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HERBAL
COSMETICS
H I T E S H U D A R
D E PA R T M E N T O F P H A R M A C E U T I C S
P D M U N I V E R S I T Y
CONTENTS:
• Introduction
• Classification
• Herbal Cosmetics for Skin
• Herbal Cosmetics for Hair
• Dentifrices
• Guidelines for using Herbs
• Conclusion
• References
INTRODUCTION
• Cosmetics are the substances that are used to enhance the odor
and appearance of human body.
• FDA defines cosmetics as “ intended to be applied to the human
body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or
altering the appearance without affecting the body’s structure
or functions.
• Herbal Cosmetics are the cosmetics which are prepared using
plant products having cosmetic actions.
• In cosmetics, both natural and Phyto-ingredients are used.
Natural products include oils, extracts, secretions etc. Phyto
ingredients include pure constituents obtained by various
process.
CLASSIFICATION OF HERBAL
COSMETICS
• Herbal cosmetics can be classified on the basis of:
– Dosage form
– Part of the body to be applied for
ON THE BASIS OF DOSAGE FORM
• Emulsions : Cold cream, Vanishing cream, liquid cream
• Powders : Face powder, Talcum powder, Tooth powder
• Cakes : Rouge compacts, Make-up cake
• Oils : Hair oils
• Mucilage : Hand lotion
• Jellies : Hand jelly, wave set jelly, brilliantine jelly
• Suspensions : Cosmetic stockings
• Pastes : Tooth paste, deodorant paste
• Soaps : Shampoo soap, shaving soap, toilet soap
• Solutions : After shave lotions, hair set solutions and lotions.
PARTS OR ORGAN OF THE BODY
TO BE APPLIED FOR
• Herbal cosmetics for Skin
– Powder, cream, deodorants, lotions, bath and cleansing products
• Herbal cosmetics for Hair
– Shampoo, tonic, beard softeners, Hair removers
• Herbal cosmetics for Nails
– Nail polishes, Manicure preparations
• Herbal cosmetics for Teeth and Mouth
– Tooth powders, Dentifrices, Mouth washes
HERBAL COSMETICS FOR SKIN
• The herbal approach of proper skin care is principally based on
three essential steps.
– Cleanse
– Nourish
– Moisture
• Whatever may be the type of skin, these three steps acts as
external care for skin to protect it from the constant effect of
environment, stress and skins natural process of cell
degradation decay.
HERBAL COSMETICS FOR VARIOUSTYPES OF SKIN
FOR DRY SKIN
Example of Herbs:
Rubia Cardifolia (Manjista), Triphla, Tulsi,
Glycerihza glabra in sesame oil.
Fruit face mask:
Banana or avocado pulp.
FOR SENSITIVE SKIN
Example of Herbs:
Usheero, curcuma longa, triphala, azadircta
indica mustaka, nimba in coconut oil.
Fruit face mask:
Banana or pineapple pulp.
FOR OILY
SKIN
Example of
Herbs:
Tulsi, idhora, jatiphata, nimba, terminalia arjuna,
Triphla, curcuma longa, mustaka in musterd oil ,
milk, sour milk, cream and butter milk are used as
gentel natured cleanser.
Fruit face mask:
Strawberry or papaya
pulp.
TYPES OF HERBAL CREAMS
COLD CREAMS:
It is an emulsion in which the fat predominates,
but the cooling effect produced when it is applied
to the skin is due to skin evaporation of the water
contained.
Formula:
Almond oil
White wax
Borax
Water
Rose water
550 parts
145 parts
10 parts
290 parts
5 parts
CONT….
VANISHING CREAMS:
Vanishing creams are also called foundation
creams because they disappears when
rubbed into skins.
Formula:
Stearic acid
Borax crystals
Sodium carbonate
Water
Rose oil
130 parts
28 parts
12 parts
740 parts
9 parts
CONT…
CLEANSING CREAMS:
A satisfactory cleansing cream is water in oil
emulsion that melts at temperature of body and
spreads readily over the skin.
Formula: Chamomile cleansing creams
Chamomile flower
Distilled water
Lemon juice
Sodium benzoate
50 parts
500 parts
5 parts
2 parts
TYPES OF HERBAL LOTIONS
FACE LOTION:
These also called the bleaching lotions actually
mask, rather than lighten, the color of skin.
