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Prestige Institute of Management And Research
Session: 2022-2023
TOPIC:-MAHABHARAT
Submitted to:-
Dr. Pragya Singh
Submitted by:-
MBA-FT-III-C
Palak Jain
Sourabh Wadnere
Sahiba Tamrakar
Swarnima Rai
Tanishka Dosi
About Mahabharata
Mahabharata is called National epic of India. It is written by
great author Vyasa in 4th century AD.
 The Mahabharata is the Story of a great war “Kurukshetra”
between Kauravas and Pandavas.
 The story has been passed down to us in a classical Sanskrit
verse lines of 200,000.
 Mahabharata is the longest Sanskrit epic.
 Pandavas and Kauravas were sons of the brothers,Pandu
Maharaja & Drutarashtra.
 Kauravas being greedy about kingdom, with the help of
Shakuni won the game of dice and sent Pandavas for 14 years
of Vanavas and 1 year of Agnyatavas.
 After completing it, Pandavas were not given their Kingdom
back and were asked to fight for it.
 Pandavas sought the help of Lord Krishna, whereas Kauravas
concentrated on strengthening their arsenal.
The battle lasted for 18 days, and Pandavas wisely
Management Functions
PLANNING – Making framework or blueprint of a task
In-spite of having an army of 100 the Kauravas lost the
war but even after having just 5 people in the group
the Pandavas won! Reason being planning skill by the
group leader.
TIME MANAGEMENT – Assigning duration to the tasks
The time management skills in Mahabharata can be
defined as the sound of the huge beagle would
start the war and in the evening one final horn would
blow up to end it.
Management Learning's
Turn your Weakness into your Strength
Make Powerful Allies
Share your Responsibilities
Teamwork Succeeds where individual efforts Fails
Selecting Right man for Right Job
Commitment & Team Interest
Know your Enemy (SWOT Analysis)
Right Managers
Know Ground Realities
Women Empowerment
Preparation
Kauravas: Karna went on a country-wide military mission,
subdued the different kingdoms and acquired wealth. But it
meant a loss in terms of both men & money & creation of new
enemies.
Pandavas: Though in exile they turned their attention to
improving over their weakness
• Arjuna set out on a mission to acquires Divyastras.
• Bhīma met his brother Hanuman and got a blessing of enhanced
strength.
• Yudhisthira acquired teachings from the various wise rishis, and
also learnt the Game of Dice from Gondharava Chtrasena, lest he
was challenged to ye another dice game. Its said that he had
become undefeatable in Dice.
Turn your Weakness into your Strength
Allies
Kauravas: Centralized power system. The greatest empire of the
time. But not many powerful allies, except from old relations
from far off places like Gandhara( Shakuni), Sindhu (Jayadrath)
and Kambodia (Camboja-Bhagadutt)
Pandavas: No wealth No power of their own. But powerful
allies all over India.
• Panchala through Marriage with Darupadi.
• Dwarka through marriage with Arjuna & Subhadra
• Magadh through marriage of Shadeva & Vijaya
• Chedi through marriage of Nakula & Karenmayi
• Kasi through marriage of Bhima & Balandhara
• Kekaya through marriage of Yudhisthira & Devika
• Matsya through marriage of Abhimanyu & Uttara
• Rakshasas through marriage of Bhima & Hidimba
• Nagas through marriage of Arjuna & Uloopi
Make Powerful Allies 56
Leadership
A) Transform individual goals to company goals
The biggest failure of Kauravas in Mahabharata was they
fought with different goals with the super united
Pandavas, who had a single goal and hence could reach
the target easily, and won the battle, a leader should
always give a clear vision of the goal to its members, for
the accomplishment of their goal.
B) Know the worth of your team member
Example : Krishna was the group leader of the five
Pandavas, his vision was so clear that, he used each and
every quality of the Pandavas, Arjun was a well trained
archer and Krishna used his archery for ending up Arjun
and the enemies of Pandavas! The strength
of Bheem, was used to defeat the mightiest
warriors. Yudishthir with his sword power defeated the
Kauravas and all the brothers under the guidance of
Krishna; the leader won the war!
Share Your Responsibilities
Individual Motives
Kauravas: Except for Duryodhana nobody wanted the War. All
the 4 main generals had strong ties with the Pandavas
• Bhishma: Wont kill the pandavas. Will kill a thousand soldiers
each day
• Drona: Wont kill the pandavas. Will capture them only
• Shalya: Loved the Pandavas & covertly helped them by
humiliating Karna
• Karna: Promised not to kill any of the other Pandavas save
Arjuna
Pandavas: Common goal. But the individual had their
individual Targets. Their own agenda, which just became one
with the teams agenda
• Dhratsadyumna: Drona
• Shikhandi: Bhisma
• Satayaki: Bhurisravas
• Arjuna: Karna
• Bhima: Duryodhana & his brothers
• Sahadev: Shakuni & his sons
• Nakula: Karna’s Sons
The Right team is made by selecting the Right
Individuals. Get the Right man for the Right Job
Building a team is an easy task but teamwork and task
assigning are important aspects. That’s what even we
have seen in Mahabharata as well. Kauravas had a
great team with many powerful Maharathis such as
Bheesham Pitaamaah, Guru Drona, and Angraaj Karna
who were undefeatable. They could not be defeated
but still, they got killed and could not make Kauravas
win the Mahabharata battle. One major thing missing
was teamwork and a collective motive
Kauravas: No team spirit. They all fought their
individual wars.
