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Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
Introducatio SD for enginers
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Introducatio SD for enginers

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  • 1. www.upc.edu How is the world today?
  • 2. www.upc.edu What the hell are we talking about?  What is sustainability? What is Sustainable development?  ????
  • 3. www.upc.edu What the hell are we talking about? FOR ALL FOR EVERwww.happyplanetindex.org
  • 4. www.upc.edu Concepts  Carrying capacity  In ecology: carrying capacity in the maximum number of any species that a habitat can support along the time  What happens when the carrying capacity is overcome?  As humans which is our habitat?  Which is our carrying capacity as humans in our habitat? • It depends on: – The humans “needs” to live. – The Tech used to fulfill those “needs” in terms of resources/waste/pollution – Our social organization and its resilience.
  • 5. www.upc.edu Concepts  Ecological footprint  Redefines carrying capacity as the surface of productive earth and water needed to maintain a population at a certain standard of living. Units: gha.
  • 6. www.upc.edu Concepts  IPAT equation I=PAT  I – Impact to environment  P – Population  A – Affluence: products/services consumed per person (sufficiency)  T – Impact to environment for unit of product/service. (Tech efficiency + effectiveness)
  • 7. www.upc.edu Population Font: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (2007).
  • 8. www.upc.edu Population World population 1950-2050 Font: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (2007).
  • 9. www.upc.edu Població  Distribució de la població per edats i per regions: projecció mitjana. Font: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (2007).
  • 10. www.upc.edu Affluence  Resum Font: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (2007).
  • 11. www.upc.edu Concepts  IPAT exercice. I=PAT  I – Impact to environment in 2050 = 50% of current situation  P – Population  A – Affluence: products/services consumed per person •  2% annual in “developed” countries (20% population) • Developing countries (80% population) the same development as “developed” by 2050.  T – Impact to environment for unit of product/service. • ??????? – 2 => 50% – 3 => 66% – 4 => 75%
  • 12. What does the EF measure?www.upc.edu  Consumption of food and materials: in relation to the surface of earth and seas biologically productive needed to produce that natural resources.  Consumption of energy: on the basis of the surface necessary to absorb the correlatives emissions of CO2. • The measuring is done in “units of surface”. A surface’s unit is equivalent to an hectare of world productivity average.
  • 13. Evaluation Matrix A C F Ecological Footprint B D E Fossil Agricultural Forestry TOTAL [ha/capita] Degradation Cereals Pastures energy growing runningwww.upc.edu 1 ALIMENTATION 11 Vegetables 12 Animal 2 HOUSING 21 Construction 22 Operation 3 TRANSPORT 31 Private 32 Public 33 Of products 4 CONSUMPTIN GOODS 41 Packing 42 Clothing 43 Furniture 44 Books/Journals 45 Tobacco/Alcohol 46 Personal care 47 Recreational equipment 48 Others 5 SERVICES 51 Government + Army 52 Education 53 Health 54 Social Services 55 Tourism 56 Culture 57 Banking/Financing 58 Others TOTAL
  • 14. Example: Canada 1991 A C F Ecological Footprint B D E Fossil Agricultural Forestry TOTAL [ha/capita] Degradation Cereals Pastures energy growing running 1 ALIMENTATION 0.33 0.02 0.60 0.33 0.02 1.30www.upc.edu 11 Vegetables 0.14 0.02 0.18 0.01 12 Animal 0.19 0.42 0.33 0.01 2 HOUSING 0.41 0.08 0.002 0.40 0.89 21 Construction 0.06 0.35 22 Operation 0.35 0.05 3 TRANSPORT 0.79 0.10 0.89 31 Private 0.60 32 Public 0.07 33 Of products 0.12 4 CONSUMPTIN GOODS 0.52 0.01 0.06 0.13 0.17 0.89 41 Packing 0.10 0.04 42 Clothing 0.11 0.02 0.13 43 Furniture 0.06 0.03 44 Books/Journals 0.06 0.10 45 Tobacco/Alcohol 0.06 0.04 46 Personal care 0.03 47 Recreational equipment 0.10 48 Others 0.00 5 SERVICES 0.29 0.01 0.30 51 Government + Army 0.06 52 Education 0.08 53 Health 0.08 54 Social Services 0.00 55 Tourism 0.01 56 Culture 0.01 57 Banking/Financing 0.00 58 Others 0.05 TOTAL 2.34 0.20 0.02 0.66 0.46 0.59 4.27
