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TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 1
The Computer Literacy Level of the ICT Senior High School students of TIFTCI
A.Y. 2022-2023
Proponents:
Alcachupas, Janelle Anne P.
Menesterio, Arfie D.C.
Adviser:
Mr. Emmanuel B. Tan
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 2
Chapter I: Introduction and Background of the study
Introduction
Computer literacy is the ability to perform basic tasks on the computer. Because of the
continually increasing use of computers in our daily communications and work, the knowledge
of computer systems and the ability to work with word processing, data management, and
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 3
spreadsheet and data analysis programs have become essential requirements at our society. There
was once a time when computer skills were an optional skill set.
There are three different levels of computer literacy: primary, which refers to the
foundational skills; intermediate, which directs to computer literacy and competency above the
foundational level; and proficient, which presents the computer literacy and competency above
the intermediate level used in educational and professional settings.
Nowadays, computer literacy is a mandatory skill for success in school, the job force, and
everyday life. Students who do not learn age-appropriate computer skills such as typing, online
research, and discerning internet usage can fall behind in their classes and struggle to maintain
their grades. Such difficulties can even continue on into adulthood. In terms of work, Companies
are also more likely to hire computer literate applicants, as these candidates take less time to
train and are more efficient at their jobs. Computer literacy is always evolving based on the latest
advancements in computer technology.
Background of the study
A computer is a piece of electronic equipment used to manipulate data or information. It
is capable of storing, locating, and processing data from a variety of sources. Computers are now
one of the most dominant types of technology existing today, and this is also one of the best
partners of a student when it comes to information gathering. Today, the computer plays a
significant role in every individual's life. It is now used for studying, business, education, and
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 4
even our personal life. There is no denying the fact that technology, especially computers, can be
helpful for a person's life and education.
Computer literacy is the knowledge and ability to use computers and technology
efficiently. Computer literacy can also be referred to as the comfort level someone has by using
computer programs and other applications that are related to computers (Aitokhuehi, et al.,
2014)—simply expressed, having the knowledge and skills necessary to properly utilize
computers and other pieces of information and Communication Technology (ICT) is known as
computer literacy. This includes the user's basic knowledge in terms of using computer software
and/or hardware to perform simple tasks, such as data gathering and sending information.
Therefore, in this study, to find out the computer literacy of the ICT senior high school students
from TIFTCI, we will study their computer proficiency skill levels and make a conclusion using
the results to also determine their computer literacy level.
Computer Literacy enables students to use online platforms to their fullest to learn.
Computer learning platforms like MOOCs allow students to connect with others and to learn a
lot of things online for free anytime and anywhere. According to the article by ChildHope
(2021), The education system has undergone a paradigm shift from where it used to stand years
ago. In the past, students used to visit libraries and read large books to find the information they
require. In the 20th century, searching for the same thing might provide thousands of results in a
split second. Computers, laptops, and smartphones are the devices necessary in today's age.
Additionally, given that our country's schools continue to offer online courses, students must
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 5
have a foundational understanding of computers to keep up with technology-based learning. So
the researchers find it very important for students to have even the basic computer skills to be
considered computer literate because being computer literate in this generation means you can
have more advanced skills that you can use to your advantage and also keep up with the age of
technology.
Conceptual Framework
Input
1. The demographic profile of the
respondents in terms of:
1.1 Gender; and
1.2 Grade Level or Strand?
2. The computer literacy level of the
respondents in terms of:
2.1 Fundamental computer skills;
2.2 Basic computer skills;
2.3 Intermediate computer skills; and
2.4 Advanced computer skills?
3. Is there a significant difference
between the profiles of the
respondents when grouped according
to the computer literacy level?
Process
 Survey questionnaire
construction and verification
 Execution and Extraction of
Survey Questionnaire
o Data Analysis and Data
Connectivity Statistical
Analysis
o Percentage
o Weighted mean
o Standard Deviation
o Ranking
o Hypothesis Testing
Output
 Computer Literacy Level of
ICT senior high school
students in TIFTCI???
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 6
Figure 1
Statement of the problem
This study aims to provide the answer regarding the Level of Computer Literacy of ICT
Senior High School Students from TIFTCI in School Year 2022-2023. Specifically, this study
will seek the answers to the following questions:
1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of:
1.1 Gender; and
1.2 Grade Level or Strand?
2. What is the computer literacy level of the respondents in terms of:
2.1 Fundamental computer skills;
2.2 Basic computer skills;
2.3 Intermediate computer skills; and
2.4 Advanced computer skills?
3. Is there a significant difference between the profiles of the respondents when grouped
according to the computer literacy level?
