web 2.0 tools for managing knowledge at individual and organisational levels. Online Information Review, 33(6), 1021-1039. </li></ul>Photo credits (L-R): <br />Kris Robinson/Flickr,<br />Strategies for Implementing PKM<br /><ul><li> Task-based organization
  23. 23. Function-based organization
  24. 24. Chronological organization
  25. 25. Personal Unifying Taxonomies</li></ul>Digital<br />Email Contacts/Calendar<br />Bookmarking<br />Hard Drive Search<br />Search Autocomplete<br />Analog<br />Print Calendar /<br />Date Book<br />Filing Cabinet<br />Address Book<br />Web 2.0: Tools for Sharing PKM<br />e.g. Blogs, Delicious,™ Facebook,™ Flickr,™ Google Docs,™ Google Groups,™ LinkedIn,™ RSS feeds, Twitter™<br />
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  27. 27. Semantic Web and Cultural HeritageRyan McComas, Laura Ochoa Podell, Aria PierceKnowledge Organization Fall 2010LIS 653.03 Dr. Pattuelli<br />Using Semantic web with Cultural Heritage Collections: <br />Europeana<br /><br />Culture Sampo<br /><br />Cantabria<br /><br />STITCH@CATCH<br /><br />MultimediaN N9C E-Culture<br /><br />CHIP<br /><br />Image From: Schreiber, G. et al, 2008<br />Goals of Semantic Web:<br />Allows for machines to connect meaning to data<br />Benefits- Increases access, allows for meaningful searches, connects various points of entry, FRBRized and faceted<br />Challenges- data needs to be entered and standardized, lots of human work, privacy<br />Citations<br />Antoniou, G. & van Harmelen, F. (2004). A semantic web primer. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.<br />Brynko, B. (2010) The Power of the semantic web. Information Today. no5 p. 10.<br />Schreiber, G., Amin, A., Aroyo, L., Van Assem, M., de Boer, V., et al. (2008). Semantic annotation and search for cultural heritage collecitons: The MultimediaN E-Culture demonstrator. Web semantics: Science, Services, and Agents on the World Wide Web 6. Elsevier. p.243-249.  doi:10.1016/j.websem.2008.08.001<br />
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  29. 29. Cataloguing and Maintaining Ephemera Collections<br />By Tory Barneson and Eve Mayer<br />December 2, 2010<br />LIS 653-04 Knowledge Organization<br />Professor Pattuelli<br />What is Ephemera?<br />Ephemera can be described as written or printed matter, which is not intended to be kept after it's initial use.   Also described as:<br />“Materials of everyday life, generally considered to have little or no permanent value, usually because they are produced in large quantities or in disposable formats." -Joan Reitz<br />Ephemera in the 21st Century <br />Challenges of digitization include cost, copyright and unusual formats.<br />The definition of ephemera is expanding in the digital age. Librarians must think of ephemera in terms of new multimedia such as websites and pop-up advertisements. <br />  <br />   <br />Tools for Cataloguing Ephemera <br />Faceted systems offering multiple access points and interdisciplinary access can be found at libraries such as NYPL and Library of Congress but are still developing to accommodate metadata.<br />Cigar Box, 1953. Collection of the New York Historical Society. <br />Record from MoMA's DADABASE for Barnett Newman's Artist File. <br />What is its value?<br />It does retain it's original intended value after use (for example, a theatre ticket), but sustains a different type of value as a primary source for researchers.<br />Institutional Approaches<br />The institutions that we reviewed catalogue and maintain their collections of ephemera differently.  For example, NYPL classifies by subject, where MoMA Library classifies by author; ignoring the institution, event, or publisher related to the object. <br />      The Ephemera Society of America <br />Acknowledgments<br />Jennifer Tobias, MoMA Reference Librarian<br />Rebecca Federman, NYPL Librarian<br />References <br />Reitz, J.M. (2004). Dictionary for library and information science 252. <br />Museum of Modern Art Library (November 2010). Retrieved from<br />Solomon, D. (1991). In monet’s light. The New York Times Magazine. November 24, section 6,<br />pp. 44-50, 62-64. <br />The Library Reading Room in The Lewis B. and Dorothy Cullman Education and Research Building, MoMA, designed by Yoshio Taniguchi. <br />
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  35. 35. Lis 653-04 Fall 2010<br />Lis 653-04 Fall 2010<br />Dacia Cocariu, Ellen Siegel, Francina Stevens<br />improved interface<br />user-generated content<br />reviews<br />retrieval<br />recommendations<br />What is the Next Generation Catalog?<br />“It’s designed less like a ‘catalog’—an inventory list—and more like a finding aid. It contains data as well as metadata, and it is bent on doing things with found items beyond listing and providing access to them.” – LITA blog, July 7, 2006<br />“amazon” look and feel<br />federated search<br />focus on browsing<br />“did you mean?”<br />similar titles<br />relevancy rankings<br />single point of entry<br />keyword search<br />mobile access<br />rss feeds<br />facets<br />user names<br />“google”-like simplicity<br />tags<br />frbr<br />spell check<br />