Access to fresh water. Water is essential for every living creature on the planet. The access to water is related with the food supply. 1,2 billion people lack freshwater.
The percentage of the population in some countries that lack fresh Distribution water.100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
What creates an increased waterconsumption? Population growth. Economic growth based on agriculture and industry. Increased standard of living.
Four threats against the watercycle. 1. Deforestation and overgrazing. 2. Contamination of water resources. 3. Overuse of groundwater. 4. Global warming.
• Virtual water (also known as hidden water and embedded water) is the amount of water that is used in the production of a good or service.• For exampel: to produce one kilo of meat you need approximately 16 000 liters of water.• This means: people and countries that have plenty of water can make a difference on a global scale.
How to improve the situation andcreate a sustainable development. Rainwater harvesting in arid climates (for agriculture). Wastewater treatment for reuse, particulary in agriculture. Improve methods for watering. Processing and venture in drought tolerance crops. More efficient water use in the industry. Improve the legal protection of water resources.
Water conflict Our most important recourse Self explanatory that the lack of water leads to conflict
The Jordan river Its springs are located in Lebanon The countries along the river directed the flow so that they could have the water for them self. Six-Day War
The Nile Egypt controls most of the water coming from the river A partnership was entered between the countries along the river This was made as an effort to avoid conflicts In 2010 Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania singed an agreement to start use more of the Nile’s water This has created discord among the other nations along the river Nile
Israel och Palestina Israel controls the water in the area To avoid any bigger conflicts than the one already in existence Palestinian and Israel entered an agreement over the water resources Showing the importance of water What Israel on the other hand do is that they cut of the flow of water when there is a drought
Avoid conflicts Countries need to learn to cooperate and think ahead
Sources: Swedish National Encyklopedia, www.Ne.se ”Vatten, mat och hunger, om vattnets betydelse för att utrota hungern, 2009”- Swedish Chruch UNESCO - ”Water Footprint Network” - http://www.waterfootprint.org/?page=files/home UN -”Human development report”, 2005 and ”World Water Development Report 2” 2006 UN -”Water and Urbanisation” - http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/swm_cities_zaragoza_2010/pdf/03_water_and_ur banisation.pdf “How Close Do We Live to Water? A Global Analysis of Population Distance to Freshwater Bodies” - http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0020578 USGS -“U.S Geological Survey” http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthwherewater.html Pacific Institute -”The world’s water” -http://www.worldwater.org/conflict.html