4. How two items were analyzed as to:
4.1 Difficulty index; and
4. Two items were analyzed as to:
4.1 Difficulty index; and
4.2 Discrimination index?
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 7
4.2 Discrimination index?
Hypothesis of the study
This study will test the following hypothesis:
1. There is a significant difference in the computer literacy of the students when grouped
according to their demographics.
Scope and Limitation of the study
This study will cover the demographic profile of Senior High school students from Trent
Information First Technical Career Institute Inc, such as gender, track, and strand. The primary
focus of this study is to determine the level of computer literacy of ICT Students in terms of their
fundamental computer skills, basic computer skills, intermediate computer skills, and advanced
computer skills. The participants of the study will be the enrolled students from Trent
Information First Technical Career Institute Inc. in the years 2022-2023.
This study will not cover any factors affecting the level of computer literacy of ICT
students. The information gathered will also be limited to the respondents of the survey
questionnaires, and the results of the study will only apply to the respondents of the study and
will not be used as a measure of the computer literacy of ICT students outside the population of
the study. The main source of data will be the questionnaire, which is to be prepared by the
researchers.
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 8
Significance of the study
This study will aim to find the significance of the Computer Literacy Level of ICT Senior
High School students from TIFTCI. The results of this research could be of great significance for
the following:
The Students are the ones who will benefit the most from this study because they can find
out in this study whether Computer Literacy can become important for them as a student,
especially amidst the pandemic wherein almost everything is done online. This study will also
present whether computer literacy can affect a student's academic success.
The Teacher will also benefit from this study because they are the ones handling the
students. They need to be able to know how important computer literacy is for a student or how
they will implement it for their other students. They will also be able to know the effects of
computer literacy on students in terms of academic achievements.
Aside from teachers and students, this study will also be beneficial for current researchers
and future researchers. The results of this study may be helpful for the current researcher to
know the relation between computer literacy and the academic achievement of a student while
future researchers might be able to find the inspiration to do another study related to this, and
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 9
they might be able to use the information we will provide and have an even wider perspective
about this topic.
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 10
CHAPTER II: REVIEW RELATED LITERATURE AND THEORITICAL
FRAMEWORK
REVIEW RELATED LITERATURE
Computer Literacy is the level of knowledge and skill regarding the effective use of
computers and technologies for individuals' aims. Computer literacy is the basic condition for a
technology learning environment. In this review, we can find whether there is a positive or
negative impact on the student's academic performance based on their computer literacy.
In the study by (Lung-Yu Li and Long-Yuan Lee, 2016) after conducting a survey of 252
respondents, it showed that the students in GSOE in Taiwan have high computer literacy.
Accordingly, most of the results indicated that these GSOE students in Taiwan obtained high
scores in computer literacy (mean 4.43 of 5.00). In comparison to traditional classroom learning,
online learning, according to the majority of respondents, offers a setting that boosts confidence
and offers a more flexible approach to learning. However, the researchers added that the hours
spent using a computer were positively correlated with attitudes toward online learning whereas
the hours spent accessing the Internet were negatively correlated with online learning attitudes.
Thus, they concluded that students who spend a lot of time on the internet are most likely not
doing anything related to their academics. Instead, they may be spending their time entertain
themselves leading to negative attitudes towards using computers for online learning. They also
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 11
added that as stakeholders adopt a more favorable mindset toward the use of technology in
education, issues related to online learning will gradually reduce.
To establish how computer literacy affected students' academic performance in senior
secondary schools in Nigeria's Edo State, the study looked at the influence of computer literacy
on student's academic performance in EsanWest.
In the research study (Dinçer, 2016) The findings indicated that university graduates had
poor computer literacy levels and that men were more knowledgeable computer users than
women. Although many of the people claimed to be computer literate, it was shown in the study
that this literacy level stayed at the basic knowledge-skill level.
According to Bonifacio (2013) when implemented properly, ICTs, particularly computer
and internet technologies enable new approaches to teaching and learning rather than just
enabling instructors and students to perform their current tasks more effectively. ICT-supported
education can encourage the acquisition of knowledge and skills that will help students with
lifelong learning if it is planned and carried out appropriately. He concluded that ICTs can be
utilized to raise the standard of instruction. They can encourage student motivation the mastery
of fundamental ideas, the growth of higher-order thinking abilities, and skills for lifelong
learning.