Pandavas: One team, One Goal
Team Spirit
Teamwork succeeds where
individual efforts fails.
Most of the leaders like Bhishma Pitamah and
Dronacharya fought on behalf of the Kauravas even when
they knew that they would lose the battle and their lives.
They had their chances of disrespecting the kingdom of
Hastinapur which was under the Kauravas and moving to
the Pandavas but they did not. This is a management
lesson because it should be followed by all the employees
that they should not keep hopping from one company to
another for a little increment in the salary. They should
remain loyal to a company if they find the work culture
suitable. None of the fighters from the Kauravas cheated,
this also teaches the management lesson of being loyal to
the customer and the company.
The interest of the individual should never exceed
the Team Interest.
The best man for a Job is not the one with the
best capabilities but one with the greatest
commitment.
Commitment
Right Managers
Krishna: The Greatest Crisis Manager the world has
seen.
Yudhisthira: Low key strategist
• On the first day of the War, he played a Master game.
Went over to the Enemy side to seek blessings from
Elders. In reality he made a covert deal with them,
wherein all of them agreed to him and unfolded the
secrets of defeating them.
• While coming back, he took a calculated risk. He made
an offer to all the assembled people to change sides if
they wanted to. He knew well of the lack of
cohesiveness among the Kauravas. Yuyutsu, son of
Dhrtarashtra crossed over to the Pandavas. This exposed
the weakness of the Kauravas for all to see.
Know your enemies weaknesses and exploit them
Take Calculated Risks
Inspire, Invigorate, Counsel your own team in
moments of need.
The Roots
Pandavas: Spent the greater part of their lives in Poverty.
Childhood in the Himalayan foothills among Rishis. One year
exile among the poor people of Kuru-Panchala. 12yrs of
Vanvas & 1yr of Agyatvas
Know Ground Realities
Know different ideologies
Share
Pandavas: Princes brought up in the comfort of the Royal
Palace, matured on romanticized ideals of Power, Fame,
Courage and Valor. No experience of ground reality
Women Empowerment
Kauravas: Patriarchal structure. Bhishma, Drona, Kripa,
Dhratarashtra, Vidur, Shakuni, Duryodhana, Karna, Duhsasana.
No women in the decision making process. Gandhari retreated
to the inner chambers. Nobody listened to her.
Pandavas: Matriarchal Structure.
•Kunti was the authority supreme for the pandavas.
•“Whatever my mother says is dharma to me”: Yudhisthira.
•Draupadi was a companion in whatever the pandavas did. She
had a big role in all the decision making. Without her the
Pandavas would have most probably reclined to the forests.
•Even the younger Pandavas: Ghatotkach, Abhimanyu and
Iravan were brought up by their mothers. So the female
influence was huge.
Women = Better half. Any team which doesn't
have women is unbalanced, for the masculine
traits of Aggression and Dominance should be
balanced by the Feminine traits of Harmony and
Sustenance.
Learning's from Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu is a legendary warrior from the ancient
Hindu epic Mahabharata. He was born to the third
Pandava prince Arjuna and the Yadu princess
Subhadra, who was Krishna's younger sister.
Abhimanyu was still in his mother's womb when he
first heard his father Arjuna telling Subhadra about
the secret of the almost impenetrable military
formation known as the Chakravyuha. But when
Arjuna was narrating the art of breaking the
Chakravyuha then Subhadra fall asleep.
Since Abhimanyu did not know how to exit from the
formation, the enemy eventually outnumbered him.
He fends the enemy off for some time but eventually
meets his demise.
This lesson teaches us to never embark on
an important task with half-knowledge.
What is ethics According to Mahabharata?
Mahabharata tells us that ethics is what makes life
meaningful, at the individual level, group level and at the
level of society, and cannot be justified in a consequentiality
framework.
What is role of Mahabharata in India ethos?
Mahabharata is full of winning mantras, it explains about
the qualities of the leader, commitment in the work, how to
face the strong opponent, and also the ethical values to be
followed, how the ethics used without interrupting the
moral values.
What was the ethical dilemma in Mahabharata?
The first is Arjuna's famous dilemma as the Pandava and the
Kaurava armies line up against each other in Kurukshetra.