  • 15. www.upc.edu Global values Informe Living planet 2010 World availability per capita: 1.8 units Word consumption 2,7 units => 50% higher than availability
  • 16. www.upc.edu Local Ecological Footprint, Available 4 1/2 Available 4 Available 3 Available 2 Available
  • 17. www.upc.edu UA
  • 18. www.upc.edu
  • 19. www.upc.edu UA
  • 20. www.upc.edu
  • 21. www.upc.edu
  • 22. www.upc.edu
  • 23. www.upc.edu Ecological Footprint evolution
  • 24. www.upc.edu The human development index Human development index (HDI) looks beyond GDP to a broader definition of wellbeing. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: • living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), • being educated (measured by adult literacy and enrolment at the primary, secondary and tertiary level) and • having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, income). The index is not in any sense a comprehensive measure of human development. It does not, for example, include important indicators such as respect for human rights, democracy and inequality. What it does provide is a broadened prism for viewing human progress and the complex relationship between income and well- being.
  • 25. www.upc.edu The human development index
  • 26. www.upc.edu The human development index
  • 27. www.upc.edu The human development index
  • 28. www.upc.edu HDI - EF
  • 29. From “clasic development” to sustainable developmentwww.upc.edu : chemin du développement "classique" Besoins des générations : chemins du développement durable actuelles /5 /3 Indicateur de développement humain –IDH) 1 0,9 développement durable 0,8 0,7 les « chemins » 0,6 souhaitables diffèrent mais tentent de susciter 0,5 une convergence à long 0,4 terme écologiquement viable et politiquement 0,3 acceptable. 0,2 0,1 0 Besoins des 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 générations futures Empreinte écologique (ha/hab) d’après Aurélien Boutaud, ENSMSE, RAE C. Brodhag, http://www.brodhag.org
  • 30. HDI - EFwww.upc.edu
  • 31. www.upc.edu Social problems  Unbalances
  • 32. www.upc.edu Social problemsFont: PNUD 2008
  • 33. www.upc.edu Concepts  Exercise 2  Evaluate current carrying capacity of the earth. (% of current population)  Evaluate current carrying capacity if everybody live as a OECD citizen (% of current population)
  • 34. The current world viewwww.upc.edu - relative importance? Economy laws are ‘inevitable’ - market laws Environment Environment is used to fulfill (‘technology the demands of the Economy can fix it’) laws. (Resources, waste and pollution absorption) Economy (‘inevitable laws’) Society adapts to the inevitable economy laws: As much money as sooner as Society possible.
  • 35. www.upc.edu But this is what we all ultimately depend on for life - so...
  • 36. Engineers provide the interfaces...www.upc.edu Environmental laws are ‘inevitable’ - laws of nature. Products Environment nurtures, supports and makes possible…. Society - which has a Economy mixture of instinctive and learned/cultural laws - invented! Society has invented, to serve society’s purposes…. Society Environment Economy - whose rules and practices are totally ‘invented’Infrastructure - ‘inevitable’ by societySO: why do so many regard Economic laws as ‘inevitable’ (globalisation, etc); butEnvironmental laws, and limits, as manipulable?
  • 37. www.upc.edu Current trend evolution
  • 38. www.upc.edu Current trend evolution
  • 39. Energywww.upc.edu intensity (J/h) Activity Happiness Sex 4,7 Socialising 4,0 Relaxing 3,9 Very low (zero) Praying/meditating 3,8 Eating 3,8 Exercising 3,8 Watching TV 3,6 Shopping 3,2 Use of appliances: Preparing food 3,2 medium high Talking in phone 3,1 Taking care of children 3,0 Computer/internet 3,0 Housework 3,0 Working 2,7 Commuting: high Commuting 2,6 Source: (Holmberg & Nässen 2011) and (Kahneman et al. 2004)

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