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 12
To determine the computer literacy level of the students we will test it according to their
computer skills and knowledge. According to an article by Free Resume Builder (2016) on the
job market, a candidate's level of computer skill competency is evaluated using a variety of tests.
The International Competitions and Assessments for Schools, or ICAS, is one of the most
popular. However, according to the article, the most common rating system used by hiring
managers is to categorize your computer skills as either fundamental, basic, intermediate, or
advanced. To further justify the use of this measurement, a study conducted by Concordia
University (2011) which is to test computer literacy according to the level of proficiency also
used these levels of measurement of computer skills. Therefore, the researchers will also use this
as a guide to measuring the level of computer literacy of the ICT senior high school students
from TIFTCI.
Theoretical Framework
This study will adopt Siemen's Connectivism learning theory. The Connectivism:
Learning Theory was first developed by George Siemens and Stephen Downes (Siemens &
Downes, 2005). This theory implies that information is a network that is continually being
acquired and updated (Siemens, 2004).
Siemens & Downes (2005) said that connectivism begins when a student uses digital
technology to solve a problem. For most students, this problem can be the school work and/or
activity. Then they use online platforms accessible on most computers including laptops to find
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 13
answers. The key ideas in connectivism as learning are: knowing where to go for what is
required, knowing how to evaluate the reliability and validity of sources, and cultivating a
connection between facts, theories, objects, and people.
As stated in the review of related literature, the researchers will measure the student's
computer literacy according to the level of their computer skills in terms of proficiency in
computer skills which are fundamental computer skills (Possessing fundamental computer skills
means the respondents have no to little computer experience or training), basic computer skills
(Possessing basic computer skills requires a small amount of computer experience, including a
basic understanding of email, word processing, graphics, and spreadsheets), intermediate
computer skills (Intermediate computer skills require a moderate amount of previous computer
experience, including a moderate understanding of operating systems, word processing, graphics,
spreadsheets, and databases.) and lastly the final level of proficiency, advanced computer skills,
at this stage, respondents should be able to use word processing, email, the internet and
spreadsheets to their fullest capacity. They should also understand basic software development
and programming. (Free Resume Builder, 2016). This research will revolve around these levels
of computer skills to also measure the computer literacy of ICT senior high school students from
TIFTCI.
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 14
CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY
Research Design
The research design used in this study was the descriptive method. We applied this
research method for this study because it is usually used to identify characteristics of a variable.
In this study's case, the researchers will measure and describe the computer literacy of ICT
students. Therefore, to further explain and describe the computer literacy level of students in
terms of their computer skills, the researchers find this methodology the most fitting. Hence, it is
suitable to further analyze the computer literacy level of ICT senior high school students from
Trent Information First Technical Career Institute Inc.
Population and Sampling
The chosen population of this study is the senior high school students from Trent
Information First Technical Career Institute Inc. Since the target population of this research is
the ICT senior high school students, this study will use non-probability sampling, specifically
purposive sampling in which case units are selected on purpose because they have the
characteristics required for the study. In simple words, units are selected on purpose. The
researchers believe that this way they can get the most reliable answers for their study. This
study is about computer literacy level therefore, ICT students are the best target respondents
because they have a thorough understanding of how to answer the survey questionnaire to the
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 15
best of their abilities. This way the researchers can get the best possible answer to the research
problems.
Respondents of the study
This study will be conducted on the students of Trent Information First Technical Career
Institute (TIFTCI). The participants are divided into two (2) different groups, which are the
Grade 11 and Grade 12 students. Under this is a subgroup, which is male and female. The stated
school will have 30 to its total respondents, which include: There will be 18 respondents for
grade 11 ICT, 10 male, and 8 female. The grade 12 ICT students will consist of 12, 10 male and
2 female.
The researcher of the study will use a purposive sampling method to know the computer
literacy level of the senior high school ICT students.
Respondents Sample Percentage
Grade 11 18 50%
Grade 12 12 50%
Total 50 100%
Table 1
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 16
Respondents Sample Percentage
Male 20 66.5%
Female 10 33.5%
Total 30 100%
Table 2
Research Instrument
The researchers of the study will use a survey type of questionnaire for the Grade 11 and
12 ICT students of Trent Information First Technical Career Institute, Inc (TIFTCI) to collect
facts and information. One instructor/teacher who is also an expert in the field of the survey will
validate the study. The study will incorporate 1 type of question for the whole investigation. It
will consist of 6 multiple-choice questions. It will be used in the analysis to know the computer
literacy level of the students.