Like the whitening creams.
Formula:
Alum
Zinc sulfate
Glycerin
Tincture of benzoin
Essence of rose
10 parts
1 parts
1 parts
1 parts
30 drops
TYPES OF HERBAL HAIR CARE PRODUCTS
 HAIR OIL:
• Thehail oils used for dressings and nourishing the
hairs and grace to appearance of hasirs.
• This preparations is generally used to increase the growth of hair
and remains healthy.
• Hair oil should have following properties:
 They should give luster to the hair.
 Retain them soft and flowing.
 Invigorate their growth.
 Keep the brain cool.
 Should not be sticky.
Hair care products.
HAIR LOTION:
Hair lotion has a stimulating effect upon the hair
follicles. They are generally perfumed with oil of
rosemary and others ascenes as it posses a good
stimulating property.
HAIR COLORANTS:
These are preparations which are used for the
coloring of hthe hairs. They enhances the
attractiveness of gray hair. They are applied
externally on the hair with help of brush.
CONT…
SHAMPOO:
Shampoo is preparation of
surfactant in suitable form liquid,
solid or powder- which when
used under
the condition specified will
remove surface grease, dirt,
and
skin debris from the hair shaft and scalp
without affecting adversely the hair, scalp or
health of the user.
QUALLITIES OF AN IDEAL HAIR PRODUCT
Protect the hair cuticle.
Cleans without stripping natural oils.
Replace lost protein, moisture, and
nutrients.
Condition without weighing down the hair.
Even without porosity and prevent moisture
loss.
Smooth abraded cuticle scales.
Prevent intense drying from environment.
Name Important herbal cosmetics Uses/ Claim
Herbal hair rinse Mint, bramhi & other herbal
extracts
Promote hair growth used
in combination with
heena/amla shampoo.
Herbal hair
conditioner
Amla, sandal wood bramhi. And
other precious herbs
Prevent hair loss & act as
scalp deep cleanser.
Herbal hair Oil Arnica, Heena, Shikakai and other
herbal extracts
Specially created to
prevent hair loss &
promote luxurious hair
growth.
Hair Amla
Shampoo
Extracts of amla dates arnica and
rate herbal extracts
For normal to dry hairs.
Cleansing the scalp while
retaining & Stimulating
hair growth.
HERBAL HAIR PREPARATIONS
HERBALS USED IN DENTIFRICE
Definition.
Dentifrice are the preparations intended for use
with a toothbrush for the purpose of cleaning
the accessible surfaces of teeth.
They have been prepared in paste, powder and to
a lesser extent in liquid and block form.
CONT…
Formula:
Dentifrices
Soap powder
Saccharin
Amaranth (solution)
Oil of cinnamon
Oil of pappermint
Oil of clove
Alcohol
Distilled water
7.2 parts
0.24 parts
1.0 parts
0.6 parts
0.6 parts
1.2 parts
90 parts
120 parts
CONT…
Characteristics of dentifrices:
It reduces the incidence of tooth decay.
Helps to maintaining the gingivae.
Reduces the intensity of mouth odors.
Good dental health increases the possibility of
good general health, leading secondary result of
cleaning teeth.
ADVANTAGES:
They do not provoke allergic reaction & do not
have negative side effects.
They are easily incorporated with skin and hair.
With small quantity they are very effective
as compared to synthetic cosmetics.
Extracts of plant decreases the bulk property of
cosmetics and gives appropriate pharmacological
effects.
Easily available & found in large variety &
quantity.
Easy to manufactures and chief in cost.
DISADVANTAGES:
Herbal drugs have slower effects as compare to
Allopathic dosage form. Also it requires long term
therapy.
 They are difficult to hide taste and odor.
Most of the herbal drugs are not easily available.
Manufacturing process are time consuming
and complicated.
No pharmacopoea defines any specific procedure
or ingredients to be used in any of herbal
cosmetics.
GUIDELINES FOR USINGHERBS
Stop taking an herb if any side effect develops
such as allergy, stomach upset, skin rash or
headache.
Purchase standardized herbal products.
