School Education & Literacy - 12th Plan Hackathon - 6th April 2013


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School Education & Literacy - 12th Plan Hackathon - 6th April 2013

  2. 2. SCHOOL EDUCATION• School Education, broadly covers - 8 yrs. of Elementary, 10 yrs. of Secondary & 12 yrs. of Sr. Secondary Education.• India’s Educational attainments are low in international comparison on account of a large segment of ‘no schooling’ population. GENERAL LEVEL OF EDUCATION OF POPULATION (15YRS &• Lack of adequate access to education, ABOVE NSS-2009-10- ALL INDIA RURAL+URBAN)- MYS: 5.98 YEARS• Wide regional, social & gender gaps 7%• High drop out rates 1% 8%• A large no of OoSC 32% No Schooling Primary• Low literacy, particularly for females 13% Elementary secondaryNarrowed down the base for Hr. Secondary Diplomahigher educational attainments of our Degree, PG +country. 17% 22% 2
  3. 3. Twelfth Plan Monitorable Targets School Education & LiteracyNational Monitorable Targets:• Achieve a Mean Years of Schooling of 7 by 2016-17• Elimination of all social & gender gaps in enrolment.Other Targets include:• Increase Secondary Education GER to 90% & Sr. Secondary GER to 65%• Reduce secondary drop out rate less than 25%.• Reduction in gender gap of literacy by10 percentage points. 3
  4. 4. Mean Years of Schooling*S.No Countries 2000 20101 Malaysia 9.09 10.14 India’s MYS India’s MYS2 China 7.11 8.17 Census, 2001 Census, 2001 4.44 4.443 Brazil 6.41 7.54 NSS 2007-08 NSS 2007-08 5.55 5.554 Thailand 6.11 7.49 NSS 2009-10 NSS 2009-10 5.98 5.985 Indonesia 5.23 6.24 Twelfth Plan Target Twelfth Plan Target 7.00 7.00 Thirteenth Plan Thirteenth Plan 8.00 8.006 India 4.19 5.12(i) Advanced 10.65 11.03 Economies The main challenge is bridging The main challenge is bridging gender, social & regional gaps in gender, social & regional gaps in(ii) Developing 6.15 7.09 Countries MYS. MYS.(iii) World ( Average) 6.98 7.76 35 STATES/UTs MYS 2 Chandigarh (9.55), Delhi >9 6 Goa, Kerala, Manipur, Nagaland, Daman-Diu & Puducherry >8 7 H.P, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Uttarkhand, A&N Islands & Lakshadweep >7 9 T.N, Karnataka, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, J&K, Sikkim, Tripura, Arunachal Pr. & Assam >6 A.P, M.P, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan, UP, W.Bengal & Dadra N.Haveli Jharkhand, 10 Bihar (4.45). <5.98 4
  5. 5. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan• SSA was launched in 2001-02 for UEE in the country.• Addresses - access, equity and quality of elementary education.• Covers - 20 cr children - 13.6 lakh schools - 12.2 lakh habitations.• SSA aims to provide useful and relevant elementary education to all children in the age groups of 6-14 years.• The other objective is to bridge regional, social & gender gaps with the active participation of community in school management.• SSA is implemented in partnership with States on a fund sharing arrangement of 65:35 (90:10 NER). TFC award also supplements it.• RTE Act 2009 has come into force in 1.04.2010 & Free and Compulsory Elementary Education is a Fundamental Right of all children in 6-14 years age groups.• SSA has been harmonized with RTE mandate of norms and standards- infrastructure, teachers, children’s entitlements etc.• All the States have notified State Rules under RTE Act. 5
  6. 6. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan• The XI Plan allocation for SSA was Rs.71,000 cr. However, the actual funds released to the States was higher at Rs.77,586 cr . The XII Plan has provided Rs.1,92,726 cr for SSA besides Rs.90,155 cr for Mid-day Meals to provide nutritional support to children, eliminate classroom hunger and strengthen school retention under SSA. Where SSA Rupee Goes? 4 3 2 6 7 37 8 33 Teachers Salary Civil Works Training, capacity building, BRC & CRC. Text books& uniforms Grants (TLE, TLM, School Dev., Maintenance, Innovation, Library) KGBV & NPEGEL- EGS/AIE MME& Research IED& Miscellaneous (community mobilisation etc) 6
