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Vocabulary
The most important feature of written English
Vocabulary is the indispensable tool to help you
choose the best word for every job .
The best way to avoid vague words that do not
give your readers an effective sense of your
meaning.
Two techniques for improving
your lexical strength
1. Passive learning: New words are acquired subconsciously, while
busy with daily life -for example reading a newspaper.
Vocabulary is an abstract skill due to reasons like reading habits, family
background, schooling, culture etc. The conventional methods are very
generic and are made of masses. They do not allow personalised
learning to an individual’s current vocabulary.
2. Active learning: Active learning methodology has become a
preferred way to change the traditional teacher oriented classroom .
In active learning, acquisition of new words is done with conscious
effort.
Usually active vocabulary building is quite rigorous and boring due to
its monotonous nature.
Use New Words
• Use a word immediately after you learn it. Every day, slip in a
new word into the conversation, a journal entry, an
assignment or an email to a friend.
• Do this as often as possible, and repeat the word to yourself.
• Find new words at http://www.randomword.com/
Learn the Root of Words
• Most words in the English language are built from a common
root, prefix, and suffix, usually with an origin in the Greek or
Latin language.
• Once you learn a root, you’ll begin to understand more words
that use the same root.
• For example, -duc- (Latin root word) means to lead or to
make, such as in the words produce or deduce.
Use a Thesaurus
• Keep a thesaurus handy
and use it when you find
yourself using a word too
often, or using a word that
you know doesn’t quite
convey the right meaning.
• This will help you better
express yourself, and you’ll
also learn a new word in
the process.
Develop Practical Vocabulary
• Begin learning words that express what’s important to you for
the task at hand.
• A good example of this is learning trade language or words
you use often in a hobby or vocation.
• Rather than immediately turning to cliches or jargon that’s
tossed around, look for clearer words to express to peers
what you’re writing about.
Learn New Words Every Day
• To improve your vocabulary quickly, make an effort to learn at
least one new word every single day.
• Do this with a Word of the Day calendar or email list, or
simply pick a word from a thesaurus or dictionary.
Look up Words You Don’t Know
• How often do you come across words that are unfamiliar as
you read?
• Take the time to look them up, and if you don’t have the time
right then, write them down and look them up later.
Keep a Journal
• Journaling will help you develop your writing style and it will
also help you improve your vocabulary.
• Try to use new or interesting words you’ve learned recently
into a journal entry for the day or the week
Identify Empty Words
• Empty words in speech are for example : “uh” or “um”
• Look for empty words in your writing that do not offer any
substance to your reader and replace them with something
more appropriate.
• The same principle applies to phrases and sentences. Try not
to use multiple phrases to say something that could be better
communicated in one sentence filled with carefully-chosen
words.
Diversify Your Reading List
Expose yourself to a wide enough range of vocabulary by
diversifying the topics you read to include :
• natural science,
• Shakespeare,
• contemporary literature,
• politics,
• history,
• philosophy
• or any other topics you think you may enjoy.
Do Word Puzzles
• .
• Word puzzles in the
newspaper or a magazine
are perfect for boosting
your working vocabulary.
• Crossword puzzles are a
challenge that have your
brain working hard to
search your memory for
words you do know but
don’t use.
Try Word Board Games
• There are plenty of word games designed to improve
vocabulary and language skills .
• Some of these games you may have played as a child, so it’s
time to break them out again and get to “work.” If you have a
friend who could also use some help — or someone with a
great vocabulary you think will challenge you — invite them
over for a game night.
GAME NIGHT !
Practice New Words in
Divergent Ways
It takes between 10 and 20 repetitions to make a new word a
part of your vocabulary.
To help the word settle into your mind and memory :
• write it down (both the definition and a sentence you make
up using the word),
• use it in conversation,
• include it in an email
• or any other way you can think of.
• Begin with saying the new word aloud, then relate it to a word
you already know.