Validity and Reliability
The researchers of the study will ask the research adviser for initial checking and to
validate the research questions. For further validation, the researchers will consult one expert
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 17
instructor in the field of computer who can provide comments and possible recommendations on
the paper. After the validity and reliability of the instrument are chosen, the researchers will
construct the survey and give it to the intended respondents.
The consent and permission of the respondents will be asked for before the researchers
conduct the documentation of the survey. The researchers will also assure the participants that all
their information will remain confidential. The survey will be done online using Google Forms.
The researcher will use the workdays to distribute the questionnaire.
Data gathering procedure
The data collection will be conducted after the proposal was approved. The type of
questionnaire that will be used for the research instrument will be a survey. To distribute the
questionnaire, the researcher will ask permission from the school head for the approval of the
survey.
The researcher will seek the assistance of the instructor for the survey. All decisions
about the study's conduct were made based on the defense instructor’s counsel.
Since face-to-face classes is already approved by the DepEd, data gathering in person is
allowed, therefore the researcher will collect it on-site. The questionnaire will be conducted
using printed handouts.
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 18
The researcher will ask permission from the teacher or the class president per section for
the survey. The respondents will also be asked for permission before giving them the
questionnaire. Each respondent will be assured by the researcher that the respondent’s profile
and other information will be confidential. The ICT student will be the respondents that will
answer the survey. The questionnaire will be personally given by the researchers.
After the respondents finished the study, the researcher will immediately gather the
information and tallied it. The data will be analyzed and interpreted in the study. The gathered
data and information will help the researchers to analyze and determine the effects of the
computer literacy of the study.
Statistical Treatment of Data
To analyze and interpret the data correctly, the researchers will employ this statistical
treatment in the study:
1. Percentage
This will be used to determine the portion of the response on a particular subject.
Formula:
F = frequency
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 19
n = total number of respondents
100 = constant value
2. Weighted mean
This will be used in questions in the survey, and it will also improve the data's accuracy.
Formula :
X = Weighted mean
F = frequency
N = Number of Participants
3. Standard Deviation
This will be used to determine how close the individual data values are to the mean value.
Formula:
σ = population standard deviation
N = the size of the population
Xi = each value from the population
μ = the population mean
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 20
4. Ranking
This will be used to know the ordinal values of each item in certain criteria.
5. Hypothesis Testing
This will be employed to validate the research.
Formula: = x – μ0 ) / σ /√n)
x = the sample mean
μ0 the population mean
σ is the standard deviation
n is the sample size.
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 21
Reference
Becoming More Computer Literate - Glassdoor Career Guides. (2021, June 30).
https://www.glassdoor.com/blog/guide/computer-literate/
Cadiz-Gabejan, A. M. ., & Takenaka, M. J. C. . 2021). Students’ Computer Literacy and Academic
Performance. Journal of World Englishes and Educational Practices, 3(6), 29–42.
https://doi.org/10.32996/jweep.2021.3.6.4
ChildHope (2021) The Importance of Technology in Philippine Education
https://childhope.org.ph/importance-of-technology-in-philippine-education/
Computer literacy - EduTech Wiki. (n.d.). https://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Computer_literacy
Dincer, S. (2016, June) Assessing computer literacy of university graduates.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308349331_Assessing_the_computer_literacy_of_univ
ersity_graduates
Fiore, A. M. (n.d.) Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age
https://focusedusolutions.com/2018/12/22/connectivism
Free Resume Builder (2016, May) How to List Computer Skills on a Resume
https://www.resume.com/career-advice/resumes/how-to-list-computer-skills-on-a-resume-with-
examples
Lung-Yu Li & Long-Yuan Lee (2016, August) Computer Literacy and Online learning attitude toward
GSOE students in distance education program.
https://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/hes/article/view/61435
TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE
RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal.
