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Mahabharata Summary


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A short summary of the Longest Epic ever exist.

Published in: Education
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Mahabharata Summary

  1. 1. Mahabharata Veda Vyasa
  2. 2. • The Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India. • the authorship of the Mahabharata is attributed to the great sage Veda Vyasa (Krsna Dvaipaya) • Longest epic of the world • one hundred thousand verses, long prose passages, or about 1.8 million words in total • roughly ten times the length of the Iliad and Odyssey combined or about four times the length of the Ramayana. • called Mahabharata due to the immense size and its dealing with the story of the people of the race descended from the ancient emperor Bharata
  3. 3. • Shantanu, king of Hastinapura, was married to the beautiful Ganga, who was the river goddess in disguise. • Bhishma… 8th son left • Shantanu married again with Satyavati, mother of Vyasa • Bhishma abducted 3 sisters, Amba, Ambika, and Ambalika. • Amba then vowed that one day she would kill him. • Satyavati… ask Vyasa to give childern to two princesses Ambika and Ambalika. • first child would be born blind, Dhritarashtra… 2nd child will be pale-skinned, Pandu
  4. 4. • Pandu shoots a gazelle of a brahmin, so he cursed him… • Kunti… Yudhisthira, Bhima and Arjuna • Madri… Nakula and Sahaveda (Pandavas) • After Pandu died, Dhritarashtra has become king, despite his blindness. • Gives birth to a ball of flesh,… became a parent of 100 sons. (Kauravas) • Duryodhana… first son of Kauravas brings hate
  5. 5. • Because of jealous, Duryodhana planned to kill the Pandavas… • Pandavas escaped… then lived in forest. • Pandavas attend swayamvara of Draupadi… Arjuna wins Draupadi as “prize” • Kunti tells Arjuna to share his prize to his brothers without seeing first Draupadi. Then, five brothers married Draupadi. • As tension between families mounts, Krishna makes his appearance to intervene.
  6. 6. • To avert war, Krishna advice King Dhritarashtra to give the half of the kingdom to Pandavas… Yudhisthira accepts. • Indraprastha… new kingdom lead by Yudhisthira… Duryodhana felt jealous. • Pandavas lost to a dice game then they lost everything, including Draupadi. • Duryodhana uncovers Draupadi, but Krishna rescue her. • She swears that one day she will be avenged.
  7. 7. • Pandavas are condemned to spend 12 years of exile in forest and a 13th year in an unknown place to disguise. • Arjuna aims to the highest mountains to look for celestial weapons… Shiva gave him. • Meanwhile Duryodhana has launched an attack on Virata's kingdom. Then lost to Arjuna. • Duryodhana refuses to give his cousins back their kingdom • Krishna offers Arjuna first choice: either he can have all of Krishna’s armies, or he can have Krishna alone..Arjuna chooses Krishna. When Arjuna asks him to drive his chariot, Krishna accepts.
  8. 8. • Krishna pleads with Dhritarashtra one last time to restore to the Pandavas their rightful kingdom. • Convinced by Duryodhana, not to. “I can sacrifice my life, my wealth, my kingdom, my everything, but I can never live in peace with the Pandavas.” • Then begins the war at Kuru’s Field when Duryodhana refuse to give back the Pandavas Kingdom. • They set some rules but eventually broken. • Arjuna thinks before he acts. Arjuna hesitates before such killing, wanting to retreat from life and responsibility (tension between dharma and moksha).
  9. 9. • Krishna then reveals his divine, universal nature to Arjuna in a magnificent vision of a multitude of gods, stretching out to infinity. • Resolved now to perform his duty to his lord, Arjuna leads his troops into battle. • On the first day, Bhisma leads the Kuaravas army to enter the battle and he wins the war. • No one cannot fight with Bhisma, because he was blessed with the power to choose his time of death. • Sikhandi was put into war. Bhisma refuse to fight a woman. Then killed by Bhisma. • Sikhandi is the reincarnation of Amba, who cursed Bhisma.
  10. 10. • Bhima kills most of the 100 Kauravas, who were demons incarnate. • The war lasted for 18 days. • Duryodhana choose to fight with Bhima. Bhima stikes his legs. Duryudhana died. • Krishna reveals that the gods allowed this war to relieve Earth of her great burden. Duryodhana was the incarnation of Kali, lord of the 4th age. • Bhisma lay down in the bed of arrows. • Bhishma tells Yudhishthira, “If one fights against trickery, one should oppose him with trickery. But if one fights lawfully, one should check him with dharma.”
  11. 11. • Krishna Vasudeva departed from this earth thirty-six years after the war. • Pandavas also leave this world… the Great Journey • Yudhisthira and his dog arrives at entrance of paradise. • Draupadi and his brothers died along the way. • The gate keeper tells Yudhisthira to leave his dog if he wants to enter the paradise. • He refuses to leave aa creature so faithful, and is permitted to enter, for this was a test, the dog was the god Dharma in disguise.
  12. 12. • In paradise, Yudhisthira saw his enemies are there, smiling and contented. • He decides to stay with his loved ones, Draupadi in hell, rather than enjoy the delights of heaven with his enemies. • This too was a test, the “final illusion.” • They are all permitted to enter paradise.
  13. 13. Thank You! :)