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PERCOLATION
Presented by:
Hassan MuJtaba
43-E-14
INTRODUCTION
 ‘per’ means ‘through’
 ‘colare’ mean ‘to strain’
Definition
The process in which a comminuted drug is
extr...
COMMON EXAMPLES
 Coffee:
In coffee percolation soluble compounds leaves
the coffee and join the water. Insoluble componen...
COFFEE PERCOLATION
PROCESS
The process of percolation includes five steps.
 Comminution of drug
 Imbibition of drug
 Packing
 Maceration
...
COMMINUTION
It is the size reduction of drug usually from
coarse powder to fine powder so that....
 To increase surface a...
IMBIBITION
Swelling of drug by absorbing menstrum.It is
allowed to stand for 4 hours in a closed container.
It is done to ...
PACKING
 After imbibition drug is evenly packed into the
percolator.
 The a filter paper is placed on the bottom to supp...
HOW TO PACK ?
MACERATION
 After packing sufficient menstrum is added and
covered with lid.
 When liquid begins to drop the lower orifi...
PERCOLATION
 After 24 hours lower orifice is opened and
menstrum is collected with a controlled speed until
¾ of menstrum...
MODIFIED PERCOLATION
 Reserved percolation
 Continuous hot percolation
 Continuous cold percolation
Reserved percolatio...
CONTINUOUS HOT PERCOLATION
 This process is done for those drugs in which
percolation of menstrum into cellular tissues i...
KUMAGAWA EXTRACTOR
CONTINUOUS COLD PERCOLATION
THE APPARATUS IS CALLED AS SOXHELT
EXTRACTOR.
DISADVANTAGES OF CONTINUOUS
PERCOLATIONS
 This type of percolation is not suitable for those
drugs which contains heat se...
TYPES OF PERCOLATORS
Percolators vary in their.....
 Shape
 Capacities
 Compositions
 Use
COMMON LABORATORY PERCOLATOR
Cylindrical
 It is use for minimum expenditure of menstrum.
Roundish
 Coffee maker
Conical or Funnel shaped
 It is use for those drugs that swell a lot during
maceration.
Percolation
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Percolation

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Percolation

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Percolation

  1. 1. PERCOLATION Presented by: Hassan MuJtaba 43-E-14
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  ‘per’ means ‘through’  ‘colare’ mean ‘to strain’ Definition The process in which a comminuted drug is extracted of its soluble constituents by the slow passage of suitable solvent through a column of drug.
  3. 3. COMMON EXAMPLES  Coffee: In coffee percolation soluble compounds leaves the coffee and join the water. Insoluble components remain within the coffee filter.
  4. 4. COFFEE PERCOLATION
  5. 5. PROCESS The process of percolation includes five steps.  Comminution of drug  Imbibition of drug  Packing  Maceration  Percolation
  6. 6. COMMINUTION It is the size reduction of drug usually from coarse powder to fine powder so that....  To increase surface area  To ensure complete removal of drug  To slow down the movement of menstrum  For uniform packing
  7. 7. IMBIBITION Swelling of drug by absorbing menstrum.It is allowed to stand for 4 hours in a closed container. It is done to achieve following objectives;  To avoid choking(difficulty in movement)  To remove air  To avoid washing out of fine particles
  8. 8. PACKING  After imbibition drug is evenly packed into the percolator.  The a filter paper is placed on the bottom to support the column of drug.  Then the moistened drug is placed on the filter paper.  Over the moistened drug another filter paper is placed having weight on it.  Then menstrum is added. Close the lid if menstrum is volatile.
  9. 9. HOW TO PACK ?
  10. 10. MACERATION  After packing sufficient menstrum is added and covered with lid.  When liquid begins to drop the lower orifice is closed.  Then percolator is set aside 24 hours.
  11. 11. PERCOLATION  After 24 hours lower orifice is opened and menstrum is collected with a controlled speed until ¾ of menstrum is collected.  Then more menstrum is added and collected from the lower orifice so that marc does not become dry.  Then marc is pressed to get extract which is combined with previous liquid.  Then it is allowed to stand and then it is filtered.
  12. 12. MODIFIED PERCOLATION  Reserved percolation  Continuous hot percolation  Continuous cold percolation Reserved percolation: This type of percolation is done to get concentrated preparation. process: In this method the first portion(about ¾ portion) of percolate contains maximum amount of active constituent(70 to 80%) is reserved as such. The last portion of percolate(about ¼ ) is collected separately and menstrum is evaporated to get syrupy consistency and mixed with reserved percolate. Final volume is adjusted by adding more menstrum. Usually alcohol is use as menstrum for reserved percolation. example: Liquorice liquid extract.
  13. 13. CONTINUOUS HOT PERCOLATION  This process is done for those drugs in which percolation of menstrum into cellular tissues is very low. Apparatus: The apparatus use for this process is called as KUMAGAWA EXTRACTOR. Process: The menstrum present in the flask is heated and vapours are taken to a condenser where the condensed liquid is return to the drug to continue extraction. ADVANTAGES: Smaller volume of menstrum can be use again and again.
  14. 14. KUMAGAWA EXTRACTOR
  15. 15. CONTINUOUS COLD PERCOLATION THE APPARATUS IS CALLED AS SOXHELT EXTRACTOR.
  16. 16. DISADVANTAGES OF CONTINUOUS PERCOLATIONS  This type of percolation is not suitable for those drugs which contains heat sensitive active constituents.
  17. 17. TYPES OF PERCOLATORS Percolators vary in their.....  Shape  Capacities  Compositions  Use
  18. 18. COMMON LABORATORY PERCOLATOR Cylindrical  It is use for minimum expenditure of menstrum.
  19. 19. Roundish  Coffee maker
  20. 20. Conical or Funnel shaped  It is use for those drugs that swell a lot during maceration.

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