SHS Department
ICT
Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 22
McBride M. (2012, April) Reconsidering the Information Literacy in the 21st Century: The Redesign of
an Information Literacy Class. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2190/ET.40.3.e
Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. (n.d.). https://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/
Raja, R. (2018, May) Impact of Modern Technology in Education.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325086709_Impact_of_modern_technology_in_educati
on
University Concordia University. (2011, September). Computer Skills: Levels of Proficiency.
https://www.concordia.ca/content/dam/concordia/services/hr/docs/employment/guides/proficienc
y-computer-skills.pdf

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  • 1. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 1 The Computer Literacy Level of the ICT Senior High School students of TIFTCI A.Y. 2022-2023 Proponents: Alcachupas, Janelle Anne P. Menesterio, Arfie D.C. Adviser: Mr. Emmanuel B. Tan
  • 2. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 2 Chapter I: Introduction and Background of the study Introduction Computer literacy is the ability to perform basic tasks on the computer. Because of the continually increasing use of computers in our daily communications and work, the knowledge of computer systems and the ability to work with word processing, data management, and
  • 3. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 3 spreadsheet and data analysis programs have become essential requirements at our society. There was once a time when computer skills were an optional skill set. There are three different levels of computer literacy: primary, which refers to the foundational skills; intermediate, which directs to computer literacy and competency above the foundational level; and proficient, which presents the computer literacy and competency above the intermediate level used in educational and professional settings. Nowadays, computer literacy is a mandatory skill for success in school, the job force, and everyday life. Students who do not learn age-appropriate computer skills such as typing, online research, and discerning internet usage can fall behind in their classes and struggle to maintain their grades. Such difficulties can even continue on into adulthood. In terms of work, Companies are also more likely to hire computer literate applicants, as these candidates take less time to train and are more efficient at their jobs. Computer literacy is always evolving based on the latest advancements in computer technology. Background of the study A computer is a piece of electronic equipment used to manipulate data or information. It is capable of storing, locating, and processing data from a variety of sources. Computers are now one of the most dominant types of technology existing today, and this is also one of the best partners of a student when it comes to information gathering. Today, the computer plays a significant role in every individual's life. It is now used for studying, business, education, and
  • 4. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 4 even our personal life. There is no denying the fact that technology, especially computers, can be helpful for a person's life and education. Computer literacy is the knowledge and ability to use computers and technology efficiently. Computer literacy can also be referred to as the comfort level someone has by using computer programs and other applications that are related to computers (Aitokhuehi, et al., 2014)—simply expressed, having the knowledge and skills necessary to properly utilize computers and other pieces of information and Communication Technology (ICT) is known as computer literacy. This includes the user's basic knowledge in terms of using computer software and/or hardware to perform simple tasks, such as data gathering and sending information. Therefore, in this study, to find out the computer literacy of the ICT senior high school students from TIFTCI, we will study their computer proficiency skill levels and make a conclusion using the results to also determine their computer literacy level. Computer Literacy enables students to use online platforms to their fullest to learn. Computer learning platforms like MOOCs allow students to connect with others and to learn a lot of things online for free anytime and anywhere. According to the article by ChildHope (2021), The education system has undergone a paradigm shift from where it used to stand years ago. In the past, students used to visit libraries and read large books to find the information they require. In the 20th century, searching for the same thing might provide thousands of results in a split second. Computers, laptops, and smartphones are the devices necessary in today's age. Additionally, given that our country's schools continue to offer online courses, students must
  • 5. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 5 have a foundational understanding of computers to keep up with technology-based learning. So the researchers find it very important for students to have even the basic computer skills to be considered computer literate because being computer literate in this generation means you can have more advanced skills that you can use to your advantage and also keep up with the age of technology. Conceptual Framework Input 1. The demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1 Gender; and 1.2 Grade Level or Strand? 2. The computer literacy level of the respondents in terms of: 2.1 Fundamental computer skills; 2.2 Basic computer skills; 2.3 Intermediate computer skills; and 2.4 Advanced computer skills? 3. Is there a significant difference between the profiles of the respondents when grouped according to the computer literacy level? Process  Survey questionnaire construction and verification  Execution and Extraction of Survey Questionnaire o Data Analysis and Data Connectivity Statistical Analysis o Percentage o Weighted mean o Standard Deviation o Ranking o Hypothesis Testing Output  Computer Literacy Level of ICT senior high school students in TIFTCI???
  • 6. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 6 Figure 1 Statement of the problem This study aims to provide the answer regarding the Level of Computer Literacy of ICT Senior High School Students from TIFTCI in School Year 2022-2023. Specifically, this study will seek the answers to the following questions: 1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1 Gender; and 1.2 Grade Level or Strand? 2. What is the computer literacy level of the respondents in terms of: 2.1 Fundamental computer skills; 2.2 Basic computer skills; 2.3 Intermediate computer skills; and 2.4 Advanced computer skills? 3. Is there a significant difference between the profiles of the respondents when grouped according to the computer literacy level? 4. How two items were analyzed as to: 4.1 Difficulty index; and 4. Two items were analyzed as to: 4.1 Difficulty index; and 4.2 Discrimination index?