  7. 7. What SSA achieved?• SSA provided• School buildings - 6.5 lakh Residential Schools - 3640 Add. Classrooms - 18 lakh Drinking Water - 2.3 lakh• Add. Teachers -19.7 lakh Toilet facilities -7.4 lakh Cluster Res. Centres - 70, 000 Block Resource Centres 6500 SSA Progress Indicators 2002 2012 1 Access to Primary Schools (<1KM) 87% 99% ↑ Upper Primary Schools(<3KM) 78% 95% ↑ 2 Enrolment( Class I-VIII) (million) 159 199 ↑ 3 Gross Enrolment Ratio (Class I-VIII) 82% 104% ↑ 4 Gender gap in enrolments (%age pts.) 17 1.2 ↓ 5 Dropout Rate (Class I-VIII) 55% 41% ↓ 6 No. of Out of school children (million) 32 8.1 ↓ 7 No. of Child Labour (million) 10.6 5.2 ↓ Since 2004-05, SSA enrolled additional 17mil. children of which, girls accounted for 75%(13 mil.) and SCs & STs, 60%(10 mil.)
  8. 8. Elementary Education-Challenges•Improving the quality and standards of education in publicly fundedschools.•Ensuring RTE Act prescribed norms and standards for schools-meeting residual gaps(DWS-6%, Toilets -16%, Girl’s toilets35%,Ramps-38%, Boundary walls 45% & additional class rooms.• Providing professionally qualified, trained, motivated competentteachers as per norms.•Enrolling all the OoSC including street children & Children withSpecial Needs (CWSN)•School retention & ensuring children progress through the educationsystem.Addressing systemic issues-accountability, untrained teachers(14%),rational deployment, teacher vacancies(12 lakh) & efficientmanagement of schools. 8
  9. 9. Elementary Education: 12th Plan Interventions -Quality•Strong focus on learning outcomes for good qualityeducation.•Ensuring all children acquire basic reading and numeracyskills by Class 2 and skills of critical thinking, expression andproblem solving by Class 5.•Teacher Eligibility Tests (TETs) institutionalized and mademandatory for teacher recruitments.•A National Mission on Teachers and Teaching to deal withissues of teacher education in a holistic manner is beinglaunched.•Periodic review curriculum and school textbooks byNCERT/SCERT. Many states have already completed reviewof curriculum. 9
  10. 10. Elementary Education: 12th Plan Interventions• Provision of atleast 1 year of well supported well resourced, pre-school education.• Programmes for learning enhancement including school based supplemental instruction for disadvantaged children.• Provision of additional KGBVs in EBBs.• Residential schools for children in the areas of civil strife, children of migrating population and tribal children- Seasonal hostels for children of migrating families.• Transport/escorts facilities for children - in difficult areas.• Support to States for children enrolled in private schools (RTE 25% quota).• Improved teacher training with emphasis on effective pedagogy given the multi age, multi grade, multi level contexts. Targeted intervention for STS.• Governance reforms for promoting school education, revisiting land norms and easing regulations that impede growth of private investments in schools. 10
  11. 11. Mid Day Meal Scheme(World’s largest feeding programme covering over 11 crore children inGovernment Schools, Aided Schools, local body Schools, Madarsas, EGS, AIE &NLCP) 11
  12. 12. 12th Plan :Expected Outcomes  India achieving a MYS of seven years.  Regional, Gender and Social gaps in Elementary Education enrollment bridged & that in Secondary Education substantially reduced.  GERs in Secondary and Sr. Secondary levels exceed 90% and 65%, respectively.  RMSA to become a comprehensive composite scheme for Universalisation of Secondary Education like SSA for EE.  National norms set for Universalisation of Secondary Education (USE) in partnership with private providers as they manage over 60% of secondary schools.  Gender gap in Literacy reduced to 10%age points.  A significant improvement in quality and standards of education in Government Schools.  Transparent governance systems and professional management of schools.12