SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Understanding the Profoundly Gifted

This document discusses intelligence and giftedness. It provides definitions of different levels of giftedness based on IQ scores. While most people have IQs within 1 standard deviation of the average of 100, profoundly gifted individuals have IQs above 160. They are estimated to exist at a rate of around 1 in 30,000. The document discusses characteristics and needs of profoundly gifted individuals, such as asynchronous development. It also summarizes research on the achievements and accomplishments of profoundly gifted individuals as they progress into adulthood.

1 of 17
Download to read offline
Colleen M. Farrelly
 IQ is theorized to be
normally-
distributed.
 Tests typically set
the test average as
100, with standard
deviations of 15
(most tests).
 This means that
~68% of people fall
within 1 standard
deviation of the
mean.
 Very few people are
thought to exist in
the tails.~95% of population
are within 30 points of
average.
Gifted individuals
are typically defined
as the top few
percent on IQ
measurements.
 Several definitions of gifted exist, with
definitions forming a hierarchy.
 Higher scores become rarer and rarer under
the normal distribution.
 Many students within a school system are
pretty bright and qualify as gifted under
school definition (IQ>120).
 Mensa-level intelligence occurs at a much
lower rate (1 in 50).
 Much variation occurs in the top 1% of the IQ
distribution.
 A teacher who teaches 25 students per year for 30
years likely has taught ~1 high gifted student.
 That same teacher has 1:40 odds of teaching a
student with IQ>160 during that same tenure.
 A population the size of the US would be expected
to have ~17 individuals at IQ>180.
 But, deviations from the normal distribution
exist in the right tail…
IQ Level of
Giftedness
Theoretical
Prevalence
120 Most gifted
programs’
definition
~1 in 11
132 Mensa ~ 1 in 50
135 Top 1% ~1 in 100
145 Highly gifted ~1 in 750
160 Exceptionally/
profoundly
gifted
~ 1 in 30,000
180 Profoundly
gifted
~1 in 20,000,000
 Recent studies have shown that profoundly gifted individuals exist at much
higher rates than expected under the normal distribution.
 This is particularly true for those with uneven talents, where only one ability is at
the profoundly gifted level (IQ>160 in that ability).
 About 1 in 10,000 people are profoundly gifted on nonverbal measurements (proxy for
mathematical talent); ~35,000 are thought to exist in the US (likely higher given skilled
immigrants).
 About 1 in 30,000 people are verbally gifted at this level, or ~12,000 individuals in the
US.
 Profound giftedness in multiple areas is rarer but occurs at a much higher level
than expected under the normal distribution.
 Estimates of profound verbal and nonverbal giftedness put this rate at ~1 in 100,000; the
average IQ in previous studies is >190 for most individuals at this level.
 Studies considering other talents, such as spatial or musical ability, put estimates of
profound giftedness across abilities at ~1 in 250,000+.
 ~1,500-4,000 are expected in the US (likely closer to 4,000 given skilled immigrants).
 Very few modern tests can
differentiate ability at this level,
with most tests having a ceiling of
150-160.
 The old Stanford-Binet LM ratio-
based IQ test has a higher ceiling.
 Some extended measures exist for
modern IQ tests (SB-V, WISC-
IV…).
 Talent searches are a common
way to measure deviance IQ at
the profoundly gifted levels in
children and adolescents:
 Scores of >700 on SAT math or
verbal prior to age 13
 ACT reading >34, writing >32,
math >24, or science >30 at ages
12-14
 At lower levels of intelligence,
people generally solve problems
and learn material similarly.
 Those at the lower gifted levels:
 Require fewer repetitions to learn
 Solve problems faster
 Those at the profoundly gifted
level (IQ>160-170):
 Solve problems very differently
 Store knowledge very differently
 Recent studies suggest this
difference in kind is related to a
difference in brain connectivity
patterns (white matter tracts).

