POVERTY REDUCTION LINKAGE WITH  WATER  MANAGEMENT  IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA  POVERTY REDUCTION LINKAGE WITH  WATER  MANAGEMEN...
<ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>. The global community is united in its commitment to remove the scourge of world pover...
<ul><li>INTRODUCTION Water management is  a key factor  in the global battle to remove the scourge of extreme poverty and ...
Reducing vulnerability:  The  importance of vulnerabilities  as a key dimension of poverty has been increasingly recognise...
<ul><li>The size of landholding, access to irrigation water, on-farm land and water conservation practices, literacy of th...
<ul><li>The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2008 presents the latest statistics </li></ul><ul><li>on global undernou...
 
<ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations in financing the water sector are essential  if the potential of water in...
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Poverty reduction linkage with water management in Sub-Saharan Africa - ELEMIDE OYEBOLA ADEBOLA, Senior Lecturer in the federal college of Agriculture along oba -ile road Akure Ondo State, Nigeria

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Poverty reduction linkage with water management in Sub-Saharan Africa - ELEMIDE OYEBOLA ADEBOLA, Senior Lecturer in the federal college of Agriculture along oba -ile road Akure Ondo State, Nigeria

  1. 1. POVERTY REDUCTION LINKAGE WITH WATER MANAGEMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA POVERTY REDUCTION LINKAGE WITH WATER MANAGEMENT IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA AFRICA ELEMIDE OYEBOLA ADEBOLA FEDERAL COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, ALONG OBAILE ROAD ,AKURE ONDO STATE ,NIGERIA   [email_address]  
  2. 2. <ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>. The global community is united in its commitment to remove the scourge of world poverty through actions that bring different interests and organizations together in effective partnerships around the Millennium Development Goals agenda . </li></ul><ul><li>This paper analyses the links and outlines the different ways in which improvements to water management can advance the cause of poverty reduction .The contribution of water management to poverty reduction goes far beyond just drinking water and sanitation .Water is essential for improving the health and livelihoods of the poor ,ensuring wider environmental sustainability, reducing urban squalor and eradicating hunger .It is also critical in addressing gender inequalities and improving access to education for the poor </li></ul><ul><li>This paper also gives a clear and optimistic message for the future .It illustrates that improving the contribution of water management to poverty reduction is not just achievable ,it is affordable. In many cases it is a good investment that generates growth and gives rate of return comparable with investments in any sector .The benefits are directly targeted to the poor and especially to women who bear many of the burden that a lack of investments in water creates .Investing in water ,in reforms to the institutions that govern water management and creating more effective partnerships to focus international support to water and environmental sustainability are all essential. </li></ul><ul><li>The paper demonstrates that affordable and sustainable actions are possible and in many places are already happening .All aspects of poverty are considered which reflected in the analysis of water potential contribution to all of the Millennium Development Goals .The political prominence of water issues is all too often not translated into investment priorities in Sub-Sahara African countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword: Poverty, linkage, water management ,sub-Sahara Africa </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>INTRODUCTION Water management is a key factor in the global battle to remove the scourge of extreme poverty and to build secure and prosperous lives for hundreds of millions of people in the African countries </li></ul>Figure 1. World poverty and undernourishment . figure 2.Undernourishment,GDP per capita 1990-2003
  4. 4. Reducing vulnerability: The importance of vulnerabilities as a key dimension of poverty has been increasingly recognised .It is now widely understood that the poor first try to reduce their vulnerabilities before they can afford the luxury of maximizing their productive potential. Vulnerability refers to the inability of people to avoid , withstand or recover from the harmful impacts of factors that disrupt lives and that are beyond their immediate control . This includes both (sudden changes such as natural Figure 4 Irrigation and undernourishment FIGURE 5 Number of undernourished people in the world
  5. 5. <ul><li>The size of landholding, access to irrigation water, on-farm land and water conservation practices, literacy of the household head, and years of education of adults are all significant determinants of household welfare, and thus potential pathways for reducing poverty. Expansion of cultivated land, particularly irrigated land, universal literacy, and an extra school year for adults all reduce poverty, but reductions in poverty are greater when irrigation is combined with universal literacy. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2008 presents the latest statistics </li></ul><ul><li>on global undernourishment. It reviews the impact of high food prices and </li></ul><ul><li>concludes that chronic hunger in the world has increased rapidly, now </li></ul><ul><li>affecting well over 900 million people, and placing tremendous pressure on </li></ul><ul><li>achieving hunger reduction targets set for 2015 by the 1996 World Food </li></ul><ul><li>Summit and as agreed under the first Millennium Development Goal </li></ul><ul><li>Many poor households have inadequate financial capital. This limits their ability to pay for water and the costs of operating and maintaining an irrigation system. </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate finance can also prevent households from investing in new methods of crop production and irrigation. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, many households are risk adverse because they have limited financial ability to respond to unexpected shortfalls in income. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited finance also prevents farmers from accessing all of the complementary inputs required to maximize the productivity of land and water resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers with access to affordable credit can purchase inputs. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations in financing the water sector are essential if the potential of water in poverty reduction is to be realized. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations in technical choices ,financial mechanisms ,information and awareness raising and institutional responsibilities are needed if this challenge is to be met </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Water management needs to be linked to wider poverty reduction process at national level and local levels that is the key approach to integrated water resources management and the part of a wider process of poverty reduction and sustainable development. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Water management have positive impact on poverty (and consequently on health) and are beneficial in social , environmental and economic terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Substantial new investments in water control infrastructure are needed ,including major water control structures to increase storage capacity and regulate water flow in structural and non- structural measure that includes social ,environmental and health safeguards. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Water is critically important to the livelihoods of more than 1 billion people living on less than $1 a day, particularly for the 850 million rural poor primarily engaged in agriculture. In many developing countries, water is a major factor constraining agricultural output, and income of the world's rural poor. Improved agricultural water management can contribute to poverty reduction through several pathways . </li></ul>

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