Upon seeing his kinsmen on the other side of the battlefield,
Arjuna lays down his famous bow - the Gandiva - and
refuses to engage in battle.
THANK YOU

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mahabharat.pptx

  • 1. Prestige Institute of Management And Research Session: 2022-2023 TOPIC:-MAHABHARAT Submitted to:- Dr. Pragya Singh Submitted by:- MBA-FT-III-C Palak Jain Sourabh Wadnere Sahiba Tamrakar Swarnima Rai Tanishka Dosi
  • 2. About Mahabharata Mahabharata is called National epic of India. It is written by great author Vyasa in 4th century AD.  The Mahabharata is the Story of a great war “Kurukshetra” between Kauravas and Pandavas.  The story has been passed down to us in a classical Sanskrit verse lines of 200,000.  Mahabharata is the longest Sanskrit epic.  Pandavas and Kauravas were sons of the brothers,Pandu Maharaja & Drutarashtra.  Kauravas being greedy about kingdom, with the help of Shakuni won the game of dice and sent Pandavas for 14 years of Vanavas and 1 year of Agnyatavas.  After completing it, Pandavas were not given their Kingdom back and were asked to fight for it.  Pandavas sought the help of Lord Krishna, whereas Kauravas concentrated on strengthening their arsenal. The battle lasted for 18 days, and Pandavas wisely
  • 3. Management Functions PLANNING – Making framework or blueprint of a task In-spite of having an army of 100 the Kauravas lost the war but even after having just 5 people in the group the Pandavas won! Reason being planning skill by the group leader. TIME MANAGEMENT – Assigning duration to the tasks The time management skills in Mahabharata can be defined as the sound of the huge beagle would start the war and in the evening one final horn would blow up to end it.
  • 4. Management Learning's Turn your Weakness into your Strength Make Powerful Allies Share your Responsibilities Teamwork Succeeds where individual efforts Fails Selecting Right man for Right Job Commitment & Team Interest Know your Enemy (SWOT Analysis) Right Managers Know Ground Realities Women Empowerment
  • 5. Preparation Kauravas: Karna went on a country-wide military mission, subdued the different kingdoms and acquired wealth. But it meant a loss in terms of both men & money & creation of new enemies. Pandavas: Though in exile they turned their attention to improving over their weakness • Arjuna set out on a mission to acquires Divyastras. • Bhīma met his brother Hanuman and got a blessing of enhanced strength. • Yudhisthira acquired teachings from the various wise rishis, and also learnt the Game of Dice from Gondharava Chtrasena, lest he was challenged to ye another dice game. Its said that he had become undefeatable in Dice. Turn your Weakness into your Strength
  • 6. Allies Kauravas: Centralized power system. The greatest empire of the time. But not many powerful allies, except from old relations from far off places like Gandhara( Shakuni), Sindhu (Jayadrath) and Kambodia (Camboja-Bhagadutt) Pandavas: No wealth No power of their own. But powerful allies all over India. • Panchala through Marriage with Darupadi. • Dwarka through marriage with Arjuna & Subhadra • Magadh through marriage of Shadeva & Vijaya • Chedi through marriage of Nakula & Karenmayi • Kasi through marriage of Bhima & Balandhara • Kekaya through marriage of Yudhisthira & Devika • Matsya through marriage of Abhimanyu & Uttara • Rakshasas through marriage of Bhima & Hidimba • Nagas through marriage of Arjuna & Uloopi Make Powerful Allies 56
  • 7. Leadership A) Transform individual goals to company goals The biggest failure of Kauravas in Mahabharata was they fought with different goals with the super united Pandavas, who had a single goal and hence could reach the target easily, and won the battle, a leader should always give a clear vision of the goal to its members, for the accomplishment of their goal. B) Know the worth of your team member Example : Krishna was the group leader of the five Pandavas, his vision was so clear that, he used each and every quality of the Pandavas, Arjun was a well trained archer and Krishna used his archery for ending up Arjun and the enemies of Pandavas! The strength of Bheem, was used to defeat the mightiest warriors. Yudishthir with his sword power defeated the Kauravas and all the brothers under the guidance of Krishna; the leader won the war! Share Your Responsibilities
  • 8. Individual Motives Kauravas: Except for Duryodhana nobody wanted the War. All the 4 main generals had strong ties with the Pandavas • Bhishma: Wont kill the pandavas. Will kill a thousand soldiers each day • Drona: Wont kill the pandavas. Will capture them only • Shalya: Loved the Pandavas & covertly helped them by humiliating Karna • Karna: Promised not to kill any of the other Pandavas save Arjuna Pandavas: Common goal. But the individual had their individual Targets. Their own agenda, which just became one with the teams agenda • Dhratsadyumna: Drona • Shikhandi: Bhisma • Satayaki: Bhurisravas • Arjuna: Karna • Bhima: Duryodhana & his brothers • Sahadev: Shakuni & his sons • Nakula: Karna’s Sons The Right team is made by selecting the Right Individuals. Get the Right man for the Right Job
  • 9. Building a team is an easy task but teamwork and task assigning are important aspects. That’s what even we have seen in Mahabharata as well. Kauravas had a great team with many powerful Maharathis such as Bheesham Pitaamaah, Guru Drona, and Angraaj Karna who were undefeatable. They could not be defeated but still, they got killed and could not make Kauravas win the Mahabharata battle. One major thing missing was teamwork and a collective motive Kauravas: No team spirit. They all fought their individual wars. Pandavas: One team, One Goal Team Spirit Teamwork succeeds where individual efforts fails.