Herbal products are not recommended for:
pregnant or lactating women
infants or children under six years of age
EVALUTIONS OF THE FINISHED PRODUCT
The finished product should be standardized in
terms of
 Shelf life
 Color
 Toxicity studies
 Biological assay
 Skin irritation test
 Sensitization test
 Patch test
STORAGE OF HERBS
Herbs should be stored in cool and dry place.
Moisture can damage the herbs.
Also moisture promotes bacterial and fungal
growth.
Dried herbs should be stored in air tight
container.
Herbs should not be stored in direct sunlight.
CONCLUSION
The usage of herbal cosmetics has been increased to
many folds in personal care system and there is a
great demand for the herbal cosmetics.
The use of bioactive ingredients in cosmetics
influence biological functions of skin and provide
nutrients necessary for the healthy skin or hair.
There is tremendous scope to launch numerous
herbal cosmetics using appropriate bioactive
ingredients with suitable fatty oil, essential oils,
proteins and additives.
REFERENCES
R.K. Nema, K.S.rathore and B.K.Dubey; “Text book
of cosmetics” CBS Publishers & Distributors India,
page no. 257-274.
P.P.Sharma
Manufacturing &
“Cosmetics Formulations,
Quality control” Vandana
Publications Pvt. Ltd. Delhi, fourth edition, page no.
463,709,717.
Dr.Kuchekar, Mr.Khadtare, Mr.Sachin Itkar;
“Forensic Pharmacy” Nirali prakashan, page no.5.4-
5.5
Rajsekhar Saha International “Cosmeceuticals
and herbal drugs: practical uses”, Journal Of
Pharmaceutical Sciences And Research (ISSN:
0975- 8232), Vol. 3, Issue 1, (2012)
Singhal Mukul*, Khanna Surabhi , Nasa Atul,
“Cosmeceuticals For The Skin: An Overview”,
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical
Research, (ISSN - 0974-2441), Vol. 4, Issue 2,
2011.
J. Padma Preetha*, K. Karthika, “Cosmeceuticals
– An Evolution”, International Journal of
ChemTech Research, (ISSN : 0974-4290), Vol.1,
No.4, pp 1217- 1223, Oct-Dec 2009.
CONT..
Ashish Aswal*, Mohini Kalra and Abhiram Rout,
“Preparation and evaluation of Herbal cosmetic
cream” Scholars Research Library
THANK YOU..

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Herbal cosmetics

  • 1. HERBAL COSMETICS H I T E S H U D A R D E PA R T M E N T O F P H A R M A C E U T I C S P D M U N I V E R S I T Y
  • 2. CONTENTS: • Introduction • Classification • Herbal Cosmetics for Skin • Herbal Cosmetics for Hair • Dentifrices • Guidelines for using Herbs • Conclusion • References
  • 3. INTRODUCTION • Cosmetics are the substances that are used to enhance the odor and appearance of human body. • FDA defines cosmetics as “ intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body’s structure or functions. • Herbal Cosmetics are the cosmetics which are prepared using plant products having cosmetic actions. • In cosmetics, both natural and Phyto-ingredients are used. Natural products include oils, extracts, secretions etc. Phyto ingredients include pure constituents obtained by various process.
  • 4. CLASSIFICATION OF HERBAL COSMETICS • Herbal cosmetics can be classified on the basis of: – Dosage form – Part of the body to be applied for
  • 5. ON THE BASIS OF DOSAGE FORM • Emulsions : Cold cream, Vanishing cream, liquid cream • Powders : Face powder, Talcum powder, Tooth powder • Cakes : Rouge compacts, Make-up cake • Oils : Hair oils • Mucilage : Hand lotion • Jellies : Hand jelly, wave set jelly, brilliantine jelly • Suspensions : Cosmetic stockings • Pastes : Tooth paste, deodorant paste • Soaps : Shampoo soap, shaving soap, toilet soap • Solutions : After shave lotions, hair set solutions and lotions.
