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Cataloging Multimedia: Problems and Practice
Allison Nellis Ruojing Zhang Joshua Dull
Cataloging Video Games
AARC:Combines...
To Dewey or Not to Dewey;
That is the Classification Question
Child-Centered Cataloging
● Focusing specifically on the nee...
The Smithsonian &
Metadata
-In 2009 implemented a way
to standardize metadata
throughout the 19 institutions.
-Created a c...
LIS 653 posters spring 2015
LIS 653 posters spring 2015
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LIS 653 posters spring 2015

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LIS 653 Posters Spring 2015

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LIS 653 posters spring 2015

  1. 1. Cataloging Multimedia: Problems and Practice Allison Nellis Ruojing Zhang Joshua Dull Cataloging Video Games AARC:Combines rules for Program File & Realia RDA:“Computer Program” or “2D/3D Moving Image” How do you catalog this? 🎮 Currently No LC Standards 🎮 LCSH cannot accurately describe plot & gameplay 🎮 UW proposed controlled vocab. to add plot based metadata access points. Works on Verb Object relations e.g. (Characters) Conquer Evil Cataloging AV in General Concerns: ➔ Audiovisual materials contain rich information; they are difficult to describe/assign subject heading ➔ Preservation AV data requires new level of cataloging rules ➔ No “one size fits all” solution AACR/MARC cataloging rules work for libraries, but are not enough to support specialized archives/databases Metadata are better tools for managing AV materials. DC and schemas based on DC are widely used. Many organizations develop their own metadata. Sometimes it is necessary to combine multiple schemas. - MPEG-7: using hierarchical structure for frame-specific indexing and retrieving - PBCore: developed by TV broadcasting stations for digital asset managing, reusing old materials and rights management Film catalogers currently use the RDA format and FRBR when cataloging moving images. The cataloger has to be aware of things such as language, title, and a whole slew of other factors that need to be considered when accurately cataloging film. FRBR is used to describe the relationship between the film to other works. An issue that can arise when cataloging concerns the manifestation of a film. Several versions of a film can exist which can cause difficulties when cataloging a film for an archive. Cataloging Film Pratt Institute LIS 653-01 Spring 2015 Prof. Pattuelli
  2. 2. To Dewey or Not to Dewey; That is the Classification Question Child-Centered Cataloging ● Focusing specifically on the needs, wants, and ways of thinking of children ● Using child-centered words and phrases for non fiction works in the library space ● Emphasis on ensuring that children have non fiction books as informative and fun reading options ● Most essential focus is on patron happiness and extreme customer service to get the patrons to keep coming back- without our patrons, we are nothing! Prepared by: Julie Morrison, Anna Lillian Moser, Marjorie Ticknor & Sara Sheer, LIS 653, Spring ‘15 Pros and Cons of DDC ● Worldwide appeal; universal ● Endorsement by Library of Congress ● Benefits of relative location ● Flexible --------------------------------------------------------------- ● Bias - racial, religious, gender, class ● Outdated categorization ● Can not be browsed ● Not intuitive or logical ● Numbers are arbitrary; can be initimidating Putting METIS Into Practice ● METIS throws Dewey out completely, replacing categories with words and pictures ● METIS is user-centered, and meets children where they are developmentally ● METIS keeps evolving, which can cause confusion when cataloging and shelving ”To thine own library be true!” Radical Cataloging ● Pioneered by Sanford Berman ● Eliminate biases: racism, sexism, homophobia, classism, prudery, etc. ● Catalog every important aspect of a book so that patrons can find it easily ● “Public notes” to explain unfamiliar concepts ● Use terminology for minority communities, i. e., Native Americans, that they themselves use, and continually consult and revise ● Add subject headings like “Plutocracy” ● Part of Berman’s ideal of activist librarianship where librarians actively work for social justice
  3. 3. The Smithsonian & Metadata -In 2009 implemented a way to standardize metadata throughout the 19 institutions. -Created a core and suggested set of elements similar to Dublin Core. The Collections Search Center allows institutions to upload their digital assets automatically. -Opened in 1964, the NMAH contains over 3 million significant historical artifacts and treasures. -Curators, conservators and the collections staff use Mimsy XG to record and preserve information about objects in the collection. -Mimsy XG offers flexible, customizable fields. Staff can select the terminology and controlled vocabulary. NMAH uses an internal object name thesaurus. There is no single classification scheme. -Collection items are entered into an Object Authority record. Information about acquisitions, conservation, materials, maker, and condition are also recorded. - Digital assets are created with embedded metadata. They are then attached to the record and uploaded to the Digital Asset Management System (DAMS). -Largest natural history museum in the world -Holds approximately 126 million objects and specimens -7 departments with 10 different collection types -Uses EMu collections management database system to manage object and specimens data and metadata -Metadata standards are taken from Darwin Core (DwC), Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) -DwC and TDWG standardize terms used to describe and store biological metadata -A museum dedicated to American art and depicting the creative endeavors of artists, spanning from colonial to modern art. -This museum boasts one of the largest collections in the world or American Art. The number of pieces in the collection exceeds 42,000. -Curators, collection managers, and registrars use TMS to maintain item information, including metadata. -Metadata standards utilized include AACR2 and CDWA. Metadata standards are the same for items in the permanent collection and digital assets. -DAMS is currently integrated with TMS, and the object’s metadata is embedded within the asset. -Contemporary & Historic Design Museum - Contains 217,000 Objects -123,000 object records in SI Collections Search -Curators, registrars, collection managers record metadata for collection objects in TMS -Cooper Hewitt applies locally defined metadata schema -Little use of controlled vocabularies -Collections metadata was released to the public on GitHub in 2012, under Creative Commons license -Open access metadata encourages public participation in refining data and conducting new research in design and digital humanities Sanam Aarabi, Lydia Garetano, Sarah Hamerman, Steven Meyer, Fiora Watts LIS 653 - 04/2015 Dr. Cristina Pattuelli -Opened in 1968, tells the history of America through individuals who have shaped its culture, through visual arts, performing arts and new media, with a focus on famous Americans -As of 2011, the only museum in the U.S. dedicated solely to portraiture -65 employees -Houses over 21,200 works of art -Utilizes TMS to collect and manage item metadata -Uses MARC21 and IPTC metadata standards and elements of Dublin Core -Contains the Catalog of American Portraits (CAP), a national portrait archives maintaining information and images for nearly 200,000 portraits

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