Current and future responses to drivers of change for water availability and use for agriculture- Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, University of Nairobi
Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture<br />Presentation by: Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, <br />Environmental and Water Systems Engineer and Chairman/Head of<br />Department of Environmental & BiosystemsEngineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya <br />November 22, 2010<br />
INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li>Sustaining water availability a challenge and opportunity.
Water quality and availability Vs population and expanding economies.
Key drivers of change: demographic, technological, social, environmental and governance. </li></li></ul><li>IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA’S WATER <br />Less than 400mm<br />Drop by 10-20%<br />400-1000 mm<br />Drop by up to 10%<br />End of 20th Century<br />More than 1000 mm<br />Increase by up to 10%<br />End of 20th Century <br /> Predicted change: End of 21st Century <br />Increase by 10-20%<br />
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE - KENYA CASE<br /><ul><li>Livestock deaths
Rainwater Harvesting and Conservation Technologies for Agriculture
Technologies for Drip Irrigated Agriculture</li></li></ul><li>RECOMMENDATIONS<br /><ul><li>Cross-sectoral co-ordination and harmonization of water activities.
Incorporation of land use and watershed management within national water strategies.
Promotion of rainwater harvesting technologies for increasing small-scale irrigated lands.
Rehabilitation of inefficient water systems, reduction in wastage and unaccounted for water, recycling and reuse of water. </li></li></ul><li>RECOMMENDATIONS<br /><ul><li>The formulation and enforcement of appropriate legislation
Capacity building in project identification, preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
Involvement of local communities in the conservation and management of the environment and water
Management of land and water as finite resources and on the co-ordination and integration of water, land-use, and population policies for sustainable development. </li></li></ul><li>THANK YOU! <br />