Strategies to encourage students to work effectively in teamsDaniela Munca-Aftenev, ETRC Spring 2013 School
WATCH and BRAINSTORM Free writing activityHow is the video connected to teaching students ?
Task 1• Work in groups of 5• Roles: note taker, artist, Web expert, creative coordinator, content coorinator• “Best Teacher Website”• Design the website: layout, structure, components• Create a name• How the website will improve the overall collaboration of teachers with students and school administration
Task 2• Work in 2 teams per 5 members• 2 Evaluators who will observe the teams• Build the tallest structure possible using the materials provided
The shift from Topic based curriculum to Competence based curriculum• change of paradigm from teacher-centered to student-centered• revision of the traditional methodologies and roles of teachers• teachers are increasingly becoming facilitators of learning• organizing teamwork, managing classroom activity• more of T time is likely to be spent supporting individuals and less onwhole class teaching• decision making, in-depth thinking, and problem• learning experiences more relevant and meaningful,• encourage active citizenship• as well as to create an environment conducive to reflective thinking Your own footer Your Logo
The countries that seem to be particularly successful in implementing policies of cross-curricular key competences: Efficiently use the following instruments:• Setting appropriate curriculum goals and standards;• Developing teacher competences;• Shaping school practices:• Giving appropriate feedback through assessment and evaluation.• The application of effective competence development oriented• Innovative learning environments• Intensive use of ICT facilities• Frequent and meaningful project work and teamwork,• New assessment methods• Various individualized techniques of organizing learning Your own footer Your Logo
Group work can also encourage and help students to:• use and manipulate knowledge in practical situations;• develop language and social skills needed for cooperation;• use exploratory language to try out ideas;• stretch their language as they talk critically and constructively;• support and build on each other’s contributions;• take turns in discussion;• develop other important life skills including: – organization; – negotiation; – delegation; – team work; – co-operation; – leadership
Group work can also encourage and help students to:• Develop and increase their thinking skills• explain and negotiate their contributions to the group• establish what they know and to find out what they have yet to learn• acknowledge and utilize the strengths and talents of individual students• explore a topic in a limited time frame• develop a sense of responsibility through group accountability and assessment.
Strategies for everyday use• Decide the size of the group (two to six)• Assign students to groups• Do not change group assignments with each new task• Arrange the room so that groups can work together without disrupting other groups• Plan instructional materials to promote interdependence.• Give only one copy of the materials to the group.• Assign roles to assure interdependence (Give job titles such as summarizer, researcher, recorder, encourager, and observer)
Strategies for everyday use• Structure individual accountability as well as a group assessment (individuals rewards are based both on their own scores and on the average for the groups as a whole)• Discuss desired behaviors: request that students take turns, use personal names, listen carefully to one another, and encourage everyone to participate.• Monitor student behavior. Circulate around the room to listen and observe groups in action. Note problems in completing assignments and working cooperatively.• Allow opportunities for groups to orally report their findings to the whole class.• Give feedback to each group about how well the members worked with one another and accomplished tasks and how they could improve.