• An example of this is the word gargantuan, which means
“very large” or “gigantic.”
o Say a sequence aloud: small, medium, large, very large,
gargantuan.
o Then list things you think are gargantuan.
Make up Associations
Use Mnemonics
• Mnemonic techniques are memory tricks one could use to
use to remember new words.
• You may remember a word by sounding it out and thinking of
a funny sentence that matches the meaning, such as turning
egregious (extremely bad) into “Don’t let that smelly rotten
egg reach us!”
Visualize New Words
Research shows that visualization is a great way to remember
new words and their meaning.
An example of this is the word stratovolcano, which is a high,
pointed mountain with a violent explosion. One way to
remember this meaning is the fact that the prefix “strato”
sounds like “straight-oh,” which may make you think of a straight
ruler or a “straight-o-volcano,” which describes the word’s
definition.
Make Your Own Vocabulary
Tests
• Keep a list of the new words you learn each week and
incorporate into writing and conversation.
• At the end of each week, make yourself a quiz using the words
to cement them in your memory.
Make Synonym Word Lists
• Do you find yourself turning to the same word again and again
in your writing?
• On a piece of paper write the word at the top:
oThen , brainstorm or use a thesaurus to generate a
list of ten to twenty new words too use instead.
oKeep these lists in a vocabulary notebook and add
to them whenever you learn a new synonym.
Take a Writing Course
• Attend an online course or an in-person classes to boost your
writing vocabulary and learn how to use new words correctly.
• Try to find a self-paced course that uses assignments and
quizzes to hep you increase fluency and brush up on your
writing skills.
• Some classes are aimed at essay writing or creative writing, so
find a class that will help you improve the style you need the
most help with.
Edit Your Own Writing
• Editing is an important process for spotting writing errors and
for improving the tone, style, and clarity.
• Be your own editor and go though the piece with a fine-
toothed comb to identify overused and nondescript words
with something more precise or colourful.
• Read the sentences aloud, then note any lack of precision.
Search through your memory for more descriptive words, or
consult a thesaurus if you need to.
• The use of a large number of complex words won’t necessarily
clarify the meaning:
Ask yourself, “Do I know a better word to use instead?” You may
replace “use” with “acquire” or “obtain,” or “do” with “perform.”
Change Comprehensive to
Expressive Vocabulary
• We have two types of vocabulary: one is a much larger set of
words you understand, even if only vaguely, and the other is a
smaller set of words you actually use to express yourself.
• Moving words from your comprehensive but passive
vocabulary to your active, expressive vocabulary.
To do this, you’ll need to know how to define, pronounce and
spell the words. Say them out loud and use them at every
opportunity to move them into your active set.
Ask for Feedback
• A second set of eyes could offer a great deal of insight and
spot problems you may not notice yourself, including poor
word choice.
• Don’t be afraid to ask a friend, teacher, co-worker or someone
online to review your writing for feedback on your vocabulary.
Carry a Dictionary and
Thesaurus with You
• How often do you find yourself with free time and nothing to
do? Carry a pocket thesaurus or dictionary with you and you’ll
find time to beef up your vocabulary while you’re waiting for
an appointment, commuting to work or waiting for a bus.
• Whenever you have a few minutes to spare, read a page or
two and learn a new word to add to your writing.
• You can also use the dictionary or thesaurus to look up
unfamiliar words you come across in your daily life.
Use College Preparation Tests
• College preparation tests are an effective way to take your
writing to the next level.
• This form of advanced study will challenge your mind and give
you a new set of words to use that are practical and offer your
writing the clarity it needs.
• It also offers the opportunity to brush up on the most
important Latin and Greek roots.
• You will acquire a new set of words with activities to help
move them into your active vocabulary set.
Play Games
• There are lots of non-board games that will help you improve
your writing vocabulary while you have fun.
• Download fun word games onto your phone or computer.
o Some games are designed to build vocabulary skills, others
will help you practice spelling, phonics, and typing skills.
o There are those designed for college students to prepare
for testing and vocabulary-rich exams.