  • 10. Most of the leaders like Bhishma Pitamah and Dronacharya fought on behalf of the Kauravas even when they knew that they would lose the battle and their lives. They had their chances of disrespecting the kingdom of Hastinapur which was under the Kauravas and moving to the Pandavas but they did not. This is a management lesson because it should be followed by all the employees that they should not keep hopping from one company to another for a little increment in the salary. They should remain loyal to a company if they find the work culture suitable. None of the fighters from the Kauravas cheated, this also teaches the management lesson of being loyal to the customer and the company. The interest of the individual should never exceed the Team Interest. The best man for a Job is not the one with the best capabilities but one with the greatest commitment. Commitment
  • 11. Right Managers Krishna: The Greatest Crisis Manager the world has seen. Yudhisthira: Low key strategist • On the first day of the War, he played a Master game. Went over to the Enemy side to seek blessings from Elders. In reality he made a covert deal with them, wherein all of them agreed to him and unfolded the secrets of defeating them. • While coming back, he took a calculated risk. He made an offer to all the assembled people to change sides if they wanted to. He knew well of the lack of cohesiveness among the Kauravas. Yuyutsu, son of Dhrtarashtra crossed over to the Pandavas. This exposed the weakness of the Kauravas for all to see. Know your enemies weaknesses and exploit them Take Calculated Risks Inspire, Invigorate, Counsel your own team in moments of need.
  • 12. The Roots Pandavas: Spent the greater part of their lives in Poverty. Childhood in the Himalayan foothills among Rishis. One year exile among the poor people of Kuru-Panchala. 12yrs of Vanvas & 1yr of Agyatvas Know Ground Realities Know different ideologies Share Pandavas: Princes brought up in the comfort of the Royal Palace, matured on romanticized ideals of Power, Fame, Courage and Valor. No experience of ground reality
  • 13. Women Empowerment Kauravas: Patriarchal structure. Bhishma, Drona, Kripa, Dhratarashtra, Vidur, Shakuni, Duryodhana, Karna, Duhsasana. No women in the decision making process. Gandhari retreated to the inner chambers. Nobody listened to her. Pandavas: Matriarchal Structure. •Kunti was the authority supreme for the pandavas. •“Whatever my mother says is dharma to me”: Yudhisthira. •Draupadi was a companion in whatever the pandavas did. She had a big role in all the decision making. Without her the Pandavas would have most probably reclined to the forests. •Even the younger Pandavas: Ghatotkach, Abhimanyu and Iravan were brought up by their mothers. So the female influence was huge. Women = Better half. Any team which doesn't have women is unbalanced, for the masculine traits of Aggression and Dominance should be balanced by the Feminine traits of Harmony and Sustenance.
  • 14. Learning's from Abhimanyu Abhimanyu is a legendary warrior from the ancient Hindu epic Mahabharata. He was born to the third Pandava prince Arjuna and the Yadu princess Subhadra, who was Krishna's younger sister. Abhimanyu was still in his mother's womb when he first heard his father Arjuna telling Subhadra about the secret of the almost impenetrable military formation known as the Chakravyuha. But when Arjuna was narrating the art of breaking the Chakravyuha then Subhadra fall asleep. Since Abhimanyu did not know how to exit from the formation, the enemy eventually outnumbered him. He fends the enemy off for some time but eventually meets his demise. This lesson teaches us to never embark on an important task with half-knowledge.
  • 15. What is ethics According to Mahabharata? Mahabharata tells us that ethics is what makes life meaningful, at the individual level, group level and at the level of society, and cannot be justified in a consequentiality framework. What is role of Mahabharata in India ethos? Mahabharata is full of winning mantras, it explains about the qualities of the leader, commitment in the work, how to face the strong opponent, and also the ethical values to be followed, how the ethics used without interrupting the moral values. What was the ethical dilemma in Mahabharata? The first is Arjuna's famous dilemma as the Pandava and the Kaurava armies line up against each other in Kurukshetra. Upon seeing his kinsmen on the other side of the battlefield, Arjuna lays down his famous bow - the Gandiva - and refuses to engage in battle.