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

WE GRATEFUULY ACKNOWLEDGE THE VALUABLE GUIDANCE & SUPPORT GIVEN
TO US BY OUR HISTORY TEACHER Mrs. ASHA
JAKHMOLA IN SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETING OUR PROJECT FILE.
PROJECT GIVE US AMPLE OPPORTUNITIES TO APPLY US THE CRITICAL & ANALYTICAL
KNOWLEDGE TO ENTER RIGHT CONCLUSION.
Mahabharata is name ofthe book in Sanskrit
language.
Composed B/W 300 B.C & 300 A.D .
Has the Honor of being the longest Epic in
World Literature.
Work is divided into 18 Books(concerning 18
Days of War that took place around1000 BC)
In this course of Narration stories aregiven of Ancestors of Heroes who fought
the Battle.
Onlyabout 4000 lines relate to main story ;the restcontain additional Myth &
Teachings.

. According to Indian traditionthe Mahabharata
is the Literary record of the Historical War
fought B/W“ Kauravas ” & “ Pandavas ”.
.From the values point of view that war was
B/W “Evil” and “Good”.
.In Hindu mythologypopular stories are woven
around Vedic themes they had nothing todo
with History.
In Vedic literature alsonames like
‘PARIKSHIT’ , ‘SANTANU’, ‘DEVAPI’ are found
which are similarto characters of
Mahabharata.

In Mahabharata occurrence of no.5 is about 81 times indifferent
context and a few Hundreds in total.
Composer must have seen some Sacredness in that Number.
It could be evenSpiritual,as itwas more used in a spiritual context. For e.g-
“Five Pranas”, “Five Indriyas” .

.Throughoutthe Epic in Battle ,Warriorsused Five Arrows, TenArrowsfor
hitting each other.
.It is clear that composer was more concernedabout Spiritual aspect and
hence, the Historicity would be doubted presentedin the Epic.
THIS CAN’TBE A MERE COINCIDENCEABOUTOBSESSIONOF NUMBER
5 IN THE EPIC.
On comparing“Mahabharata” with “Battleof Ten Kings” , it is clear that one to
one mappingof characters can be done.
Sudas ,a Bharataking = Yudhistra , another
Bharataking, son of Dharma.
Vasista, chief priest of Sudas = Vyasa,
descendants of vasista .
Indra, chief god of Battles= Arjuna, sonof
Indra ,chief fighter among Pandavas.

I concludeby saying that Epicwas Dramatized version
of “Battleof Ten Kings”andthere is no Historicity
involved in thisEpic.

BUT AT THE SAME TIME EVIDENCES FOUND BY THE B.B.LAL
(ARCHAEOLOGIST ) AT THE HASTINAPURA IN MEERUT .
THESE EVIDENCES SHOWS THAT THERE IS SOME TYPE OF
HISTORICITY INVOLVED IN THIS EPIC.

TheGreat war should have taken place during
3139 B.C.
Traditional ascribesthe Authorshipofthis
Epic to Great sage Veda Vyasa, also known
as ‘KrisnaDvaipayana’.
ResearchScholarsfeel that original work
called Jaya, might have been a muchsmaller
work comprising of 8800 verses.
Thefinal Edition that come tous is the work of Suta Ugrasravas,
son ofLomaharsana.

It is this has been called Mahabharata, due to it’s
Immense Size and it’s dealingwiththe story of people of
the race descended from the emperor Bharata.

THERE ARE 18 PARVAS IN THE
MAHABHARATA
1. Adi‐parva,
2. Sabha‐parva,
3. Vana‐parva,
4. Virat‐parva,
5. Udyog‐parva,
6. Bhism‐parva,
7. Drone‐parva,
8. Shalya‐parva,
9. Saupitaka‐parva
10.Stri‐parva,
11.Shanti‐parva,
12.Anushasanaparva,
13.Ashvamedheka‐parv
14.Mausala‐parva,
15.Mahaprasthana‐parv
16.Swargarohana‐parva
17.Karnaparva
18.Asbramavasikaparv
(MEANS WHO IS FIRM IN A BATTLE)
His other is name is king “Dharma”, and oftenaddressed as ‘Son of Dharma’in
the epic.
Eldestamong Five Pandavas , born from union of Kunti and the God Dharma.
Also known as “Dharmaraja”& “Ajatsatru” means who has noenemies.
After the War , he ruled for Thirty Six years and was succeded by Parikshit.

ABOVE QUOTES ABOUT YUDHISTHIRA CLEARLY
TESTIFYHIS CHARACTER AS “PURIFYING AGNI”.
Episode of Eklavya also indicates the
attitude of High Caste Brahamins had for
Nishadas.
He was the son of Hiranyadhanus (King of
Nishadas) , came for the learning science of
Arms by Drona.
But according to the rules of Morality , the
Nishada boy can’t became a better Archer than
High Born Boy.
SO AVOIDING SUCH POSSIBILITY , DRONA HAD
REFUSED TO ACCEPT EKLAVYA AS HIS PUPIL.

Eklavya went into the Forest wherehe made a
clay image of Drona and began practicing
weapon and became a GoodArcher.
When Princes meetEklavya , this createda
feeling of Jealously in the mind of Prince
“Arjuna” .
Drona thought and went to Eklavya with Arjuna
Dronacharya played Ruthlessly and Demanded
Thumb of Right Hand of Eklavya.
IN RESPONSE TO THIS CRUEL DEMAND, EKLAVYA CUT
HIS RIGHT THUMB AND ARJUNA WAS.. HAPPY.

