Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education

Presentation at OpenEd14, Washington, November 19-21, 2014.
PhD research at the Open University of Lisbon, supported by GO-GN (Global OER Graduate Network).

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to comment

OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education

  1. 1. OER,OpenAccessandScholarshipinPortugueseHigherEducation Paula Cardoso DoctoralProgramme DistanceEducationandeLearning November19-21, 2014 : Washington, DC
  2. 2. Research questions Whatarefaculty’sattitudestowardsOERandOpenAccessinthecontextoftheirteachingandresearchpractice? WhatisthelevelofawarenessoffacultyregardingOER, openlicensingandOpenAccesspublishing? Whatarethemainincentivesperceivedinsharingopeneducationalresourcesandopenlypublishingresearchresults? 2 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  3. 3. Research questions Whatarethemainvaluesperceivedinsharingopeneducationalresourcesandopenlypublishingresearchresults? Whatarethemainconstraintsperceivedinsharingopeneducationalresourcesandopenlypublishingresearchresults? Whataretherelationshipsamongfaculty’sawareness, attitudes,incentives,constraintsandvaluesperceivedconcerningOERandOpenAccess? 3 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  4. 4. Superior School of Tourism and Maritime Technology Polytechnic Institute of Leiria–Peniche, Portugal OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso 4
  5. 5. HIGHER EDUCATION –Disruptivewaves Developandimprove curriculum Investin quality Adaptto differentlearningenvironments Connectwithbroadercommunity Promotestudents’ employability Take careoffinancial health Risingcosts Decreasingresources Demographics Globalization Competition Emergingtechnologies 5 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  6. 6. ROLE OF UNIVERSITIES Main Entrance –University of Coimbra, Portugal Communityofexperts Storehouseofknowledge Certificationofknowledge Research Teaching Publicengagement Policyguidance Incubators 6 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  7. 7. Multidimensional natureofScholarshipScholarship (Boyer, 1990) Discovery Integration Application Teaching 7 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  8. 8. TechnologyandScholarship Canon ofscholarlyresources Technologicalinnovation Access to a largergroup “Outdatedthinkingreinforcedbylaw” (Wiley, 2010) 15th century? 21st century? 8 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  9. 9. Monasteriesandchurches PrintingPress Amateurandprofessionalscholars TechnologyandScholarship –15th century 9 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  10. 10. HigherEducationInstitutions Internet anditsaffordances Growingdemandonaccessto HigherEducation TechnologyandScholarship –21st century 10 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  11. 11. Scholarship Conversational (Oblinger, 2010) Open (Burton, 2009, Pearceetal., 2010) Digital (Weller, 2011, Pearceetal., 2010) Social (Cohen, 2007, Greenhow, 2009) Participatory (Veletsianos, 2010) Socialscholarship“useofsocialtoolsisanintegralpartoftheresearchandpublishingprocess[andischaracterizedby]openness, conversation,collaboration, access,sharingandtransparentrevision” (Cohen,2007) NetworkedParticipatoryScholarshipistheemergentpracticeofscholars’useofparticipatorytechnologiesandonlinesocialnetworkstoshare,reflectupon,critique, improve,validateandfurthertheirscholarship(Veletsianos&Kimmons,2011) Digitalscholarshipis“embracingtheopenvalues,ideologyandpotentialoftechnologiesbornofpeer-to-peernetworkingandwikiwaysofworkinginordertobenefitboththeacademyandsociety”(Pearceetal.,2010) Scholarship in thedigital age 11 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  12. 12. Scholarship in thedigital age Discovery •Easilydiscovered,easilyaccessibleabundantinformation •Networking •Sharingofdigitaldata •Openaccess,opendata,openresearch 12 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  13. 13. Scholarship in thedigital age Integration •Increasedcollaborativework •Networking •Sharing •Openaccessandopenpublication 13 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  14. 14. Scholarship in thedigital age Application •Newwaysofpublicengagement •Sharing •Networkedcommunities 14 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  15. 15. Scholarship in thedigital age Teaching •Easilyreproducedandshareddigitalresources •Collaborationandco-creationofresources •Increasedemphasisonopenness •Openeducationalresources 15 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  16. 16. Traditionalscholarlycommunicationcycle(Czerniewiczetel., 2014) 16 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  17. 17. Changingscholarlycommunicationcycle(Czerniewiczetel., 2014) 17 Paula Cardoso
  18. 18. Scholarship andOpenness Educationis,firstandforemost,anenterpriseofsharing.Infact, sharingisthesolemeansbywhicheducationiseffected(Wiley& Green,2012) 18 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso Opennessis“atrend,bothintermsoftheproductionandsharingofeducationalmaterials,aswellasmakingresearchpublications(andevenresearchdata)freelyavailable”(Conole&Alevizou, 2010) Openscholarshiptorefertoteachingandresearchpracticesthatespouseopenness(Veletsianos&Kimmons,2012)
