Article on “Justice, Distributive,” in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosphy
Strict Egalitarianism Carens, Joseph, Equality, Moral Incentives and the Market (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1981) Rawls, John, A Theory of Justice (Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971) Nielsen, Kai, `Radical Egalitarian Justice: Justice as Equality' Social Theory and Practice, 1979, 209-226
Resource-Based Principles Arneson, Richard, `Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, and Equal Opportunity for Welfare' Philosophy and Public Affairs 19, 1990, 158-194 Daniels, Norman, `Equality of What: Welfare, Resources, or Capabilities?' Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 1990 Dworkin, Ronald, `What is Equality? Part 1: Equality of Resources', Philosophy and Public Affairs, 10, 1981, 185-246 Dworkin, Ronald, `What is Equality? Part 2: Equality of Welfare', Philosophy and Public Affairs, 10, 1981, 283-345 Kronman, Anthony T., `Talent Pooling' in J. Roland Pennock and John W.Chapman (eds.), Human Rights: Nomos 23, (New York: New York University Press, 1981), 58-79
Welfare-Based Principles Elster, Jon, and John E. Roemer (eds.), Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991) Glover, Jonathan (ed.), Utilitarianism and Its Critics, (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1990) Goodin, Robert E., Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995) Hardin, Russell, Morality within the Limits of Reason (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1988) Rescher, Nicholas, Distributive Justice: A Constructive Critique of the Utilitarian Theory of Distribution (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1966)
SLIDESHARE Desert-Based Principles Feinberg, Joel, `Justice and Personal Desert', Doing and Deserving (Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1970), 55-94. Lamont, Julian, `Problems For Effort-Based Distribution Principles', Journal of Applied Philosophy, 12, 1995, 215-229 Lamont, Julian, `The Concept of Desert in Distributive Justice', The Philosophical Quarterly, 44, 1994, 45-64 Mill, John Stuart, Principles of Political Economy Miller, David, Market, State, and Community (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989) Miller, David, Social Justice (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976) Riley, Jonathan, `Justice Under Capitalism', Markets and Justice , ed. John W. Chapman (New York: New York University Press, 1989), 122-162 Sadurski, Wojciech, Giving Desert Its Due (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1985) Sher, George, Desert (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987) Zaitchik, Alan, `On Deserving to Deserve', Philosophy and Public Affairs 6, 1977:370-388
If a system of strict equality maximizes the absolute position of the least advantaged in society, then the Difference Principle advocates strict equality.
If it is possible to raise the position of the least advantaged further by inequality of income and wealth, then the Difference Principle prescribes inequality up to that point where the absolute position of the least advantaged can no longer be raised.