  • 6. PARTS OR ORGAN OF THE BODY TO BE APPLIED FOR • Herbal cosmetics for Skin – Powder, cream, deodorants, lotions, bath and cleansing products • Herbal cosmetics for Hair – Shampoo, tonic, beard softeners, Hair removers • Herbal cosmetics for Nails – Nail polishes, Manicure preparations • Herbal cosmetics for Teeth and Mouth – Tooth powders, Dentifrices, Mouth washes
  • 7. HERBAL COSMETICS FOR SKIN • The herbal approach of proper skin care is principally based on three essential steps. – Cleanse – Nourish – Moisture • Whatever may be the type of skin, these three steps acts as external care for skin to protect it from the constant effect of environment, stress and skins natural process of cell degradation decay.
  • 8. HERBAL COSMETICS FOR VARIOUSTYPES OF SKIN FOR DRY SKIN Example of Herbs: Rubia Cardifolia (Manjista), Triphla, Tulsi, Glycerihza glabra in sesame oil. Fruit face mask: Banana or avocado pulp.
  • 9. FOR SENSITIVE SKIN Example of Herbs: Usheero, curcuma longa, triphala, azadircta indica mustaka, nimba in coconut oil. Fruit face mask: Banana or pineapple pulp.
  • 10. FOR OILY SKIN Example of Herbs: Tulsi, idhora, jatiphata, nimba, terminalia arjuna, Triphla, curcuma longa, mustaka in musterd oil , milk, sour milk, cream and butter milk are used as gentel natured cleanser. Fruit face mask: Strawberry or papaya pulp.
  • 11. TYPES OF HERBAL CREAMS COLD CREAMS: It is an emulsion in which the fat predominates, but the cooling effect produced when it is applied to the skin is due to skin evaporation of the water contained. Formula: Almond oil White wax Borax Water Rose water 550 parts 145 parts 10 parts 290 parts 5 parts
  • 12. CONT…. VANISHING CREAMS: Vanishing creams are also called foundation creams because they disappears when rubbed into skins. Formula: Stearic acid Borax crystals Sodium carbonate Water Rose oil 130 parts 28 parts 12 parts 740 parts 9 parts
  • 13. CONT… CLEANSING CREAMS: A satisfactory cleansing cream is water in oil emulsion that melts at temperature of body and spreads readily over the skin. Formula: Chamomile cleansing creams Chamomile flower Distilled water Lemon juice Sodium benzoate 50 parts 500 parts 5 parts 2 parts
  • 14. TYPES OF HERBAL LOTIONS FACE LOTION: These also called the bleaching lotions actually mask, rather than lighten, the color of skin. Like the whitening creams. Formula: Alum Zinc sulfate Glycerin Tincture of benzoin Essence of rose 10 parts 1 parts 1 parts 1 parts 30 drops
  • 15. TYPES OF HERBAL HAIR CARE PRODUCTS  HAIR OIL: • Thehail oils used for dressings and nourishing the hairs and grace to appearance of hasirs. • This preparations is generally used to increase the growth of hair and remains healthy. • Hair oil should have following properties:  They should give luster to the hair.  Retain them soft and flowing.  Invigorate their growth.  Keep the brain cool.  Should not be sticky. Hair care products.
  • 16. HAIR LOTION: Hair lotion has a stimulating effect upon the hair follicles. They are generally perfumed with oil of rosemary and others ascenes as it posses a good stimulating property. HAIR COLORANTS: These are preparations which are used for the coloring of hthe hairs. They enhances the attractiveness of gray hair. They are applied externally on the hair with help of brush.
  • 17. CONT… SHAMPOO: Shampoo is preparation of surfactant in suitable form liquid, solid or powder- which when used under the condition specified will remove surface grease, dirt, and skin debris from the hair shaft and scalp without affecting adversely the hair, scalp or health of the user.
  • 18. QUALLITIES OF AN IDEAL HAIR PRODUCT Protect the hair cuticle. Cleans without stripping natural oils. Replace lost protein, moisture, and nutrients. Condition without weighing down the hair. Even without porosity and prevent moisture loss. Smooth abraded cuticle scales. Prevent intense drying from environment.
