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How to teach vocabulary


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How to teach vocabulary

  1. 1. How to Teach Vocabulary Alice Chiu English Teacher
  2. 2. <ul><li>Teaching Tips: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step One : presenting new words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step Two : helping students remember new words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step Three : making sure students make the new words their own </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Step One: presenting new words Using visual images Using gestures and actions Showing lexicial relations Words in context Guessing/predicting Other techniques
  4. 4. using visual images <ul><li>realia </li></ul><ul><li>pictures </li></ul><ul><li>masking </li></ul><ul><li>drawing </li></ul><ul><li>scales </li></ul>
  5. 5. using gestures and actions <ul><li>mime </li></ul><ul><li>gesture </li></ul><ul><li>facial expression </li></ul><ul><li>action </li></ul>
  6. 6. showing lexical relations <ul><li>synonyms </li></ul><ul><li>antonyms </li></ul><ul><li>collocation </li></ul><ul><li>prefixes and suffixes </li></ul>
  7. 7. words in context <ul><li>dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>role play </li></ul><ul><li>drama </li></ul><ul><li>stories </li></ul><ul><li>songs </li></ul><ul><li>rhymes & poems </li></ul><ul><li>videos </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other techniques <ul><li>Using a dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Explaining </li></ul><ul><li>Describing </li></ul><ul><li>Defining the context </li></ul><ul><li>Translating </li></ul>
  9. 9. Step Two: helping students remember new words Using review games Using memorizing games & activities Learning with friends
  10. 10. usinge memorizing games and activities <ul><li>giving directions </li></ul><ul><li>picture dictation </li></ul><ul><li>labeling words </li></ul><ul><li>searching words </li></ul><ul><li>sequencing words </li></ul><ul><li>guessing words </li></ul><ul><li>eliminating words </li></ul><ul><li>classifying words </li></ul><ul><li>Matching words </li></ul>
  11. 11. Review Games <ul><li>Word search games </li></ul><ul><li>picture labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Bingo </li></ul><ul><li>dominoes </li></ul><ul><li>puzzles </li></ul><ul><li>charts or survey for their peers </li></ul><ul><li>crosswords </li></ul>
  12. 12. Socio-affectively, students can <ul><li>practice words with a classmate or in a group </li></ul><ul><li>teach a word to a member of the family or peer </li></ul><ul><li>make and play word game with friends </li></ul><ul><li>peer test </li></ul>
  13. 13. Step Three: making sure students make the new words their own Vocabulary record system Personalizing the new words
  14. 14. Vocabulary record system-1 <ul><li>Vocabulary books </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in an alphabetical order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by topic or situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by grammatical groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by color sets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by story features </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Vocabulary record system -2 <ul><li>personal dictionary (word notebooks) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>marking word stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adding pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>putting an L1 translation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>putting the word into context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adding a synonym </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mapping a word family </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. personalize the new words <ul><li>Keeping a learning log (blogs) </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping a diary (blogs) </li></ul><ul><li>Creative writing by using newly-learned words or phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for recently learned words in storybooks, the Internet, the newspapers, etc., and noticing how they are used. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Meta-cognitively, learners learn how to <ul><li>self-test </li></ul><ul><li>look for patterns in words </li></ul><ul><li>plan and organize a vocabulary record keeping system </li></ul><ul><li>Learn words in their preferred ways </li></ul><ul><li>reflect on learning and reviewing regularly </li></ul><ul><li>monitor vocabulary learning </li></ul>
  18. 18. Online Resources <ul><li>Teaching Vocabulary:Two Dozen Tips and Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>English Vocabulary Word Lists with Games, Puzzles and Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>LearnEnglishKids </li></ul>
  19. 19. End