  19. 19. Concept Definition Source Openbibliography “systematiceffortstocreateandmaintainstoresofOpenlyaccessible,machine-readablebibliographicdata” Jonesetal.(2011) Opencontent “…acollectivenameforcreativeworkpublishedunderanon-restrictivelicencethatexplicitlypermitstheworktobecopiedand–dependingontheparticularlicencechosen–toalsobeadaptedanddistributed.” Keller&Mossink(2008) Opencourseware(OCW) “freeandopendigitalpublicationsofhighqualitycollegeanduniversity-leveleducationalmaterials…organizedascourses,andoftenincludecourseplanningmaterialsandevaluationtoolsaswellasthematiccontent…openlylicenses,accessibletoanyone,anytimeviatheInternet.” OCWConsortium[n.d.] Opendata “Datathatmeetsthecriteriaofinteligenteopenness.Datamustbeaccessible,useable,assessableandintelligible.” RoyalSociety(2012) Opendevelopment “thecommunity-leddevelopmentmodelfoundwithinmanysuccessfulfreeandopensourcesoftwareprojects.” Anderson(2009) Openeducationalpractices(OEP) “…collaborativepracticeinwhichresourcesaresharedbymakingthemopenlyavailable,andpedagogicalpracticesareemployedwhichrelyonsocialinteraction,knowledgecreation,peer-learning,andsharedlearningpractices.” Ehlers(2011) Openeducationalresources “…teaching,learningandresearchmaterialsinanymedium,digitalorotherwise,thatresideinthepublicdomainorhavebeenreleasedunderanopenlicensethatpermitsno-costaccess,use,adaptationandredistributionbyotherswithnoorlimitedrestrictions.” UNESCO(2012) Open phenomenain academicdiscourseandpractice(Corrall& Pinfield, 2014) 19 Paula Cardoso
  20. 20. Concept Definition Source Open innovation “theuseofpurposiveinflowsandoutflowsofknowledgetoaccelerateinternalinnovationandexpandthemarketsforexternaluseofinnovation,respectively.…assumesthatfirmscanandshoulduseexternalideasaswellasinternalideasandinternalandexternalpathstomarket” Chesbrough(2006) Open literaturereview[open research] “…usesasocialnetworkingspacetoaggregateandcollectivelydiscussanevolvingbodyofliteraturearoundasetofcoreresearchquestions.” Conole&Alevizou(2010) Open notebookscience “aformofOpenSciencewherethelaboratorynotebookismadepublicinasclosetorealtimeaspossible” Bradley,Owens& Williams(2008) Open peerreview “theoppositeofdoubleblind,inwhichauthors’andreviewers’identitiesarebothknowntoeachother(andsometimespubliclydisclosed),but…alsousedtodescribeotherapproaches,suchaswherethereviewersremainanonynousbuttheirreportsarepublished.” Ware(2011) Open science “makingmethodologies,dataandresultsavailableontheInternet,throughtransparentworkingpractices” Lyon(2009) Open source “…thepracticethatgivesfreeaccessinproductionanddevelopmenttothesourcematerialforanendproduct;inmostcases,oneisdealingwithsoftware.” Mossink(2008) Open systems “…conformtointernationallyagreedstandardsdefiningcomputingenvironmentsthatallowuserstodevelop,runandinterconnectapplicationsandthehardwaretheyrunon,fromwhateversource,withoutsignificantconversioncosts” Bryant(1995) Open phenomenain academicdiscourseandpractice(Corrall& Pinfield, 2014) 20 Paula Cardoso
  21. 21. Coherenceof“open” initiatives(Corrall& Pinfield, 2014) 21 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  22. 22. Opennessin research andteaching Open Access OER Scholarship ofteaching Scholarship ofdiscovery 22 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  23. 23. 23 Portuguese context OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  24. 24. 24 Portuguese context OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  25. 25. Researchersin Portugal andtheirrelationshipwithopen accessto scientificproduction(DocumentaryServicesofUniversityofMinho, 2012) Generalknowledgeontheconceptofopenaccess(97%). Highlevelofagreementwiththeprincipleofopenaccess, regardingtheresearchwithpublicfunding(92%). Significantdifferencebetweenthepositiveopiniononadheringtoopenaccessprinciples(morethan90%)andtheeffectivepracticeofopenaccess(70%). Differencebetweenopinionandknowledgeandpractice/ significantlackofknowledgeregardingpolicies(institutionaland/orEuropeanUnion)onopenaccess. 1249 responses 25 Portuguese context Paula Cardoso
  26. 26. Portuguese context 26 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  27. 27. Portuguese context 27 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  28. 28. Portuguese context 28 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  29. 29. 29 Portuguese context OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  30. 30. TheOpenAccessmovementisdefinedandresearchersrevealgeneralawarenessandahighlevelofagreementwiththeprincipleofsharing,althoughnotsoreflectedinpractice. TheOpenEducationalResourcesmovementisnotdefinedandthereisnoinformationonawareness, attitudesorpractice. 30 Portuguese context OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  31. 31. Participants FacultyfromPortuguese public HigherEducationInstitutions RecognisedbytheFoundation ofScienceandTechnology(FCT) Social SciencesandHumanities 2013/2014 2014/2015: -Participationin research projects -Teachingservice 31 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  32. 32. Currentstage AnalysisofinternationalOERandOpenAccesssurveystoidentifythemaindimensionsforeachresearchquestion. Analysisofcommongroundsforcomparabilityinthemeasureddimensions. 32 OER, Open Access and Scholarship in Portuguese Higher Education Paula Cardoso
  33. 33. DoctoralProgramme DistanceEducationandeLearning November19-21, 2014 : Washington, DC Thankyoufor yourattention Paula Cardoso paula.lamego@gmail.com @eLearning_paula

    Be the first to comment

    Login to see the comments

  • nelsonrjorge

    Nov. 23, 2014
  • claudiacatao1

    Mar. 14, 2015

Presentation at OpenEd14, Washington, November 19-21, 2014. PhD research at the Open University of Lisbon, supported by GO-GN (Global OER Graduate Network).

Views

Total views

3,232

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

783

Actions

Downloads

6

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

2

×