Vocabulary

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Vocabulary

  • 1. Vocabulary The most important feature of written English
  • 2. Vocabulary is the indispensable tool to help you choose the best word for every job . The best way to avoid vague words that do not give your readers an effective sense of your meaning.
  • 3. Two techniques for improving your lexical strength 1. Passive learning: New words are acquired subconsciously, while busy with daily life -for example reading a newspaper. Vocabulary is an abstract skill due to reasons like reading habits, family background, schooling, culture etc. The conventional methods are very generic and are made of masses. They do not allow personalised learning to an individual’s current vocabulary. 2. Active learning: Active learning methodology has become a preferred way to change the traditional teacher oriented classroom . In active learning, acquisition of new words is done with conscious effort. Usually active vocabulary building is quite rigorous and boring due to its monotonous nature.
  • 4. Use New Words • Use a word immediately after you learn it. Every day, slip in a new word into the conversation, a journal entry, an assignment or an email to a friend. • Do this as often as possible, and repeat the word to yourself. • Find new words at http://www.randomword.com/
  • 5. Learn the Root of Words • Most words in the English language are built from a common root, prefix, and suffix, usually with an origin in the Greek or Latin language. • Once you learn a root, you’ll begin to understand more words that use the same root. • For example, -duc- (Latin root word) means to lead or to make, such as in the words produce or deduce.
  • 6. Use a Thesaurus • Keep a thesaurus handy and use it when you find yourself using a word too often, or using a word that you know doesn’t quite convey the right meaning. • This will help you better express yourself, and you’ll also learn a new word in the process.
  • 7. Develop Practical Vocabulary • Begin learning words that express what’s important to you for the task at hand. • A good example of this is learning trade language or words you use often in a hobby or vocation. • Rather than immediately turning to cliches or jargon that’s tossed around, look for clearer words to express to peers what you’re writing about.
  • 8. Learn New Words Every Day • To improve your vocabulary quickly, make an effort to learn at least one new word every single day. • Do this with a Word of the Day calendar or email list, or simply pick a word from a thesaurus or dictionary.
  • 9. Look up Words You Don’t Know • How often do you come across words that are unfamiliar as you read? • Take the time to look them up, and if you don’t have the time right then, write them down and look them up later.
  • 10. Keep a Journal • Journaling will help you develop your writing style and it will also help you improve your vocabulary. • Try to use new or interesting words you’ve learned recently into a journal entry for the day or the week
  • 11. Identify Empty Words • Empty words in speech are for example : “uh” or “um” • Look for empty words in your writing that do not offer any substance to your reader and replace them with something more appropriate. • The same principle applies to phrases and sentences. Try not to use multiple phrases to say something that could be better communicated in one sentence filled with carefully-chosen words.
  • 12. Diversify Your Reading List Expose yourself to a wide enough range of vocabulary by diversifying the topics you read to include : • natural science, • Shakespeare, • contemporary literature, • politics, • history, • philosophy • or any other topics you think you may enjoy.
  • 13. Do Word Puzzles • . • Word puzzles in the newspaper or a magazine are perfect for boosting your working vocabulary. • Crossword puzzles are a challenge that have your brain working hard to search your memory for words you do know but don’t use.
  • 14. Try Word Board Games • There are plenty of word games designed to improve vocabulary and language skills . • Some of these games you may have played as a child, so it’s time to break them out again and get to “work.” If you have a friend who could also use some help — or someone with a great vocabulary you think will challenge you — invite them over for a game night. GAME NIGHT !
  • 15. Practice New Words in Divergent Ways It takes between 10 and 20 repetitions to make a new word a part of your vocabulary. To help the word settle into your mind and memory : • write it down (both the definition and a sentence you make up using the word), • use it in conversation, • include it in an email • or any other way you can think of.
