School Education and Literacy in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)


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School Education and Literacy in the 12th Five Year Plan

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School Education and Literacy in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)

  2. 2. SCHOOL EDUCATION SECTOR School Education Sector covers:1.Pre-primary Education2.Primary Education ( Class I-V)3.Upper Primary Education ( Class VI-VIII)3.Secondary Education (Class IX-X)4.Higher Secondary Education ( Class XI-XII)5.Vocational Education6.Adult Education ( Literacy) 2
  3. 3. LITERACY STATUS & TWELFTH PLAN TARGETS Sex Literacy 2011 Target 2017 Literates Literacy Literates Literacy (million) (%) (million) (%) Person 778.4 74.04 905 80 Male 444.2 82.14 495 85 Female 334.2 65.46 410 75 Gender Gap 16.68 - 10Female literacy increased at a faster rate(11.79%) than that formales(6.88%) and the no. of illiterates declined in absolute termsby 31 million and literates increased by 218 million in Census 2011.National Female Literacy Mission has been launched throughSaakshar Bharat targeting 60 million women & 10 million men.3
  4. 4. Elementary Education in India• The Right to Free and Compulsory Education is a Fundamental Right with the passage of RTE Act, 2009 & SSA has been harmonised with the RTE mandate.• Access to primary education increased to 99% and upper primary, to 95% in 2012. Primary Middle Elementary (Class 1-5) (Class 6-8) ( Class1-8)• Child Population (mil) 119 73 192• Enrolment (mil) 137 62 199• GER (%) 119 81 104• NER (%) 100 62 81 Schools (in lakh) 8.3 5.3 13.6 Teachers (in lakh) 43.3 18.7 63.0 Trained Teachers(%) 86 87 86 Pupil-Teacher Ratio 33:1 31:1 31:1 4
  5. 5. Elementary Education in India SSA Achievement in Elementary Education School Buildings 6.5 lakh Additional Classrooms 18.0 lakh Drinking Water supply 2.3 lakh Toilet Facilities 7.4 lakh Additional Teachers 19.7 lakh KGBVs for Girls in EBBs 3640 Since 2004-05, SSA has enrolled additional 17mil. children of which, girls accounted for 75%(13 mil.) and SCs& STs, 60%(10 mil.)Twelfth Plan Focus:• Learning Outcomes and Continuous Comprehension Evaluation,• Ensuring Residual Access & Equity- Regional, Social & Gender• Pre-primary Education for school preparedness• Teacher Education on a Mission mode• School Leadership Development• Integration of Sports & Physical Education 5
  6. 6. Twelfth Plan Monitorable TargetsNational Monitorable Targets:• Achieve Mean Years of Schooling of 7 by 2016-17• Eliminate social & gender gaps in enrolment by 2016-17Other Targets:• Increase Secondary Education GER to 90%,• Increase Sr. Secondary GER to 65%• Reduce secondary drop out rate less than 25%• reduce gender gap in literacy to 10 percentage points. 6
  7. 7. Mean Years of Schooling*S.No Countries 2000 2010 Mean Years of Schooling: India & China1 Malaysia 9.09 10.142 China 7.11 8.17 10.00 7.62 8.173 Brazil 6.41 7.54 8.00 7.11 6.41 5.62 6.00 4.75 5.254 Thailand 6.11 7.49 3.97 4.00 3.43 4.68 5.125 Indonesia 5.23 6.24 3.80 4.20 3.45 2.00 2.896 India 4.19 5.12 2.34 1.57 1.97(i) Advanced Economies 10.65 11.03 0.00 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010(ii) Developing Countries 6.15 7.09 Years(iii) World ( Average) 6.98 7.76 India China* MYS is the average completed years of schooling of population in the agegroup of 15 years and above( Barro-Lee, 2010).India’s MYS at 4.67 in2001(Census) had increased to 5.98 in 2009-10(NSS). The perspective is toachieve a MYS of 8 years in 10 years and the target set for the 12th Plan is 7years. The main challenge is bridging gender and social gaps in MYS. 7
  8. 8. Elementary Education-Challenges•Ensuring RTE Act prescribed norms and standardsfor schools and professionally qualified teachers.•Enrolling all the OoSC including street children &Children with Special Needs (CWSN).• Bridging Regional Social & Gender gaps inenrollment & school retention.•Addressing systemic problems in school education•Improving the quality and standards of education inpublicly funded schools. 8
  9. 9. Elementary Education: 12th Plan Interventions• Provision of atleast 1 year of well supported well resourced, pre-school education in Primary schools to all children particularly those in EBBs.• Programmes for learning enhancement and school retention including supplemental instruction for disadvantaged children.• Additional KGBVs in EBBs and in areas with high concentration of SCs, STs and Muslim population.• Residential schools for children in the areas of civil strife, children of migrating population and tribal children- Seasonal hostels for the children of migrating families.• Transport/escorts facilities for children - in areas of civil strife, with disabilities, and most marginalized ST and SC groups.• Close monitoring of quality of Meals supplied under MDMS and extend coverage to all NCLP children and disadvantaged children studying in private schools in districts of SCs/STs concentration.• Support to States for children in private schools (RTE 25% quota) and focused efforts in enhancing the access of urban poor children to elementary education.• Improved teacher training with emphasis on effective pedagogy given the multi age, multi grade, multi level contexts.• Governance reforms promoting school education and easing regulations that impede growth of private investments in school education. 9
