SUBJUNCTIV EIKHWAN ABDIANSYAH YUNAN DWI SARASANTI ZUHROTUL ULFIAH SITI MA’RIFATUL AMALIYYAH DIANA DIAS PARAMITA
The DEFINITION of Subjunctive SUBJUNCTIVE is a modality sentence. Butthe topic is different from the conditional sentence.Conditional sentence is also modality sentence butthe difference is Conditional comes with certainconditions to imply. Subjunctive is a hope in thefuture or regret form of unfulfilled expectations.
The STRUCTURE Of Subjunctive be (present) In Non-Verbal sentences, all Subject to Present subjunctive use "be", no "isamare". 1. I be 2. You be 3. He, she, it be 4. We be 5. You be 6. They be
be (past) In Non-Verbal sentences, all subjects in the Past Subjunctives use "were". 1. I were 2. You were 3. He, she, it were 4. We were 5. You were 6. They were
Another verb (past & present) All the verb must be in the form of "Bare infinitive" is not getting any affixes like "s", "ice", "ing" or "-ed". 1. I Work 2. You work 3. He, she, it work 4. We work 5. You work 6. They work
The USE Of Subjunctive We use subjunctives when we talk about an activity that will notactually happen. We use the subjunctive when talking about a personsactivities: Wants to occur Expect to happen The thought would occurExample: 1. The President requests that you be present at the meeting. 2. It is vital that you be present at the meeting. 3. If you were at the meeting, the President would be happy.
Subjunctive usually use both the following structure: Verbs: ask, command, demand, insist, propose, recommend, request, suggest that + Expression: it is desirable, essential, important, Necessary, vital + thatExample:1. The manager insists that the car park be locked at night. (Not: The ... car park is locked) (Managers hope that all parking areas are locked at night)2. The board of directors recommended that he join the company. (Not: The .... that he could join) (Board of Directors of recommending that he may join the company)
The DISTRIBUTION Of Subjunctives PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVES Present Subjunctives is hope in the present and in the future. Characteristics of the Present Subjunctives Word Works is in the form of "Bare infinitive". Example: 1. May God bless you! (God bless you) 2. Have a good time! (Have fun) 3. Long live the President! (Hopefully the President long life!)
PAST SUBJUNCTIVES Past Subjunctives is hope that does not happen in the present. The characteristics of the Past Tenses Subjunctives is used in the form of "Past". The word / phrase that is often used in the Past Subjunctives are: 1. Wish; Words wish to work for: a)Shows the Future Time >> S + wish + would / could + Verb
Example: Its raining. She wishes it would stop. (Today it is raining. He hoped the rain would stop) Fact: Its still raining and has not stopped I wish Fatimah could come. (I hope I can come Fatimah) Fact: Fatimah could not comeb) Shows Present Time S + + S + wish ... Past Verb Example: They wish I were there. (They wish I was there) Fact: I was not there She wishes I would not come. (He was hoping I would not come) Fact: I will come
2. If Only; If Only that we use here means "wish". Example: If only she were not here. (If shes not here) If only they could speak English. (If they could speak English)
3. Would Rather; It can be used to explain the "preferred", would rather Subjunctives can also be used, which means the same, "prefer". Example: I would rather you went now. (I prefer you to leave now) They would rather I not call them. (They prefer if I did not call them)
4. As if / As though; As if and As though having the same function and meaning, which is "as if". Example: Edi talks as if he knew everything. (Edi speaks as if he knows everything) They act as though they were the real actors. (They are acting as if they were real actors)5. Its Time; Its time they mean by "now time". There are two patterns of Its Time, namely: a) Its time + to infinitives b) Its time + Subject + Past Form Example: Its time to get up. (Time to get up) Its time to go to the movie. (Time to go to the movies) Its time you sent the letter. (The time you send the letter) Its time I went to school. (The time I went to school)
PAST PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVES Past Perfect Subjunctives is an expression of the hope that does not happen in the past. The characteristics of the Past Perfect verb Subjunctives is in the form of Past Perfect. Example: I wished they had invited me. (I hope they have invited me) Fact: They did not invite me. You talked as if you had been there. (You talk as if you were there) Fact: You were not there. They would rather I had called them. (They would prefer it if I had to contact them) Fact: I did not call them. If only I had rejected him. (If I had refused) Fact: I did not reject him.
Situation No Formal In less formal situations, there are no rules as described above. Example: She talked as if she was there. I wish she is here. Anyway want formal or informal, when we use words such as wish, as if, as though, would rather, its time and if only, then we actually have to use the form Subjunctives.