What is assessment? • Definition – Assessment is the process of identifying, gathering and interpreting information about students’ learning. The central purpose of assessment is to provide information on student achievement and progress and set the direction for ongoing teaching and learning. – Assessment provides information for those involved in the teaching and learning process to compare what is known and can be demonstrated against standards.http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/consistent_teacher/assessment.htm
Why assess learning? • To find out if they get what we’ve tried to teach them • To find out if we taught them well enough • To find ways of improving our teaching • Other reasons?
Principle of Assessment • Supporting learning • Assessment supports learning by focusing on the process of children and young people moving from where they are in their learning towards their desired goals. Assessment can also be used to identify and plan any support they will need to achieve these goals. • Principles of assessment
Forms of assessment• Assessment takes many forms in schools and classrooms: – Formal and informal observation and discussion with students – Formal assessment tasks – Formative monitoring and adjustment of teaching – Summative assessment at key points – Comparing evidence of achievement with other students – Comparing evidence of achievement against syllabus standards
The fundamentals of effective assessment • The British National Union of Students presents its principles:
Despite what it says about its use in higher education, thisdocument contains a good summary of what assessment is all about!
Is Assessment in an LMC effective? • Practice does not fit theory: – Theoretically, the level of involvement in planning, teaching, and assessment should be no less than a partnership with other educators. However, the current practice of the instructional (including assessment) and curriculum roles in many school library media centers does not reflect the present theoretical and epistemological expectations of assessment in school librarianship articulated in professional literature and national guidelines . . . – Thinking beyond the Disjunctive Opposition of Information Literacy Assessment in Theory and Practice School Library Media Research, vol. 7, 2004
What’s the problem?• Impediments: – Lack of time – Role perception conflict – Lack of teacher interest in cooperation – Too many students to serve • Thinking beyond the Disjunctive Opposition of Information Literacy Assessment in Theory and Practice School Library Media Research, vol. 7, 2004 – Others?
What is Authentic Assessment? • Definitions – A form of assessment in which students are asked to perform real-world tasks that demonstrate meaningful application of essential knowledge and skills -- Jon Mueller – “. . . Engaging and worthy problems or questions of importance, in which students must use knowledge to fashion performances effectively and creatively. The tasks are either replicas of or analogous to the kinds of problems faced by adult citizens and consumers or professionals in the field.” -- Grant Wiggins -- (Wiggins, 1993, p. 229).
What Roles Can Library MediaCenter Staff Play in Assessment Development? • Work with classroom teachers to develop learning goals and standards • Develop resources and assessment tasks for classroom teachers • Design your own assessments
The Co-Role of the LMS • Expanding the assignment and creating a learning environment that allows authentic learning activities to become possible • Facilitat[ing] the activity with the teacher so that many learning environments can be made available to students • Provid[ing] input and evidence in the evaluation of the students[’] ability to process information into meaningful communication – Authentic Assessment by Daniel Callison, School Library Media Activities Monthly 14, no. 5 (January 1998).
Types of authentic assessment 1. Observations: – checklists of desired behaviors, rubrics that identify criteria for successful performance and describe different levels of performance, and rating scales that place levels of performance along a continuum. • From Working Smarter: Being Strategic About Assessment and Accountability by Violet H. Harada, based on Ann Davies, Making Classroom Assessment Work
Types of authentic assessment 2. Products: – checklists that list criteria for proficiency, rubrics that describe various levels of proficiency, and graphic organizers that organize and synthesize students’ work. • From Working Smarter: Being Strategic About Assessment and Accountability by Violet H. Harada, based on Ann Davies, Making Classroom Assessment Work
Types of authentic assessment 3. Conversations: – formal and informal conferences, logs to record thoughts and feelings about the content and process, and notes and letters to self-assess and seek feedback. • From Working Smarter: Being Strategic About Assessment and Accountability by Violet H. Harada, based on Ann Davies, Making Classroom Assessment Work
Creating rubrics• Ultimately, a good rubric is a promise to the learner that the elements outlined in the rubric are the valued, and therefore gradable, elements.• When developing a rubric, I [Joette Stefl-Mabry] encourage my graduate students to think about the areas in which they would like the student to develop proficiencies and then articulate how they will know that the student has developed these proficiencies. – Building Rubrics into Powerful Learning Assessment Tools
Authentic Assessment?• School Librarianship Exam – Time: 3hrs 1. Explain how you would amuse 478 small, wet children for 57 minutes on a rainy lunchtime . . . 2. Your principal has instructed you to improve library usage rates amongst the maths classes within the next 2 weeks. 3. Create a poster that explains how senior students can have fun in the library. 4. An irate parent confronts you with a complaint regarding a lost book, and pulls a knife on you. – Warrior Librarian Gold Edition 2001