DOES IT HAVE TO BE THIS WAY? “ An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good.” The Budapest Initiative, 2001
old tradition = the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge new technology = internet unprecedented public good = world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds
A WORK MADE “OPEN ACCESS” IS... digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent.
CODE IS LAW Lawrence Lessig , Creative Commons co-founder Cyberspace has an architecture = its code Code has principles, terms – it defines what is possible in that space. We can use this code to write new law!
COPYLEFT MOVEMENT Others can distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work You can choose and combine attributions : BY : author must be credited for his work SA (share alike): new creations must be licensed under identical terms NC (non commercial): new creations can not be used for commercial purposes http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
COPYLEFT MOVEMENT Creative Commons , San Francisco, California Founded in 2001 by L.Lessig et al Share, Remix, Reuse – Legally A documentary: RIP REMIX Manifesto Available for free at: http://ripremix.com/
PUBLIC DOMAIN Renewed law of copyright, 1980 s: nothing falls into public domain per se Public Domain : Works with intellectual rights expired 70 years after author's death? Fair Use – A Fairytale?
OPEN ACCESS MOVEMENT Access to Research is a Student Right Student statement on the Right to Research Student organizations involved: Advocating OA both nationally and on campuses, Educating about OA, Adopting OA themselves
OPEN ACCESS MOVEMENT A revolution started by students on campuses Turned into a global scale PUBLISHING REVOLUTION
RIGHT TO RESEARCH COALITION ACTION Students for Open Access: http://www.righttoresearch.org/act/individual.shtml (a) Open Access improves the educational experience (b) Open Access democratizes access to research. (c) Open Access advances research. (d) Open Access improves the visibility and impact of scholarship.
OPEN ACCESS WEEK The last full week in October Different events organized around the world To raise awareness about Open Access Become a Member: http://www.openaccessweek.org/ Co-ordinated,Organized by SPARC(*)
SHARE OPEN ACCESS WORLDWIDE: SHOW First OA Week in Croatia Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Rijeka October 26-27 Official website: http://www.intechweb.org/show.html Trailer for the SHOW Movie: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FY8BijrVwys
Now back to... SPARC SPARC = international alliance of academic and research libraries working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system. WHY LIBRARIES?
SERIALS CRISIS Journal subscriptions fees rise. (more than 42% increase in cost for all periodicals) Library budgets are cut. Serials Crisis : No library can afford to buy subscriptions to all journals. Librarians become strong advocates of Open Access
LIBRARIANS ARE ... Educating faculty about Open Access Gatekeeping digital repositories for Open Access journals and books Supporting Open Access How can librarians prove that their libraries still provide - education?
WHICH ROAD TO FOLLOW? <ul><li>Green Road to Open Access : authors perform self-archiving upon publishing a peer-reviewed journal article </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Road to Open Access : institutions pay for their authors' gold open access publication fees (APC) </li></ul>
RESEARCH IN A DIGITAL AGE Petabytes of data circulating the web Information needed fast Information flows freely Collaborative research vs. focused research Scientists socially “ networked ” New tools available Scientist must keep track of new inventions Metric tools for citations on the web CAN IT BE DONE THE SAME?
MANDATING OPEN ACCESS university providing funds for the articles written by its faculty Institutions sign to COPE http://www.oacompact.org/compact/ Compact for OA publishing equities Accepting different COPE policies : They either mandate self-archiving or provide funds for OA gold publications written by its faculty i.e. MIT, Harvard, Simon Fraser University, Stellenbosch Uni, Trinity College...
MANDATING OPEN ACCESS COPE Supporters OASPA : Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association - standards set for journal and recently, book publishers Giant OA Publishers : Biomed, Plos, Hindawi... Organizations : Creative Commons, SPARC... Some Nobelists ...
MANDATING OPEN ACCESS SCOAP3 Project Redirection of subscription money An example of group of journals and subscribers in high-energy physics that agree to cancel all at once their journal subscriptions and switch to OA model Members: CERN, JINR ... http://scoap3.org/
OPEN ACCESS TRACKING PROJECT Mostly updated by Peter Suber Using the Connotea bookmarking system: http://www.connotea.org/tag/oa.new Quarterly newsletters Overview: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm Find him on Google Plus
KEEPING TRACK DOAJ – Directory of Open Acess Journals List of OA journals http://www.doaj.org/ Different subjects and languages News, stats: The Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics By Heather Morrison: http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/
OPEN ACCESS DIRECTORY simple factual lists about open access Maintained by community http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/
OASIS AND OPEN ACCESS MAP <ul><li>OASIS – authoritative sourcebook on Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.openoasis.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>OA Map – charting the growth of OA globally </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.openaccessmap.org/ </li></ul>
OPEN ACCESS COMMENTS <ul><li>News aggregator </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the latest news in the world of open access </li></ul><ul><li>http://openaccess.co/ </li></ul><ul><li>Powered by </li></ul><ul><li>InTech Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>publisher </li></ul>
READ MORE... <ul><li>Find about the sites you might like on our official blog site: </li></ul><ul><li>https://intechweb.wordpress.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing world seen through the Looking Glass. The events, the news, the people that shape the OA movement. </li></ul>