eBooks’ Impact on Print:
A Library Perspective
Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community
Koguan Law School, Shangh...
eBooks’ Impact on Print:
A Library Perspective
Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community
Peking University, Beijin...
Library Acquisitions
We’re Moving As Fast As We Can!
• eBooks preferred
• More is better
• Ownership doesn’t
matter
Monograph Purchase
Trends, University of Denver
Print Books Acquired
30000

25000
20000
15000
10000
5000

0
FY 2009

FY 20...
Purchase Trends, University of Denver
$1,600,000
$1,400,000
$1,200,000
$1,000,000

e STL

e Subscription

$800,000

e Purc...
Types of eBook Acquisition
• Direct purchase
– Title-by-title
– Package

eBooks in the Catalog by
Acquisition Method

• Su...
Implications of this Shift
• Larger collections
• Less permanence
– We need to develop solutions
• Portico, LOCKSS, what e...
What does
this mean for
our users?
Duke University Press eBooks
•
•
•
•

Added October 2008
Loaded MARC records December 2008
Purchase all e/p
1,480 e-books
...
The Data
• Gathered circulation data
– Through December 2008
– Each subsequent December (2009-2012)
– Cumulative

• Compil...
Apples and Oranges
• pBook checkouts
– Undergrad: 3 weeks
– Grad: 10 weeks
– Faculty: 1 year
– Potentially many uses per c...
eBooks
• User Sessions
– 588 titles used (39.7%)
– 5,149 sessions
• 8.8 per title used
• 3.5 per title in the
collection

...
eBooks
• Pages Printed
–
–
–
–

68 titles
Total pages: 3,244
Average: 47.7 pages
Highest: 380

• Pages Copied
–
–
–
–

54 ...
pBooks
• 1,528 titles used (63.2%)
• 903 titles used since Dec
2008 (37.4%)
• 4,611 checkouts (2,930
before Dec 2008)
– 3....
Dual Format Availability:
A Preference for Print
• 1,150 titles available in both formats
• Print Use
– 619 titles checked...
Dual Format Use
• 394 titles used in both formats
– 4,221 user sessions
• 10.7 per title used

– 1,524 p-book checkouts (8...
Dual Format Use post-2008
• 332 titles used in both formats
– 3981 user sessions
• 12.3 per title used

– 712 p-book check...
P Used, E Not
• 431 titles
– 1,004 checkouts
• 2.3 per title used

– 297 titles with
checkouts since 2008
• 479 checkouts
...
E Used, P Not
• 57 titles
• 246 user sessions
– 4.3 per title

• 906 pages viewed
– 15.9 per title

• 3 titles with pages
...
eBook Use
eBook Use
Print Use
How Closely Are P/E Usage
Linked?
Increased Checkouts, 2008-2012
• For titles available at the start of the project
(Dec 2008), how many more checkouts were...
Increased Checkouts 2008-2012
• 686 titles with increased checkouts
– Measuring titles available prior to Dec 2008

• 408 ...
Observations
• Use of E may lead to use of P
• Use of P doesn’t seem to lead to use of E
• If both formats are used,
– the...
Thoughts
• If dual format usage is higher by all
measures, does this mean that people’s
preference is for good content, no...
Thank You
Michael Levine-Clark
Associate Dean for Scholarly Communication and
Collections Services
University of Denver Li...
Levine-Clark, Michael, “eBooks’ Impact on Print: A Library Perspective,” Invited. Transforming Libraries for an Enriching ...
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Levine-Clark, Michael, “eBooks’ Impact on Print: A Library Perspective,” Invited. Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community, Beijing University, Beijing, January 9, 2014. Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, January 6, 2014.

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Levine-Clark, Michael, “eBooks’ Impact on Print: A Library Perspective,” Invited. Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community, Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, January 6, 2014.

Levine-Clark, Michael, “eBooks’ Impact on Print: A Library Perspective,” Invited. Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community, Beijing University, Beijing, January 9, 2014.

This is the English version. The Chinese/English version is available via my Slideshare account as well

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  • Levine-Clark, Michael, “eBooks’ Impact on Print: A Library Perspective,” Invited. Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community, Beijing University, Beijing, January 9, 2014. Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, January 6, 2014.

