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DRIVING GROWTH AND INNOVATION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY-ENABLED LEARNING
David Porter, Ed.D.
CEO, eCampusOntario.ca 	
November 26, 2016
Beyond Free
Slides reused, remixed, and re-engineered from ...
Twitter @dendroglyph
The Power of Open
u Open educational
resources (OER) and
open practices have
been used to
redevelop curriculum
resources a...
Open Lives in Canada, too
Why OPEN?
Image	by	Craig	Garner
PD-US via Wikimedia Commons
“Everyone has the right to
education. Education shall
be free, at least in the
elementary and ...
UNESCO
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/

open-educational-resources/what-ar...
Open	(free)	Culture
“social	movement	that	promotes	the	freedom	to	distribute	
and	modify	creative	works	in	the	form	of	fre...
Grant	freedoms	instead	of	imposing	restrictions	
Sharing	is	fundamental	to	teaching	
Collaboration	is	a	good	thing
Assumpt...
“…openness is the sole means by
which education is effected. If a
teacher is not sharing what he or she
knows, there is no...
Beyond Free
Benefit #1
Teachers have full legal control
to customize and contextualize
learning resources for their
studen...
The	more	context	a	
learning	resources	
has,	the	more	(and	
the	more	easily)	a	
learner	can	learn	
from	it.
To	make	learni...
Shark!	by	guitarfish	used	under	Creative	Commons	Attribution	Non-Commercial	2.0	Generic	license.
Sharks	are	a	group	
of	fish	characterized	
by	a	cartilaginous	
skeleton,	five	to	
seven	gill	slits	on	the	
sides	of	the	he...
Symbiosis	is	the	
close	and	often	
long-term	
interaction	
between	two	or	
more	different	
biological	species
This	is	a	mo...
“Therefore, pedagogical
effectiveness and potential for
reuse are completely at odds
with one another, unless the
end user...
A simple,
standardized

way to grant
copyright permissions
to your creative
work.
Some Rights Reserved
Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
24Source: David Wiley, http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221 March 5, 2014, CC-BY
The 5Rs of openness
Image from Copyright in Education & Internet in South African Law	http://education-copyright.org/creative-commons/
Used un...
2003-2012
$10 million invested
153 grants awarded
100% participation across system
83% partnerships
47 credentials develop...
solr.bccampus.ca
solr.bccampus.ca
A textbook licensed under an open copyright
license, and made available to be freely used by
students, teachers and member...
Where do they come from?
Visual	notes	of	John	Yap	announcement,	Giulia	Forsythe	http://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/8094691691/		Used	under	Crea...
The Numbers in BC
151 Open Textbooks
720 Adoptions
31 Institutions
20,312 Students
$1,998,978 - $2,517,217
Students: 240
Previous Textbook: $187
OpenStax Textbook: $0
Student savings: $60,000
1 course	
1 institution 	
4 terms
Ear...
Images	from	Oxfam.org	CC-BY	and		http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Daniel_Mietchen/Talks/World_Open_Educational_Resources_...
Students	spend	up	to	$1200/year	on	textbooks	
4x	rate	of	inflation	over	past	20	years	
70%	students	have	not	purchased	tex...
Source:	http://thesheaf.com/2013/10/20/an-open-textbook-policy-is-a-must/
Source:	http://www.wmnf.org/news_stories/usf-student-shows-his-peers-how-to-download-textbooks-online-for-free
But, free is
more than just
a good deal
There is a direct relationship between
textbook costs and student success
!"!"!"
"!"!
!"!"
"!"
!"
"
60%+	do	not	purchase	t...
“My textbook is…
…back-ordered
…in the mail
…out of stock
…the wrong edition
…on hold until my student loan arrives
…unnec...
Beyond Free 

Benefit #2
Access to customized
resources improves learning
New Data
Psychology	Department	modifies	an	existing	open	textbook	to	
create	custom	textbook,	localized	for	their	students.	
Source...
Peer Reviewed Resources
My	Adventures	Adapting	a	Chemistry	Textbook291/365		by	thebarrowboy	used	under	a	CC-BY
Publish Many
Write Once
Choices for students
Beyond Free 

Benefit #3
Opportunities for authentic
learning activities
5.5	million	views	per	month.

