6 Geographic Regions

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6 Geographic Regions

  1. 1. Canada’s Six Geographic Regions Unit 5 Notes
  2. 2. Physical Characteristics <ul><li>Stretches from Atlantic to Pacific and bordered to the north by Arctic Ocean and to the south by the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the 30 million people live in: Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; Vancouver, British Columbia; and Ottawa, Ontario. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the population lives within 200 miles of the US/Canada border because of the warmer climate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical Features: mountains, prairies, islands, tundra, lakes, and rivers. </li></ul>Ottawa, Ontario
  3. 3. Natural Resources <ul><li>Minerals: Large exporter of minerals. </li></ul><ul><li>Forests: Makes up 1/3 of Canada. Provides lumber, pulp, and paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Fish: Fisheries in Atlantic and Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>Lakes and Rivers: Produce hydroelectric power. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil: Canada has excellent farmland. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Atlantic Canada <ul><ul><li>Made up of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Price Edward Island. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also called Maritime Provinces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing is important here, but overfishing has caused problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overfishing occurs when too many fish are caught that there are not enough to breed more. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Eastern Canada <ul><ul><li>Includes provinces of Quebec and Ontario. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Lakes, St. Lawrence River, and Hudson Bay are in this region. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most people live in this area--big cities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The St. Lawrence Seaway has made Eastern Canada home to manufacturing companies. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 3. Prairie Provinces <ul><ul><li>Includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and eastern Alberta. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great for farming! (Almost all Canada’s agriculture happens here) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biggest petroleum (oil) producer in Canada. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 4. Rocky Mountain Region <ul><ul><li>Made up of western Alberta and eastern British Columbia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining is the biggest industry in this region (coal, gold, iron ore, silver). </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 5. Pacific Coast <ul><ul><li>Located between the Rocky Mountains and Gulf of Alaska in British Columbia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The nice weather brings people to Vancouver, Canada’s third largest city. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timber (logging), fishing, and mining are important industries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overfishing has caused the fish population to decline. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 6. Arctic Region <ul><ul><li>Includes Canada’s three territories: Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of Canada’s Inuit (indigenous people) live in this region. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tundra – land stays frozen all year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covered by the Canadian Shield, which makes mining a HUGE industry (coal, gold, silver, iron ore). </li></ul></ul>

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