  • 7. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 7 4.2 Discrimination index? Hypothesis of the study This study will test the following hypothesis: 1. There is a significant difference in the computer literacy of the students when grouped according to their demographics. Scope and Limitation of the study This study will cover the demographic profile of Senior High school students from Trent Information First Technical Career Institute Inc, such as gender, track, and strand. The primary focus of this study is to determine the level of computer literacy of ICT Students in terms of their fundamental computer skills, basic computer skills, intermediate computer skills, and advanced computer skills. The participants of the study will be the enrolled students from Trent Information First Technical Career Institute Inc. in the years 2022-2023. This study will not cover any factors affecting the level of computer literacy of ICT students. The information gathered will also be limited to the respondents of the survey questionnaires, and the results of the study will only apply to the respondents of the study and will not be used as a measure of the computer literacy of ICT students outside the population of the study. The main source of data will be the questionnaire, which is to be prepared by the researchers.
  • 8. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 8 Significance of the study This study will aim to find the significance of the Computer Literacy Level of ICT Senior High School students from TIFTCI. The results of this research could be of great significance for the following: The Students are the ones who will benefit the most from this study because they can find out in this study whether Computer Literacy can become important for them as a student, especially amidst the pandemic wherein almost everything is done online. This study will also present whether computer literacy can affect a student's academic success. The Teacher will also benefit from this study because they are the ones handling the students. They need to be able to know how important computer literacy is for a student or how they will implement it for their other students. They will also be able to know the effects of computer literacy on students in terms of academic achievements. Aside from teachers and students, this study will also be beneficial for current researchers and future researchers. The results of this study may be helpful for the current researcher to know the relation between computer literacy and the academic achievement of a student while future researchers might be able to find the inspiration to do another study related to this, and
  • 9. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 9 they might be able to use the information we will provide and have an even wider perspective about this topic.
  • 10. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 10 CHAPTER II: REVIEW RELATED LITERATURE AND THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK REVIEW RELATED LITERATURE Computer Literacy is the level of knowledge and skill regarding the effective use of computers and technologies for individuals' aims. Computer literacy is the basic condition for a technology learning environment. In this review, we can find whether there is a positive or negative impact on the student's academic performance based on their computer literacy. In the study by (Lung-Yu Li and Long-Yuan Lee, 2016) after conducting a survey of 252 respondents, it showed that the students in GSOE in Taiwan have high computer literacy. Accordingly, most of the results indicated that these GSOE students in Taiwan obtained high scores in computer literacy (mean 4.43 of 5.00). In comparison to traditional classroom learning, online learning, according to the majority of respondents, offers a setting that boosts confidence and offers a more flexible approach to learning. However, the researchers added that the hours spent using a computer were positively correlated with attitudes toward online learning whereas the hours spent accessing the Internet were negatively correlated with online learning attitudes. Thus, they concluded that students who spend a lot of time on the internet are most likely not doing anything related to their academics. Instead, they may be spending their time entertain themselves leading to negative attitudes towards using computers for online learning. They also
  • 11. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 11 added that as stakeholders adopt a more favorable mindset toward the use of technology in education, issues related to online learning will gradually reduce. To establish how computer literacy affected students' academic performance in senior secondary schools in Nigeria's Edo State, the study looked at the influence of computer literacy on student's academic performance in EsanWest. In the research study (Dinçer, 2016) The findings indicated that university graduates had poor computer literacy levels and that men were more knowledgeable computer users than women. Although many of the people claimed to be computer literate, it was shown in the study that this literacy level stayed at the basic knowledge-skill level. According to Bonifacio (2013) when implemented properly, ICTs, particularly computer and internet technologies enable new approaches to teaching and learning rather than just enabling instructors and students to perform their current tasks more effectively. ICT-supported education can encourage the acquisition of knowledge and skills that will help students with lifelong learning if it is planned and carried out appropriately. He concluded that ICTs can be utilized to raise the standard of instruction. They can encourage student motivation the mastery of fundamental ideas, the growth of higher-order thinking abilities, and skills for lifelong learning.
