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  • 1. Canada’s Six Geographic Regions Unit 5 Notes
  • 2. Physical Characteristics  Stretches from Atlantic to Pacific and bordered to the north by Arctic Ocean and to the south by the United States.  Most of the 30 million people live in: Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; Vancouver, British Columbia; and Ottawa, Ontario.  Most of the population lives within 200 miles of the US/Canada border because of the warmer climate  Physical Features: mountains, prairies, islands, tundra, lakes, and rivers. Ottawa, Ontario
  • 3. Natural Resources  Minerals: Large exporter of minerals.  Forests: Makes up 1/3 of Canada. Provides lumber, pulp, and paper.  Fish: Fisheries in Atlantic and Pacific.  Lakes and Rivers: Produce hydroelectric power.  Soil: Canada has excellent farmland.
  • 4. 1. Atlantic Canada  Made up of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Price Edward Island.  Also called Maritime Provinces.  Fishing is important here, but overfishing has caused problems.  Overfishing occurs when too many fish are caught that there are not enough to breed more.
  • 5. 2. Eastern Canada  Includes provinces of Quebec and Ontario.  Great Lakes, St. Lawrence River, and Hudson Bay are in this region.  Most people live in this area--big cities.  The St. Lawrence Seaway has made Eastern Canada home to manufacturing companies.
  • 6. 3. Prairie Provinces  Includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and eastern Alberta.  Great for farming! (Almost all Canada’s agriculture happens here)  Biggest petroleum (oil) producer in Canada.
  • 7. 4. Rocky Mountain Region  Made up of western Alberta and eastern British Columbia.  Mining is the biggest industry in this region (coal, gold, iron ore, silver).
  • 8. 5. Pacific Coast  Located between the Rocky Mountains and Gulf of Alaska in British Columbia.  The nice weather brings people to Vancouver, Canada’s third largest city.  Timber (logging), fishing, and mining are important industries.  Overfishing has caused the fish population to decline.
  • 9. 6. Arctic Region  Includes Canada’s three territories: Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut.  Most of Canada’s Inuit (indigenous people) live in this region.  Tundra – land stays frozen all year.  Covered by the Canadian Shield, which makes mining a HUGE industry (coal, gold, silver, iron ore).
  • 10. 6. Arctic Region  Includes Canada’s three territories: Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut.  Most of Canada’s Inuit (indigenous people) live in this region.  Tundra – land stays frozen all year.  Covered by the Canadian Shield, which makes mining a HUGE industry (coal, gold, silver, iron ore).