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Summary of the Mahabharata of Vyasa

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Summary of the Mahabharata of Vyasa

  1. 1. THE MAHABHARATA OF VYASA
  2. 2.  The World’s Largest Epic  Larger than Odyssey & Iliad combined  Written/Compiled ≈1700-2300 years ago  100,000 Verses  18 Sections / Parvas THE MAHABHARATA OF VYASA Copyright Pandit Parasram School of Hinduism
  3. 3. 1. AADI PARVA  45 Sanskrit / 26 Hindi Chapters  Birth of Bhishma  Pandavas & Kauravas: Birth, Childhood, Youth  Story of Dronacharya & Kapilacharya  Burning of Lakshagraha  Draupadi: Birth, Youth, Marriage  Birth of Ghatokach  Progeny of the Pandavas Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  4. 4. 2. SABHA PARVA  72 Sanskrit / 10 Hindi Chapters  Victory of the Pandavas  Preparations for the Rajsuya  Sri Krishna & Bhim slay Jarasandha & Shishupal  Game of Dice  Attempted Disrobing of Draupadi  Second Game of Dice  Exile of the Pandavas Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  5. 5. 3. BAN PARVA  299 Sanskrit / 22 Hindi Chapters  Sri Krishna meets Pandavas in the Forest  Arjun has Darshan of Kirat Shiva  Nal and Damyanti: Love, Separation and Reunion  The Pandavas go to Kailash  Dialogue between Hanumanji and Bhima  Abduction of Draupadi by Jayadrath  Dialogue between Yudhissthira and Yama Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  6. 6.  67 Sanskrit / 13 Hindi Chapters  The Pandavas live Incognito in Kingdom of Virat  Death of Kichak  Defeat of the Kaurava Army  Marriage of Abhimanyu and Uttara 4. VIRAT PARVA Copyright Pandit Parasram School of Hinduism
  7. 7.  197 Sanskrit / 13 Hindi Chapters  Sri Krishna speaks of Wrongdoings of thePandavas  Arjun and Duryodhan visit Dwarika  Sri Krishna counsels the Kauravas in Hastinapur  Dhritarashtra counsels Duryodhan  Preparations for War  The Battlefield 5. UDYOG PARVA Copyright Pandit Parasram School of Hinduism
  8. 8. 6. BHISHMA PARVA  117 Sanskrit / 33 Hindi Chapters SANSKRIT VERSION Chapters 23-40 Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  9. 9. 7. DRONA PARVA  173 Sanskrit / 12 Hindi Chapters  Death of Abhimanyu  Arjun kills Jayadrath  Karna kills Ghatokach  Drona dies at the hands of Dhristyadyum Copyright Pandit Parasram School of Hinduism
  10. 10. 8. KARNA PARVA  69 Sanskrit / 7Hindi Chapters  The Heroics of Karna  Bhima destroys Dushasana  Karna falls by the arrow of Arjun Copyright Pandit Parasram School of Hinduism
  11. 11. 9. SHALYA PARVA  64 Sanskrit / 4 Hindi Chapters  Fall of Duryodhana by hands(mace /gada) of Bhima  Installation of Ashwatthama as general Copyright Pandit Parasram School of HinduismCopyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  12. 12. 10. SAUPTIK PARVA  18 Sanskrit / 2 Hindi Chapters  Ashawatthama kills the sons of Draupadi  Draupadi’s Revenge  Protection of Parikshit in the womb of Uttara Angushtha-matram amalam sphurat-purata-maulinam Apivya-darsanam syamam tadid vasasam acyutam (1.12.8) Srimad-dirgha-catur-bahum tapta-kancana-kundalam Kshatajaksham gada-panim atmanah sarvato disam Paribhramantam ulkabham bhramayantam gadam muhuh (1.12.9) Of the size as a thumb, with four graceful arms, shining golden crown, cloud blue skin tone, dress glittering yellow like a thunderbolt, rosy eyes, molten gold earrings, this divine form circled around the child whirling the powerful mace (Gadha) dissipating the energy of Brahmastra protecting the child who watched the form in wonder. Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  13. 13. 11. STRI PARVA  27 Sanskrit / 2 Hindi Chapters  Grief of Dhritarashtra and Gandhari  Crushing of the Iron Pillar  Visit to the Battlefield Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  14. 14. 12. SHANTI PARVA  353 Sanskrit / 53 Hindi Chapters  Coronation of Yudhhisthira  The Way to Peace, Knowledge of Self  Social Structure, Caste, Conduct  Attaining Brahman  Varaha Avatar  Guru/Chela Dialogue  Story of King Bali Copyright Pandit Parasram School of Hinduism
  15. 15. 13. ANUSHASAN PARVA  154 Sanskrit / 21 Hindi Chapters  The supremacy of Karma, Caring for others,  Brahmin,Dev and Pitr Yagnas  Glory of Bhagwan Shiva, Sri Krishna ,Sri Vishnu  Road to Heaven & Hell  Story of the Sages  Death of Bhishma  Vishnusahasranaam Copyright Pandit Parasram School of Hinduism
  16. 16. 14. ASHWAMEDHIK PARVA  96 Sanskrit / 5 Hindi Chapters  Preparations to Commence Ashwamedha Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  17. 17. 15. ASHRAMVASIK PARVA  47 Sanskrit / 2 Hindi Chapters  Dhrirtarashtra, Gandhari, Kunti and Vidura visit the Forest Ashram  They see the Departed Souls  Immolation of Gandhari, Dhritarashtra & Kunti,  Departure of Sanjay Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  18. 18. 16. MUSAL PARVA  9 Sanskrit Chapters  Evil omens  In-Fighting at Prabhas  Destruction of Dwarika  Ascension of Sri Krishna  Balaram & Arjun perform the last rites Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  19. 19. 17. MAHAPRASTHANIK PARVA  1 Sanskrit / 3 Hindi Chapters  Pandavas’ Final Journey to the Himalayas  Yudhisthira’s Ascension Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  20. 20. 18. SWARGAAROHAN PARVA  5 Sanskrit / 3 Hindi Chapters  Description of Hell  Yudhishtara Attains the Sublime State  Visits Arjun and Others  Darshan of Sri Krishna  Divine World of the Pandavas and Kauravas Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  21. 21. CONCLUSION  It took 3 years to complete the Mahabharat  It is recommended that it be read at Sradha  It promises the Achievement of the Goals of Life and Eventual Salvation Idam Bhaaratam Aakkyaanam Yaha Patathetsu Samahitaha Sa Gachet Paramaam Siddhim Iti Me Naasti Sanshaiaha If one reads this epic attentively, he attains the highest fruits. Of this there is no doubt. Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism
  22. 22. SOURCES  SANSKRIT ONLINE VERSION Aryabharati International Society for Hindu Ved Vigyan and Atmic Research. Copyright Aryabharati.org 2004-2008  HINDI VERSION Sri Mahabir Prasad Mishra; Vidyabaridhi Pustakalaya.Haridwar  ENGLISH VERSION The Mahabharata of Krishna Dwaipayana Vyas: Kisori Mohan Ganguli. 1893-96  DOWNLOADS www. holybooks .com mlbd.com  HARD COPIES Available from Motilal Banarsidas on line Copyright Pandit ParasramSchool of Hinduism

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