Recommended

Recent studies of the profoundly gifted
Recent studies of the profoundly giftedRecent studies of the profoundly gifted
Recent studies of the profoundly giftedColleen Farrelly
 
Understanding giftedness
Understanding giftednessUnderstanding giftedness
Understanding giftednesssamfordss
 
Exceptionalities
ExceptionalitiesExceptionalities
Exceptionalitiesjpaularae
 
Mental Health & Learning Strategies for Twice Exceptional 2e Children
Mental Health & Learning Strategies for Twice Exceptional 2e ChildrenMental Health & Learning Strategies for Twice Exceptional 2e Children
Mental Health & Learning Strategies for Twice Exceptional 2e ChildrenLeila Pirnia
 
Gifted Education Advocacy Presentation
Gifted Education Advocacy PresentationGifted Education Advocacy Presentation
Gifted Education Advocacy Presentationjmbarrett3
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Financing Your Graduate U S Studies
Financing Your Graduate U S  StudiesFinancing Your Graduate U S  Studies
Financing Your Graduate U S StudiesEducationUSA
 
Teaching To Students With Learning Disabilites
Teaching To Students With Learning DisabilitesTeaching To Students With Learning Disabilites
Teaching To Students With Learning DisabilitesPatq
 
Gifted and Talented Students
Gifted and Talented StudentsGifted and Talented Students
Gifted and Talented Studentsemmaheathergordon
 
Gifted 101 presentation2011
Gifted 101 presentation2011Gifted 101 presentation2011
Gifted 101 presentation2011bethbrubaker
 
Identifying Gifted Students in the Classroom
Identifying Gifted Students in the ClassroomIdentifying Gifted Students in the Classroom
Identifying Gifted Students in the ClassroomAngela Housand
 
Gifted Talented Presentation
Gifted Talented PresentationGifted Talented Presentation
Gifted Talented PresentationHeather Ehlschide
 
Identifying Gifted and Talented Students
Identifying Gifted and Talented StudentsIdentifying Gifted and Talented Students
Identifying Gifted and Talented StudentsAngela Housand
 
Teaching Gifted And Talented Students
Teaching Gifted And Talented StudentsTeaching Gifted And Talented Students
Teaching Gifted And Talented StudentsRita May Tagalog
 
Lucha contra el audismo
Lucha contra el audismoLucha contra el audismo
Lucha contra el audismoAllJohann
 
Niños superdotados
Niños superdotadosNiños superdotados
Niños superdotadosisdirkin
 
Managing And Challenging The Gifted Child
Managing And Challenging The Gifted ChildManaging And Challenging The Gifted Child
Managing And Challenging The Gifted Childtarashank
 
Gifted and talented ppt
Gifted and talented pptGifted and talented ppt
Gifted and talented pptladytrout
 
The Educational System in Japan
The  Educational System  in  JapanThe  Educational System  in  Japan
The Educational System in JapanGenevieve Lusterio
 
Study in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USA
Study in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USAStudy in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USA
Study in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USAoeccseo
 

What's hot (15)

Financing Your Graduate U S Studies
Financing Your Graduate U S  StudiesFinancing Your Graduate U S  Studies
Financing Your Graduate U S Studies
 
Teaching To Students With Learning Disabilites
Teaching To Students With Learning DisabilitesTeaching To Students With Learning Disabilites
Teaching To Students With Learning Disabilites
 
Gifted and Talented Students
Gifted and Talented StudentsGifted and Talented Students
Gifted and Talented Students
 
Gifted 101 presentation2011
Gifted 101 presentation2011Gifted 101 presentation2011
Gifted 101 presentation2011
 
Identifying Gifted Students in the Classroom
Identifying Gifted Students in the ClassroomIdentifying Gifted Students in the Classroom
Identifying Gifted Students in the Classroom
 
GRE Presentation
GRE PresentationGRE Presentation
GRE Presentation
 
Gifted Talented Presentation
Gifted Talented PresentationGifted Talented Presentation
Gifted Talented Presentation
 
Identifying Gifted and Talented Students
Identifying Gifted and Talented StudentsIdentifying Gifted and Talented Students
Identifying Gifted and Talented Students
 
Teaching Gifted And Talented Students
Teaching Gifted And Talented StudentsTeaching Gifted And Talented Students
Teaching Gifted And Talented Students
 