  10. 10. Elementary Education 12th Plan Interventions -Quality•Strong focus on learning outcomes for good qualityeducation.•Ensuring all children acquire basic reading and numeracyskills by Class 2 and skills of critical thinking, expression andproblem solving by Class 5.•Teacher Eligibility Tests (TETs) institutionalized and mademandatory for teacher recruitments.•Launch National Mission on Teachers and Teaching to dealwith issues of teacher education in a holistic manner.•Periodic review of school textbooks by NCERT/SCERT.•CBSE introduced wide-ranging examination reforms for itsaffiliated 13000 schools, emulated by other Boards. 10
  11. 11. Secondary & Sr. Secondary Education Secondary Sr. Secondary SE & SSE (Class 9-10) (Class 11-12) (Class 9-12)_____________________________________________________________________________________Youth Population (mil.) 49 49 98Enrolment (mil.) 31 18 49GER (%) 63 36 49No. of Schools( lakh) 1.07 0.58 1.65No. of Teachers (lakh) 1.17 0.93 2.50Trained Teachers 82% 84% 83%_____________________________________________________________________________________– About 60% of Secondary schools & Sr. Secondary schools in India are privately managed ( aided and un aided).– There are 45 Boards of Secondary Education in the country.– The Central Government KVs and NVs under CBSE pattern perform well with high pass percentages.– SSA is accelerating demand for secondary education.TWELFTH PLAN FOCUS– Increase Secondary Education GER to 90%, Sr. Secondary GER to 65%– Common syllabi & Examination/Assessment Reforms, Quality Assurance &TET– Revamped vocational education with new National Vocational Education Curriculum Framework- Competency based Modules-Mobility- and linked with sector skill councils.– Partnership with employers who provide trainers and internships, advice on curricula, assessment and certification– Dropout rate at secondary level to be reduced < 25%
  12. 12. 12th Plan Focus : Secondary Education•Ensure quality secondary education with relevantskills including basic competency in mathematics,science, languages and communication;•Implement common curricula and syllabi of nationallyacceptable standards for Science, Maths and Englishin all schools in the country:•Develop life skills including skills of critical andconstructive thinking, use of ICT, organisation andleadership, and community services:•Extend RMSA gradually to Higher Secondary stageand cover all Government and Aided Schools –•Set national norms of secondary schooling forUniversalisation of Secondary Education (USE). 12
  13. 13. 12th Plan Interventions : Secondary Education Setting up all the 6000 high quality model schools at Block level- 3500 schools in partnership with States approved and 2500 Model schools in PPP mode Up gradation of 11,200 upper primary schools to Secondary Schools to meet increased demand. Direct Benefit Transfer of Scholarships/ Incentives linked with Aadhar. Increasing the intake capacity of 44,000 existing government secondary schools, residential schools & hostels facilities for boys and girls. Strengthening of infrastructure facilities in existing schools with provision of Lab/Library/ICT in schools and 80, 500 ACRs. Ensuring 100% trained teachers in all schools. Pace setting Role for KVs & NV & support to sports &PE.13
  14. 14. 12th Plan :Expected Outcomes India achieving a MYS of seven years. Regional, Gender and Social gaps in Elementary Education enrollment bridged & that in Secondary Education substantially reduced. GERs in Secondary and Sr. Secondary levels exceeding 90% and 65%, respectively. Gender gap in Literacy reduced to 10%age points. A significant improvement in quality and standards of education in Government Schools.14
  15. 15. Additional InformationEducation Chapter, 12th Five Year Plan (Chapter 21 ) Commission of School Education & Literacy Shiksha Abhiyan ( SSA) Day Meal ( MDM)http://www.mdm.nic.inDepartment of Higher Education Council of Educational Research &Training (NCERT) University of Education Planning & Administration ( NUEPA) Council for Teacher Education ( NCTE) Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)