Canada’s ten provinces and three territories are divided into 4 distinct regions based on: 1) physical features 2) culture 3) economy 90% of Canada’s population lives within 100 miles of the USCanada’s population is relatively small and the structure of its government gives a great deal of power to the provinces.
Atlantic ProvincesThe “Maritimes”All Atlantic provinces border the Atlantic Ocean 1) Newfoundland and Labrador (St. Johns) 2) Nova Scotia (Halifax) 3) New Brunswick (Fredericton) 4) Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown) The Atlantic provinces are the smallest of Canada’s regions including 5% of the country’s land area and 8% of its population. The Appalachian Mountains end here. Thousands of lakes and ponds were left behind on the rough terrain by retreating glaciers. Most of the population live along the coast where there are hundreds of bays and inlets. Fishing is a MAJOR industry -- the Grand Banks along the coasts of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland was one of the richest ﬁsheries in the world until overﬁshing depleted ﬁsh populations, especially the Cod as Cod ﬁshing was suspended in 1992.
Atlantic ProvincesFarming is an important industry inthe milder climate and longer The “Maritimes”growing season found on PrinceEdward Island. Tourism is becoming a major industry because of scenic coastlines and quaint ﬁshing villages.
Atlantic Provinces The “Maritimes”The Bay of Fundy is known for having the highesttidal ranges in the world, making it a unique site forproducing hydro-power...
Great Lakes andSt. Lawrence Provinces Three distinct landscapes characterize these provinces: 1) Canadian Shield - poor soil, cold climate, rich mineral deposits; covers most of Quebec and Ontario 2) Hudson Bay Lowlands - ﬂat, swampy region between Canadian Shield and Hudson Bay; sparsely populated 3) St. Lawrence Lowlands - rich soil, mild climate; 60% of the Canadian population live around the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes The provinces of Quebec and Ontario are considered the heartland of Canada as they contain most of the country’s population and economic activity. Major cities include: Toronto (Ontario) - Canada’s largest city Ottawa (Ontario) - Canada’s capital city Montreal and Quebec City (Quebec) - Cities with strong French inﬂuence
Great Lakes andSt. Lawrence Provinces A series of locks helps ships negotiate differing water levels between the Great Lakes themselves, and the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River. The economy in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence provinces depends upon trade from the Atlantic Ocean to the middle ofthe continent along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes
QuebecQuebec is Canada’s largest province by area,however 80% of the province is covered by exposedbedrock of the Canadian Shield and Hudson Baylowlands, so majority of the population lives alongthe St. Lawrence River Valley.Farming is prevalent along the St. Lawrence whilemining is serious business in the Canadian Shield.The city of Quebec was founded by Samuel deChamplain in 1608 and retains a very strong Frenchinﬂuence.The province of Quebec has threatened tosecede from the Commonwealth of Canada andform its own nation because of historical disputesbetween the French and the English.
OntarioRich soil and rich mineral deposits provide farming andmining opportunities for people in Ontario.Because of the proximity of the Great Lakes and thetheir connection to the St. Lawrence River, farming andmineral resources can be processed in factories andshipped to points all over the world.As a result, large companies are located in Toronto,which is the largest metropolitan area in Canada.Toronto is also the banking and ﬁnancial center forCanada.