Lucha contra el audismo
Lucha contra el audismoLucha contra el audismo
Lucha contra el audismo
 
Niños superdotados
Niños superdotadosNiños superdotados
Niños superdotados
 
Managing And Challenging The Gifted Child
Managing And Challenging The Gifted ChildManaging And Challenging The Gifted Child
Managing And Challenging The Gifted Child
 
Gifted and talented ppt
Gifted and talented pptGifted and talented ppt
Gifted and talented ppt
 
The Educational System in Japan
The  Educational System  in  JapanThe  Educational System  in  Japan
The Educational System in Japan
 
Study in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USA
Study in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USAStudy in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USA
Study in USA | USA Study Visa | Admission process in USA
 

Viewers also liked

Big data and data science overview
Big data and data science overviewBig data and data science overview
Big data and data science overviewColleen Farrelly
 
Deep vs diverse architectures for classification problems
Deep vs diverse architectures for classification problemsDeep vs diverse architectures for classification problems
Deep vs diverse architectures for classification problemsColleen Farrelly
 
Gender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data Scientists
Gender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data ScientistsGender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data Scientists
Gender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data ScientistsColleen Farrelly
 
The Neurobiology of Addiction
The Neurobiology of AddictionThe Neurobiology of Addiction
The Neurobiology of AddictionColleen Farrelly
 
Trauma and Alcoholism: Risk and Resilience
Trauma and Alcoholism: Risk and ResilienceTrauma and Alcoholism: Risk and Resilience
Trauma and Alcoholism: Risk and ResilienceColleen Farrelly
 

Viewers also liked (8)

Neuropsychopharmacology
NeuropsychopharmacologyNeuropsychopharmacology
Neuropsychopharmacology
 
Profiles of the Gifted
Profiles of the GiftedProfiles of the Gifted
Profiles of the Gifted
 
Guide to MD/PhD programs
Guide to MD/PhD programsGuide to MD/PhD programs
Guide to MD/PhD programs
 
Big data and data science overview
Big data and data science overviewBig data and data science overview
Big data and data science overview
 
Deep vs diverse architectures for classification problems
Deep vs diverse architectures for classification problemsDeep vs diverse architectures for classification problems
Deep vs diverse architectures for classification problems
 
Gender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data Scientists
Gender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data ScientistsGender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data Scientists
Gender, Education, Skills, and Compensation in US Data Scientists
 
The Neurobiology of Addiction
The Neurobiology of AddictionThe Neurobiology of Addiction
The Neurobiology of Addiction
 
Trauma and Alcoholism: Risk and Resilience
Trauma and Alcoholism: Risk and ResilienceTrauma and Alcoholism: Risk and Resilience
Trauma and Alcoholism: Risk and Resilience
 

Similar to Understanding the Profoundly Gifted

Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptx
Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptxIntelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptx
Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptxVictorGarcia415479
 
Characteristics Of Gifted And Gifted
Characteristics Of Gifted And GiftedCharacteristics Of Gifted And Gifted
Characteristics Of Gifted And GiftedLynn Weber
 
Diagnosing Learning Disabilities
Diagnosing Learning DisabilitiesDiagnosing Learning Disabilities
Diagnosing Learning DisabilitiesJulie Pate
 
Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2
Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2
Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2ResearchMethodsUCM
 
Individual Differences
Individual DifferencesIndividual Differences
Individual DifferencesHennaAnsari
 
Resourcd File
Resourcd FileResourcd File
Resourcd FileResourcd
 
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment Analysis
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment AnalysisMinnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment Analysis
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment AnalysisTiffany Robinson
 
The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...
The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...
The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...Beth Hall
 
Middle Childhood: Cognitive Development
Middle Childhood: Cognitive DevelopmentMiddle Childhood: Cognitive Development
Middle Childhood: Cognitive DevelopmentRussel June Ramirez
 
Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2
Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2
Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2KJ Zamora
 
Lexical Decision Lab
Lexical Decision LabLexical Decision Lab
Lexical Decision LabRobin Morales
 
Lindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research Conference
Lindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research ConferenceLindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research Conference
Lindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research ConferenceLindamood-Bell Learning Processes
 
Mi.article
Mi.articleMi.article
Mi.articlemikrop_2
 
Clifford thornton spe_600_research_project_final
Clifford thornton spe_600_research_project_finalClifford thornton spe_600_research_project_final
Clifford thornton spe_600_research_project_finalClifford Thornton
 
Impact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And Film
Impact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And FilmImpact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And Film
Impact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And FilmAlyssa Dennis
 

Similar to Understanding the Profoundly Gifted (20)

Gifted School Chicago Suburbs
Gifted School Chicago SuburbsGifted School Chicago Suburbs
Gifted School Chicago Suburbs
 
Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptx
Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptxIntelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptx
Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, and Giftedness.pptx
 
Intelligence and Achievement
Intelligence and AchievementIntelligence and Achievement
Intelligence and Achievement
 
Characteristics Of Gifted And Gifted
Characteristics Of Gifted And GiftedCharacteristics Of Gifted And Gifted
Characteristics Of Gifted And Gifted
 
Diagnosing Learning Disabilities
Diagnosing Learning DisabilitiesDiagnosing Learning Disabilities
Diagnosing Learning Disabilities
 
Gifted School Chicago Suburbs
Gifted School Chicago Suburbs Gifted School Chicago Suburbs
Gifted School Chicago Suburbs
 
Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2
Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2
Posters - UCM Research Methods 2, 2014, semester 2
 
Individual Differences
Individual DifferencesIndividual Differences
Individual Differences
 
Schools: Closing the Achievement Gap
Schools: Closing the Achievement GapSchools: Closing the Achievement Gap
Schools: Closing the Achievement Gap
 
Resourcd File
Resourcd FileResourcd File
Resourcd File
 
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment Analysis
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment AnalysisMinnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment Analysis
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Assessment Analysis
 
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Theory of Multiple Intelligences Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
 
The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...
The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...
The Importance Of Critical Thinking From Affecting School...
 
Middle Childhood: Cognitive Development
Middle Childhood: Cognitive DevelopmentMiddle Childhood: Cognitive Development
Middle Childhood: Cognitive Development
 
Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2
Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2
Cognitive Development of the High School Learners - Psychology 2
 
Lexical Decision Lab
Lexical Decision LabLexical Decision Lab
Lexical Decision Lab
 
Lindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research Conference
Lindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research ConferenceLindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research Conference
Lindamood-Bell's 17th Annual International Research Conference
 
Mi.article
Mi.articleMi.article
Mi.article
 
Clifford thornton spe_600_research_project_final
Clifford thornton spe_600_research_project_finalClifford thornton spe_600_research_project_final
Clifford thornton spe_600_research_project_final
 
Impact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And Film
Impact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And FilmImpact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And Film
Impact of Gender in Media and Film.pdfImpact Of Gender In Media And Film
 

More from Colleen Farrelly

Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023
Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023
Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023Colleen Farrelly
 
Modeling Climate Change.pptx
Modeling Climate Change.pptxModeling Climate Change.pptx
Modeling Climate Change.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
The Shape of Data--ODSC.pptx
The Shape of Data--ODSC.pptxThe Shape of Data--ODSC.pptx
The Shape of Data--ODSC.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Generative AI, WiDS 2023.pptx
Generative AI, WiDS 2023.pptxGenerative AI, WiDS 2023.pptx
Generative AI, WiDS 2023.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Emerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptx
Emerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptxEmerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptx
Emerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Applications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptx
Applications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptxApplications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptx
Applications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Topology for Time Series.pptx
Topology for Time Series.pptxTopology for Time Series.pptx
Topology for Time Series.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Time Series Applications AMLD.pptx
Time Series Applications AMLD.pptxTime Series Applications AMLD.pptx
Time Series Applications AMLD.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
An introduction to quantum machine learning.pptx
An introduction to quantum machine learning.pptxAn introduction to quantum machine learning.pptx
An introduction to quantum machine learning.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
An introduction to time series data with R.pptx
An introduction to time series data with R.pptxAn introduction to time series data with R.pptx
An introduction to time series data with R.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
NLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved Areas
NLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved AreasNLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved Areas
NLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved AreasColleen Farrelly
 
Geometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptx
Geometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptxGeometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptx
Geometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Topological Data Analysis.pptx
Topological Data Analysis.pptxTopological Data Analysis.pptx
Topological Data Analysis.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Transforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptx
Transforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptxTransforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptx
Transforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
Natural Language Processing in the Wild.pptx
Natural Language Processing in the Wild.pptxNatural Language Processing in the Wild.pptx
Natural Language Processing in the Wild.pptxColleen Farrelly
 
SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing Colleen Farrelly
 
2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science Talk
2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science Talk2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science Talk
2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science TalkColleen Farrelly
 
WIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network Science
WIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network ScienceWIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network Science
WIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network ScienceColleen Farrelly
 
Technical aspects of writing poetry II--sounds
Technical aspects of writing poetry II--soundsTechnical aspects of writing poetry II--sounds
Technical aspects of writing poetry II--soundsColleen Farrelly
 
Technical aspects of writing poetry I -structure
Technical aspects of writing poetry I -structureTechnical aspects of writing poetry I -structure
Technical aspects of writing poetry I -structureColleen Farrelly
 

More from Colleen Farrelly (20)

Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023
Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023
Hands-On Network Science, PyData Global 2023
 
Modeling Climate Change.pptx
Modeling Climate Change.pptxModeling Climate Change.pptx
Modeling Climate Change.pptx
 
The Shape of Data--ODSC.pptx
The Shape of Data--ODSC.pptxThe Shape of Data--ODSC.pptx
The Shape of Data--ODSC.pptx
 
Generative AI, WiDS 2023.pptx
Generative AI, WiDS 2023.pptxGenerative AI, WiDS 2023.pptx
Generative AI, WiDS 2023.pptx
 
Emerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptx
Emerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptxEmerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptx
Emerging Technologies for Public Health in Remote Locations.pptx
 
Applications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptx
Applications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptxApplications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptx
Applications of Forman-Ricci Curvature.pptx
 
Topology for Time Series.pptx
Topology for Time Series.pptxTopology for Time Series.pptx
Topology for Time Series.pptx
 
Time Series Applications AMLD.pptx
Time Series Applications AMLD.pptxTime Series Applications AMLD.pptx
Time Series Applications AMLD.pptx
 
An introduction to quantum machine learning.pptx
An introduction to quantum machine learning.pptxAn introduction to quantum machine learning.pptx
An introduction to quantum machine learning.pptx
 
An introduction to time series data with R.pptx
An introduction to time series data with R.pptxAn introduction to time series data with R.pptx
An introduction to time series data with R.pptx
 
NLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved Areas
NLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved AreasNLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved Areas
NLP: Challenges and Opportunities in Underserved Areas
 
Geometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptx
Geometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptxGeometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptx
Geometry, Data, and One Path Into Data Science.pptx
 
Topological Data Analysis.pptx
Topological Data Analysis.pptxTopological Data Analysis.pptx
Topological Data Analysis.pptx
 
Transforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptx
Transforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptxTransforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptx
Transforming Text Data to Matrix Data via Embeddings.pptx
 
Natural Language Processing in the Wild.pptx
Natural Language Processing in the Wild.pptxNatural Language Processing in the Wild.pptx
Natural Language Processing in the Wild.pptx
 
SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
SAS Global 2021 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
 
2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science Talk
2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science Talk2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science Talk
2021 American Mathematical Society Data Science Talk
 
WIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network Science
WIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network ScienceWIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network Science
WIDS 2021--An Introduction to Network Science
 
Technical aspects of writing poetry II--sounds
Technical aspects of writing poetry II--soundsTechnical aspects of writing poetry II--sounds
Technical aspects of writing poetry II--sounds
 