  • 16. • Begin with saying the new word aloud, then relate it to a word you already know. • An example of this is the word gargantuan, which means “very large” or “gigantic.” o Say a sequence aloud: small, medium, large, very large, gargantuan. o Then list things you think are gargantuan. Make up Associations
  • 17. Use Mnemonics • Mnemonic techniques are memory tricks one could use to use to remember new words. • You may remember a word by sounding it out and thinking of a funny sentence that matches the meaning, such as turning egregious (extremely bad) into “Don’t let that smelly rotten egg reach us!”
  • 18. Visualize New Words Research shows that visualization is a great way to remember new words and their meaning. An example of this is the word stratovolcano, which is a high, pointed mountain with a violent explosion. One way to remember this meaning is the fact that the prefix “strato” sounds like “straight-oh,” which may make you think of a straight ruler or a “straight-o-volcano,” which describes the word’s definition.
  • 19. Make Your Own Vocabulary Tests • Keep a list of the new words you learn each week and incorporate into writing and conversation. • At the end of each week, make yourself a quiz using the words to cement them in your memory.
  • 20. Make Synonym Word Lists • Do you find yourself turning to the same word again and again in your writing? • On a piece of paper write the word at the top: oThen , brainstorm or use a thesaurus to generate a list of ten to twenty new words too use instead. oKeep these lists in a vocabulary notebook and add to them whenever you learn a new synonym.
  • 21. Take a Writing Course • Attend an online course or an in-person classes to boost your writing vocabulary and learn how to use new words correctly. • Try to find a self-paced course that uses assignments and quizzes to hep you increase fluency and brush up on your writing skills. • Some classes are aimed at essay writing or creative writing, so find a class that will help you improve the style you need the most help with.
  • 22. Edit Your Own Writing • Editing is an important process for spotting writing errors and for improving the tone, style, and clarity. • Be your own editor and go though the piece with a fine- toothed comb to identify overused and nondescript words with something more precise or colourful. • Read the sentences aloud, then note any lack of precision. Search through your memory for more descriptive words, or consult a thesaurus if you need to. • The use of a large number of complex words won’t necessarily clarify the meaning: Ask yourself, “Do I know a better word to use instead?” You may replace “use” with “acquire” or “obtain,” or “do” with “perform.”
  • 23. Change Comprehensive to Expressive Vocabulary • We have two types of vocabulary: one is a much larger set of words you understand, even if only vaguely, and the other is a smaller set of words you actually use to express yourself. • Moving words from your comprehensive but passive vocabulary to your active, expressive vocabulary. To do this, you’ll need to know how to define, pronounce and spell the words. Say them out loud and use them at every opportunity to move them into your active set.
  • 24. Ask for Feedback • A second set of eyes could offer a great deal of insight and spot problems you may not notice yourself, including poor word choice. • Don’t be afraid to ask a friend, teacher, co-worker or someone online to review your writing for feedback on your vocabulary.
  • 25. Carry a Dictionary and Thesaurus with You • How often do you find yourself with free time and nothing to do? Carry a pocket thesaurus or dictionary with you and you’ll find time to beef up your vocabulary while you’re waiting for an appointment, commuting to work or waiting for a bus. • Whenever you have a few minutes to spare, read a page or two and learn a new word to add to your writing. • You can also use the dictionary or thesaurus to look up unfamiliar words you come across in your daily life.
  • 26. Use College Preparation Tests • College preparation tests are an effective way to take your writing to the next level. • This form of advanced study will challenge your mind and give you a new set of words to use that are practical and offer your writing the clarity it needs. • It also offers the opportunity to brush up on the most important Latin and Greek roots. • You will acquire a new set of words with activities to help move them into your active vocabulary set.
  • 27. Play Games • There are lots of non-board games that will help you improve your writing vocabulary while you have fun. • Download fun word games onto your phone or computer. o Some games are designed to build vocabulary skills, others will help you practice spelling, phonics, and typing skills. o There are those designed for college students to prepare for testing and vocabulary-rich exams.