FAMILY TREE
MAHABHARAT

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MAHABHARAT

  • 1.
  • 2.  WE GRATEFUULY ACKNOWLEDGE THE VALUABLE GUIDANCE & SUPPORT GIVEN TO US BY OUR HISTORY TEACHER Mrs. ASHA JAKHMOLA IN SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETING OUR PROJECT FILE. PROJECT GIVE US AMPLE OPPORTUNITIES TO APPLY US THE CRITICAL & ANALYTICAL KNOWLEDGE TO ENTER RIGHT CONCLUSION.
  • 3.
  • 4. Mahabharata is name ofthe book in Sanskrit language. Composed B/W 300 B.C & 300 A.D . Has the Honor of being the longest Epic in World Literature. Work is divided into 18 Books(concerning 18 Days of War that took place around1000 BC)
  • 5. In this course of Narration stories aregiven of Ancestors of Heroes who fought the Battle. Onlyabout 4000 lines relate to main story ;the restcontain additional Myth & Teachings.
  • 6.
  • 7.  . According to Indian traditionthe Mahabharata is the Literary record of the Historical War fought B/W“ Kauravas ” & “ Pandavas ”. .From the values point of view that war was B/W “Evil” and “Good”. .In Hindu mythologypopular stories are woven around Vedic themes they had nothing todo with History. In Vedic literature alsonames like ‘PARIKSHIT’ , ‘SANTANU’, ‘DEVAPI’ are found which are similarto characters of Mahabharata.
  • 8.  In Mahabharata occurrence of no.5 is about 81 times indifferent context and a few Hundreds in total. Composer must have seen some Sacredness in that Number. It could be evenSpiritual,as itwas more used in a spiritual context. For e.g- “Five Pranas”, “Five Indriyas” .
  • 9.  .Throughoutthe Epic in Battle ,Warriorsused Five Arrows, TenArrowsfor hitting each other. .It is clear that composer was more concernedabout Spiritual aspect and hence, the Historicity would be doubted presentedin the Epic. THIS CAN’TBE A MERE COINCIDENCEABOUTOBSESSIONOF NUMBER 5 IN THE EPIC.
  • 10. On comparing“Mahabharata” with “Battleof Ten Kings” , it is clear that one to one mappingof characters can be done. Sudas ,a Bharataking = Yudhistra , another Bharataking, son of Dharma. Vasista, chief priest of Sudas = Vyasa, descendants of vasista . Indra, chief god of Battles= Arjuna, sonof Indra ,chief fighter among Pandavas.
  • 11.  I concludeby saying that Epicwas Dramatized version of “Battleof Ten Kings”andthere is no Historicity involved in thisEpic.
  • 12.  BUT AT THE SAME TIME EVIDENCES FOUND BY THE B.B.LAL (ARCHAEOLOGIST ) AT THE HASTINAPURA IN MEERUT . THESE EVIDENCES SHOWS THAT THERE IS SOME TYPE OF HISTORICITY INVOLVED IN THIS EPIC.
  • 13.
  • 14.  TheGreat war should have taken place during 3139 B.C. Traditional ascribesthe Authorshipofthis Epic to Great sage Veda Vyasa, also known as ‘KrisnaDvaipayana’. ResearchScholarsfeel that original work called Jaya, might have been a muchsmaller work comprising of 8800 verses. Thefinal Edition that come tous is the work of Suta Ugrasravas, son ofLomaharsana.
  • 15.  It is this has been called Mahabharata, due to it’s Immense Size and it’s dealingwiththe story of people of the race descended from the emperor Bharata.
  • 16.
  • 17.  THERE ARE 18 PARVAS IN THE MAHABHARATA 1. Adi‐parva, 2. Sabha‐parva, 3. Vana‐parva, 4. Virat‐parva, 5. Udyog‐parva, 6. Bhism‐parva, 7. Drone‐parva, 8. Shalya‐parva, 9. Saupitaka‐parva 10.Stri‐parva, 11.Shanti‐parva, 12.Anushasanaparva, 13.Ashvamedheka‐parv 14.Mausala‐parva, 15.Mahaprasthana‐parv 16.Swargarohana‐parva 17.Karnaparva 18.Asbramavasikaparv
  • 18.
  • 19. (MEANS WHO IS FIRM IN A BATTLE) His other is name is king “Dharma”, and oftenaddressed as ‘Son of Dharma’in the epic. Eldestamong Five Pandavas , born from union of Kunti and the God Dharma. Also known as “Dharmaraja”& “Ajatsatru” means who has noenemies. After the War , he ruled for Thirty Six years and was succeded by Parikshit.
  • 20.  ABOVE QUOTES ABOUT YUDHISTHIRA CLEARLY TESTIFYHIS CHARACTER AS “PURIFYING AGNI”.
  • 21. Episode of Eklavya also indicates the attitude of High Caste Brahamins had for Nishadas. He was the son of Hiranyadhanus (King of Nishadas) , came for the learning science of Arms by Drona. But according to the rules of Morality , the Nishada boy can’t became a better Archer than High Born Boy. SO AVOIDING SUCH POSSIBILITY , DRONA HAD REFUSED TO ACCEPT EKLAVYA AS HIS PUPIL.
  • 22.  Eklavya went into the Forest wherehe made a clay image of Drona and began practicing weapon and became a GoodArcher. When Princes meetEklavya , this createda feeling of Jealously in the mind of Prince “Arjuna” . Drona thought and went to Eklavya with Arjuna Dronacharya played Ruthlessly and Demanded Thumb of Right Hand of Eklavya. IN RESPONSE TO THIS CRUEL DEMAND, EKLAVYA CUT HIS RIGHT THUMB AND ARJUNA WAS.. HAPPY.