ChemWiki	most	visited	chemistry	website	in	the	world.
Delmar Larsen now offers extra credit ...
Getting from Closed to Open
Beyond Free 

Benefit #4
Collegial collaboration
“We	are	a	group	of	two	dozen	mathematicians	who	wrote	a	600	
page	book	in	less	than	half	a	year.	This	is	quite	amazing,	si...
Source:	Open	Textbook	Publishing,	Joe	Moxley,	World.edu	http://world.edu/open-textbook-publishing/	
“Rather than working a...
Library sprints
Textbook sprints
Test bank sprints
2 Days
17 Psych Faculty
6 Institutions
850 Questions
Source: Simon Bates, UBC
Beyond Free 

Benefit #5
Demonstration of the service
mission of the institution
Beyond Free Benefits
1. Teachers have full legal control to customize and
contextualize learning resources

2. Demonstrate...
Image:	Don’t	reinvent	it	by	Andrea	Hernendez	used	under	CC-NC-SA	license
Rethinking resources
u Addressing student
affordability

u Reinforcing faculty
expertise

u Refining institutional
practic...
This	image	is	licensed	under	the	Creative	Commons	Attribution-Share	Alike	3.0	Unported	license.	Attribution:	Terry	Goss
Bu...
“Openwashing”
Openness in education is not a new idea — but it
needs renewed expression in a digital era and broader
application in high...
Be OPEN!
David Porter • davidp@ecampusontario.ca
Slides reused, remixed, and re-engineered from original slides by David P...
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Preso on open education from OpenCon 2016 in Toronto.

