Attribution Theory revision

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Attribution Theory revision

  1. 1. Attribution Theory Weiner’s Model of Attribution A2 Sports Psychology Revision
  2. 2. What is attribution?.... <ul><li>Attribution = ................. reasons for success or failure </li></ul><ul><li>When you succeed how do you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>When you fail how do you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we want to understand attribution in relation to sport? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is attribution?.... <ul><li>Attribution = perceived reasons for success or failure. </li></ul><ul><li>When you succeed how do you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>Happy, satisfied, proud, motivated = development of approach behaviour ( LINK with achievement motivation ) </li></ul><ul><li>When you fail how do you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>Sad, de motivated, embarrassed (in an assessment situation LINK to social inhibition ) , unsatisfied = development of avoidance behaviour ( LINK with achievement motivation ). </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we want to understand attribution in relation to sport? </li></ul>
  4. 4. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st The attribution process
  5. 5. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (OUTCOME) The attribution process 2nd
  6. 6. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 3rd
  7. 7. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) Ability = internal Stability ? The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 3rd
  8. 8. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) Ability = internal Stability = Stable Control? The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 3rd
  9. 9. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) Ability = internal Stability = Stable Out of performers control The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 3rd
  10. 10. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) How would you feel? Ability = internal Stability = Stable Out of performers control The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 4th
  11. 11. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) How would you feel about taking another penalty kick? Shame, embarrassment Ability = internal Stability = Stable Out of performers control The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 4th
  12. 12. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) How would this effect your motivation? If I try again I might fail again. Shame, embarrassment Ability = internal Stability = Stable Out of performers control The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 4th
  13. 13. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) Decrease motivation If I try again I might fail again. Shame, embarrassment Ability = internal Stability = Stable Out of performers control F U T U R E B E H A V I O U R The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 5th
  14. 14. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . 1st “ I took the penalty kick and missed!” (Outcome ) I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it! (Attribution: why did I fail?) Decrease motivation If I try again I might fail again. Shame, embarrassment Ability = internal Stability = Stable Out of performers control I D O N T W A N T T O .....? The attribution process: What we go through when we succeed or fail. 2nd 5th
  15. 15. We try to understand through... Weiner’s process of attribution . OUTCOME OF PERFORMANCE Success or failure CAUSAL ATTRIBUTIONS GIVEN AFFECT Increase or decrease motivation EXPECTANCY of future success or failure AFFECT Feelings of pride and shame increased or decreased LOCUS OF CAUSALITY Internal or external STABILITY Stable or unstable LOCUS OF CONTROL In or out of one’s control F B U E T H U A R V E I O U R The attribution process
  16. 16. Weiner’s attribution model LOCUS OF CAUSALITY DIMENSION S T A B I L I T Y D I M E N S I O N Internal attribution External attribution Stable attribution Unstable attribution ABILITY TASK DIFFICULTY EFFORT LUCK
  17. 17. T1: Copy out the model; add the attribution from my example to the model.
  18. 18. “ I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it!!” <ul><li>The attribution this performer has given for his failure is ................................................................? </li></ul>
  19. 19. “ I'm not good enough I shouldn't have taken it!!” <ul><li>The attribution this performer has given for his failure is INTERNAL STABLE! </li></ul><ul><li>You are this performers coach and you have discussed the penalty kick with him and realised that he has attributed his failure to his own ability. The performer has said he will never take a penalty kick again. </li></ul><ul><li>What is this performer experiencing? </li></ul><ul><li>As a coach what do you hope to develop in this performer to improve future performance? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how you would teach and encourage this performer to use appropriate attributions for success and failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how this would effect future performance and maintenance of a balanced, healthy and active lifestyle. </li></ul>

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