Technical aspects of writing poetry I -structure
Technical aspects of writing poetry I -structureTechnical aspects of writing poetry I -structure
Technical aspects of writing poetry I -structure
 

Recently uploaded

Kartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media ComponentKartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaPrince Armah, PhD
 
A Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdf
A Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdfA Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdf
A Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdfOH TEIK BIN
 
How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17
How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17
How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17Celine George
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsDr.M.Geethavani
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in LithuaniaEduSkills OECD
 
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...liera silvan
 
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptxgdgsurrey
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Association for Project Management
 
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdfEDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdfElizabeth Walsh
 
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...SUMIT TIWARI
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandPlagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandDr. Sarita Anand
 
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfUnit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdfA LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdfDr.M.Geethavani
 
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptxADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptxAKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxMennat Allah Alkaram
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMargie Morgan
 
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfMohonDas
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Kartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media ComponentKartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
 
A Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdf
A Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdfA Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdf
A Free eBook ~ Mental Exercise ...Puzzles to Analyze.pdf
 
How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17
How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17
How To Create Record Rules in the Odoo 17
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
 
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
 
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
 
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdfEDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
 
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
 
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandPlagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
 
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfUnit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
 
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdfA LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
 
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptxADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptx
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
 
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
 

Understanding the Profoundly Gifted

  • 2.  IQ is theorized to be normally- distributed.  Tests typically set the test average as 100, with standard deviations of 15 (most tests).  This means that ~68% of people fall within 1 standard deviation of the mean.  Very few people are thought to exist in the tails.~95% of population are within 30 points of average. Gifted individuals are typically defined as the top few percent on IQ measurements.
  • 3.  Several definitions of gifted exist, with definitions forming a hierarchy.  Higher scores become rarer and rarer under the normal distribution.  Many students within a school system are pretty bright and qualify as gifted under school definition (IQ>120).  Mensa-level intelligence occurs at a much lower rate (1 in 50).  Much variation occurs in the top 1% of the IQ distribution.  A teacher who teaches 25 students per year for 30 years likely has taught ~1 high gifted student.  That same teacher has 1:40 odds of teaching a student with IQ>160 during that same tenure.  A population the size of the US would be expected to have ~17 individuals at IQ>180.  But, deviations from the normal distribution exist in the right tail… IQ Level of Giftedness Theoretical Prevalence 120 Most gifted programs’ definition ~1 in 11 132 Mensa ~ 1 in 50 135 Top 1% ~1 in 100 145 Highly gifted ~1 in 750 160 Exceptionally/ profoundly gifted ~ 1 in 30,000 180 Profoundly gifted ~1 in 20,000,000
