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The Soul of Liberty: Openness, equality and co-creation


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Keynote for the CELT 2018 Deign for Learning Symposium

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The Soul of Liberty: Openness, equality and co-creation

  1. 1. The Soul of Liberty Openness, Equality & Co-creation Lorna M. Campbell University of Edinburgh
  2. 2. Stornoway from Cuddy Point, CC BY-SA, LornaMCampbell,
  3. 3. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0, Lawrence OP,
  4. 4. “What do we mean when we use the word? Free? Open access? Open enrollment? Open data? Openly- licensed materials, as in open educational resources or open source software? Open for discussion? Open for debate? Open to competition? Open for business? Open-ended intellectual exploration?” - What Do We Mean By Open Education Audrey Watters CC BY 2.0, cogdog,
  5. 5. “openness is a constantly negotiated space” Open Education, Open Questions Catherine Cronin CC BY, Josie Fraser
  6. 6. • Open licenses • Open educational resources • Open education policy and practice • Open textbooks • Open badges • Open online courses • MOOCs • Open data • Open science • Open Access scholarly works • Open source software • Open standards • Open government • Open GLAM CC BY 2.0, iamdogjunkie,
  7. 7. open education and OER
  8. 8. Cape Town +10,
  9. 9. “The worldwide OER movement is rooted in the human right to access high-quality education. The Open Education Movement is not just about cost savings and easy access to openly licensed content; it’s about participation and co-creation.” OER Commons,
  10. 10. "teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.” ~ UNESCO UNESCO OER, educational-resources/
  11. 11. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0, Kristina Alexanderson, Flickr
  12. 12. CC BY-SA 2.0, ricardo56,
  13. 13. CC BY, David Wiley,
  14. 14. “Open has to be about more then the 5Rs. It is also about our values: access, equity, innovation & creativity.” @ryanmerkley #OpenEd17 CC BY 2.0, Sebastiaan ter Burg, _Creative_Commons_Global_Summit_2017_(34193817841).jpg
  15. 15. “Open is not just a set of attributes, it’s a set of values and practices that make education better.” @txtbks #OpenEd17 CC BY, @SPARC_NA,
  16. 16. open education practice
  17. 17. Open education is not limited to just open educational resources. It also draws upon open technologies that facilitate collaborative, flexible learning and the open sharing of teaching practices that empower educators to benefit from the best ideas of their colleagues. It may also grow to include new approaches to assessment, accreditation and collaborative learning'. The Cape Town Open Education Declaration,
  18. 18. MOOCs
  19. 19. DS106,
  20. 20. Day of the MOOC, CC BY, David Kernohan,
  21. 21. MOOC: Every Letter Is Negotiable, CC BY 2.0, Mathieu Plourde,
  22. 22. Media Hopper Create,
  23. 23. Wikimedia
  24. 24. Wikimedia Community Ireland,
  25. 25. Wikimedia UK,
  26. 26. CC BY, Ewan McAndrew, Wikimedian in Residence, University of Edinburgh
  27. 27. WikiProject Women in Red,
  28. 28. Reproductive Biomedicine Wikipedia editathon, CC BY-SA 4.0, Stinglehammer, _September_2017_02.jpg
  29. 29. 1. A lack of user-friendliness in the editing interface. 2. Not having enough free time. 3. A lack of self-confidence. 4. Aversion to conflict and an unwillingness to participate in lengthy edit wars. 5. Belief that their contributions are too likely to be reverted or deleted. 6. Some find its overall atmosphere misogynistic. 7. Wikipedia culture is sexual in ways they find off-putting. 8. Being addressed as male is off-putting to women whose primary language has grammatical gender. 9. Fewer opportunities than other sites for social relationships and a welcoming tone. 9 Reasons women don’t edit Wikipedia (in their own words), Sue Gardner, women-dont-edit-wikipedia-in-their-own-words/ CC BY SA, JayWalsh, _Gardner_May_2008_A_crop.jpg
  30. 30. Open Initiatives for Decolonising the Curriculum, Pat Lockley
  31. 31. Open Source Survey,
  32. 32. “What happens when only certain people are able to contribute to open projects and what happens when only certain people are able to access open resources? This means that the movement is not actually open to everyone and only obtainable by those who can practice and access it. Open is great. Open can be the future. If, and only when, we prioritize structuring it as a movement where anyone can participate and protecting those who do.” The Dangers of Being Open, Amira Dhalla,
  33. 33. Photograph from Processions (London), CC BY-SA 4.0, Alice White,
  34. 34. open education & co-creation at University of Edinburgh
  35. 35. University of Edinburgh Wikipedia Editathon, CC BY-SA 4.0, Mihaela Bodlovic,
  36. 36. Open.Ed,
  37. 37. LGBT+ Healthcare 101
  38. 38. LGBT+ Healthcare 101,
  39. 39. LGBT+ Issues – A resource for secondary schools,
  40. 40. Tomas Sanders, Open Content Curation Intern, CC BY, Lorna M. Campbell
  41. 41. Black History Month Wikipedia editathon, CC BY-SA 4.0, Stinglehammer,
  42. 42. Geosciences Outreach and Engagement
  43. 43. Geosciences Outreach,
  44. 44. @ University of Edinburgh
  45. 45. Geosciences Outreach,
  46. 46. “Geoscience Outreach and Engagement is one of the most interesting courses I have undertaken in my 5 years at Edinburgh. Not only do I get the opportunity to find new and exciting ways to inform people of all ages about Geosciences, I’m also learning valuable skills to enhance my future career after university. This course has taught me that everyone has a different way of learning, and instead of following one strict path, we should expand our ideas on how to effectively communicate science to the general public.” ~ Rebecca Astbury Rebecca Astbury, Chronos Project, University of Perugia, astbury/
  47. 47. The Sea-Level Story,
  48. 48. Wikimedia in the Classroom
  49. 49. Wikipedians at the Eurostemcell Wikithon, CC BY-SA 4.0, Endoderm,
  50. 50. High-grade serous carcinoma,
  51. 51. Wikimedia Residency, University of Edinburgh,
  52. 52. Wikimedia Residency, University of Edinburgh, year two, CC BY-SA 4.0, Stinglehammer,
  53. 53. “Equality is the soul of liberty; there is, in fact, no liberty without it.” ~ Frances Wright Frances Wright, public domain image, wright.jpg
  54. 54. International Women’s Day Art + Feminism editathon, CC BY-SA 4.0, Stinglehammer, Women%27s_Day_2016_-_Art_and_Feminism_04.jpg
  55. 55. CC BY-SA, @visualthinkery,
  56. 56. Lorna M. Campbell OER Service Information Services Group University of Edinburgh @LornaMCampbell CC BY, Lorna M. Campbell, University of Edinburgh, unless otherwise indicated. Everyone is Equal, Edinburgh College of Art banner, Processions 2018 CC BY, Anne-Marie Scott,