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Porter_Open_Con_2016_TO

  1. 1. DRIVING GROWTH AND INNOVATION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY-ENABLED LEARNING
  2. 2. David Porter, Ed.D. CEO, eCampusOntario.ca November 26, 2016 Beyond Free Slides reused, remixed, and re-engineered from original slides by David Porter BCIT.ca, Amanda Coolidge, BCcampus, and Clint Lalonde BCcampus.ca. Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License. 
 Feel free to use, modify, reuse or redistribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Harnessing the resonant value in open 
 and collaborative practices for public good
  3. 3. Twitter @dendroglyph
  4. 4. The Power of Open u Open educational resources (OER) and open practices have been used to redevelop curriculum resources and lower the costs of nursing training programs at the University of Swaziland Image and story by John Lesperance and Venkataraman Balaji Commonwealth of Learning (http://col.org) 2016
  5. 5. Open Lives in Canada, too
  6. 6. Why OPEN? Image by Craig Garner
  7. 7. PD-US via Wikimedia Commons “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages…” Source: United Nations, 1948, 
 Universal Declaration of Human Rights 
 Article 26, paragraph 1 Universal Declaration of Human Rights It started in 1948
  8. 8. UNESCO http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/
 open-educational-resources/what-are-open-educational-resources-oers/
 UNESCO “Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them.”
  9. 9. Open (free) Culture “social movement that promotes the freedom to distribute and modify creative works in the form of free content by using the Internet and other forms of media. Free Culture Movement Wikipedia
  10. 10. Grant freedoms instead of imposing restrictions Sharing is fundamental to teaching Collaboration is a good thing Assumptions about Openness
  11. 11. “…openness is the sole means by which education is effected. If a teacher is not sharing what he or she knows, there is no education happening. In fact, those educators who share the most thoroughly of themselves with the greatest proportion of their students are the ones we deem successful. Does every single student come out of a class in possession of the knowledge and skills the teacher tried to share? In other words, is the teacher a successful sharer? If so, then the teacher is a successful educator. If attempts at sharing fail, then the teacher is a poor educator. Education is sharing. Education is about being open.” Openness as Catalyst for an Education Reformation, David Wiley, 
 EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 45, no. Educational 4 (July/August 2010): 14–20
  12. 12. Beyond Free Benefit #1 Teachers have full legal control to customize and contextualize learning resources for their students
  13. 13. The more context a learning resources has, the more (and the more easily) a learner can learn from it. To make learning resources maximally reusable, learning objects should contain as little context as possible. The Reusability Paradox image by Wayne Mackintosh used under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 3.0) Retrieved from http://wikieducator.org/File:Reusability_paradox.svg#filelinks Reusability Paradox
  14. 14. Shark! by guitarfish used under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license.
  15. 15. Sharks are a group of fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head. This is a modified image based on Shark! by guitarfish used under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license. Shark text from Wikipedia and used under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 license. This modified image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license.
  16. 16. Symbiosis is the close and often long-term interaction between two or more different biological species This is a modified image based on Shark! by guitarfish used under Creative Commons Attribution Non- Commercial 2.0 Generic license. Symbiosis text from Wikipedia and used under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 license. This modified image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license.
  17. 17. “Therefore, pedagogical effectiveness and potential for reuse are completely at odds with one another, unless the end user is permitted to edit the learning resource.” Source: The Reusability Paradox, David Wiley, Connexions. http://cnx.org/content/m11898/latest/
  18. 18. A simple, standardized
 way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work.
  19. 19. Some Rights Reserved Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
  20. 20. 24Source: David Wiley, http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221 March 5, 2014, CC-BY The 5Rs of openness
  21. 21. Image from Copyright in Education & Internet in South African Law http://education-copyright.org/creative-commons/ Used under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 South Africa license
  22. 22. 2003-2012 $10 million invested 153 grants awarded 100% participation across system 83% partnerships 47 credentials developed in whole or part via OPDF 355 courses, 12 workshops, 19 web sites/tools and 396 course components (learning objects, labs, textbooks, manuals, videos) 100% open license for free and open sharing and reuse by all BC post-secondary institutions and instructors BC Online Program Development Fund
  23. 23. solr.bccampus.ca
  24. 24. solr.bccampus.ca
  25. 25. A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. Look here à open.bccampus.ca What’s an Open Textbook?
  26. 26. Where do they come from?
  27. 27. Visual notes of John Yap announcement, Giulia Forsythe http://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/8094691691/ Used under Creative Commons attribution share-alike license 40 free and open textbooks available for the highest enrolled 1st & 2nd year post-secondary subjects in BC First province in Canada+20 more for SKILLS training
  28. 28. The Numbers in BC 151 Open Textbooks 720 Adoptions 31 Institutions 20,312 Students $1,998,978 - $2,517,217
  29. 29. Students: 240 Previous Textbook: $187 OpenStax Textbook: $0 Student savings: $60,000 1 course 1 institution 4 terms Early Adopter and Adapter 