  • 4.  Recent studies have shown that profoundly gifted individuals exist at much higher rates than expected under the normal distribution.  This is particularly true for those with uneven talents, where only one ability is at the profoundly gifted level (IQ>160 in that ability).  About 1 in 10,000 people are profoundly gifted on nonverbal measurements (proxy for mathematical talent); ~35,000 are thought to exist in the US (likely higher given skilled immigrants).  About 1 in 30,000 people are verbally gifted at this level, or ~12,000 individuals in the US.  Profound giftedness in multiple areas is rarer but occurs at a much higher level than expected under the normal distribution.  Estimates of profound verbal and nonverbal giftedness put this rate at ~1 in 100,000; the average IQ in previous studies is >190 for most individuals at this level.  Studies considering other talents, such as spatial or musical ability, put estimates of profound giftedness across abilities at ~1 in 250,000+.  ~1,500-4,000 are expected in the US (likely closer to 4,000 given skilled immigrants).
  • 5.  Very few modern tests can differentiate ability at this level, with most tests having a ceiling of 150-160.  The old Stanford-Binet LM ratio- based IQ test has a higher ceiling.  Some extended measures exist for modern IQ tests (SB-V, WISC- IV…).  Talent searches are a common way to measure deviance IQ at the profoundly gifted levels in children and adolescents:  Scores of >700 on SAT math or verbal prior to age 13  ACT reading >34, writing >32, math >24, or science >30 at ages 12-14
  • 6.  At lower levels of intelligence, people generally solve problems and learn material similarly.  Those at the lower gifted levels:  Require fewer repetitions to learn  Solve problems faster  Those at the profoundly gifted level (IQ>160-170):  Solve problems very differently  Store knowledge very differently  Recent studies suggest this difference in kind is related to a difference in brain connectivity patterns (white matter tracts).
  • 7.  Extreme need for mental stimulation  Example: voracious reading in subject of interest or across many subjects  Combining steps in problem-solving into one large step  Can cause issues in mathematics, particularly as children (long division, multiplication…)  Intensity of existing personality traits  Dabrowski’s overexcitabilities, amplification of traits like extraversion or openness to experience  Divergent thinking  Examples: filling in the blank in h_r with “helicobactor” or “honor” rather than “her”  Preference/ability to think in analogies  Translates into the ability to process and explain complex material intuitively  Interconnecting knowledge  Knowledge webs vs. knowledge filing cabinets when assimilating new knowledge  Projection of self into a problem  Example: visualizing a mathematics problem and literally “walking through it” to a solution  Example: imagining oneself as a novel character in a particular situation to write a scene of fiction  The simple is complex; the complex is simple.
  • 8.  Asynchronous development:  A child may be mentally 14, physically 7, and socially 10.  Learning rates may vary within and across subjects.  A child may be at a 4th grade level in math/science and a 2nd grade level in the humanities.  A child may go through a year’s worth of math in 1 month but a year’s worth of literature in 2 months (and a year’s worth of social studies in a weekend).  This makes meeting the needs of profoundly gifted learners challenging, particularly in an age- based classroom.
  • 9.  Acceleration  This can involve moving up in a single subject or across subjects (whole grade acceleration).  Radical acceleration involves moving up multiple grades, either within a subject or across subjects.  Longitudinal studies suggest most students benefit academically, socially, and motivationally from acceleration, including radical acceleration.  Accelerated students also tend to have higher adult- level achievement in their fields.  Many accelerated students are satisfied with their acceleration, with most dissatisfied students preferring more acceleration.  However, many teachers and administrations don’t welcome acceleration.  Some believe it is harmful, despite the studies.  Some are outright hostile to profoundly gifted students, who often don’t fit educational assumptions or “molds.”  Some dismiss these students’ extremely high scores as incorrect or the result of cheating.
  • 10.  A follow-up study of profoundly gifted students at ~ age 23 showed:  56% planned to pursue doctoral degrees (or were already) compared to 1% of the general population.  Degrees pursued tended to match ability pattern, with mathematically-gifted students pursuing STEM degrees.  Many were already accomplished in their fields (patents, academic/creative writing publications, national awards, Phi Beta Kappa membership).  Accomplishment rates were higher for verbally-gifted and evenly-gifted individuals.
  • 11.  This same group of 320 individuals achieved much in their fields by age 38:  133 STEM patents  392 STEM publications  687 software contributions  922 dance and music productions  191 creative writing publications  79 works of art  46 social science/law/business publications  16 companies founded  $26 million in grant funding  These findings have been replicated in other samples of profoundly gifted individuals.  Achievements tended to separate into STEM and humanities accomplishments according to intellectual profile (ability tilt).