  • 12. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 12 To determine the computer literacy level of the students we will test it according to their computer skills and knowledge. According to an article by Free Resume Builder (2016) on the job market, a candidate's level of computer skill competency is evaluated using a variety of tests. The International Competitions and Assessments for Schools, or ICAS, is one of the most popular. However, according to the article, the most common rating system used by hiring managers is to categorize your computer skills as either fundamental, basic, intermediate, or advanced. To further justify the use of this measurement, a study conducted by Concordia University (2011) which is to test computer literacy according to the level of proficiency also used these levels of measurement of computer skills. Therefore, the researchers will also use this as a guide to measuring the level of computer literacy of the ICT senior high school students from TIFTCI. Theoretical Framework This study will adopt Siemen's Connectivism learning theory. The Connectivism: Learning Theory was first developed by George Siemens and Stephen Downes (Siemens & Downes, 2005). This theory implies that information is a network that is continually being acquired and updated (Siemens, 2004). Siemens & Downes (2005) said that connectivism begins when a student uses digital technology to solve a problem. For most students, this problem can be the school work and/or activity. Then they use online platforms accessible on most computers including laptops to find
  • 13. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 13 answers. The key ideas in connectivism as learning are: knowing where to go for what is required, knowing how to evaluate the reliability and validity of sources, and cultivating a connection between facts, theories, objects, and people. As stated in the review of related literature, the researchers will measure the student's computer literacy according to the level of their computer skills in terms of proficiency in computer skills which are fundamental computer skills (Possessing fundamental computer skills means the respondents have no to little computer experience or training), basic computer skills (Possessing basic computer skills requires a small amount of computer experience, including a basic understanding of email, word processing, graphics, and spreadsheets), intermediate computer skills (Intermediate computer skills require a moderate amount of previous computer experience, including a moderate understanding of operating systems, word processing, graphics, spreadsheets, and databases.) and lastly the final level of proficiency, advanced computer skills, at this stage, respondents should be able to use word processing, email, the internet and spreadsheets to their fullest capacity. They should also understand basic software development and programming. (Free Resume Builder, 2016). This research will revolve around these levels of computer skills to also measure the computer literacy of ICT senior high school students from TIFTCI.
  • 14. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 14 CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY Research Design The research design used in this study was the descriptive method. We applied this research method for this study because it is usually used to identify characteristics of a variable. In this study's case, the researchers will measure and describe the computer literacy of ICT students. Therefore, to further explain and describe the computer literacy level of students in terms of their computer skills, the researchers find this methodology the most fitting. Hence, it is suitable to further analyze the computer literacy level of ICT senior high school students from Trent Information First Technical Career Institute Inc. Population and Sampling The chosen population of this study is the senior high school students from Trent Information First Technical Career Institute Inc. Since the target population of this research is the ICT senior high school students, this study will use non-probability sampling, specifically purposive sampling in which case units are selected on purpose because they have the characteristics required for the study. In simple words, units are selected on purpose. The researchers believe that this way they can get the most reliable answers for their study. This study is about computer literacy level therefore, ICT students are the best target respondents because they have a thorough understanding of how to answer the survey questionnaire to the
  • 15. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 15 best of their abilities. This way the researchers can get the best possible answer to the research problems. Respondents of the study This study will be conducted on the students of Trent Information First Technical Career Institute (TIFTCI). The participants are divided into two (2) different groups, which are the Grade 11 and Grade 12 students. Under this is a subgroup, which is male and female. The stated school will have 30 to its total respondents, which include: There will be 18 respondents for grade 11 ICT, 10 male, and 8 female. The grade 12 ICT students will consist of 12, 10 male and 2 female. The researcher of the study will use a purposive sampling method to know the computer literacy level of the senior high school ICT students. Respondents Sample Percentage Grade 11 18 50% Grade 12 12 50% Total 50 100% Table 1
  • 16. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 16 Respondents Sample Percentage Male 20 66.5% Female 10 33.5% Total 30 100% Table 2 Research Instrument The researchers of the study will use a survey type of questionnaire for the Grade 11 and 12 ICT students of Trent Information First Technical Career Institute, Inc (TIFTCI) to collect facts and information. One instructor/teacher who is also an expert in the field of the survey will validate the study. The study will incorporate 1 type of question for the whole investigation. It will consist of 6 multiple-choice questions. It will be used in the analysis to know the computer literacy level of the students. Validity and Reliability The researchers of the study will ask the research adviser for initial checking and to validate the research questions. For further validation, the researchers will consult one expert
  • 17. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 17 instructor in the field of computer who can provide comments and possible recommendations on the paper. After the validity and reliability of the instrument are chosen, the researchers will construct the survey and give it to the intended respondents. The consent and permission of the respondents will be asked for before the researchers conduct the documentation of the survey. The researchers will also assure the participants that all their information will remain confidential. The survey will be done online using Google Forms. The researcher will use the workdays to distribute the questionnaire. Data gathering procedure The data collection will be conducted after the proposal was approved. The type of questionnaire that will be used for the research instrument will be a survey. To distribute the questionnaire, the researcher will ask permission from the school head for the approval of the survey. The researcher will seek the assistance of the instructor for the survey. All decisions about the study's conduct were made based on the defense instructor’s counsel. Since face-to-face classes is already approved by the DepEd, data gathering in person is allowed, therefore the researcher will collect it on-site. The questionnaire will be conducted using printed handouts.
