The subjunctive

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A presentation on how to form the subjunctive and a brief summary of the different uses.

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The subjunctive

  1. 1. The Subjunctive<br />To discover why this impossible grammatical concept will ruin our lives<br />And to master it!<br />
  2. 2. What is the subjunctive?<br />The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense.<br />At its’ most basic level we use the subjunctive to refer to unreality, subjective views or feelings and commands/influence<br />It is generally used in a subordinate clause<br />
  3. 3. How is the subjunctive formed?<br />Ar verbs<br />Hable<br />Hables<br />Hable<br />Hablemos<br />Habléis<br />hablen<br />Er and ir verbs<br />Beba<br />Bebas<br />Beba<br />Bebamos<br />Bebáis<br />Beban<br />
  4. 4. Irregular verbs?<br /><ul><li>Poner
  5. 5. Ponga
  6. 6. Pongas
  7. 7. Ponga
  8. 8. Pongamos
  9. 9. Pongáis
  10. 10. pongan
  11. 11. The only true irregular stems are
  12. 12. Caber = quepa
  13. 13. Dar = dé
  14. 14. Estar = esté
  15. 15. Haber = haya
  16. 16. Ir = vaya
  17. 17. Saber = sepa
  18. 18. Ser = sea</li></li></ul><li>When is it used?<br />To make a subjective judgement<br />Me parece triste que Hugo no esté aquí<br />To express a command or wish<br />Quiero que Hamish se vaya<br />Espero que Tom vaya a venir a la fiesta<br />To express necessity<br />Es preciso que Hamish tenga el pelo pelirrojo<br />
  19. 19. When is the subjunctive used?<br /><ul><li>To express doubt and uncertainty
  20. 20. Dudoque el sr Sinclair sea guay
  21. 21. To express possibility
  22. 22. Es posibleque Grant sea español
  23. 23. To express probability
  24. 24. Es probable que Liam sepatodo el vocabulario
  25. 25. After perhaps (quizas, acaso, talvez)
  26. 26. Quizasvayamos a la fiesta de Dario</li></li></ul><li>When is the subjunctive used?<br />After verbs expressing an influence e.g. Es importante que, decir, obligar.<br />Obligo a mis niños a que queden en su jaula<br />After conjunctions expressing purpose<br />Tengo que matar a Hugo para que no diga la verdad <br />
  27. 27. Complete the exercises!<br />http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/subj1.htm<br />http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/subj_pres.php<br />

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