  • 12.  Of these impressive individuals, some outshone others in their field:  57% of fine arts accomplishments were attributed to one person.  34 of 39 poems were created by one person.  Three individuals produced 100 software contributions (44% of total).  This held in the replication sample:  One person produced 60 of 68 publications in chemistry.  40% of NSF grants went to one researcher.  43 of 86 Fortune 500 patents were filed by one person.  These individuals are rare even within the rare profoundly gifted population.
  • 13.  Another rare subpopulation consists of those who are profoundly gifted across multiple fields.  They are about 10-25 times rarer than individuals who are profoundly gifted in only one area.  Their average IQ is higher than unevenly gifted individuals (IQ>200 estimated in one study, vs.  Their early accomplishments span STEM and humanities, and little has been published about their adult-level accomplishments within and across fields.  Recent studies suggest they are a unique subpopulation relative to the unevenly gifted at this level of ability. Evenly-gifted
  • 14.  A few interesting research directions exist, including: 1. A longitudinal study of wranglers to identify how their academic and achievement trajectories develop over time, as well as early signs of wrangler potential. 2. Studies examining achievement trajectories over time by type of academic intervention types in this population, by demographic factors (women, minorities…), or by ability profile. 3. A more in-depth follow-up of achievement profile among different ability profiles to understand how unevenly-gifted populations might differ from evenly-gifted populations in adulthood. 4. A neuroimaging study of different populations (unevenly profoundly gifted, evenly profoundly gifted, more moderately gifted, and average populations, for instance) to understand how brain activity patterns and connectivity relates to field-specific and general talent on verbal and mathematical problems.
  • 15.  Profoundly gifted individuals are, by definition, rare.  Small sample sizes present statistical challenges, and few methods exist that can compare samples of <30 individuals.  Persistent homology and its simplified cousin, single-linkage hierarchical clustering, provide statistically robust methods for sample comparison at small sample sizes.  These methods also provide good visualization methods (example shown below).
  • 16.  Coyle, T. R., Purcell, J. M., Snyder, A. C., & Richmond, M. C. (2014). Ability tilt on the SAT and ACT predicts specific abilities and college majors. Intelligence, 46, 18-24.  Farrelly, C. M. (2017). Topological Data Analysis for Data Mining Small Educational Samples with Application to Studies of the Gifted.  Gross, M. U. (1992). The use of radical acceleration in cases of extreme intellectual precocity. Gifted child quarterly, 36(2), 91-99.  Gross, M. U. (2000). Exceptionally and profoundly gifted students: An underserved population. Understanding Our Gifted, 12(2), 3-9.  Gross, M. U. (2003). Exceptionally gifted children. Routledge.  Gross, M. U. (2015). Characteristics of Able Gifted Highly Gifted Exceptionally Gifted and Profoundly Gifted Learners. In Applied Practice for Educators of Gifted and Able Learners (pp. 3-23). SensePublishers.  Janos, P. M. (1987). A fifty-year follow-up of Terman's youngest college students and IQ-matched agemates. Gifted Child Quarterly, 31(2), 55-58.  Kell, H. J., Lubinski, D., & Benbow, C. P. (2013). Who rises to the top? Early indicators. Psychological Science, 24(5), 648-659.  Lubinski, D. (2009). Exceptional cognitive ability: The phenotype. Behavior genetics, 39(4), 350-358.  Lubinski, D., Webb, R. M., Morelock, M. J., & Benbow, C. P. (2001). Top 1 in 10,000: a 10-year follow-up of the profoundly gifted. Journal of applied Psychology, 86(4), 718.  Makel, M. C., Kell, H. J., Lubinski, D., Putallaz, M., & Benbow, C. P. (2016). When lightning strikes twice: Profoundly gifted, profoundly accomplished. Psychological Science, 27(7), 1004-1018.  Prescott, J., Gavrilescu, M., Cunnington, R., O'Boyle, M. W., & Egan, G. F. (2010). Enhanced brain connectivity in math-gifted adolescents: An fMRI study using mental rotation. Cognitive Neuroscience, 1(4), 277-288.  Ruf, D. L. (2005). Losing our minds: Gifted children left behind. Great Potential Press, Inc..  Singh, H., & O'boyle, M. W. (2004). Interhemispheric interaction during global-local processing in mathematically gifted adolescents, average-ability youth, and college students. Neuropsychology, 18(2), 371.  Wai, J., Cacchio, M., Putallaz, M., & Makel, M. C. (2010). Sex differences in the right tail of cognitive abilities: A 30year examination. Intelligence, 38(4), 412-423.
  • 17.  http://www.davidsongifted.org/Young-Scholars  http://www.hoagiesgifted.org/  https://cty.jhu.edu/set/index.html  https://tip.duke.edu/  http://www.davidsongifted.org/Search-Database/entry/A10108  https://robinsoncenter.uw.edu/programs/eep/  http://www.calstatela.edu/academic/eep  https://www.talentigniter.com/