  • 19. Name Important herbal cosmetics Uses/ Claim Herbal hair rinse Mint, bramhi & other herbal extracts Promote hair growth used in combination with heena/amla shampoo. Herbal hair conditioner Amla, sandal wood bramhi. And other precious herbs Prevent hair loss & act as scalp deep cleanser. Herbal hair Oil Arnica, Heena, Shikakai and other herbal extracts Specially created to prevent hair loss & promote luxurious hair growth. Hair Amla Shampoo Extracts of amla dates arnica and rate herbal extracts For normal to dry hairs. Cleansing the scalp while retaining & Stimulating hair growth. HERBAL HAIR PREPARATIONS
  • 20. HERBALS USED IN DENTIFRICE Definition. Dentifrice are the preparations intended for use with a toothbrush for the purpose of cleaning the accessible surfaces of teeth. They have been prepared in paste, powder and to a lesser extent in liquid and block form.
  • 21. CONT… Formula: Dentifrices Soap powder Saccharin Amaranth (solution) Oil of cinnamon Oil of pappermint Oil of clove Alcohol Distilled water 7.2 parts 0.24 parts 1.0 parts 0.6 parts 0.6 parts 1.2 parts 90 parts 120 parts
  • 22. CONT… Characteristics of dentifrices: It reduces the incidence of tooth decay. Helps to maintaining the gingivae. Reduces the intensity of mouth odors. Good dental health increases the possibility of good general health, leading secondary result of cleaning teeth.
  • 23. ADVANTAGES: They do not provoke allergic reaction & do not have negative side effects. They are easily incorporated with skin and hair. With small quantity they are very effective as compared to synthetic cosmetics. Extracts of plant decreases the bulk property of cosmetics and gives appropriate pharmacological effects. Easily available & found in large variety & quantity. Easy to manufactures and chief in cost.
  • 24. DISADVANTAGES: Herbal drugs have slower effects as compare to Allopathic dosage form. Also it requires long term therapy.  They are difficult to hide taste and odor. Most of the herbal drugs are not easily available. Manufacturing process are time consuming and complicated. No pharmacopoea defines any specific procedure or ingredients to be used in any of herbal cosmetics.
  • 25. GUIDELINES FOR USINGHERBS Stop taking an herb if any side effect develops such as allergy, stomach upset, skin rash or headache. Purchase standardized herbal products. Herbal products are not recommended for: pregnant or lactating women infants or children under six years of age
  • 26. EVALUTIONS OF THE FINISHED PRODUCT The finished product should be standardized in terms of  Shelf life  Color  Toxicity studies  Biological assay  Skin irritation test  Sensitization test  Patch test
  • 27. STORAGE OF HERBS Herbs should be stored in cool and dry place. Moisture can damage the herbs. Also moisture promotes bacterial and fungal growth. Dried herbs should be stored in air tight container. Herbs should not be stored in direct sunlight.
  • 28. CONCLUSION The usage of herbal cosmetics has been increased to many folds in personal care system and there is a great demand for the herbal cosmetics. The use of bioactive ingredients in cosmetics influence biological functions of skin and provide nutrients necessary for the healthy skin or hair. There is tremendous scope to launch numerous herbal cosmetics using appropriate bioactive ingredients with suitable fatty oil, essential oils, proteins and additives.
  • 29. REFERENCES R.K. Nema, K.S.rathore and B.K.Dubey; “Text book of cosmetics” CBS Publishers & Distributors India, page no. 257-274. P.P.Sharma Manufacturing & “Cosmetics Formulations, Quality control” Vandana Publications Pvt. Ltd. Delhi, fourth edition, page no. 463,709,717. Dr.Kuchekar, Mr.Khadtare, Mr.Sachin Itkar; “Forensic Pharmacy” Nirali prakashan, page no.5.4- 5.5
  • 30. Rajsekhar Saha International “Cosmeceuticals and herbal drugs: practical uses”, Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences And Research (ISSN: 0975- 8232), Vol. 3, Issue 1, (2012) Singhal Mukul*, Khanna Surabhi , Nasa Atul, “Cosmeceuticals For The Skin: An Overview”, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, (ISSN - 0974-2441), Vol. 4, Issue 2, 2011. J. Padma Preetha*, K. Karthika, “Cosmeceuticals – An Evolution”, International Journal of ChemTech Research, (ISSN : 0974-4290), Vol.1, No.4, pp 1217- 1223, Oct-Dec 2009.
  • 31. CONT.. Ashish Aswal*, Mohini Kalra and Abhiram Rout, “Preparation and evaluation of Herbal cosmetic cream” Scholars Research Library