 Dr. Takashi Sato Physics KPU
  30. 30. Images from Oxfam.org CC-BY and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Daniel_Mietchen/Talks/World_Open_Educational_Resources_Congress_2012 /How_Open_Access_and_Open_Science_can_mutually_fertilize_with_Open_Educational_Resources CC-BY Why is this work happening? To increase access to higher education by reducing student costs To improve student learning by removing barriers to resources To give faculty more control over their instructional resources
  31. 31. Students spend up to $1200/year on textbooks 4x rate of inflation over past 20 years 70% students have not purchased textbook for a course because of price
  32. 32. Source: http://thesheaf.com/2013/10/20/an-open-textbook-policy-is-a-must/
  33. 33. Source: http://www.wmnf.org/news_stories/usf-student-shows-his-peers-how-to-download-textbooks-online-for-free
  34. 34. But, free is more than just a good deal
  35. 35. There is a direct relationship between textbook costs and student success !"!"!" "!"! !"!" "!" !" " 60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to textbook cost Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus Slide: CC-BY Cable Green, Creative Commons via http://www.project- kaleidoscope.org/
  36. 36. “My textbook is… …back-ordered …in the mail …out of stock …the wrong edition …on hold until my student loan arrives …unnecessary until I decide I want this course” How often do students start the term without the resources they need?
  37. 37. Beyond Free 
 Benefit #2 Access to customized resources improves learning
  38. 38. New Data
  39. 39. Psychology Department modifies an existing open textbook to create custom textbook, localized for their students. Source: One college’s use of an open psychology textbook, John Hilton III, Carol Laman, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning Volume 27, Issue 3, 2012 “During the fall semester 2011, 690 students used this book. Compared with students using a traditional text in the spring of 2011, students who used the free online textbook scored higher on departmental final examinations, had higher grade point averages in the class and had higher retention rates. Houston Community College
  40. 40. Peer Reviewed Resources My Adventures Adapting a Chemistry Textbook291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  41. 41. Publish Many Write Once
  42. 42. Choices for students
  43. 43. Beyond Free 
 Benefit #3 Opportunities for authentic learning activities
  44. 44. 5.5 million views per month.
 ChemWiki most visited chemistry website in the world. Delmar Larsen now offers extra credit to students who submit entries. He assigns a rating system to new articles based on the author's expertise and experience, with articles moving up as they are edited and vetted. Sources: ChemWiki takes on costly textbooks UC Davis News, October 2013 UCD Hyperlink Newsletter October 2014
  45. 45. Getting from Closed to Open
  46. 46. Beyond Free 
 Benefit #4 Collegial collaboration
  47. 47. “We are a group of two dozen mathematicians who wrote a 600 page book in less than half a year. This is quite amazing, since mathematicians do not normally work together in large groups.” “..the spirit of collaboration that pervaded our group at the Institute for Advanced Study was truly amazing. We did not fragment. We talked, shared ideas, explained things to each other, and completely forgot who did what. If we can get mathematicians to share half-baked ideas, not to worry who contributed what to a paper, or even who the authors are, then we will reach a new and unimagined level of productivity. Progress is made by those who dare break the rules.” Andrej Bauer, University of Ljubljana Source: The HoTT book, Mathematics and Computation http://math.andrej.com/2013/06/20/the-hott-book/ The HoTT book
  48. 48. Source: Open Textbook Publishing, Joe Moxley, World.edu http://world.edu/open-textbook-publishing/ “Rather than working as employees on by-the-piece rates for global companies like Pearson, faculty members can assume the role of publishers. Using free content-management systems like Joomla, Drupal, or WordPress in conjunction with inexpensive web hosting packages, we can build communities around our educational materials.” “We need to realize our power as authors and publishers. Working collaboratively, we can create dynamic teaching and learning environments.” Joe Moxley, University of South Florida
  49. 49. Library sprints
  50. 50. Textbook sprints
  51. 51. Test bank sprints 2 Days 17 Psych Faculty 6 Institutions 850 Questions
  52. 52. Source: Simon Bates, UBC
  53. 53. Beyond Free 
 Benefit #5 Demonstration of the service mission of the institution
  54. 54. Beyond Free Benefits 1. Teachers have full legal control to customize and contextualize learning resources
 2. Demonstrate improved learning: using customized and contextualized learning resources
 3. Opportunities for authentic learning
 4. Collegial collaboration 5. Demonstrate service mission of the university
  55. 55. Image: Don’t reinvent it by Andrea Hernendez used under CC-NC-SA license
  56. 56. Rethinking resources u Addressing student affordability
 u Reinforcing faculty expertise
 u Refining institutional practices for instructional resource creation, management, and distribution
  57. 57. This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Attribution: Terry Goss But, beware of sharks in open waters
  58. 58. “Openwashing”
  59. 59. Openness in education is not a new idea — but it needs renewed expression in a digital era and broader application in higher education Openness is not just a historical development — it is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon Fundamentally, education is a human right — let’s make education openly accessible in all formats for free Take away messages
  60. 60. Be OPEN! David Porter • davidp@ecampusontario.ca Slides reused, remixed, and re-engineered from original slides by David Porter BCIT.ca, Amanda Coolidge, BCcampus, and Clint Lalonde BCcampus.ca. Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License. 
 Feel free to use, modify, reuse or redistribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.

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