    1. 1. eBooks’ Impact on Print: A Library Perspective Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community Koguan Law School, Shanghai Jiao Tong University January 6, 2014 Michael Levine-Clark Associate Dean for Scholarly Communication and Collections Services University of Denver Libraries
    2. 2. eBooks’ Impact on Print: A Library Perspective Transforming Libraries for an Enriching Community Peking University, Beijing January 9, 2014 Michael Levine-Clark Associate Dean for Scholarly Communication and Collections Services University of Denver Libraries
    3. 3. Library Acquisitions
    4. 4. We’re Moving As Fast As We Can! • eBooks preferred • More is better • Ownership doesn’t matter
    5. 5. Monograph Purchase Trends, University of Denver Print Books Acquired 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013
    6. 6. Purchase Trends, University of Denver $1,600,000 $1,400,000 $1,200,000 $1,000,000 e STL e Subscription $800,000 e Purchase $600,000 Print $400,000 $200,000 $0 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013
    7. 7. Types of eBook Acquisition • Direct purchase – Title-by-title – Package eBooks in the Catalog by Acquisition Method • Subscription – Package • Demand-Driven Acquisition – Unowned – STL – Purchase 153,302, 1 6% 253,765, 2 6% Perpetual Access Subscription 573,243, 5 8% DDA Available 494,609 (50.5%) titles published since 1950
    8. 8. Implications of this Shift • Larger collections • Less permanence – We need to develop solutions • Portico, LOCKSS, what else? • Unintended consequences? – Harder for publishers? – Fewer books published?
    9. 9. What does this mean for our users?
    10. 10. Duke University Press eBooks • • • • Added October 2008 Loaded MARC records December 2008 Purchase all e/p 1,480 e-books – Frontlist approximately 120 per year – Backlist • 2,416 p-books • Many predate the e-book collection • 1,150 in both formats
    11. 11. The Data • Gathered circulation data – Through December 2008 – Each subsequent December (2009-2012) – Cumulative • Compiled e-book use data – At end of each year, 2009-2012 – For each year
    12. 12. Apples and Oranges • pBook checkouts – Undergrad: 3 weeks – Grad: 10 weeks – Faculty: 1 year – Potentially many uses per checkout, and some when deciding to checkout • eBook use – One time accessing the book is one use
    13. 13. eBooks • User Sessions – 588 titles used (39.7%) – 5,149 sessions • 8.8 per title used • 3.5 per title in the collection – 892 titles not used • Pages Viewed – Total pages: 35,236 – Average (for books used): 59.9 – Highest: 2,861
    14. 14. eBooks • Pages Printed – – – – 68 titles Total pages: 3,244 Average: 47.7 pages Highest: 380 • Pages Copied – – – – 54 titles Total pages: 640 Average: 11.9 pages Highest: 64
    15. 15. pBooks • 1,528 titles used (63.2%) • 903 titles used since Dec 2008 (37.4%) • 4,611 checkouts (2,930 before Dec 2008) – 3.0 per title used – 1.9 per title – 1.1 per title (post 2008 use) – 0.7 per title (post 2008)
    16. 16. Dual Format Availability: A Preference for Print • 1,150 titles available in both formats • Print Use – 619 titles checked out since Dec 2008 (53.8%) – 825 titles checked out (including before Dec 2008) (71.7%) • Electronic Use – 451 titles with user sessions (39.2%)
    17. 17. Dual Format Use • 394 titles used in both formats – 4,221 user sessions • 10.7 per title used – 1,524 p-book checkouts (801 before Dec 2008) • 3.9 per title used (1.8 for uses since 2008) – 54 titles with pages printed (out of 68) • 7.4 pages per title used – 68.4 pages viewed on average
    18. 18. Dual Format Use post-2008 • 332 titles used in both formats – 3981 user sessions • 12.3 per title used – 712 p-book checkouts • 2.2 per title used – 48 titles with pages printed (out of 68) • 8.3 pages per title used – 72.0 pages viewed on average
    19. 19. P Used, E Not • 431 titles – 1,004 checkouts • 2.3 per title used – 297 titles with checkouts since 2008 • 479 checkouts – 1.6 per title used
    20. 20. E Used, P Not • 57 titles • 246 user sessions – 4.3 per title • 906 pages viewed – 15.9 per title • 3 titles with pages printed
    21. 21. eBook Use
    22. 22. eBook Use
    23. 23. Print Use
    24. 24. How Closely Are P/E Usage Linked?
    25. 25. Increased Checkouts, 2008-2012 • For titles available at the start of the project (Dec 2008), how many more checkouts were there by Dec 2012? • Was that increase linked in any way to eusage? • Was it linked in any way to type of e-usage?
    26. 26. Increased Checkouts 2008-2012 • 686 titles with increased checkouts – Measuring titles available prior to Dec 2008 • 408 available in both formats • 235 also had e-use – 15.5 user sessions per title – 81.2 pages viewed per title
    27. 27. Observations • Use of E may lead to use of P • Use of P doesn’t seem to lead to use of E • If both formats are used, – they are both used at a higher rate than average – They have greater meaningful use as e-books • Pages viewed • User sessions
    28. 28. Thoughts • If dual format usage is higher by all measures, does this mean that people’s preference is for good content, not format? BUT • When both formats are available, print is more likely to be used (53.8% vs 39.2%). – Does e-discovery drive p-use?
    29. 29. Thank You Michael Levine-Clark Associate Dean for Scholarly Communication and Collections Services University of Denver Libraries michael.levine-clark@du.edu

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