  • 18. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 18 The researcher will ask permission from the teacher or the class president per section for the survey. The respondents will also be asked for permission before giving them the questionnaire. Each respondent will be assured by the researcher that the respondent’s profile and other information will be confidential. The ICT student will be the respondents that will answer the survey. The questionnaire will be personally given by the researchers. After the respondents finished the study, the researcher will immediately gather the information and tallied it. The data will be analyzed and interpreted in the study. The gathered data and information will help the researchers to analyze and determine the effects of the computer literacy of the study. Statistical Treatment of Data To analyze and interpret the data correctly, the researchers will employ this statistical treatment in the study: 1. Percentage This will be used to determine the portion of the response on a particular subject. Formula: F = frequency
  • 19. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 19 n = total number of respondents 100 = constant value 2. Weighted mean This will be used in questions in the survey, and it will also improve the data's accuracy. Formula : X = Weighted mean F = frequency N = Number of Participants 3. Standard Deviation This will be used to determine how close the individual data values are to the mean value. Formula: σ = population standard deviation N = the size of the population Xi = each value from the population μ = the population mean
  • 20. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 20 4. Ranking This will be used to know the ordinal values of each item in certain criteria. 5. Hypothesis Testing This will be employed to validate the research. Formula: = x – μ0 ) / σ /√n) x = the sample mean μ0 the population mean σ is the standard deviation n is the sample size.
  • 21. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 21 Reference Becoming More Computer Literate - Glassdoor Career Guides. (2021, June 30). https://www.glassdoor.com/blog/guide/computer-literate/ Cadiz-Gabejan, A. M. ., & Takenaka, M. J. C. . 2021). Students’ Computer Literacy and Academic Performance. Journal of World Englishes and Educational Practices, 3(6), 29–42. https://doi.org/10.32996/jweep.2021.3.6.4 ChildHope (2021) The Importance of Technology in Philippine Education https://childhope.org.ph/importance-of-technology-in-philippine-education/ Computer literacy - EduTech Wiki. (n.d.). https://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Computer_literacy Dincer, S. (2016, June) Assessing computer literacy of university graduates. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308349331_Assessing_the_computer_literacy_of_univ ersity_graduates Fiore, A. M. (n.d.) Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age https://focusedusolutions.com/2018/12/22/connectivism Free Resume Builder (2016, May) How to List Computer Skills on a Resume https://www.resume.com/career-advice/resumes/how-to-list-computer-skills-on-a-resume-with- examples Lung-Yu Li & Long-Yuan Lee (2016, August) Computer Literacy and Online learning attitude toward GSOE students in distance education program. https://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/hes/article/view/61435
  • 22. TRENT INFORMATION FIRST TECHNICAL CAREER INSTITUTE RLC Bldg., National Road, Brgy. San Juan, Taytay, Rizal. SHS Department ICT Undergraduate Research Proposal Paper Page 22 McBride M. (2012, April) Reconsidering the Information Literacy in the 21st Century: The Redesign of an Information Literacy Class. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2190/ET.40.3.e Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. (n.d.). https://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/ Raja, R. (2018, May) Impact of Modern Technology in Education. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325086709_Impact_of_modern_technology_in_educati on University Concordia University. (2011, September). Computer Skills: Levels of Proficiency. https://www.concordia.ca/content/dam/concordia/services/hr/docs/employment/guides/proficienc y-computer-skills.pdf